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EXPLAINED AND DEFENDED,

IN A

SERIES OF SERMONS;

BY

TIMOTHY DWIGHT, S. T. D. LL. D

LATE PRESIDENT OF YALE COLLEGE.

WITH A

MEMOIR

OP

THE LIFE OF THE AUTHOR.

IN FOUR VOLUMES.

NINTH EDITION.

VOL. III.

NEW HAVEN:
PUBLISHED BY T. DWIGHT & SON,
AND SOLD BY LEAVITT, LORD & CO.

180 BROADWAY, NEW YORK

1836.

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CONTENTS OF THE THIRD VOLUME.

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ERMON LXXXVII. Regeneration. Its Consequences : Perseverance.-

Prov. iv. 18.
SERMON LXXXVIII. Regeneration. Its Evidences : What are not Evi.
dences.--2 Cor. xiii. 5.

15
SERMON LXXXIX. Regeneration. Its Evidences : What are real Evi-
dences.--2 Cor. xiii. 5.

27
SERMON XC. Regeneration. Its Evidences: Difficulties attending the
application of these Evidences to ourselves.--2 Cor. xiii. 5.

41
SERMON XCI. The Law God. Its Perfect Character: Comprehended
in the Two Great Commandments.-Psalm xix. 7.

33

SERMON XCII. The Law of God. The First Great Commandment: Love

to God.-Mark xii. 28-30.

63

SERMON XCIII. The Law of God. The First Great Commandment: Rey-
erence of God.-Job xxviii. 28.

73

SERMON XCIV. The Law of God. The First Great Commandment: Hu-

mility.—1 Pet. v. 5.

85

SERMON XCV. The Law of God. The First Great Commandment: Re-
signation.—Luke xxii. 41, 42.

97

SERMON XCVI. The Law of God. The Second Great Commandment:

Love to our Neighbour.-Mark xii. 31.

110

SERMON XCVII. The Law of God. The Second Great Commandment:

The Effects of Benevolence on Personal Happiness.-Acts xx. 35.

121

SERMON XCVIII. The Law of God. The Second Great Commandment:

The Effects of Benevolence on Public Happiness.-Acts xx. 35. 136

SERMON XCIX. The Law of God. The Second Great Commandment:

Utility the Foundation of Virtue.-Acts xx. 35.

150

SERMON C. The Law of God. Comprehended in the Decalogue : The

First Commandment.-Ex. 22. 3.

163

SERMON CI. The Law of God. The Second Commandment.-Ex. XX.
46.

174

SERMON CII. The Law of God. The Third Commandment: The Na-

ture of Profaneness.—Ex. xx. 7.

• 186

SERMON CIII. The Law of God. The Third Commandment: The Guilt

of Profaneness.-Ex. xx. 7.

199

SERMON CIV. The Law of God. The Third Commandment: The Danger

of Profaneness.-Ex. XX. 7.

211

SERMON CV. The Fourth Commandment. The Perpetuity of the Sab-

bath.-Ex. xx. 8-11.

222

SERMON CVI. The Fourth Commandment. The Perpetuity and Change

of the Sabbath.-Ex. XX. 8-11.

233

SERMON CVII. The Fourth Commandment. Objections answered.--Heb.

.

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SERMON CVIII. The Fourth Commandment. The Manner in which the

Sabbath is to be observed. — Is. Iviii. 18, 14.

261

SERMON CIX. The Fourth Commandment. Reflections on the Sabbath,

Ex. xx. 11.

273

IERMON CX. The Fifth Commandment. The Duty of Children.-Ex.

XX. 12.

287

SERMON CXI. The Fifth Commandment. The Duty of Parents.—Prov.

xxii. 6.

299

SERMON CXII. The Fifth Commandment. The Duty of Parents.-Prod.

xxii. 6.

311

SERMON CXIII. The Fifth Commandment. The Duty of Rulers.-Ex.

XX. 12.

323

SERMON CXIV. The Fifth Commandment. The Duty of Subjects.-Er.

