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annum was to be taken, under the penalty of a forfeiture of treble the amount. The interest in England was then but five. In the preamble of this act it is stated, that L. 25 a-year, and even more, had been exacted for the loan of L. 100. Another law was passed, in 1748, reducing interest from ten to eight per cent. A third, in 1777, brought it to seven, and made the penalties against usury more severe.

75

95

Dollars. Cents. Pound of indigo,

0

70 to 80 A cwt. of tobacco,

10 to 12 0 Prices at Charleston, July 1816.

Dollars.

Cents. Brandy, Cogniac, gal.

1 Coffee, green, lb.

0

20 to 23 Gin, Holland,

1 25 to 1 30 Home-spun, Northern, yard,

o

23 to 30 Rice, new, cwt.

3

75 Rum, New England, per gal.

0

70 Tea, Hyson,

1 Six per cent. stock,

94

0 Seven do. do.

101

0 Three do. do.

60 Treasury Notes at par. Specie, dollars,

6 to 7

per

cent. ad. Bills on London,

8 to 10 per cent. premium. Current Prices of Articles in the SouthWestern Parts of the

State, in 1808.

50 cents per bushel. Wheat,

75 Oats,

50 Corn blades,

75 per cwt. Hay, Pork,

5 Price of Labour.-Carpenters earn 13 dollar a-day, exclusive ef maintenance.

Indian corn,

4 per lb.

A Statement of the Valuation of Lands, Lots, with their Improve.

ments, Dwelling-houses. Slaves, within the several Districts of the
State of South Carolina, as revised and settled by the Board of
Principal Assessors, convened at Columbia in January 1816, and
the Quota of the United States' Direct Tax assigned to each by the
said Board.

DISTRICTS,
Congressional

and State.

Valuation
Number of of lands, lois Number Valuation
acres of and their of

of
land. improve- slaves. slaves.

ments.

Total valua-
tion of lands
and slaves.

Quota of
direct

tax.

Dollars.

Dollars. Dollars. Dollars. Cts.
1. Charleston,

10,000,000/100,000 01
s Colleton, 845,744 3,236,004 21,94 35,842,650 9,078,054 22,696 63
Beaufort, 812,167 ,443,251 24,3706,381,700 10,824,981 27,062 45

19,90.),635 49,759 81
Barnwell, 597,578 (1,019,745 4.637|.278.140 2,297,805 5,744 74
Orangeburg,

683,905 1,048,443 6 7971 $93, 1722,941,615 7,35 !
3.
Loxington,

738,718| 737,213 2,01 609,842 1,347,057 3,367 64
Richland,
1,147,91142,482,552 5,944 1,074,440 4,356,992 10 892

48

10,943,549 27,358 87
Edgefield, 832,756 2,470,670 11,120 3,195,354 5,601,030

4,160 7
4.
Abbeville, 523,362 1,881,460 7,574 2,205,568 4,087,028 10,217 52

9,751,058 24,377 64
Pendleton,

2.011,123 6,527 80
Greenville,

1,531,859 3,829 64

4,142,982 10,357 44
Lanren's

1,904,614 4,761 53
6. N wbury,

2,463,564 6,158 91
Fairfield,

2,426,942 6,067 35
6,795,121 16,987 79

1,553,196 3,882
Spartanbuig,

94
Chester,

1,704,132 4,260 33
1,750,732 4,376 88
1,837,979 4,594 94

6,846,010 17,115 9
Lancaster,
219,403 571,714 2,116 598,087

1,169,801

2,924 50
Sumpter,

898,195 2,105,717 13,030 3,675,714 5,781,431 14,452 57
Kershaw,

308,464 1,421,263 5,181 1,509,031 2,930,294 7,325 73
Chesterfield,
273,839 484,380 1,862 543,801

1,028,187

46

2,570

10,909,713 27,274 26
Georgelown, 440,528 2,710,636 14,248 4,284,920 6.995,556 17,488 89
Horry,
357,865 238,06 1,405 372,661

610,7291 1,526 82
Marion, 577,620 592,633 2,982 781,201 1,373,8341 3,434 58
Marlborough, 224,381 693,120 2,500 766,302 1,459,728 3,649 32
Darlington, 362,805 702,815 3,442 940,317| 1,643,132 4,107 85
Williamsburg, 436,182 47',+

95,2551,569,944

2,041,436 5,103 59

14,124.4 5 35,311 63
Vacation of the state, and the tax le vied by the board
agreably to the Act of Congress,

1123,416,513 308,541 20
VOL. II.

