« AnteriorContinua »
115 period when England was far from that “ As we have seen from experience, and preponderance on the Continent which the from the unhappy consequences that have follies of Napoleon have put into her hands; resulted for the whole world, that the if at a period in which religious freedom course of the political relations in Europe bad not yet become a common maxim with between the Powers has not been founded all enlightened governments, the British on those true principles upon which the Administration in former days could obtain wisdom of God in his revelations has so great a triumph on this subject over the founded the peace and prosperity of naprejudices of time and place, can any per
tions, son doubt but that a single word from your tion with their Majesties ihe Emperor of
“We have consequently, in conjuncministers (whom the House of Savoy must regard as its restorers) would have been Austria, Francis the First, and the King sufficient to assure, not onls to the Vau- of Prussia, Frederick William, proceeded dois, but to all the inhabitants of Pied- to forin an alliance between us, (to which mont, the free exercise of their religion? the other Christian Powers are invited to Since then, negociators, supported by so açcede), in which we reciprocally engage, great an influence, did not think proper
both between ourselves and in respect of to insert in the new treaties the ancient our subjects, to adopt, as the sole means guarantee to the Protestants of Piedmont, to attain this end, the principle drawn from we must suppose that they could not fore the words and doctrine of our Saviour Je. see that the Court of Sardinia, by declar
suis Christ, who preaches not to live in ening every thing null which happened dur- mity and hatred, but in peace and love. ing its absence, (that is to say, during We hope and implore the biessing of the sixteen years and more) would, under this Most High ; may this sacred union be general proclamation, rob the Vandois of confirmed between all the powers for their all the benefits with which a palernal ad- general good, and (deterred by the union ministration had endowed their church, of all the rest), may no one dare to fall and of which the French fiscality bad not
off from it. We accordingly subjoiu a cothe hardibnod to despoil them. Deprived py of this union, ordering it to be made of this resource, the Protestants of the generally known, and read in all the Alps will be obliged again to call upon
churches. the liberality of the English to contribute
“St. Petersburgh, on the day of the to the support of their religion ; but sup
birth of our Saviour, 25th Dec., 1815. posing that they should not be disappoint
“ The original is signed by his Imperial ed in their expectations from them, can
Majesty's own band,
“ ALEXANDER.” any one compare this humiliating and precarious situation with that public and “ In the name of the Most Holy and independent support of their worship, and Indivisible Trinity, that perfect civil equality which they en- “ Their Majesties, the Emperor of Ausjoyed for so many years before the resto- tria, the King of Prussia, and the Emperation of the Sardinian King? How much ror of Russia, having in consequence of anguish and uncertainty through Europe the great events which have marked the might have been put an end to by a few course of the three last years in Europe, words from your ministers, supported as and especially of the blessings which it ibey are on this subject by claims so strong has pleased Divine Providence to shower and resources so immense! Will they who down upon those states, which place their have done so much for kings, do nothing contidence and their hope on it alone, for the people, especially for that portion acquired the intimate conviction of the of the European people whom the sacred necessity of founding the conduct to be ties of a common religion, and the recol- observed by the powers in their reciprocal lection of similar sufferings, bind in so relations upon the sublime truths which elose a manner with the nation whom they the holy religion of our Saviour teaches. profess to represent? We hope, and dare 66 They solemnly declare, that the prebelieve, that these great personages par- sent Act has no other object than to pubtake themselves of the indignation with lish in the face of the whole world their which we are penetrated, and that they fixed resolution, both in the administrawho have headed the coalition of kings tion of their respective states, and in their against their people, will not disdain to political relations with every other governadd to that glory, assuring their naturalment, to take for their sole guide the preand legitimate rights to those nations whom cepts of that holy religion, namely, the they have forced to return under the domi- precepts of Justice, Christian Charity, ration of their ancient masters.”-Morn. and Peace, which far from being appliChron. Dec. 26,
cable only to private concerns, must have
an immediate influence on the councils of Holy Alliance.
