Imatges de pàgina

cd, and the high bailiff of Amster. dence, that an armourer of Liege dam interfered for the purpose of had cxpedited fix hundred mufputting an end to the tumult. But quets for the inhabitants of Catthe patience of the democratical temburg, and that he had been paid vulgar was already exhausted; by certain confidential persons in and, though without arms, they the court of Nimeguen. pursued the rioters, and drove thein The lignal of general revolt aback to their house of rendezvous. mong the troops of the province of Having thus far fucceeded, they Holland was given on the tenth of now acted upon the offensive, and June by lieutenant colonel Balnea. pillaged five or fix houses of the vis, who, having previously re. itadtholderians, among which was fuled obedience to the orders of that of M. de Rendorp. The Cat. Holland, and withdrawn himself teinburgers on their side were not from his regiment, now returned, more peaceable; and, having lifted and successfully endeavoured to sc. up the drawbridge which connects duce from the service the body he their quarter with the rest of the had lately commanded, as well as city, pillaged the houses of the pa- a battalion of a different regiment, triors. In the mean time the arm- which was ftationed with them in ed burghers now affembled, and garrison at the fortress of Oudewamarched against the quarter of Cat. tcr. The example of this division temburg. A kind of battle was speedily infected the whole line of maintained across the canal, first the tronps. In a week the cordon with musquetry, and then with was broken up, the frontier left decannon ; and a young failor of the fenceless to the mercy of the enepatriots, embarking in a boat, leap. my, and near two thirds of the re. ed upon the ballustrade from which gular troops of Holland went over the drawbridge was fufpended, cut to the fadeholder. the cable that supporred it, pulled It was probably for the purpose down the bridge, and returned in of encouraging this operation, that safety. The burghers having thus the prince of Orange at the requi, obtained a passage, roon put to fition of the states of Amersfort, flight their undisciplined enemy; took the field at this period, and, but the riot was not completely having encamped his little army in fuppreffed till ten o'clock in the the vicinity of Utrecht, took up his morning. A fevere inquisition into head quarters at the village of the business followed ; one person Zeilt. The states of Holland on was hanged, and ten others brand- their part were not dilatory in the cd and whipped. An artillery man adoption of meatures, to counterof the burghers who had been kill. act ihis formidable defection. After ed, was buried with much solem. the usual method of modern repubnity, while a person of the same lics, they appointed a set of field class on the part of the Cattem- deputies, or a commission of defence, burgers, was hanged by his foot to be ftationed at Woerden, whose at the public gallows. Much pains present object it was, to consult were taken to trace up these pro- with general van Reyffel upon the ceedings to the prince of Orange. means of preserving the scattered Some citizens of considerable rank remains, and repairing che breaches found their safety in flight, and it of the cordon. The success of this was said to have come out in evi: policy, at least in the immediate

abjeet ryffel.

object which had suggested it, was Guelderland, Zealand, Friesland visible. The commillion was active and Utrecht. The legality of this in the offers that were held out to laft voice néght be regarded as encourage counter desertions, and somewhat equivocal, and the town their mislionaries infinuated them- council of Utrecht, in having alfelves into all those places, where serted the irregularity and nulliry their induttry was likely to be most of the assembly of Amersfort, had inauspicious to the interest of the virtually denied the right of the Of consequence the provincial deputies appointed by defections in the army of Zeilt were that assembly. Still however they by no means inconsiderable. In fat in the states gerjeral, and even the inean time every thing began to formed the casting voice, that gave wear the appearance of war. Ge- colour to the proceedings of the reneral van Reyffel had already ob- presentative of the whole republic. tained the principal command of But this could be tolerated by the the troops of Holland, and the rhin. municipal government of Utrecht grave of Salm and M. de Ternant no longer. In combating the sup. were now respectively appointed posed abuse, they might either commanders in chief, on the part inerely protest against the legality of the republicans, of the troops in of these deputies, and thus endeathe provinces of Utrecht and Ore. vour to reduce the voices in the

