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State of Public Affairs.

125 A. M.

0 William Hale, Homerton ; William Burls, Mr. Staniland, Dalston, annual 1

0 Lothbary ; James Esdaile, Bunhill-row; Mr. C. Stower, Homerton, annual i 0 William Esdaile, Clapham Common ; Wil.

Further Additions and Corrections liam Alers Hankey, Fenchurch-street; will be made from time to time.

John Addington, Spital-square; Joseph
Bunnell, Southampton-row ;

Samuel Committee of Deputies, of the Three De- Jackson, Hackney; James Gibson, Highnominations of Protestant Dissenters, Milk-street; William Titford, Union-street,

bury-place, Islington; Joseph Wilson, for the year 1816.

Messrs. William Smith, M. P., Chair- Bishopsgate-street; Joseph Towle, Walman, Park-street, Westminster; Joseph worth; William Dudds' Clark, 'HighGutteridge, Deputy Chairman, 'Camber- street, Borough ; Joseph Luck, Clapton ; well; James Collins, Treasurer, Spital- William Freme, Catharine-court, Tower square ; John Towill Rutt, Bromley, Mid-Hill; Edward Shrubsole, Bank'; James dlesex ; Samuel Favell, Grove Hill, Cam- Black, York-street, Covent Garden; B. berwell; B. Boswell Beddome, Walworth;

P. Witts, Friday-street,

MONTHLY RETROSPECT OF PUBLIC

AFFAIRS;

OR,

The Christian's Survey of the Political World.

)

A MONG the strange events which the mighty, and contemplating the vanity and

state of Earope has produced, a treaty folly of human policy, they may have felt, entered into by three sovereigns, and to that the only way to govern wisely was, by which the other states are invited to con adhering to the precepts delivered to us by cor, now calls our attention. It was signed bin who is emphatically styled our Saviour, at Paris during the time that the sovereigns the Prince of Peace. If this is really the were there, and in this instance they may case, we cannot but congratulate the world be considered as the representatives of the on so great an event. If in the extensive three great sects, whose religion is esta regions of Russia, Austria and Prussia, blished by law, These are the Greek every thing contrary to the mild spirit of Church, the Romish Church and the Pro- the Christian laws is abolished; if a new testant Church. The personages are the system is set up, in which mildness and Emperors of Russia, Austria, and the king Christian love should be as much predomi. of Prussia. The object of the treaty dif nant as heretofore cruelty and intolerance; fers materially from that of the voluminous we cannot doubt that the example will ones which have been laid before parlia- spread itself, and that other nations, observment. It is not to settle boundaries, to ing their order, propriety, love of justice, annihilate republics, exchange provinces, and hatred of war, will gradually assimiset up or dethrone kings; it is a solemn late their laws to a purer standard. appeal to the whole world, a testimony in As yet we can know nothing of the ef. favour of the Christian religion, a deter- fects of this treaty. We must allow a sufmination to make it the rule of their ac ficiency of time for the great potentates tions both in their conduct to each other to introduce the gradual reformation into and to their subjects, and what is, bow- their respectire dominions. The boors in ever, a suspicious covenant, to assist each Poland and the slaves in Russia cannot other in the promotion of their laudable immediately be placed in the rank of freedesigns.

men, nor is it adviseable that such a change The signatures of princes have been so should be instantaneously enforced. Ausoften afhxed to treaties, broken almost be- tria may find some difficulties from Popish fore the way of their seals has had time to superstition, Prussia from its military syscool, that their language ceases to carry tem. But we shall be glad to hear of a with it that confidence which ought to at beginning made in the respective countach to persons of their exalted rank. In tries, and of the manner in which it is rethis case, bowever, there seems not to have ceived by the subjects. Some things may been any call for this voluntary association evidently be done without great difficulty; and voluntary declaration. We may easily as, for example, the seizing of a person on conceive, that the great events in which suspicion of crime, and treating him with these sovereigns bave been enaged, may as much severity in a prison as if he had have made a deep impression on their · been guilty of it, will be no more. All minds, may have led them to prostrate tortures should be abolished. Persecuthemselves before the throne of the Al. tion on account of religion should cease,