princes, and guide all their steps, as being * By the Grace of God, We, Alexander the only means of consolidating human
the First, Emperor and Autocrat of all institutions, and remedying their imper-
“ In consequence, their Majesties have
St. Petersburgh, Dec. 21, 0.$. agreed on the following articles :
Jan. 2, 1816. Art. 1. Conformable to the words of Ukase of his Majesty the Emperor to the the Holy Scriptures, which command all men to consider each other as brethren,
(OFFICIAL TRANSLATION.) the three contracting monarchs will remain Being returned after a bappy conclusion united by the bonds of a true and indisso. of the external affairs of Europe, io the luble fraternity, and considering each empire which God has entrusted to us, we other as fellow countrymen, they will on have been informed by several nations all occasions, and in all places, leud each (probably notices] complaints and reports other aid and assistance, and regarding of the following circumstances :themselves towards their subjects and ar- The religious order of the Jesuits of the mies as fathers of families, they will lead Roman Catholic Church had been abolishthem in the same spirit of fraternity with ed by a bull of the Pope; in consequence which they are animated to protect reli- of this measure, the Jesuits were expelled, gion, peace and justice.
not only from the states of the Church, « Art. 2. In consequence the sole prio- but from all other countries,-they were ciple in force, whether between the said not perinitted to remain any where. Rus governments, or between their subjects, sia alone, constantly guided by sentiments shall be that of doing each other recipro- of humanity and toleration, retained them cal service, and of testifying by unaltera- in ber territory, gave them an asylum, and ble good-will the mutual affection with insured their tranquillity under her powerwhich they ought to be animated, to con- ful protection. She did not oppose any sider theinselves all as members of one and obstacle to the free exercise of their worthe same Christian nation. The three Al- ship; she did not deter them from it, either lied Princes looking on themselves as by force, persuasion or seduction ; but in merely delegated by Providence to govern return, she thought she might expect from three branches of the one family, namely, them fidelity, attachment and utility. In Austria, Prussia and Russia, thus confess- this hope they were permitted to devote ing that the Christian nation of which they themselves to the education and instruction and their people form a part, has in reality of youth. Fathers and mothers entrusted no other Sovereign tlrau bim to whom to them their children without fear, to alone power really belongs, because in teach them the sciences and to form their him alone are found all the treasures of
It is now proved that they have lore, science, and infinite wisdom, that not fulâlled the duties which gratitude inis to say, God, our Divine Saviour, the posed on them; that they have not kept Word of the Most High, the Word of themselves in that bumility which the Lise. Their Majesties consequently re- Christian religion commands; and that commend to their people, with the most instead of remaining peaceable inhabitants tender solicitude, as the sole means of en- in a foreign country, ihey have endeavour. joying that peace which arises from a good ed to trouble the Greek religion, which, conscience, and which alone is durable, from the remotest times, has been the preto strengthen themselves every day more dominant religion of our empire, and on and more in the principles and exercise of which, as on an immoveable rock, repose the duties which the Divine Saviour has
the tranquillity and the happiness of the tanght to mankind.
nations subject to our sceptre. They have si Art. 3. All the powers who shall begun first, by abusing the confidence chvose solemnly to avow the sacred princi- which they had gained. They have turnples which have dictated the present act, ed aside from our worship young people and sball acknowledge how important it who had been entrusted to them, and some is for the bappiness of nations too long women of weak and inconsiderate minds, agitated, that those truths should hence
and have drawn them to their church. forth exercise over the destinies of man- To induce a man to abjure his faith, the kind all the influence which belongs to faith of his ancestors, to extinguish in him them, will be received with equal ardour the love of those who profess the same and affection into this Holy alliance. worship, to render him a stranger to his “ Done in triplicate, and signed at Pa- country, to sow 'discord and animosity in
ris, in the year of grace, 1815, (14, families, to detach the brother from the 0.8.) 26th Sep!.
brother, the son from the father, and the (L.S.) • FRANCIS
daughter from the mother, to excite divi(L.S.) “ FREDERICK WILLIAM.
sions among the children of the same (L.S.) "6 ALEXANDER.
is that the voice and the will of Conformable to the original,
God, and his divine Son, Jesus Christ, our (Sigoed) “ ALEXANDER.
