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The military expenditure of the state, on account of the late war, was, in 1812, 32,700 dollars; 1813, 92,720 dollars ; 1814, 470,000 dollars.
Finances. The mode of assessment is as follows: “ Every third year, at the general election in October, the people choose assessors, who, after having ascertained the value in ready money of all taxable property, return the names of two respectable citizens, freeholders of the district, to the county commissioners, by whom one is appointed collector. This officer informs the citizens of the rate of assessment, and day of appeal before the commissioners, after which the money is collected and paid into the hands of the city or county treasurer, appointed every three years by the county commissioners, whose compensation is about one and a quarter per cent, on all monies received. The following are taxable articles ; lands, houses, mills, manufactories, ground rents, negro and mulatto slaves, cattle above four years old, effices of profit, trades and occupations, * tavern licences, free adults who follow no occupation. No tax can exceed one per cent. of the value of the property; and that for a single freeman, or particular occupation, is limited to the annual sum of ten dollars. †
* Ministers of the gospel and schoolmasters are excepted.
† The provincial revenue was derived from the interest of their paper currency, let out by the loan office on laud security, amounting to 5000 pounds a.year; and, 2dly, From an excise on wine and rum, sold in public houses; the former at thirty shillings a pipe, the latter fourpence a gallon, amounting to about 3000 pounds currency.
The total receipts of 181% amounted to 492,908 dollars, the total expenditure to 336,186 dollars. The capital of the state was found to be 6,508,748 dollars, consisting of,— Bank stock, at par,
2,108,700 Road stock,
135,000 Monies due for lands,
3,918,329 Cash in the treasury,
6,508,748 The following is from the report of the auditor-general of 1815.
Receipts.-Summary statement of the receipts at the state treasury, for the year commencing on the 1st day of December 1814, and ending with the 30th day of November 1815.
Dlls. cts. Loans in pursuance of the provisions of the act of February 1814,
100 000 0 Dividends on bank stock, &c.
313,033 90 Auction duties,
123,233 30 Lands, fees on lands, &c.
105,563 44 Tavern licences,
24,039 92 Militia exemption fines, arrears of money returned by brigades, inspectors, &c.
17,774 83 Tax on new banks,
4,550 52 Tax on certain offices,
8,477 63 Court fines,
1,139 70 Old debts,
1,301 19 Fees of the office of secretary of the commonwealth, 759 82 Miscellaneous receipts,
701,344 67 To which add the balance in the treasury, 1st December 1814,
36,167 5 Dollars, 737,511 72
Expenditure.-Summary statement of the payments at
the state treasury for the year commencing on the 1st of December 1814, and ending with the 30th day of November 1815 :
Dlls. cts, Expences of government,
159,592 28 Of the monies borrowed under the provisions of the
act of February 1814, amount of return, with interest thereon,
266,384 99 Improvements,
102,402 50 Expences consequent on the late war,
71,391 89 Military expences,
33,050 45 Pensions,
15,734 82 Interest of 300,000 borrowed in pursuance of the act of 11 th March 1815,
7,305 00 Miscellaneous,
660,735 32 To which add the balance in the treasury, 1st December 1815,
Dollars, 737,511 72 The expences of the government were as follows: Dollars.
Dollars. Governor, 5,333 Judicial expences,
2,000 Treasury department, 7,839 Deputy,
1,200 Land office ditto, 13,157 Chief-justice,
2,666 Contingencies, Senate, 18,915
20,029 House of Representatives, 47,075
Price of Provisions.-At Philadelphia, and on the eastern side of the mountains, the price of provisions is near double of that on the western side. In the latter, the value of different commodities, in 1817, was as follows: Wheat from 1 dollar to idl. 29c. per bushel; rye from 75c. to 1dl.; corn 75c.; oats 37 c. ; beef 5c.; pork from 6dl. to 7dl. per cit.; salt from 6dl. 50c. to 7d1. 50c. per barrel of 250lbs. net. In some of the counties,--Armstrong, Westmoreland, Alleghany, Washington, Greene, and Fayette—the prices were even lower: wheat 60c.; rye 30c.; maise 33c.; buckwheat 30c. ; potatoes 20c.; beef 3c.; pork and mutton 4c.; butter 6c.; eggs 4c. per dozen; a turkey 33c.; a hen 6c.
Price of Labour,-- Monthly and day labourers have from 60c. to 70c. per day, with food : the wages of a labouring man per year, with food and lodging, is 140dl. ; the wages of mechanics per day, with food, idl. 50c.; a woman servant in the country, with food, 40c.; a journeyman bricklayer 2dl.; a printer 1dl. 50c.
Price of Living in a farmer's house, boarding, lodging, and washing, 2dl. per week. It is well ascertained that a family may be comfortably supported each, per day, for 20c.; and even for 16c. in some counties,--Lancaster, Bucks, Lebanon, and Dauphin. On the western side of the mountains a resident has assured me, that a family may be supported at the rate of 10c. each. A gentleman who lived many years at Carlisle, in reply to my inquiry on this subject, observed, that before the year 1812, the average expence of a family for living was a dollar per weck; and all other expences amounted to nearly the same sum.
Abstract of Lands, Lots, Dwelling Houses, and Slaves, owned or possessed on the 1st day of April 1815, within the State of Pennsylvania, returned by the United States' Assessors, revised and corrected by the Board of Principal Assessors.
Dwelling and Out Total valuation as de
houses subject to
termined by princi- quota for each
1. Philadelphia city,
Indiana, 19. Centre, Clearfield, Jefferson, Potter, and M'Kean, 20. Luzerne, 21. Lycoming and Tioga, 22. Mercer, Butler, and Beaver, 23. Crawford, Venango, Erie, and Warren,
6,2071 21,069,237 52
| 12,353,1671 20
s 4,329,818 45
108,939 546,633,889 32