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Mr. Evans on the field of Waterloo.
155 hands and be the property of some Overysche, near the wood of Soignes to permanent Unitarian body. The same Neerysche, with the little river Ysche provision should surely be made in front, so as to cover Brussels and whenever a new place of worship is Louvain! The Duke of Marlborough raised by the help of the Unitarian proposed to attack them immediately, public, for every such building is in and Averquerque approved of the de some sort an experiment. If the ex- sign. But it was opposed by General periment fail, let not individuals or Schlangeuburgh and other Ďutch ofother sects reap an advantage ficers, who represented it in such a
Once more, I recommend most light to the Deputies of the States earnestly that every new chapel should who attended the army that they rebeerected on Freehold Ground, and that fused to concur in the execution. The sufficient ground should be purchased Duke being obliged to relinquish the in the first instance to lay out a bu- scheme wrote an expostulatory letter rying-place. There is an unseemli- to the States General, complaining of ness in Unitarians being interred with their having withdrawn that conta Trinitarian forms of religion, which dence which they had reposed in him must be the case where they have no while he acted in Germany." church-yard of their owu: besides Thus it appears that in the reign of that it is sometimes in the power of Queen Anne the Post of Waterloo clergymen to insult the ashes of sup- was fixed upon by the celebrated posed heretics when death brings Duke of Marlborough, with the view them under their “ little brief autho- of annihilating the power of Louis rity." The tombs of fathers have a the XIVth. at that time (like Bopahold upon the religious profession of parte), the great troubler of Europe ! children when better ties are weak. And as his Grace is said “ never to ened; and sepulchres give a solem- have fought a battle which was not nity to Houses of Prayer, and supply wou, nor to have besieged a town that sentiment of reverence which that was not taken," he seems deeply fails to be excited by the small and to regret that the perverseness of his unimposing temples of Dissenters. For military associates prevented his reapthese reasons I always inquire of those ing the usual laurels on this occasion. who solicit my subscription to our It is, however, singular that the Duke new chapels, whether accomodation of Wellington, in conjunction with be contemplated for the dead as well similar allies, should a century after, as the living!
in the reign of George. the Third, ZELOTES. (June 18, 1815) consecrate this same
Post of Waterloo by a signal victory Islington, March 1, 1816. for the restoration of the descendants Sir,
of Louis the XIVth., as the best VE insertion in your valuable means of securing the peace and hap
Miscellany of the following cu- piness of the Continental Powers! rious fact, respecting the field of This is is a curious fact, and the more Waterloo, will be gratifying to the worthy of attention as a parallel bemore intelligent class of your readers. tween these two distinguished British It is taken from the Life of the Duke Generals hath been drawn by writers of Marlborough. in the seventh vo- of the present day. Such is the mulume of the British Biography, a work tation of human affairs, such the chiefly written by the late Dr. Joseph revolution of empires. May the aw Towers, and uniformly favourable to ful and decisive battle of Waterloo the interests of Civil and Religious ensure the permanent tranquillity of Liberty.
the civilized world! Torrents of “ On the 15th of August, 1705, blood have been poured forth in the the Duke of Marlborough moved unrighteous career of ambition. It from Mildert to Corbais, and next was time, as at the birth of our Saday continued his march to Genappe, viour, that the Temple of Janus should from whence he advanced to Fischer- be closed, and that Peace, the legacy mont. On the 17th Geoeral Aver- of the Redeemer to his disciples, querque took the Post of Waterloo, should diffuse her blessings among the and next day the confederate army nations of the earth. I am, Sir, - was drawn up in order of battle be
Yours respectfully, fore the enemy, who extended from
Mr. Wright on the Unitarian Society answered in the negative. I then at Thorne.
gave them some account of his cha. Wisbeach, March 7, 1816. racter, and of the manner in which Sir,
be bore the nnjust and cruel treatNHE Unitarians at Thorne, in ment he had received. This led some
T , medium of the Monthly Repository [xi. pressions respecting him. Having 120.), made known their intention of proceeded as far as seemed prudent at building a meeting-house, and solicit that time, before I left them I said, ed the aid of the friends of the Unitarian "I have told you as much as I think cause in the undertaking, a short will be useful at present, if I live to account of the origin, progress, pre- see you again I shall have something sent'state and prospects of the Uni- further to say to you," and exhorted tarian Society in that town and its them to keep their minds open to vicinity, may not be unacceptable to conviction, and not to be afraid of your readers.
