Imatges de pÓgina

fuls of the expressed juice of the root taken with milk, excites vomiting and profuse perspiration.

Catalogue of Indigenous Trees and Shrubs, with their Latin names and places of growth.*

Acacia false, or locust tree with white flowers, Robinia pseudo acacia, in the upper country, near rivers.

Æsculus, white flowered, Esculus parviflora, on high land near Keowee river and the adjacent mountains.

Alder, Betula alnus, near rivers and in vallies.

Carolina Allspice, or sweet-scented shrub, Calycanthus floridus, on the borders of low lands.

Andromeda, Andromeda, generally on sour spungy soil though some are seen on high lands.

Apple tree, crab, Pyrus coronaria, on high lands in the low


Ash, Fraxinus, in swamp lands.

Ash, prickly, Xanthoxylum fraxinifolium, on high lands.
Aspen tree, Populus tremula, on and near the Occonee mountains.
Bay-tree, red, Laurus Borbonia, in the low country.
Bay-tree, loblolly, Gordonia lasyanthus, in the low country in


Bay-tree, small sweet, Magnolia glauca, in the low country in

wet soil.

Fraser's auriculated bay-tree, Magnolia Fraseri, in the upper parts near the mountains.

Beech tree, Fagus sylvatica, in mellow land and rich swamps, some trunks are from three to four feet in diameter. Buttonwood, Cephalanthus occidentalis.

*We gave a catalogue of the forest trees in Massachusetts, Vermont, and New Hampshire, but thought it unnecessary to repeat this for the other northern states, where the vegetable productions were not materially different. We now give a catalogue of the forest trees of this state, which will convey an idea of the vegetable productions of the southern states generally.

Birch, Betula, a species grows on high swamps.
Red bud tree, Cercis Canadensis, on mellow good land.
Buck's-eye, or horse chesnut, Æsculus paria, on high lands.
Cherry, common black, Prunus Virginica, in the upper country

in strong dry soil.

Cedar, red, Juniperus Virginiana, on the Sea Islands, and on the Table Mountain.

Chestnut tree, Fagus castanea, in the upper country and on the mountains, nearly 200 miles from the Atlantic.

Chinquapin tree, Fagus pumila.

Cucumber tree, Magnolia acuminata, in the upper country and on the Table Mountain.

Cypress tree, Carolina, Cupressus disticha, in the low and middle country in fresh water swamps.

Elder, Canadian, Sambucus Canadensis, in swamps along the rivers, and near fences on high lands.

Elm, Ulmus campestris.

Fir, Pinus abies.

Fringe tree, Chionanthus Virginiana, on high lands and along the borders of low lands.

Gum, sweet, Liquidambar styraciflua, in high lands.

Halesia or snow-drop tree, Halesia tetraplera, on the sides of sandy hills.

Hickery nut tree, Juglans alba, in strong land.

Hickery, shell-bark, Juglans cinerea, in the upper country. Hercules's club, toothach tree, or pilletory, Xanthoxylum clavs Herculis, on the Sea Islands.

Ironwood, Sideroxylum languinosum, in high swampy lands. Jasmin, yellow, Bignonia sempervirens, on the islands and near

the sea.

Laurel. Portugal, or wild orange, Prunus Lusitanica, on the knolls of the swamp lands of the lower and middle country, grows to the height of thirty feet.

Linden tree, Tilia Americana, in the upper country, in high


Locust tree, with rose-coloured flowers, Robinia hispida.
Locust, honey, Gleditsia polysperma, in high land.

Magnolia, or evergreen Carolina laurel tree, Magnolia grandi-
flora, in the lower country on high lands and knolls.
Maple, ash-leaved, Acer negundo, in mellow lands and swamps.
Maple, sugar, Acer saccharinum, in rich land in the upper country.
Maple, red flowering, Acer rubrum, in swampy lands.
Mulberry tree, Morus rubra, in mellow lands in the upper


Nettle tree, sow-thorn purple-fruited, Celtis occidentalis, on the bluff, and in swampy places of the district of Beaufort. Oak, black, or black jack, Quercus nigra; in the middle and upper country it grows to the size of a tree, in the low country it is a shrub.

Oak, Carolina live, Querous sempervirens, in islands and near the sea, the trunk is short, sometimes six or seven feet in diameter, with immense crooked branches.