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State of Public Affairs. and the freedom of worship, provided it does this may have arisen either from a compapot behave unseemly to the public, should rison of the two sects together, indepen, be allowed. The knout and exilé to Si. dent of any instruction received on the subberia will not be frequent sentences, the ject, or it may have been from the teachcodes of law will be purified from the bar- ers' instilling into the minds of their pu. barities of an ignorant age and the tech- pils notions uniavourable to the established nicalities of the profession. The under- church, and gradually conducting them to taking of the three sovereigns is noble in a difierent persuasion. A jealousy of the itself, requires prudence in the execution, latter kind is very natural from the known and will establish their fame, if they aci character of the Jesuits, but of the proofs agreeably to their promises, on a more nothing is known. The Russian governdurable basis than what is achieved by ment has expelled the Jesuits from the military prowess. In the latter they have country, and given, as the reason, their for competitors all the heroes of ancient abuse of the education of the children enand modern times, the Big Bens and Mea- trusted to their care, and perverting them, dozas of history. They have opened to as it would there be called, by insinuating, themselves a new career, they have ven contrary to the laws of hospitality, into tured on an untrodden path. May the their minds the doctrines of the Romish world not be deceived; may the sovereigns church. persist in the line of conduct they have If the three confederated sovereigns chalked out for themselves; and may have manifested such good intentions, reprince and people acquire daily more and specting their future government, the same more of a true Christian spirit.

spirit seems by no means to prevail in the In the extensive dominions of Russia neighbouring country. The exertions are to be found professors of every species here in favour of our persecuted breof religion. The Greek is the established thren abroad, bave excited, it is evident, church, but no hindrance is given to other no small dissatisfaction in France. To forms of worship. The temple of the ido- the denials of the fact no unprejudiced later, the churches of the Christian, the mind will give any credit, and every day mosques of the Mahometans, are all to be confirms the opinion the more that the found in the same district. The circum- truth is suppressed as much as possible. stances of the country have led to a tole- It remained, however, for the spirit of ration of a very extensive nature, and Jew calumny to set the last seal to its atrocities, and Christian, Mahometan and Idolater are and this has been fully done in the French to be found exercising offices under the papers with the signature of a prefect, state. The narrow policy of this country who does not scruple to assert, that the is there unknown; and indeed despotism persons here who have undertaken the itself would not permit the contemptible cause of the Protestants are a set of Jacofolly that prevails among us, of prohibit- bins, deserving of no confidence abroad ing the sovereign from availing himself and despised at home. The word Jacobin of the services of a subject, unless he be- is constantly resorted to by men who, in a longs to a peculiar sect, and that sect in different shape, perform the same actions ferior in numbers to those who differ from as those which distinguished the celebrated it. Yet, even in Russia are some bounds society under that name. In fact, there set to toleration. Every one is permitted are royal jacobins and democratieal jacoto follow his own form of worship, but he bins: the prevailing feature in both is, the must be careful not to infringe on the disregard of solemn treaties, covenants, domains of the established sect. He may obligations, every thing which is sacred meet his brethren of the same persuasion between man and man, and making every unmolested, but he must beware of the thing bend to their own will and the caspirit of proselytism: he must not enter price of the moment. The royal jacobin into the Greek fold, nor attempt to seduce calls others by that name, who appeal to any of that flock from their established laws, religion and charters, and the Frenchpastures.

man who dared to attach the contemptuous An instance has lately been presented to epithet to those respectable bodies which the world, by which the views of the Rus- undertook the cause of the Protestants, bas sian government on this subject are plainly little knowledge of our country. To him, manifested. It bad given an asylumn to to be respectable there must be titles and the Jesuits, who devoted themselves agree- dignities: virtue, honour and indepenably to their former practice in other dence, united with religion, carry no countries, to the education of children. weight. His insults, however they may Their superiority in literature and the art be received in France, and however calcuof instruction, induced the higher ranks to lated to serve a party there, will meet with put their children under their care, and it contempt among us.

The minister of seems that in consequence of this prefer- England will, without doubt, if necessary, ence, several of them have quitted the take care that our ambassador should Greek for the Romish communion. Now inform the cabinet of France, that if this

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language is countenanced by it, it mis. animated by their success, diffuses an enunderstands entirely the nature of our con ergy over the whole kingdom, and it is by stitution and our country.