Saviour, who shed for us his most pure 6 Done at St. Petersburg, the day of blood,“ tlmt we might live a peaceful
the birth of our Saviour, 'the 25th and tranquil life, in all sort of piety and of Dec. 1815."
honesty?" After such actions, we are no longer surprised that the Order of these
Intelligence. French Protestants.
115 Monks has been removed from all coun. able enjoyment of their constitutional tries, and no where tolerated. In fact, righis and liberties. what state can suffer in its bosom those That this Meeting, deeply sympathizing who spread in it hate and disorder? Con- with those of their fellow-christians who stantly occupied in watching over the wel- have already suffered, or who may yet suffer fare of our faithful subjects, and consider in their persons and properties from these ing it as a wise and sacred duty to stop lawless outrages, do most cordially concur the evil in its origin, ibat it may not grow in the recommendation of the Protestant to maturity and produce bitter fruits, Dissenting Ministers in this city to the se
We have, in consequence, resolved to veral congregations of Dissenters throughordain
out the kingdom, to make collections for 1. That the Catholic Church which is the relief of the sufferers. here, be again re-established upon the foot- That the above Resolutions, signed by ing in which it was during the reign of our the Chairman, be inserted in the several grandmother, of glorious memory, the public papers. Empress Catherine II. and till the year WILLIAM SMITH, Chairman. 1800.
That the thanks of this Deputation be 2. To make all the Monks of the order. given to Wm. Smith, Esq. M. P. for his of the Jesuits immediately to quit St. Pe. attendance, and able conduct in the Chair tersburg.
this day. 3. To forbid them to enter vur two capitals.
At Edinburgh, Dec. 5, 1815, We have given particular orders to our The Ministers and Elders of the EdinMinisters of Police and Public Instruction burgh Associate Presbytery, this day asfor the prompt execution of this determi- sembled, having taken into consideration nation, and for all that concerns the house a letter, addressed to one of their number, and institution bitherto oecupied by the by the Secretary to the Board of the ProJesuits. At the same time, and that there testant Dissenting Ministers in London, may be no interruption in the divine ser- and which letter contains certain Resoluvice, we bave ordered the Metropolitan of tions passed by that Body at an Extraorthe Roman Catholic Church to cause the dinary General Meeting, held on the 28th Jesuits to be replaced by Priests of the day of November last, i especting the persame religion, who are now here, till the secation raised against the Professors of arrival of Monks of another Catholic Or. the Reformed Religion in the South of der, whom we have sent for, for that pur. France, unanimously approve of the prinpose.
ciples expressed in said resolutions; conDec. 20, 1815.
cur with these ministers in deep and most The original is signed,
tender sympathy with the persecuted ProALEXANDER. testants in France; and earnestly recom(A true copy).—The Director of the De- mend it to all the congregations under partment, TOURGUENOFF. their inspection, to make contributions in
aid of she general fund, which is collect
ing in Londou and other places of the FRENCH PROTESTANTS. United Kingdom, towards the temporal
relief of their suffering brethren. At a Special General Meeting nf the De- They farther recommend that these con
puties appoiuted for the Protection of tributions, when made, shall be paid into the Civil Rights of the Three Denomi- the hands of the Treasurer of the Presbynations of Protestant Dissenters, held tery, and be by him remitted to the Com. at the King's Head Tavern, in the Poul- mittee of Superintendance and Distribu
try, London, the Ist of December, 1815, tion at Williams's Library, Redcross Street, William Smith, Esq. M. P. in the Chair'; London, " some of the members of which
The following Resolutions were unani- Comınittee,” as stated by themselves, mously agreed to :
“ will, if necessary, examine on the spot That tħis Deputation consider it a duty the miseries they deplere, and distribute as absolutely incumbent upon them openly with impartiality the fruits of their Chris. and forcibly to express their abhorrence tian benevolence." of the persecutions under which the Pro- Meantime, the Presbytery embraces, testants of France are now suffering, and with zeal, the present opportunity to exof the spirit which has given them birth. press the liveliest feelings of satisfaction
That a humble Address from this Body and gratitude at the assurances of his Mabe presented to his Royal Highness the jesty's Government to the Deputation from Prince Regent, respectfully, but most ear- the said General Meeting, “ that they feel nestly beseeching his gracious interposi- the deepest regret at the dreadful scenes tion with the French Government to put lately witnessed in France, and that they an immediate termination to the insults and are using and will contione to use their injuries inflicted on the Protestants in that best efforts in their communications with country, and to protect them in the peace. the French Government, to secure to all
classes of French subjects, whether Pro- persecutions towards the Protestants in the
sembled on Nov. 21, 1815, and adopted
ANDREW LOTHIAN, Moderator. first to communicate their resolutions to
them accurate iotelligence, and that inter
position which acquaintance with their Woon, Mayor.