examining any subject. In the summer of 1805, I first vi. About six months after I visited sited Thorne ; it was in consequence them again, and found their prejuof a letter received by my worthy dices had been greatly alarmed by the friend, Mr. Vidler, informing him books which had been sent them. that some persons in that town and They had even consulted together neighbourhood, were favourable to whether it would not be best to rethe doctrine of the universal restora- turn the books and desire me to visit tion; but had never heard any preach- them to more; but good sense pre. er who taught it, and having heard vailed so far as to lead them to resolve that a preacher of that doctrine some- to read the books first ; a first, intimes travelled in Lincolnshire, they clined them to a second, reading; and were anxious he should visit them. On I had how the pleasure to fiud sevemy arrival I found them all Trinitari- ral of them were become Unitarians. ans, and learned that nost of them be. I again preached several discourses longed to the new connexion of Metho- among them, and found, though the dists, and that they differed from their multitude was fed, which was no brethren only on the subject of future more than I expected, the number of punishment, having adopted the sen- converts was sufficient to keep the timents of the late Mr. Winchester. standard erect, and become the foun
During my first visit I preached on dation of a society. About this time the love of God, on the doctrine of a donation of books was sent them reconciliation, and on future punish- from York, including some of Dr. meot. The place of meeting was a Priestley's works; these were read barn; a crowd of people attended, with much attention, and contributed and a considerable impression seemed to their progress in knowledge and to be made. I spent two evenings in establishment in the Unitariau Chrisconversation with a pretty large party, tian doctrine. and found, though many persons were Till the year 1810 their number full of inquiry, they laboured under increased but little : they, however, strong prejudices; I had occasion to re- persevered in their inquiries after cal to mind a maxim which I have al- truth, openly avowed their religious ways found useful, i. c. to despair of sentiments, held meetings among noihing which it is practicable to at- themselves and did what they could tempt. As a proof of what their to edify one another, and instruct views and feelings then were, I will their weighbours. I usually visited mention two things. The good wo- them twice in a year, preached seveman at the house where I lodged ral times each visit ; sometimes in asked, “ Are you an Arian?" I re- some of the neighbouring villages, and plied, “No, I never was an Ariau.” assisted in settling any differences She then said,
an which had arisen among them. SeArian I dare not let you sleep in my veral of the first converts were rehouse." Dr. Priestley's name being moved by death ; a few new ones * mentioned, I perceived it excited were added. They had from the first alarn). This led me to ask if any of many difficulties to encounter. They them had either known the Doctor were poor, unlearned people. Their or read any of his writings? They religious neighbours, who thought the
** If you
On Poetical Scepticism.-No. I.
157 doctrines they espoused damnable he- its answering the end designed. Meetresies, attacked them on every side ; ings for the worship of the one God but they soon became equal to the have been held, and well conducted, contest with their opposers, by never for several years, in a private house; attempting to dispute about words, nor but many persons who would attend to meddle with criticism, to which they in a chapel will not go regularly to were utterly inadequate ; but always a private house, even if it were large keeping close to the plain facts and enough to contain them. positive declarations of scripture, I trust it will not be thought im which all Christians admit, and proper, for one who has happily sucbringing every coutroverted point to ceeded in forming the above society, the test of those vuiversally admitted and assisting in bringing it to its prefacts and declarations.
sent promising state, to solicit, on In the autumn of 1809, a person of behalf of the brethren at Thorne, the respectable character, an avowed un- pecuniary assistance of the friends of believer, came from a neighbouring Unitarianism iu different parts of the village to hear me preach at Thorne, kingdom, that they may be enabled and was much atfected hy what he to complete the building they are heard. This led him to an examina- about to erect for the exclusive wortion of the true Christian doctrine, ship of the one and only God. Perand issued in his avowing himself an mit me to do this, with much deferUnitarian Christian. His conversion, ence and respect, through the medium and firm and candid'exertions to pro- of your valuable Repository; which mote what he believes to be divine will much oblige, dear Sir, truth, with the influence of his worth
Yours, &c. of character, brought many other
R. WRIGHT. persons to attend, and produced an important accession to the Unitarians On Poetical Scepticism. at Thorne. During the last two years,
No. I. several respectable persons in that “ Sure he that made us with such large town have reccived the Unitarian
discourse, doctrine, and are zealous for its suc. Looking before and after, gave us not cess. Thus after occasional labours This capability and Goplike REASON and exertions for more than ten years, To rust in us unus'd.” things are come to that promising
SHAKESPEARE. state which renders it not only desi- “ So charming is divine philosophy, rable, but highly necessary to have Not harsh nor crabbed as dull fools supan Unitarian chapel at Thorne, and pose, a minister placed there, who might But in usical as is A pollo's lute.”
