Imatges de pÓgina
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PRINTED BY MORRISON AND GIBB LIMITED, EDINBURGH. OF THE

ENGLISH POOR LAW

IN CONNECTION WITH

THE STATE OF THE COUNTRY AND THE

CONDITION OF THE PEOPLE

BY

SIR GEORGE NICHOLLS, K.C.B.

POOR LAW COMMISSIONER AND SECRETARY TO THE POOR LAW BOARD

NEW EDITION

CONTAINING THE REVISIONS MADE BY THE AUTHOR

AND A BIOGRAPHY

BY

H. G. WILLINK

CHAIRMAN, BRADFIELD POOR LAW UNION

VOLUME II

A.D. 1714 to 1853

LONDON: P. S. KING & SON

WESTMINSTER, S.W.

NEW YORK: G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS

1898

THE NEW YORK
Plilili

ASTC9, ! Min
TILDEN vitin

1098

“Whenever, for the purposes of government, we arrive, in any state of society, at a class so miserable as to be in want of the common necessaries of life, a new principle comes into action. The usual restraints which are sufficient for the well-fed, are often useless in checking the demands of hungry stomachs. Other and more powerful means must then be employed; a larger array of military or police force must be maintained. Under such circumstances, it may be considerably cheaper to fill empty stomachs to the point of ready obedience, than to compel starving wretches to respect the roast beef of their more industrious neighbours: and it may be expedient, in a mere economical point of view, to supply gratuitously the wants even of ablebodied persons, if it can be done without creating crowds of additional applicants."

BABBAGE, On the Principles of Taxation. London, 1851.

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