Imatges de pÓgina
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Affairs of Bengal. Situation of Oude. Negociations at Dehli. Oeconomie cal Riform. Mr. Hastings resigns. Affairs of the Carnatic. Surrender of the Revenues. Lord Mạcartney resigns. E intended to

to the sword, except one horseman, the present volume of our who made his escape, after being Regiiter with a review of some of wounded in three different places, shose transactions at Madras and The women, unwilling to be sepaBengal, which succeeded the paci. rated from their relations, or ex. fication with Tippoo Sultan in posed to the brutal. licentiousness March 1784. But, before we at- of the foldiery, threw theinselves tend to the facts subsequent to that in multitudes into the moats, with period, it may perhaps be expected which the fort was furrounded. from us, that we should take fome Four hundred beautiful women, notice of a charge of partiality, pierced with the bayonet, and exwhich has been repeatedly brought piring in each other's arms, were in against us, in our narrative of the this tituation treated by the British conquest of Canara, and which has with every kind of outrage.” These at length been embodied in a pam. facts were related, partly on the auphlet, entitled, a Vindication of the thority of a printed letter of lieute. Conduct of the English Forces, nant John Charles Sheen, an officer employed in that Expedition, pub. on this service, and the last of them Tilled by the order of the East In- only is controverted in the Bombay dia company, and figned by one pamphlet. Mr. Sheen was called upmajor, and fifty-two subalterns of on by one of these officers to disavow the Bombay establishment,

the faits stated in his letter; and The point chiefly laboured in this in his reply he observed, “that the pamphlet, relates to the capture of busineis of Annanpore, was greatly Annanpore by major Campbel, exaggerated, and contrary to what Respecting this action we mention- he wrote horne, together with the ed three circumstances, which un- whole of that publication (the doubtedly were not considered by printed letter)."' We are sorry us as topics of applause. “ No that this gentleman has not been quarter was given by the army, more explicit, as a disavowal, and every man in the place was put couched in terms fo extremely in

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definite, definite, throws a general shade of those who served in the expedition, obscurity over his testimony, while did not forget the calls of humait cannot take away a certain de- nity, and lamented that the horrors gree of authority from his original of war should have involved the inletter. We are left to suspect, that nocent with the guilty :" but add, he would have been more peremp- “ the foldier must pay implicit obetory in his contradiction if he could; dience to the voice that commands and we are entirely in the dark, as him, however the feelings of the to the person who interpolated his man may be affected." The two narrative, and the motives that first of these apologies we shall leave çould have instigated so extraordi- to be estimated by the reader: in nary a proceeding. The letter, it the last we acknowlege a degree of seems, was addrefled to his father weight, but we had not then, nor in London, and we hope, if that have we now materials, to enable gentleman be still living, that he us to ascertain in the case of cach will communicate to the public the individual, what is ta be ascribed real circumstances of the case. But to the deliberation of choice, and this is not all, Mi, Sheen adds, what to the passiveness of submisthat he never commented upon fion. the business of Aunanpore himself :" It is already fufficiently evident, an observation particularly unfor: how little has been effected by the tunate, as facts, not comments, com- vindication of the Bombay officers. pose the matter in question. In the The great outlines and character incan time we must observe, that of the expedition remain unaltered. the story of the four hundred wo. It is still true, that a remarkable men is explicitly contradicted in the degree of severity was employed in pamphlet of the officers, and we the field ; that in the capture of the therefore cheerfully declare our furtresses of Canara the principle of conviction that it is founded in mis- a storm and no quarter, was very representation.

frequently applied; and that the There are only two circumstances acquisition of money was too much beside these, thát receive any dif- the governing object in every stage tinct notice from the Bombay offi. of the undertaking. The vindicacers. At Onore, and again at An- tion of the officers has therefore done nanpore, the places were taken by them little service ; and it happens form, and orders were issued that here, as it generally does in the no quarter Mould be given. This case of an imperfect reply, that the account is adınitted in their pam- majority of the facts are rather phlet, and three apologies are of- strengthened and demonstrated by fered. In the first place, the pro- the attempt to refute them. With feeding was “ according to the respect to the conclusion of the ftorules of war." In the next, " that rythe treasures of Hydernagur ;

the garrison of Annanpore was and the charge, brought against them - treated with particular severity, was by Tippoo, that they had broken

entirely owing to their having been the terins of capitulation, and that guilty of a breach of the law of na- when the fort was surrendered not a tions, in detaining a flag of truce rupee was to be found in it; these that was fent in by major Campbel circumstances are paffed over by the to fummon them to surrender :" officers in the ofoundest filence. and lastly, they abserve, " that It was this, that roused the sultan


to vengtance, and it is to this, that could not annihilate the rememhe appeals for his justification in brance of the blame they might indisregarding a capitulation which cur. To return to the subject of had first been diffolved by the van- our history, quifhed English.