ftates general to an equality; or There was one subject, which at they might adopt a mode of conthis time deeply engaged the atten- duct, more spirited indeet, but not tion of the adversaries of the prince less reasonable and political, nor of Orange. There is nothing, cven less likely to be crowned with which is commonly more engerly success. This was, considering the defired by all parties in a case of ci- great importance and preponderancy vil diffention, than to secure the of the capital, that they were opforms and acknowledged principles posed by only two towns, Amers. of the constitution on their lide. fort and Rhenen, and these under It was for this reason, and for o. military compulfion, to resolve to thers yet more material, that the follow up their condemnation of patriots had regarded the late pro- the convention of Amersfort, by ceedings of the allembly of the calling a new assembly of provinítates general with great mortifica. cial states, and commissioning new tion. Though there was no ex. deputies to the states general, who plicit prerogative in that body, should demand the exclusion of which Mould enable them effectue their adversaries, and their own adally to interfere in the present con- million to the functions of their of tention, their support however na. fice; thus instantly converting the turally gave a respectability to the Stadtholderian majority in the naparty they espoused in the eyes of tional assembly into a minority. foreign nations, and yielded such a This was the measure, which after sanction to the efforts made on that mature deliberation, was adopted fide, as had evidently produced the by the republicans. The new states greatest effect in the late question of Utrecht affembled for the first of the obedience of the regimental time on the eleventh of June, and officers.

their meeting appear's both in numThe minority in the states gene. bers and rank to have been highly ral confifted of Holland, Overyffel respectable. and Groningen ; the majority, of


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Blecting of Parliament. Addres. Commercial Treaty with Frisice. De

vates. Treaty a proved by both Houfes.

WO events, that took place Bedlam, to remain there probably fion of the third feísion of the pre- The other event was of great fent parliament, came immcdi.tely intrinfic importance. It was the under the notice of that affembiy, figning at Versailles on the twenty when they met for their tourih lei: fixth of September of a treaty of comfion on the twenty third of January merce between the courts of Eng1:87. An attempt had been made land and France, which had been on the second of Auguit 1780 to negociated by Mr. William Eden, affaiřinate the king, and, though it envoy extraordinary and minister does not appear to have been for- plenipotentiary of the king of Great midable or well conducteck, it natu. Britain, on the one part, and M. rally excited considerable aları a- Gerard de Rayncval, commissioner mong the loyal inhabitants of this and plenipotentiary of the court of country, and occasioned a great Verlailles, on the other. This number of addresses to be present. treaty was, at least in appearance, ed, cong atulating his majesty on the triumph of liberal sentiments his fortunate escape. The author and comprehenlive views over airof the attempt was a poor woman, cient animality and mercantile jeaby name Margaret Nicholson, who lousy. It tended to make two nahad formerly lived in the capacity tions, the most civilized and refined of a servant maid, but was no. in- in the world, mutually useful to sane. The mode the selected for each other, and thus to itrike off as her undertaking, was that of con- it were from the number of probacealing a knife under a paper, which hilities, which might involve them De held in her hand, and pretented in future acts of hottility and war. to the king in the manner of a peti- Its general principle was to permit tioner. She was presently disarm- the mutual exchange of every fpeed, though not till she had made cies of commodity, except that of one thrust at the king's breast; and warlike stores. he is said immediately to have ex- It was about the same time that claimed, “I am not but. Take a confiderable addition was made to care of the poor woman; do not the English peerage. The earls hurt her.” Upon ber examination of Shannon and Tyrone, and lord before the priry council is did not Delaval of the kingdom of Ireland, appear that he had any accomplice, 'were advanced to the rank of ba. und the declared, that the crown of rons of Great Britain : the dukes England was her property, and of Queensbury and Athol and the that the wanted nothing but her earl of Abercorn from the Scoyish right. The disorder of her inrele peerage, were respectively raised to lects, having been ascertained, fhe the dignities of baron Douglas, earl *as conducted to the hospital of Strange, and viscount Hamilton;


and fir Harbord Harbord, fir Guy Mr. Fox, who concurred in the ad. Carleton, and Mr. Charles Jenkin- dress, thought proper at the lanie from were created lords Sutheid, time to throw out some animada Dorcheiter, and Hawkesbury. Lord versions in relation to the commerHawkesbury was also appointed cial treaty. By the gentlemen who chancellor of the duchy of Lancaf. moved the address, the uncertainty ter, and a new committee of priry of war had been contraited with tho council for matters of trade and bletlings of commerce, as if it were plantations was nominated, of which supposed, that this country had ethat nobleman was presiden', and ver gone to war for the sake of cro fuch persons, holding offices in the tending her dominion, or of gr.tikingdom of Ireland, as the king fying an inordinate ambition. In Mhould name privy counsellors of the opinion of Mr. Fox the trit England, were admitted to be mem. was directly the reverse. Through bers. Lord Dorchester had in the the course of all our late, it not of preceding April been appointed yo- our earlier wars, as often as we had verns of Canada, Nova Scotia, sent our armies into the field, or coand New Brunswick.

