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ENGLISH POOR LAW
IN CONNECTION WITH
THE STATE OF THE COUNTRY AND THE
CONDITION OF THE PEOPLE
SIR GEORGE NICHOLLS, K.C.B.
POOR LAW COMMISSIONER AND SECRETARY TO THE POOR LAW BOARD
CONTAINING THE REVISIONS MADE BY THE AUTHOR
AND A BIOGRAPHY
H. G. WILLINK
CHAIRMAN, BRADFIELD POOR LAW UNION
A.D. 1714 to 1853
LONDON: P. S. KING & SON
NEW YORK: G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS
THE NEW YORK
ASTC9, ! Min
“Whenever, for the purposes of government, we arrive, in any state of society, at a class so miserable as to be in want of the common necessaries of life, a new principle comes into action. The usual restraints which are sufficient for the well-fed, are often useless in checking the demands of hungry stomachs. Other and more powerful means must then be employed; a larger array of military or police force must be maintained. Under such circumstances, it may be considerably cheaper to fill empty stomachs to the point of ready obedience, than to compel starving wretches to respect the roast beef of their more industrious neighbours: and it may be expedient, in a mere economical point of view, to supply gratuitously the wants even of ablebodied persons, if it can be done without creating crowds of additional applicants."
BABBAGE, On the Principles of Taxation. London, 1851.
FROM THE ACCESSION OF GEORGE THE FIRST TO THE
END OF THE REIGN OF GEORGE THE THIRD