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the Society its officers decide what books to purchase, and how to distribute them. There is also in each town, where a number of subscribers reside, a Branch Treasurer to receive and forward money.
The sum which the Society has already realized, besides incidental expenses, amounts to $107; which has been appropriated partly for the purchase of a few copies of the Pilgrim's Progress, Husbandry spiritualized, Almost Christian, Grace and Truth, Glory of the Gospel, Devout Exercises, &c. and several hundred tracts, such as, Appeal to Christians, Earl of Rochester, Drop of Honey, Divinity of Christ, Short Sermons, Resignation, Life of Faith, &c. and partly for reprinting Bunyan's Heavenly Footman. These books and
tracts are distributed in different directions by the Society's committee. Sept. 22, 1807.
NINE answers to the following prize questions of the Amsterdam Society for the increase of religious knowledge have been received: "How comes it, that in our dark and sorrowful times, insensibility is so great, and a sufficient attention to the dispensations and judgments of God is so little observable? And what are the best means, and most applicable to counteract the spreading of that insensibility?" The answer of M. C. A. Vander Broeck, preacher at Oud Beizerland, has obtained the prize.
THE ECLECTIC REVIEW.
THIS excellent periodical work was commenced in January, 1805, and continues to be published monthly in London. It is supported by men distinguished for literature and talents, and the design and execution of it reflect the highest honour upon its conductors. To those, who wish for a general view of the literature of the world, or who are desirous of seeing the most important works, that issue from the press in England, carefully examined, and their value estimated by learned men, who respect the gospel of Jesus Christ, this review is highly interesting. We do not think there ever was a publication of the kind, that combined so many excellencies, or could be considered so valuable a treasure to those, who would wish to have literature subservient to Christianity. The editors do not undertake to review every thing, which is published; they select the most important works, and such as are worthy of notice. Amidst the multitude of books, which thicken around us, some guide is necessary to direct us in our choice of such as deserve to be read; and it is believed that the above mentioned review is the best guide that exists.
M. FRANCIS VON PUSPOSKÝ, canon of Grosswardein, in Hungary, by his last will appointed the sum of 24,000 florins to be applied to charitable uses. His executor has dispos ed of this legacy as follows; 5000 florins for the erection of a hospital for the sick at Grosswardein, for the use of all religions and classes, in the county of Bihar; the care of estab lishing this is undertaken by Mr. Sandorffi, an active physician in the county.
10000 florins for the support of village schools in the diocese of Grosswardein.
7000 florins for the increase of salaries to local ministers.
1000 florins for philosophical experiments in the royal academy at Grosswardein.
1000 florins for reward books to children, who answer best in the parish catechisms.
The number of students, who attended the Catholic Padogogia in the five literary circles of Hungary, in the course of the year 1804, amounted to 11,832, out of which 4553 were pupils to the Piaristes; 1228 to the Benedictines, Cordeliers, and Minor
ities; and 6047 were educated in those colleges where the instruction of youth is committed to the care of lay professors.
In 1803, Mr. Tank, a merchant of Bergen, bequeathed to that city 60,000 crowns, for the foundation and support of a primary school. In 1805, a glover of Odensee, named Kahn, bequeathed his own dwelling house and 50,000 crowns for the establishment of an asylum for orphans, and other destitute children. M. Glarcep, of Copenhagen, in the same year, left legacies for the relief of the poor, and for the support of the school masters of the little island of Gioel.
The admiralty is in possession of an immense collection of observations and ship's journals of the most interesting kind. It is only within a very short period that these treasures have been employed to advantage. In 1797, an idea was first entertained of erecting an office called the Hydiographic Archives, where all observations are collected, arranged, and numbered, for the purpose of projecting the best maps and charts from them. This capital institution, which properly commenced only in 1798, will soon become very extensive; as the directors are men of the greatest talents, zealous, and indefatigable. This is proved by the number of maps which have already been published in so short a time.
On Tuesday, the 2d of September, the Knippenbuhl Rock, which formed the summit of Mount Kosenberg, in the canton of Schwitz, in Switzerland, was suddenly detached, and carried with it a great portion of the mountain. This tremendous body rolled down into the valley, which separates the lake of Zug from that of Lauwertz, and filled up about a fourth part of the latter lake; destroying four whole villages, and part of several others. Upwards of a thousand persons lost their lives; and only thirty remain alive out of the population of the whole district where this disaster
happened. General Plyffer predicted this calamity, 20 years since, from the knowledge which he had of the
A Danish Dictionary, on a plan similar to that of the Dictionaire de l'Academie Francoise, which is intended to fix the orthography and form the standard of the language, has been for some time in the hands of the most distinguished literati of the country, and is now in some degree of forwardness. It is undertaken at the expense, and conducted under the direction, of the Royal Danish Society of Sciences.
Capt. Krusenstern, in a long voyage of discovery undertaken by order of government, preserved the water sweet during the whole voyage, by charring the inside of the water casks.
Two Greeks, the brothers Zozima, are applying part of their fortune toward a new edition of the ancient O Greek classics, from Homer down to the time of the Ptolemies, under the superintendence of their countryman Coray. This collection, which is to be printed by Didot, is intended for such of their countrymen, as wish to learn the ancient language of their forefathers; and will be delivered gratis in Greece to diligent scholars and active teachers.
The literary society of Bombay, of which Sir James Mackintosh is President, will shortly publish a volume of
The College at Fort William in Bengal, we are happy to observe, still subsists and flourishes. On the 3d of March last, the annual examination and public disputations took place, before the Governor General Sir George Barlow. The disputations were in Persian, and the declamations in Mahrattah, Hindoostance, and Arabic.