E e

Union,
York,

Military Force.—Every able bodied white male ci. tizen between the years of eighteen and forty-five is enrolled in the militia. Free men of colour are also em“ ployed in the quality of pioneers. Any portion, not exceeding a third part of the whole number, may be obliged by the executive to perform duty out of the state on any particular emergency. The effective militia, in 1815, amounted to 32,202, of which 24,055 were infantry, and 2297 dragoons. There are two divisions, each commanded by a major-general, comprehending nine brigades, thirty-six regiments of infantry, eight regiments, and one squadron of cavalry, and one regiment and a battalion of artillery, besides artil. lery companies attached to some of the regiments of infantry. The brigades are commanded by brigadiergenerals, the regiments by lieutenant-colonels. For each brigade there is a brigade-inspector, with the rank of major, who attends the reviews, and inspects the arms, ammunitions, and accoutrements. There is also an adjutant-general, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, who reviews the militia by regiments; makes reports to, and receives and distributes orders from, the commander-in-chief. The district of Pendleton, situated near the “ Big Mountains,” furnished, during the late war, 1000 militia and 400 regulars, for the actual service of the United States.

Study of Law.—By a late act a candidate of twentyone years is entitled to admittance, if approved by judges appointed to examine him on the theory and practice of the profession. In 1808 there were fortyeight practitioners in Charleston. During twentyseven years preceding the revolution, the whole number admitted was fifty-eight ; and during twenty-five years subsequent to its termination in 1789, 238 were admitted in Charleston, exclusive of those who passed their examination in the country. Several, however, never intended to exercise the profession.

Religion.--The Episcopalians have ten churches in this state, (three of which are in Charleston,) with a bishop and fifteen clergymen. Of the Presbyterians, there are five presbyteries, one at Charleston, consisting of five churches; two in the western parts, consisting of more than twenty ministers, but including sixty congregations; a fourth comprehends several churches in Georgia, and the lower parts of Carolina; a fifth, a presbytery of seceders of nine ministers, but embracing twenty-two congregations. The Baptists have five associations, consisting of 100 ministers, 130 churches, 10,500 communicants, and 75,000 adherents. According to the report of the general convention of Baptists, held in Philadelphia in May 1817, the number of their churches was then 169, of members 11,003. The Independents, or Congregationalists, have seven churches and six ministers. The Methodists have 200 churches, or places for public worship, 90 local preachers, and 26 travelling preachers who preach annually 18,000 times. The local preachers receive no salary or compensation.

The annual expences amount only to 2080 dollars. The construction of each church, or place of meeting, averages 135 dollars. In the upper country clergymen have from 400 to 600 dollars a-year. There is a Jewish Synagogue at

Charleston, consisting of about 500 Jews, who furnished a volunteer corps of sixty men for the defence of the country during the late war.

The other sects are Roman Catholics, Quakers, German and French Protestants. It is stated in Mr Beecher's address, that there are but thirty-six regular clergymen in the whole state, while the population would require 379. The Methodists are remarkably active, and are daily increasing in numbers. It is stated, that they have produced a great reformation in the habits of the people of the lower country. Drunkenness is less frequent, and the disgraceful practice of fighting and gouging has nearly ceased.

There is a society for the relief of the widows and orphans of Episcopal clergymen, and another for those of clergymen of the Independent church. Into both these societies laymen are admitted as members. The presbytery of Charleston was incorporated in 1790 for the same purpose. The Methodists have a common fund for supporting their preachers and their children.

Slaves.--Slaves are, by the laws of the land, the property of the owners; but the latter are liable to a penalty if they cause them to work more than the prescribed time; or if they do not feed and clothe them in a suitable manner. For cruel treatment they are amenable to a court of justice ; if a slave is killed in a passion, the offender pays L. 50 Sterling to the state. For wilful murder the penalty is double this sum, and the master is rendered incapable of holding any office, civil or military, within the state. If unable to pay this forfeiture, he is liable to be sent to any frontier

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