Imatges de pÓgina
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The military expenditure of the state, on account of the late war, was, in 1812, 32,700 dollars; 1813, 92,720 dollars; 1814, 470,000 dollars.

Finances.-The mode of assessment is as follows: "Every third year, at the general election in October, the people choose assessors, who, after having ascertained the value in ready money of all taxable property, return the names of two respectable citizens, freeholders of the district, to the county commissioners, by whom one is appointed collector. This officer informs the citizens of the rate of assessment, and day of appeal before the commissioners, after which the money is collected and paid into the hands of the city or county treasurer, appointed every three years by the county commissioners, whose compensation is about one and a quarter per cent, on all monies received. The following are taxable articles; lands, houses, mills, manufactories, ground rents, negro and mulatto slaves, cattle above four years old, cffices of profit, trades and occupations, tavern licences, free adults who follow no occupation. No tax can exceed one per cent. of the value of the property; and that for a single freeman, or particular occupation, is limited to the annual sum of ten dollars. †

*

* Ministers of the gospel and schoolmasters are excepted.

The provincial revenue was derived from the interest of their paper currency, let out by the loan office on land security, amounting to 5000 pounds a-year; and, 2dly, From an excise on wine and rum, sold in public houses; the former at thirty shillings a pipe, the latter fourpence a gallon, amounting to about 3000 pounds

currency.

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The total receipts of 1813 amounted to 492,908 dollars, the total expenditure to 336,186 dollars. The capital of the state was found to be 6,508,748 dollars, consisting of,

Bank stock, at par,

Road stock,

Monies due for lands,
Cash in the treasury,

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2,108,700
135,000

3,918,329
346,719

6,508,748

The following is from the report of the auditor-general of 1815.

Dividends on bank stock, &c.

Auction duties,

Receipts.-Summary statement of the receipts at the state treasury, for the year commencing on the 1st day of December 1814, and ending with the 30th day of November 1815.

Loans in pursuance of the provisions of the act of

February 1814,

Lands, fees on lands, &c.

Tavern licences,

Militia exemption fines, arrears of money returned by brigades, inspectors, &c.

Tax on new banks,

Tax on certain offices,

Court fines,

To which add the balance in the treasury, 1st December 1814,

Old debts,

Fees of the office of secretary of the commonwealth,
Miscellaneous receipts,

Dlls. cts.

100 000 0 313,033 90 123,233 30

105,563 44

24,039 92

17,774 83

4,550 52

8,477 63

1,139 70 1,301 19 759 82

1,470 42

701,344 67

36,167 5

Dollars, 737,511 72

Expenditure.-Summary statement of the payments at the state treasury for the year commencing on the 1st of December 1814, and ending with the 30th day of November 1815:

Expences of government,

Of the monies borrowed under the provisions of the act of February 1814, amount of return, with in

terest thereon,

Improvements,

Expences consequent on the late war,

Military expences,

Pensions,

Interest of 300,000 borrowed in pursuance of the act of 11 th March 1815,

Miscellaneous,

To which add the balance in the treasury, 1st December 1815,

Governor,

Secretary,

Deputy,

Chief-justice,

Dlls. cts.

159,592 28

Senate,

House of Representa

tives,

47,075

266,384 99

102,402 50

71,391 89

33,050 45

15,734 82

7,305 00 4,873 40

660,735 32

76,776 40

The expences of the government were as follows:
Dollars.

5,333 Judicial expences,
2,000 Treasury department,
1,200 Land office ditto,
2,666 Contingencies,
18,915

1

Dollars, 737,511 72

Dollars.

41,378

7,839

13,157

20,029

159,592

Price of Provisions.-At Philadelphia, and on the eastern side of the mountains, the price of provisions is near double of that on the western side. In the latter, the value of different commodities, in 1817, was as follows: Wheat from 1 dollar to 1dl. 29c.

per bushel; ; rye from 75c. to Idl.; corn 75c.; oats 37 c.; beef 5c.; pork from 6dl. to 7dl. per cwt.; salt from 6dl. 50c. to 7dl. 50c. per barrel of 250lbs. net. In some of the counties,--Armstrong, Westmoreland, Alleghany, Washington, Greene, and Fayette the prices were even lower: wheat 60c.; rye 30c.; maise 33c.; buckwheat 30c.; potatoes 20c.; beef 3c.; pork and mutton 4c.; butter 6c.; eggs 4c. per dozen; a turkey 33c.; a hen 6c.

Price of Labour.--Monthly and day labourers have from 60c. to 70c. per day, with food: the wages of a labouring man per year, with food and lodging, is 140dl.; the wages of mechanics per day, with food, 1dl. 50c.; a woman servant in the country, with food, 40c.; a journeyman bricklayer 2dl.; a printer 1dl. 50c.

Price of Living in a farmer's house, boarding, lodging, and washing, 2dl. per week. It is well ascertained that a family may be comfortably supported each, per day, for 20c.; and even for 16c. in some counties,--Lancaster, Bucks, Lebanon, and Dauphin. On the western side of the mountains a resident has assured me, that a family may be supported at the rate of 10c. each, A gentleman who lived many years at Carlisle, in reply to my inquiry on this subject, observed, that before the year 1812, the average expence of a family for living was a dollar per week; and all other expences amounted to nearly the same sum.

Abstract of Lands, Lots, Dwelling Houses, and Slaves, owned or possessed on the 1st day of April 1815, within the State of Pennsylvania, returned by the United States' Assessors, revised and corrected by the Board of Principal Assessors.

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Alleghany,

Armstrong,

Westmoreland,

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18.

Indiana,

19. Centre, Clearfield, Jefferson, Potter, and M'Kean,

20. Luzerne,

21. Lycoming and Tioga,

22. Mercer, Butler, and Beaver,

23. Crawford, Venango, Erie, and Warren,

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Dwelling and Outhouses subject to Taxation.

Square Feet. No. Dwell. No.Out-ho

8,491

37,838,293
144 11,277
213 7,153

4,605

5,257

7,918

112

44

779,021

1,550,792 16,172,029

725,776

349,165

967,022

913,178
958,535

1,829,708

1,702,772

1,015,427

2,180,418

191

405

714,485

457,508 176,440

938,792

4,024,967 2,791,210

3,220,594 3,122,172

1,662,502

27

4,005

5,683

32,812,743

22,128.369 60

32,325,807 80

12,474,617 33

16,314,349

59,228,851 75

J 16,830,307 20

9,211,222 90
21,065,237 52
26,082,056

19,102,388 40

12,355,167 20

13,700,688 1

10,176,47 59

10,545,722

2,420 8,393,014 64

3,809

(4,329,818 45
1,796,117 56

4,422

3,775

3

5,826,708 82
$ 5,837,659
705,294
4,990,351 85
901,249 4
4.851,366 69
3,633,162 30
4,268,579 57

3,651,905 40

3,098,755 12

11,062

5,743

7,346

7,574

8,480

Total valuation as de

termined by princi- Quota for each pal assessors.

District.

Dollars.

7,840

6,395

6,207

6,630

6,823

3,708

2,118

5,277 6,577

5,383

4,759

3,403

3,516

5,569

3,498

4,186

4,855

4,449

4,284

1,676

1,459

3,431

1,97 z

2,438
1,143
4,391 3,205
2,516 2,097
25,778,741 60,101,280 117,880 108,939 $46,633,889 32

Cents.

Dollars. Cents.

69,113 31

46,662 82

68,166 49

26,305 64

34,402 61

82,723 17

35,496 62
19,424 I
44,416 74
55,000 9
40,281 83

26,049 53

28,890 88 21,459 47

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