In the New Annual Register for The reader will naturally ima- the year 1784, we brought down gine, that the authors of the New the transactions, both of Madras Annual Register were instigated by and Bengal, to the close of the year no personal malevolence againit 1783. The remaining tranfactions, their countrymen in India, and that which are necessary to complete they were actuated solely by a re- our survey of the adminiftration of gard for justice and humanity. Mr. Hastings and of lord MacartThat the furviving officers would ney, belong to a period of tranquilbe mortified by the result of the pic- lity; and are therefore unlike those ture, was a circuinstance which was which have preceded them, unconoriginally in our view, though we nected and desultory. One of them, did not permit either an unwilling- which has formed an object of some ness to offend, or a dread of resent. disquisition, carries us back beyond ment, to deter us from the execu- the period we have assigned.' So tion of our duty. Whether or not early as the month of August 1782, what are called the rules of war, major Brownie was commissioned by justified the most fanguinary pro- the supreme council, which then ceedings in India, we never ítaid to consisted of Mr. Hastings, Mr. enquire. We were not ignorant, Whelér, and Mr. Macpherson, that they were successfully applied upon an embaffy to the Great Moto the justification of thoie actions gul at his capital of Delhi; and in ancient or modern times, which his instructions were drawn up by truth and humanity contemplate the governor general, and approved with horror. It has been said, by the board. We were at that that we treated the petty bloodshed time engaged in war with the Maof Canara with reprobation, while rattas, Hyder Ali Khan, the French, the greater ravages of Hyder did and the Dutch ; and it appears to not equally excite our indignation. have been conceived, that in this Supposing this to be true, it may situation, we were bound to look be accounted for by a very obvious out on all fides for confederates and reason. In inveighing against Hy- allies. Of all the powers in India der, we should only have been gra. indeed, the Great Mogul was the tifying national predilection, and in- least formidable in respect of appariting a spirit of retaliation and car- rent strength. His immediate donage. In condemning the impro- minions has been alternately the per proceedings of our own forces; prey of the Marattas and the Seiks, we were animated by a suitable zeal and in 1765, he had taken refuge for the British character; we were in the seat of the Engliflı governcontributing what was in our pow- ment at C:lcutta.

From the peer to the termination of those scenes riod at which he had quitted our in India, which have to long dif- territories in 1771, his condition graced us; we were rousing the had not meliorated; and accordvoice of equity in the brealls of the ingly the overtures which major delinquents; and convincing them, Browne was impowered to make, that the hardships they might suffer, were not for any reinforcernent on


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his part, but on the contrary to en- and the period of a general peace courage any proposal, that thould seemed rapidly to approach. The be suggested by the Mogul or his queilion, whether a military affilminister, for military assistance from ance should be afforded to the Mo. Bengal. One of the caules of ma- gul, was debated in the supreme jor Browne's being lent at this council in the month of October, time, was the death of Nuzeph, and the board appeared to imagine, Khan, the Mogul minister, in the that, though once it might have preceding April

, who had been in been advisable, it was no longer long habits of connection with the fo. Mr. Hastings indeed retained governinent of Calcutta. This his original opinion ; but he was connection it was deemed highly left alone in a minority. And, the proper to maintain ; and it was question having been already difconceived, that, however weak were cuffed, major Browne's letter wag the actual power of the Mogul, the not taken into regular confiderafanétion of his name, and the stamp tion, but was passed over in silence of his authority, would have no in- and neglect. considerable influence in inclining We have mentioned Mr. Harthe balance of war.

tings's intention of proceeding, in It happened to major Browne, the beginning of the year 1784, as it had done in several other of upon a journey to Lucknow, the our Indian transactions, that, in- capital of Oude. The situation of stead of proceeding immediately to the nabob of this province, the most the place of his destination, he was important and powerful of our dedetained first in Oude, and after- pendencies in this quarter of India, wards in other places in the course has long been extremely undesir. of his route, fo bat he did not able, and his complaints and expof. reach Delhi till December 1783. tulations had been loud and unin. Upon his arrival however he'loit termitted. He was impoverished, nu tiine, and immediately arranged by the magnitude of the subsidy with Affrafiab Khan, the then mi. levied upon him by the British gonister of the Mogul, the ariicles of vernment, which had gradually an agreement, drawn up in the spic been increased from 36,000 l. to rit of his instructions. According, 312,000 l. per annum, and by the ly in the same month, he addressed number of troops that was stationa letter to the governor general, in- ed in his territories from the fame forming him of the Itate of the quarter. The remedies, whicb transa&tion, and representing in an from time

time had been applied emphatical style the urgency of the by the government general, conbusiness. We have offered to listed in temporary expedients, and trcat,” says the refident; “the Mo. not in the application of great pringul has accepted: we have annex- ciples of policy: We continually ed conditions ; he has approved of interfered even in the detail of his ihem.” But, in the intcrval be- government; his first minister was tween the preparation of the in- merely the tool of the British, and structions and their execution, the the most opulest of his fubje&s situation of affairs in India was en- were frequently the object of our tirely changed; the treaty with the complaint and persecution. OccaParattas was already concluded ; fionally we withdrew a considerable the French war was terminated; part of the troops that were quar

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