principles and conduct induced them to A Common Council, bolden in the Cham- expect :--and that they received from the ber of the Guildhall of the City of Lon
Earl of Liverpool, and from other memdon, on Thursday, the 14th day of De
bers of the Administration, admissions of cember, 1815,
the evils and assurances of their due ex. Resolved unanimously,
ertions to prevent their continuance, That a dutiful and loyal Address be pre- which they did not delay most publicly to sented to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, representing the feelings of this
4. That, gratified hy this declaration, Court at the information we have received by an Ordonnance published on Nov, 23d, of the cruel and inhuman persecution and by the Court of France, and by the insuffering of our Protestant Brethren in formation of the Duke of Wellington of France, whereby their places of Worship the disposition of that Court to repress the have been closed, their property pillaged outrages, which he did not attempt to de and destroyed, and the lives of inno- ny, the Committee, by public Resolutions cent and unoffending individuals have adopted on Dec 5th, and by other statebeen sacrificed to the inerciless rage of in
ments, communicated the substance of the furiated bigotry and superstition ; humbly information they received, and expressed praying bis Royal Highness to adopt such their intention not to augment public anx prompt and efficacious measgres as may jety by active labours, but rather vigilantbest tend to suppress these enormous evils. ly to observe the measures which might WOODTHORPE.
occur in France.
5. That to these Resolutions they have
firmly adhered--that they have sought for At a Special Meeting of the Committee of information by bonourable means-that
The Protestant Society, for the Protec. they have avoided all proceedings which tion of Religious Liberty, held at the might increase solicitude and discontentNew London Tavern, Cheapside, Lone that they have not invited public contridon, on January 23d, 1816,
butions which might not be required, Samuel Mulus, Esq. in the Chair; which the sufferers might decline to accept, The Committee, having considered the and which they might be unable to disnecessity and expedience of further imme- pense that they have addressed to the diate ioterference with the affairs of the French Protestants a letter which calumny French PROTESTANTS,
bas not ventured to denounce and that Resolved,
they have sought rather to conciliate than 1. That this Society, including members to offend, and to bush the elements of exof the Established Church, as well as nume- isting discord into permanent tranquillity. rous congregations of Protestant Dissenters, 6. That, able to discriminate between throughout England and Wales, has not exaggerated complaints, and equally exbeen formed for the special purpose of af- aggerated exculpations : between details fording relief to the Protestants in France, which gave universality to local oppresmis unconnected with any political party, siolìs, and assertions which denied that local -has invariably been disposed to afford cruelties had been displayed :-and that, 10 government all just support ;-and, al. regardless equally of inflated panegyric, though especially designed to protect the and of unmerited obliquy, the Committee enjoyment of Religious Freedom accord. have pursued the path they originally de ing to the existing laws in the British Em- signed, and have now arrived at the goal pire, could not, without selfishness and they intended to attain. degradation, disregard the numerous state- 7. That, from the intelligence they have mnents long circulated in the daily journals received, they learn that there are 89 conand other publications, of the existence of sistories, 230 churches, and 251 ministers,
117 belonging to the Protestants in forty de- can alone justify a foreign interference, and partments of France, and one college for that such interference, especially when their literary and theological instruction, needlessly protracted, may increase jealouestablished at Montauban; and that in the sy, perpetuate suspicion, and inflame redepartment du Gard a persecution, partly sentment, in foreign countries ;---relying on political but rendered most acrimonious by the auspicious change which has obviously religious animosity, had continued during and actually occurred,.--confiding in the several months,--that many persons had promises of future and equal protection, been murdered,--that public worship was now repeatedly promulgated by the Court prevented, -that churches were despoiled, of France,---encouraged by the recent as. --that trade and manufactures were sus- surances which have been given by Lards pended, that hundreds, appalled and Liverpool and Castlereagh to the inhabitants alarmed, had quitted their occupations--- of Glasgow, and the Catholics of the north, their property and their homes, and be- ---and informed of the wishes and situation come fugitives;---and that all the evils bad of the Protestants of France ---this Comlocally existed, which mobs, unrestrained mittee will not solicit Subscriptions on their by adequate authority, and stimulated by behalf, and will now withdraw from active party spirit, ignorance, desire of pillage interposition with their affairs ;---but that and superstition, could inflict.