XX. 12.

336

SERMON CXV. The Sixth Commandment.-Killing; when Lawful; and
when Unlawful.--Ex. XX. 13.

347

SERMON CXVI. The Sixth Commandment. Duelling.—Ex. xx. 13. 357

SERMON CXVII. The Sixth Commandment. Suicide.-Ex. XX. 13. 369

SERMON CXVIII. The Eighth Commandment. Drunkenness.-Eph. v. 18. 382

SERMON CXIX. The Seventh Commandment. The Origin, Nature, and
Benefits of Marriage.—Ex. 18. 14.

395

SERMON CXX. The Seventh Commandment. Lewdness.—Ex. xx. 14. 407

SERMON CXXI. The Seventh Commandment. Polygamy, Divorce.-

Mall. xix. 3-11.

419

SERMON CXXII. The Eighth Commandment. Idleness. Prodigality.-

Ex. xx. 15.

SERMON CXXIII. The Eighth Commandment. Fraud.-Ex. xx. 15. 448

SERMON CXXIV. The Eighth Commandment. Gaming.—Ex. xx. 15. 462

SERMON CXXV. The Ninth Commandment. The Nature and Importance
of Truth and Veracity.—Ex. xx. 16.

474

SERMON CXXVI. The Ninth Commandment The Nature and Causes of

Lying.-Ex. xx. 16.

486

SERMON CXXVII, The Ninth Commandment. The Mischiefs and Pre-
ventives of Lying.--Ex. xx. 16.

496

SERMON CXXVIII. The Ninth Commandment. Slander.--Ex. xx, 16. 614

SERMON CXXIX The Tenth Commandment. Contentment.--Ex. xx. 17. 526

SERMON CXXX. The Tenth Commandment. Charity.-1 Tim. vi. 17-19. 537

SERMON CXXXI. The Tenth Commandment. Avarice.-1 Tim. vi. 9, 12, 348

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SERMON LXXXVII.

CONSEQUENCES OF REGENERATION.-PERSEVERANCE.

PROVERBS iv. 18.—The path of the just is as the shining light, which shineth more

and more unto the perfect day. IN the preceding discourse I observed that the text naturally teaches us the following doctrines :

1. That the holiness of the Christian is a beautiful object; II. That it increases as he advances in life; III. That it continues to the end. The two first of these doctrines I have already examined. I will now proceed to a consideration of the third.

As this doctrine has been, and still is, vigorously disputed; it will be necessary to make it the subject of a particular examination. In doing this I shall first adduce several arguments as a direct proof of the doctrine; and shall then answer the principal objections.

1st. It is irrational to suppose, that God would leave a work, towards which so much has been done, unaccomplished.

To effectuate the salvation of such as believe in Christ, God has sent him, to become incarnate, to live a life of humiliation and suffering, and to die upon the cross. He has raised him from the dead, exalted him at his own right hand, and constituted him, at once, an Intercessor for his children, and the Head over all things unto the Church. He has also sent the Spirit of grace, to complete, by his almighty energy, this work of infinite mercy, in sanctifying, enlightening, and quickening, the soul, and conducting it to heaven. Now, let me ask, Is it not in the nature of the case incredible, that JEHOVAH should commence, and carry on, this work, with such an amazing apparatus of labour and splendour, and leave it unfinished? Is it not incredible, that an Omniscient and Omnipotent Being should form a purpose of this nature; should discover in this wonderful manner, that he had it so much at heart; and should yet suffer himself to be frustrated in the end? Who can reconcile this supposition with the perfections of God?

2dly. The continuance of saints in holiness follows irresistibly from their Election.

It is unnecessary for the purposes of this discourse, that I should .inquire into the metaphysical nature of Election. It is sufficient for my design, that saints are declared, abundantly throughout the Scriptures, to be chosen of God. Thus, Rev. xvii. 14, the Angel declares to John concerning the followers of the Lamb, that they

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