Milton. act as a Missionary in the surrounding district, where much inquiry is ex- SIR, cited, and many openings
for public The Curious species of infidelity
THERE , preaching are found. The prospect is highly promising, and the success which, although not often truded of the cause in the country between on the public, has recently made conGainsborough, Doncaster and Selby, siderable progress among amiable and will materially depend on what is virtuous minds. It seems, therefore, done at Thorne. I speak from per- to deserve a more regular exposure sonal knowledge, and feel very deep- than it has yet received, since it dely concerned for the success of the prives those of the holiest consolaplan now projected by the friends in tions of the gospel who are best able that place.
to feel and most worthy to enjoy The expense of erecting the pro- them. Though somewhat difficult posed chapel, &c. is already before to be defined, it may be described your readers. It must be admitted as a substitution of poetical feeling the plan proposed is economical, and for religious principle—an avowed the sumn raised by the people among dislike of truth-and a contempt for themselves as large as can be expect all belief in which any share is aled, considering they are most of them lowed to the reasoning faculties. The poor. The plan of building has not defenders of these singular paradoxes, been resolved on without much de- which seem to have their origin in liberation, and a rational prospect of Germany, express great veneration for Calvinism, which they esteem as ciple it is founded, it is evidently not a beautiful creation of the fancy, and the joy of believing. Those who feel which they regard with peculiar fa- it do not pretend to regard the objects vour as not built upon any rational of their delight as true. They do not foundation. Of Unitarianism they ex- apply them to their own condition. press the utmost dislike and scorn. They cannot even fancy they regard They deem every interference of rea- them in the same light with those son with system as arrogant and pro- who look on them as inseparable fane. Religion is thrown back by from their existence; who repose on them into the regions of imagination them as their solace under the cares and mystery, as something too sacred of life, and rely on them as the supto be examined or mingled with the port of their dying hours. But the business of life, and too majestic to assertions of orthodoxy must be either be submitted to our choice or appro- true or false ; and if our opponents val. At the same time, their rever- enjoy them not as true they must if ence refines it into a phantom-a they admire them at all, admire them gorgeous dream-which would vanish as a fable. And this, in plain lanif too pearly inspected. They one guage, is the whole basis of the unmoment declare the opinions they eu- defined emotion which constitutes logize as above all scrutiny, and the their religion. They contemplate the next acknowledge they could not en- orthodox system as a prodigious crea. dure it. It is their principle, there- tion of human genius, and as a vision fore, to oppose all serious inquiry; to in which the terrible and sublime are inculcate love where there can be no strikingly contrasted. So that their respect; to set up a kind of sentimen- reverence for the objects they desig tal admiration in the place of belief; nate as sacred places them ou a level and to inveigh against all attempts to with the dreams of Mahomet, and the discover theological truth as harden- mythologies of Homer. ing the heart, clouding the fancy, What is it then which is offered and throwing a chillness over all the us in the room of Christian hope ? social atfections.
Nothing surely but what we may In exposing the fallacy of this povel possess in full perfection with it. The scepticism, I shall not enter into ma- poetical delight to be received from ny of the important points suggested the contemplation of beautiful fictions by the inquiry. 'It would lead to a need not be placed in the stead of a discussion too extensive were I to aim conviction of divine realities. To the at shadowing forth the necessary con- enjoyment of fable as such it is absurd nexion between truth and virtue, at to require a belief in its actual exisshewing that imagination has increas- tence. Who ever supposed that to cd in 'lustre in proportion as know- relish the “ Midsummer's Night's ledge has extended, or at proving Dream,” or the “ Tempest," it was that genius is independent of opinion necessary to believe in the sportive and our feelings distinct from our fairies that “ creep into acorn cups creeds. My object will be first to and hide them there," or in the pure maintain that the Deist has no source and delicate spirits that float in the of enjoyment which rational Chris- air with strange music? And, on the tianity would diminish; and secondly, same principle, why must we admit to prove that, even as a matter of the devil into our creeds to enjoy the poetical association, the doctrines of sublimities of Paradise Lost, any more Unitarianism are far superior to that than satyrs and witchcraft in order system of popular theology which the to be enchanted with Comus? Though sceptic fancies he admires.