no means clear what will be the result of But the insinuations thrown out in the it. The same spirit ia a degree pervades French papers against our countrymen, will the other armies, which will carry into their be circulaied without the means of refuta. respective kingdoms new principles of action. The press in that country is in the tion, and in this general agitation one is most slavish state, and the government bas naturally anxious for the fate of our own paid the greatest compliment to ours, by armies, lest in their combination with the refusing admission into theirs of the Eng- others, they may have acquired more of a lish newspapers. Though written in a lan. foreiga military spirit, and lost somewbat guage, which very few Frenchmen can read, of the sentiments peculiar to onr constituthe truths contained in them are of such a tion, nature, that the government dreads their A new turn has taken place in Spanish being made known to any. The free discus. America. Carthagena oppressed by fasion which prevails here, is a most horrible mine, has surrendered to the Spanish troops, thing in the eyes of superstition and des- which on taking possession of the place dispotisn: and we cannot but be astonished played its usual cruelties. In Mexico also at the servile minds of the French, with the royal cause has had some successes, whom a change of government makes no the prolongation of the conflict is now cerchange of system. The same plan of es- tain, the eveut doubtful. pionnage and censorship continues, what. At home the meeting of the parliament has ever party holds the wire by which the been attended with the communication of puppets are moved. Whether a Bourbon voluminous treaties on the settlement of Euor a Bonaparte gains the ascendency, it is rope ; which gave rise to aniinated discusthe lot of the French to be in terror, and sions. The minister had a considerable the only difference is, that in the one case majority in his favour, but the conduct of there was a degree of splendour to flatter the Bourbons in France and Spain met with their vanity, whilst in the other they are severe reprehension. The intended measubjected to the caprice of a party, which sures of finance, however, created a greater they cannot but despise.

interest, and the country heard with horror Their legislative bodies continue to deli- and astonishment, that in spite of repeated berate. Their great object is to save as promises the Income Tax was to be conmuch for the clergy as they can, and their tinued, and a standing army kept on foot, vengeance is now directed to those who are quite incompatible with all the maxims of married. Our countrymen iu confinement our ancestors on this subject. It was warnily hare not been broughi to a trial. The re- urged, that the confederacy of the European gicides have quitted France, and numbers powers overthrew the greatest and most of persons engaged in the active scenes of horrible military power that ever tormented the last twenty-five years have emigrated mankind; but if every kingdom was to to America and Russia. The latter country carry on the same military system, the danopens its arms to all classes, and will bene- ger to Europe and the distress to each fit greatly by the event. The national in- country were rather increased than dimistitute has been purged also by the King's nished. There can be no liberty, no secuaathority and the celebrated Abbé Maury, pity to a free constitution where there is a the stannch advocate of the Bourbons in large standing army. The inen successively the early part of the revolution, ceases to enrolled in it will gradually imbibe sentibe enrolled among its members,

ments agreeable to the esprit du corps and Germany seems likely to be soon in mo- inimical to freedom. tion, and the proceedings in Prussia will The continuance of the Property Tax has lead to eventful changes throughout the excited also no small alarm, not merely on whole of the empire. The great blow struck account of the evident inequality in iis asagainst Bonaparte, was occasioned chiefly sessments, in making a man with a precari. by bringing into action against him the ous income, derived from personal exerforce of the people, and in this the Land- tions, pay the same sum annually as an, wehre of Prussia was particularly effective. other whose income is derived from per. In this body men of all ranks enrolled them- manent property, but also from the vexaselves, with little inquiry whether they tions attending the collecting of the tax; were to serve as officers or common soldiers and the injury that morals will snffer from In exciting them to come forward, great the spirit of espionnage, that will be graduuse was made of secret societies, and the ally diffused throughout the country. La spirit which prevailed in them, has not fact, when sueh a tax is established, the subsided. This has led to the circulation consequences will be the same in this kingof a variety of publications, in which the down with respect to property, as attended principles of liberty have been laid down the inquisition in Spain with regard to rein a manner by no means suited to the ligion. The class of inquisitors, familiars military despotism by which that country and others connected with the inquisition, was governed. The return of the army will become uumerous; every one will look

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New Publications.

Correspondence.

with a jealous eye on his neighbour. No that if a Standing Army and an Income Tax thing will escape the scrutinizing eye of become perpetual, the English will in a of the searcher, and no honesty, no integrity, very few years be a very different people >> will preserve a man from vexation. The the spirit that has animated its agriculture, latter part of the question, as it affects the its manufactures and its commerce, will morals of a country, deserves a most seri- vanish, and its riches will make to themous consideration; and it may be asserted, selves wings and fee away.