vered the ocean with our fleets, our The speech from the throne at enterprizes had originated in a printhe commencement of the session ciple of self-defence, or in the view o served upon the apparent tran- of theltering the invaded viberties quillity of Europe, and recom- of surrounding states. Mr. Fox mended the treaty of commerce to expresied a doubt, whether the treae the fanction of parliament. It also ty was to be conlidered as having referred three ipecific measuring to a political tendency, or were in tic their approbation : a convention, regarded as merely commercial; respecting the cutting of logwood, and remarked that the present powith the cathodic king; a plan, licy of France, while it had ihe which had been formed for tranf. fume object in view, was more aporting a number of convicts to a larming in its nature than the po. part of the iland of New Holland, licy of Louis the Fourteenth. Forknown by the appellation of Bo- merly her engines were oppression tany Bay; and certain regulations and power ; engines, which could for the accommodation of the mer- not fail to roule a general indignacaptile part of the kingdom, and tion, and so excite the resistance of for fimplifying the public accounts every powers that possefied an atom in the various branches of the re- of spirit, generosity, or rectitude. venue.

What was the engine which was The address which, beside re- at this tine employed by France ? peating the topics of the speech, Influence: that secret and almost congratulated the king upon his re- irresistible power, with which amcent escape, was moved in the house bition insured it's object, almost of lords by the earl of Rochford without being perceived, but much and lord Dacre ; and in the house more effectually than with any o. of commons by viscount Compton, ther. It ought also to be recol. son to the earl of Northampton, lected, that Louis the Sixteenth pole and Mr. Matthew Montague; the feed more power than ever Louis latter of whom gained lome ap- the Fourteenth could boast; and plause for the elegance and spirit of that that superiority, great as it his harangue upon the occafion. was, would in all probability foon


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mercial treaty:

be considerably augmented. Mr. obicet. The article of woollens Fox enquired, what were the symp. was also a principal object of the toms of the fincerity of France in Portugal trade, and was likely to her present pretended amicable dif. be in some way affected by the com.. position towards us? Had ministers

It was therefore felt the influence of her government moved by Mr. Vinchin on the operating in our favour with those

twenty ninth of January, and by powers with whom we were nego- Mr. Pelham on the second of Fcbciating treatics ? Did it manifeit ito

ruary, that certain papers Mould felf in the court of Lisbon, in the be produced relatively to the Porcourt of Madrid, or in the court of cugal trade, in order to enable the Petersburgh? At this time France, house to judge of the value of this who had formerly pofTeffed the most object, and of the way in which it powerful army of any European would be affected by the French power, ranked in this respect only treaty. The motion of Mr. Minas the fourth upon the continent. chin, after some debate was withShe had diminished her land force, drawn. The papers moved by Mr. end was directing all her attention Pelham were, an account of the to her marine. Was that a favour value of the imporrs and exports able fymptom for this country? between Great Britain and PortuMr. Fox added, he might possibly gal from 1703 to 1786 ; an ac. be misrepresented, as a man prepos- count of the duties upon beer, malt feffed by vulgar and illiberal pre- and malt fpirits for the four last judices. But, be that as it might, years; and a general account of he could not easily forget, that the exports and imports of Great those prejudices had been produc. Britain for the years 1984 and tive of no ill consequences to this 1785. Mr. Pelham also read two country, and that the wars, in other motions, one for a general acwhich they had engaged us, had count of the exports of woollen, contributed more than any other cir- and the other for a particular accumstance to make us great and count of our trade with Spain in glorious. He compared the con- that article, These were withduet of the ministers of the present drawn at the request of Mr. Pite, day to that of the tory administra- who conceived the disclosure to be tion of queen Anne, who had en- pregnant with mischief to this coun. deavoured to represent all appre. try, and who trongly objected io henfions of the inordinate power of a principle stated by Mr. Pelham, France, as no better than a bugbear which had a tendency to bring unThe address was carried nemine der the examination of the house contradicente.

treaties, already in negociation, As one of the principal opera- and not yet concluded. Mr. Pitt lions of the French treaty related at the same time moved for an acto the duty upon wines, one of the count of the exports and imports betopics chosen by oppofition for the tween Great Britain and France from subject of their remarks, consisted 1714; and an account of French in the enquiring, how far the trade wines imported and consumed, bewith Portugal, and the treaty in tween the fitth of July and thic which that trade had originated, twenty ninth of November 1786. commonly called the Methuen trea. On Monday the fifth of Febru. ly, were compatible with this new ary it was moved by Mr. Piti, that


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