After the distribution of the prizes, the Governor General delivered a speech of considerable length. It ap
pears from the speech, that various literary works have been published under the auspices of the college during the last year; of these the principal is an elementary analysis of the laws and regulations for the government of British India, by J. H. Harrington, Esq. one of the judges, and professor of that branch of science. There are likewise in the press, a Hindoostanee Dictionary; a general history of the Hindoos, and a review of the manners and customs of the Hindoos, the two last by learned na
INSTALLED, August 12th, 1807, over the Congregational church and society in Bristol (Me.) Rev. Jonathan Belden. Rev. Asa Lyman of Bath offered the introductory prayer. Rev. David Thurston of Winthrop preached the sermon, from Philippians ii. "Receive him therefore in the
Lord with all gladness." Rev. Jonathan Ward of New-Milford offered the installing prayer. Rev. Eliphalet Gillet of Hallowell delivered the charge. Rev. Kiah Bayley of New Castle presented the right hand of fellowship, and Rev. Mr. Gillet offered the concluding prayer.
SONNET ON SABBATH MÖRN.
WITH silent awe I hail the sacred morn,
A graver murmur gurgles from the rill,
And echo answers softer from the hill,
And softer sings the linnet from the thorn;
The sky-lark warbles in a tuneless shrill.
Hail, light serene! hail, sacred Sabbath morn!
The gales that lately sigh'd along the grove
Another number of Pastor; Answer to Inquirer, relative to General Association, with several other communications from Correspondents; Also a review of Mr. Webster's Philosophical Grammar, with a body of very interesting intelligence just received from England, shall enrich our next number.-We omit our list of New Publications, Obituary, &c. to give room for the account of the New Institution of the Tract Society in Connecticut.
Thoughts on 1 Cor. xv. 19. by T; Sketch of Rev. Oliver Heywood, and remarks on the plan of a General Association, have just come to hand, and shall be duly noticed.
THE CHRISTIAN'S ARMORY.
OCTOBER, 1807. [No. 5. VOL. III.
SKETCH OF REV. OLIVER HEYWOOD.
OLIVER HEYWOOD, B. D. was born of parents distinguished for piety and worth, at Little Leaver, in Lancashire, March, 1629. He set a special mark on the day of his being baptized, and on its annual return, renewed his baptismal covenant, and dedicated himself afresh to God. gave early signs of great tenderness of conscience, and delight in divine things, and used often, when a child, to express a wish, that he might be "a good minister." This encouraged his parents to think of devoting him to the sanctuary. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, whither he went in 1647. While he was there, his father gave him these written injunctions.
"My son, labour above all things to make your peace with God, by humbling your soul evening and morning, and oftener before him, that you may know, that God has begun a good work of grace in your heart. Be very frequent in reading the scriptures, with knowledge and understanding, that you may be a Vol. III. No. 5.
good scribe, armed against temptations, and able to convince gainsayers. Labour to get every day some sanctified thoughts and spiritual meditations, which will be a heavenly life, and a walking with God; and write them in a book, and title it The Meditations of my Youth. Take short notes of every sermon you hear, and write some fairly over for your loving moth
Often remember how short and precious your time is, and that upon it depends eternity. As to society, keep a mean; neither too solitary, lest you be melancholy; nor too much in company, lest you be drawn aside. Above all shun bad company and seek good."
Mr. Heywood was greatly benefited by attending the relig ious meetings of the serious scholars of his college, and often blessed God for the profit and pleasure, which he derived from the ministry of some celebrated preachers in the university. He pursued his studies industriously; but he afterward blamed himself for not applying more
to philosophical and human learning, and said, "I prize learning above all sublunary excellencies, and I might have been more useful had I improved my time better." When he had taken his Bachelor's degree, he returned to his father's house, where he lived, about half a year, in close retirement. At length, by the advice of several ministers, he began to preach, was greatly approved, and was soon invited to Coley, where he settled in 1652. His annual income was small. After his ejectment by the act of Uniformity, he was sometimes in great distress. But Providence so remarkably appeared for him, that he was enabled, not only to support the expense of fines, imprisonment, and other hard usage, which he suffered in those days of persecution, but also to maintain two sons in academical learning.
His ministerial labours were attended with abundant success, and were the means of converting and edifying multitudes of souls. But with all his success, he considered himself as less than the least of all saints. He met with some difficulty among his own people. Some were displeased, because he would not admit all persons promiscuously to the Lord's table; and others because he would not countenance the rigidness of the opposite extreme. And there were some who treated him cruelly, because he would not attach himself to their political party. But notwithstanding these molestations, and the offer of a much richer living in another place, he would not quit his humble and
useful station, until he was compelled by necessity. During the tumultuous times, in which be lived, he suffered great vexations. He was often fined, suspended, excommunicated, imprisoned, for not conforming to the rigorous exactions, which were imposed. But still he continued his labours, when he could do it with personal safety; and he often preached with great peril. Yea, he was sometimes obliged to secret himself to avoid an arrest. His unwearied diligence, humility, self-denial, meekness and sweetness of temper, commanded the love of all, who were not enemies of all righteousness.
It appears from his diary, which he kept within five days of his death, that in one year, 1681, besides his stated work on the Lord's day, he preached 150 times, kept 50 days of fasting and prayer, and 9 of thanksgiving, and travelled 1400 miles in service to Christ and immortal souls. This was the greatest number of miles travelled in any year; but several years exceed in other particulars. His last sermon was on the sabbath but one before his death, from 2 Timothy, ii. 19. The foundation of God standeth sure, &c. He died in great peace and joy, on May 4, 1702, aged 73. His publications are in high estimation for sound, lively, practical, heartaffecting divinity.