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The Christian Reformer, or New Eran intended to shew that the Final Happiness gelical Miscellany. Vol. I, for 1815. of all Men is a Doctrine of Divine ReveWith a Vignette Title-Page, by Partridge. lation. By the Same. 12mo. 6d. 12mo. 68. 6d. boards. Coutinued month The Trinitarian Catechised, and allowed ly in Nos. 6d. each.

to answer for Himself. 18mo. 3d. A Letter to the Unitarian Christians in A Letter from an Old Unitarian to a South Wales, occasioned by the Animad- Young Calvinist, 12mo. versions of the Right Rev. the Lord Bishop An Account of a Bible-formed Society of St. David's. · With Appendices. By of Unitarian Christians, without the aid Thomas Belsham. 8vo.

of either other Books or Missionaries, at
A Unitarian Christian's Statement and New-Church, Rossendale, Lancashire.
Defence of his Principles, with reference (Extracted from the Monthly Repository.)
particularly to the Charges of the Right 12mo.
Rev. the Lord Bishop of St. David's: A Remains of William Reed, late of
Discourse before the Annual Meeting of Thornbury ; including Rambles in Ireland,
the Welsh Unitarian Society. With Notes. with other Compositions in Prose, his Cor-
By John Prior Estlin, LL.D. 8vo. respondence and Poetical Productions. To

Two Essays; one on the Effects of which is prefixed A Menoir of his Life ;
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By the late Rev. John Simpson. 8vo. Ponderer. 450 Copies on Demy 8vo.
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livered at Palgrave, Dec. 19, 1815. By An Essay on the Universal Restoration, John Fullagar. 8vo.

CORRESPONDENCE.

The first part of the Review of Wilson's Dissenting Churches in our next.

The Proof Prints of SERVETUS are nearly all sold : such as wish to possess copies are requested to apply immediately. Price of the Print, as also of each of those of Dr. PRIESTLEY and Dr. TOULMIN, 5s.

ERRATA.
Page 16, col. i. 1. 26, for “Suck conduct would do honour to Britons,” &c. reada
“ Such conduct would do no honour to Britons,” &c.

38, col. i. 1. 22, for “horrible" read horribile.
- 45, col. ii, 1.1, for “ thirty" read twenty.
- 49, col. ii. 1. 14, from bottom, for “ S. Evans" read J. Evans.

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Brief Memoir respecting the Walden- events and their present condition, it

ses, or Vaudois, Inhabitants of the shall be my object to present a series Valleys of Piedmont ; the result of of remarks under the following heads : Observations made during a short 1. Modern History. 2. Description residence amongst that interesting of the Valleys. 3. Character and People in the Autumn of 1814. By Manners of the Waldenses. 4. State a Clergyman of the Church of Er- of their Schools. 5. Number and gland.

Condition of their Ministers and THE sympathy of the Christian Churches.

1. The pathetic details of their suf. cited by a description of the suffer- ferings during the fifteenth, sixteenth, ings of disciples of an earlier day in and seventeenth centuries, when the the cause of their Lord and Saviour. malice of the Court of Rome, the fury Among these persecuted disciples the of the Inquisition, the weakness at Waldenses, it is on all hands acknow one time, at another time the perfidy ledged, are entitled to very high re of their Sovereigns the Dukes of Saspect, since they were eminently ourvoy, conspired to render them, if in Redeemer's witnesses, and advocates this life only they had hope, of all for the purity of Christian doctrine men most miserable, have been aland worship, during those emphati- ready rcorded by their historians. cally termed the dark ages, when the The wolves that infest the neighbour; introduction of unscriptural tenets and ing Alps were, in fact, less cruel to ostentatious ceremonies had so much their defenceless prey than the brutal contributed to seduce people in gene- soldiery employed to lead these sheep ral from the simplicity of the gospel. of Christ's pasture to the slaughter's They were, in short, if the expres- they massacred those whom age and sion may be allowed, Protestants be. infirmity compelled to remain in the fore the Reformation took place; and valleys, pursued others who had fled some have even supposed that the for safety to the hills, plunged the morning-star of that bright day, Wick- steel into their bosoms, threw them liffe himself, derived some portion of down precipices; in short, committed the light of religious knowledge from outrages of various kinds, at which them.

humanity recoils. The writer of these remarks had, Their more recent history may be in common with others, long revered said to commence at the last dreadful * the name, and often read with inte. persecution of 1686. Louis XIV. not rest the history of the Waldeuses, content with destroying and banishwhen a tour on the Continent afforded ing his own subjects, (at the wellhim an opportunity of becoming per- known revocation of the Edict of sonally acquaioted with them and Nantz) instigated the Court of Turin he will esteem it a happy circumstance to adopt the same cruel measures. A if this brief Memoir, the fruit of ob- minister of the valleys has been so servations made whilst in the valleys, kind as to make me a present of an should induce benevolent persons in affecting relation of the sufferings of England to make some efforts in their the Waldenses at that period. It is bebali.

a manuscript of about one hundred The ancient history of this people years old ; like Ezekiel's roll, full of being far more generally known to lamentations and mourning; and the British Christians than more recent truth of its contents is attested by ten

VOL. XI.

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