Oak, Carolina willow-leaved, Quercus phellos, in the low country in watery places.

Oak, chestnut-leaved white, Quercus prinus, in rich low land.

Oak, chinquapin, Quercus prinus pumila, in the upper country. Oak, downy black, Quercus triloba.

Oak, downy red, Quercus falcata.

Oak, great black, Quercus tinctoria, on the mountains.

Oak, hairy-leaved, Quercus villosa.

Oak, harp-leaved or water white, Quercus lyrata, in swampy


Oak, mountain chestnut, Quercus prinus monticola.
Oak, red, Quercus rubra, in good high land.
Oak, sandy red, Quercus Catesbæi, in barren soil.

Dak, scarlet, Quercus coccinea, in the upper country.

Oak, shrub, Quercus pumila, on high pinc lands and barren grounds.

Oak, Spanish, Quercus sinuata, on high land in the low country. Oak, smooth leaved, Quercus lævis.

Oak, upland willow, Quercus cinerea, in the lower country.

Oak, upland white, Quercus obtusiloba, in high land.

Oak, white or port, Quercus alba, in the middle and upper country.

Oak, water, Quercus aquatica.

Papaw or smooth Annona, Annona triloba, in the upper country in rich swamps near the mountains.

Persimon tree, Diospiros Virginiana, in high land and river


Palmetto, dwarf, Corypha pumila, on the Sea Islands, and in the low country near the head of rivers.

Palmetto, cabbage, Corypha palmetto, on the islands and a few

miles from the sea.

Palmetto, royal, Yucca gloriosa, on the islands and near salt water. Pine, loblolly, Pinus palustris, in the low country.

Pine, pitch, Pinus tæda, in the lower and middle parts.

Pine, white, Pinus strobus, upon the mountains.

Plane tree, American, Platanus occidentalis, in mellow lands in the upper and middle country.

Plum, Prunus spinosa, in high mellow swamps.

Poplar, Carolina black or cotton tree, Populus nigra.

Poplar, Virginian, Populus heterophylla.

Sassafras tree, Laurus sassafras, on high sandy soil.

Sorrel tree, Andromeda arborea, in the upper country on poor soil, and on the mountains.

Tulip tree or flowering poplar, Liriodendron tulipifera, in mellow

moist land throughout the state; grow ir. the upper country to 70 or 100 feet, and to one-half of this height there are no branches.

Tupelo tree, Nyssa Virginiana, in rich swampy soils.

Umbrella tree, Magnolia tripetala, in the low country, in high swampy land.

Walnut, black, Juglans nigra, in the intervals of the upper country, and in high land in the lower and middle.

The following exotic trees and shrubs have been naturalized: Almond, flowering aloe, apple tree, apricot, fig, cape jassmine, or fragrant Gordonia, lemon, lime, sweet myrtle, nectarine, ockra, oleander, olives, oranges, palma Christi, peach, plum, pomegranate,

popriac tree, or fragrant mimosa, Lombardy poplar, pride of India, quinces, tallow-tree, creeping willow.


Animals.-From the eastern side of the mountains the buffalo, elk, and catamount have disappeared. The beaver, though formerly very numerous, is now seldom The mountainous or northern parts, and some parts of the lower country, are still frequented by the deer, bear, cougouar, wild cat, fox, squirrel, rabbit, racoon, opossum, mink, and pole cat. In the year 1750, the bison were so numerous in the upper country, that three or four men with dogs could kill ten or twenty in a day. The woods were full of deer, of which one rifleman generally killed four or five in a day; and the bears so common, that a hunter, during the season of autumn, was able to procure from 2000 to 3000 pounds of the hams of this animal. Wolves, cougouars, and wild cats were also numerous. In St Stephen's parish, fifty miles to the north-west of Charleston, the sheep are sometimes destroyed by wolves, the hogs by bears; both of which find a safe retreat in the neighbouring swamps. The wild turkey, which is pretty common in the upper country, is often brought to Charleston market. Some of the largest and fattest have weighed from twenty-five to thirty pounds. The wild pigeon visits the state yearly in great numbers. Of serpents seventeen kinds have been enumerated by naturalists; the rattlesnake, grand rattlesnake, hornsnake, water snake, four kinds; swamp snake, three kinds; red-bellied land snake, red-backed snake, black truncheon snake, long black snake, king snake, green

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