rejected as a religion, all the wonders While the adversaries of rational of Pagan superstitiou have charms investigation deride the scantiness of for us still. In the grandest regions the Unitarian creed, they boast that of imagination, beyond the limits of they feel all the magnificence of Cal- this material world, they stand as vinism, and enjoy what the more cre- fresh and as glorious as ever. Time dulous believe; and this pleasure they has passed over them without witnessassert to be infinitely superior to that ing their decay. There Hercules still which results from a conviction of rests on his club and Apollo tunes his less mysterious doctrines. But in what immortal lyre. There Proteus rises does it consist? On whatever prin- from the sea; there old Triton “ blowa
Gleanings.-Heresy of Pope John XXII.
159 his wreathed horn," and there the and to hail the dawnings of imperfect Pates in awful silence, regulate the light as the welcome harbingers of variously-coloured thread of human an unclouded day. An Unitarian is existence. But will these imagina- the only sectary who makes charity tions diminish our anxiety for our an article of his creed. And yet he own eternal condition ? Will they must be scornfully accused of scorn, be less “ assoiled from the gross- abused for want of kind-heartedness, ness of present time,” because our and reproached for believing too litreliance is fixed on the rock of ages tle, and having, therefore, no power and our hopes have their resting of enjoyment, by those who believe place in heaven?
nothing in order to enjoy every thing. But it is boldly asserted that a spirit Poetical fancies might have a betof inquiry into religious truth is in- ter claim to take the place of religious compatible with all poetical feeling- conviction if, like it, they could last that it tends to make those who in- for ever. But alas ! life cannot be all dulge it hard-hearted—and degrade a holiday dream. Death must sepathem from imaginative into mere rea- rate our dearest companions from us, soning beings. In auswer to these and compel us to weep over their assertions it is not necessary to contend tomb. Will it then be enough to for the superiority of truth over fancy, strew the grave with flowers, and it is quite sufficient to shew that both vent our sorrows in the melody of may exist together without the least woe ;-or will it not be some addi. injury to either. Our opponents tional relief to be able to cherish a themselves would exercise their rea- sure and certain hope of meeting them son in all the concerns of life, and in happiness hereafter? And even if would esteem those madmen who we could pass along wrapt in one deshould refuse to apply it to any thing licious vision through this vale of tears, but religion. It is strange then that we must awake to die ! Surely in it should be debarred from the no- that awful moment when heart and blest of its uses, from the objects flesh fail us, it will be some consolawhich are most worthy of its powers, tion to think that we are safe in the and most nearly allied to the divinity arms of the Almighty-that our nowhich is stamped upon it. And sure. blest faculties will revive to an imly it would be strange if heaven had mortal youth-that our loveliest vi. endowed us with both intelligent and sions will be more than realized—and creative faculties, one of which must that imagiuation will expatiate for necessarily be left inactive, in order ever in those glorious regions, to to the perfection of the other, And which, in its happiest moments, it what luxury of imagination is there, delighted to aspire. which a Christian, whose belief is
S. N. D. founded on understanding is unfitted
P. S. With your permission, I proto enjoy? He would no more allow pose in a few essays in your succeedreason to interfere with the delights ing numbers, to expose the other of his fancy, than he will suffer poetry dogma of modern sceptics--that Cal. to take the place of conviction. He vinism is a more poetical system than can muse with as delicious a suspen- Unitarianism by comparing the leadsion of thought over the still foun- ing doctrines of both, not as it retain, and people every lovely scene spects their truth, but the beautiful with images as beautifuland unearthy associations which may be thrown aas if he had never investigated the round them and the kind affections doctrines of scripture. As far as re- they cherish and mature. pects the contemplation of the superstitions and errors of mankind he will have an advantage over the most poet
GLEANINGS ; OR, ical sceptic. For his religion teaches him to see a “ spirit of good" in them all—to look at the dim glimpses of
No. CCXLV. heaven which have shone through Self-election and Heresy of Pope John pompous ceremonials with gratitude
XXII. to trace the sweet affections which Mezeray, an exact writer, dehave flourished' beneath the shade of scribes the election of this Pope very ustitutions in themselves unholy, pleasantly, and says that the Cardi
SELECTIONS AND REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE OF GENERAL READING.