they will continue feelingly alive to their 8. That although the Committee do not future destiny, and ready to afford them rely on letters influenced by fear,---on pub- all that assistance ---cordial, prompt and lications induced by interest ---and on as- abundant, which authentic applications surances inserted in the subservient Journals may invite, or unexpected exigencies shall which circulate in France;---and although demand. they regret that perfect compensation has 11. That the Committee cannot announce not been made to the sufferers, and more this determination without renewing their decisive measures earlier adopted against acknowledgements to the British Governtheir aggressors ---they are convinced that, meut for their wise and liberal conduct --even in that department where the evils did nor without expressing their thanks to the exist, those evils are now much decreased : Corporate and other Bodies ---to the publie that the rights of the Protestants have been spirited inhabitants of Glasgow, Hull, New. officially recognized, ip reiterated publica- castle, Gosport and Plymouth, and 10 the tions ;---another Royal Ordonance, for their Catholics of Dublin and of the North of advantage, bas been announced ;---civil and England, who have attorded them manly military authorities have uuited for their and Christian co-operation and support. protection ; --- their ministers have been And, placed on an equality with the Catholic 12. That convinced of the resistless pow. Clergy in the Electoral Assemblies, and er of public opinion in a free country, and flattered by titalar and honourary distinc. of the inestimable value of the indepen. tions ;---tbeir churches have been re-open- dence of the press, the Committee cannot but. ed ;---many fugitives have returned ;---ma- offer their unfeigned and grateful applause nofactures have revived ;---some of their to the spontaneous perseverance and zeal persecutors have been committed for trial; with which the great majority of the Editand repose and security re-appear. ors of the public Journals have, with judg
9. That this Committee cannot but attri- ment and eloquence, advocated the cause of bute these results to the declarations of the humanity and freedom, have counteracted Allied Powers, to the special efforts of the the efforts of opponents, and have promoted British Cabinet, and to those expressions an important and memorable triumph for of public opinion in England and through- Religious Liberty and Truth. out Europe, which have abashed the violent
Secretaries. and unconstitutional Catholics in France-..
J. WILKS, and, penetrating to the Thailleries, bave induced that Court to display an interest, At a Meeting of the Committee of the Proa decision, and an energy, which had been testant Dissenting Ministers of the Three too long deferred :---and that the Committee Denominations, held at Williams's Litherefore rejoice in all the exertions which brary, Red-Cross Streel, on Monday, have not only contributed to this immediate January 29, 1816, effect, but which have formed an example It was unanimously Resolved, for future labours---have announced the That the Committee, at length, feel it an rights of conscience--- have declared to the imperious duty to declare publicly, that existing generation and to future ages, that they have never had any connexion with Religious Freedom is esteemed and re- the Association denominated, “ The Provered, -tbat Intolerance will no longer be testant Society;"--that, from sufficient endured, and that all persecuturs must es. evidence, the Committee can assure the pect contemporaneous abhorrence, and a public of the correctness of their published contempt permanent as the remembrance statements; and that the contributions of their crínés.
which have been, or still may be, entrust10. That aware that imperious necessity ed to their care, continne to be highly ne.