Imatges de pÓgina

it not be said that the Dissenters and of Norwich, a Mr. Fowler, John Methodists have met each other half Rongh,* a Scotcbman, Augustinc way, and that if Dissenters have Bernher, a foreigner, and Dr. Benseemed to become Methodists, the tham, of whom we have (pp. 6, 7.) Methodists have really become Dis- the following interesting account:senters ?

“ Tuomas Bentham, D.D., born at Mr. Wilson's plan is to trace the Sherbourne, in Yorkshire, and educated history of every particular place of at Magdalen College, Oxford. Upon worship, according to its situation, in Queen Mary's accession, he was deprived the Metropolis, and then to give of his Fellowship; when he retired to Zusketches of the lives of the mjoisters rich, and then to Bazil, where be became

Afterwho have successively officiated in preacher to the English exiles. its pulpit, allotting of course the wards, being recalled by his Protestant largest space to such as were distin- brethren, he was made superintendant of guished by their activity or are still tuation he continued till the death of the

their congregation in Loodon. In this sia known by their writings. Where the Queen, encouraging and confirming his same minister has been placed at dif- people in their faith by his pious disciferent times over several congrega- pline, constant preaching, and resolute tions, reference is made from page to behaviour in the Protestant causé. Under page, in the manner of a dictionary. his care and directiou, they often met by This method is attended with incon- hundreds for divine worship, without disveniences, but they were unavoida. covery, notwithstanding they were under ble.

the nose of the vigilant and cruel Bonner.t A work like this can be viewed Upon the accession of Elizabeth, he was only in detail; and as we deem it and Coventry, which he filled with great

nominated to the bishoprick of Litchfield worthy of particular notice we shall moderation till his death, Feb. 21, 1578, 9.1 go through it carefully, extracting Dr. Bentham was held in great repute for passages which are peculiarly inte- learning and piety. It was with considerresting, and making such remarks as able reinctance that he complied with the appear to us to be subservient to the Queen's injunctions for suppressing the cause of truth and liberty. Our re- prophecyings. His letter to his archview will extend through several nuin- deacon upon this subject, bears strong bers, but we do not fear that we shall marks of a pious mind; but at the same try the patience of our readers, since time shews the extent to which the Queen every article will be complete in it. carried her prerogative, and the blind pelf,' or rather, every extract and The Prophecyings were religious meetings

obedience she exacted from her subjects. every remark will be intelligible with- instituted by the clergy, for explaining out further reference, and indepen- the scriptures and promoting knowledge dent of what may go before and come and piety. One very important benefit after.

arising from them was, that they occasion The first section of the History is ed a familiar intercourse between the cleron the “ Rise of the first Nonconform- gy and their people, and excited a laudaing. Churches :" it begins with an ble emulation in watching over their reaccount of the Protestant congrega, spective flocks. The Queen complained tion in London in the reign of Queen of Puritanism ; she said that the laity neg.

of them to the Archbishop, as nurseries Mary, of persecuting memory. This church consisted of about two hun. these meetings, which filled their heads

lected their secular affairs by repairing to dred members. Their meetings were with notions and might occasion disputes held alternately near Aldgate and and seditions in the state. She moreover Blackfriars, in Thames Street, and in told him that it was good for the church ships upon the river. Sometimes they assembled in the villages about London, and especially at Islington, that

• Mr. Wilson's account of this reformer they might the more easily

elude the closes with an ill-timed pun.“ At length, bishop's officers and spies. For the after much rough usage, he ended his life same reason they often met in the joyfully in the fames, Dec. 1577.The night. A credulous martyrologist, joke was probably

borrowed. Clark, has recorded some of their 79, 80.”

† “ Heylin's Hist. of the Reform. pp. providential deliverances. Their mi- « Wood's Athen. Oxon. i. 192, 704." nisters appear to have been, Dr. Ed. “ See Neal's Puritans. i. 239** mund Scambler, afterwards Bishop

6 Dr. Edmund Grindall,"


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“ Du you,

Review.-Marshall's Letter. --A Father's Reflections.

169 to have but few preachers, three or four Mr. Devenish, two others of the church in a county being sufficient; and peremp- taken at Islington, he ended his life in the torily commanded bim to suppress them. flames. I The archbishop, however, thought that she had made some infringement upon his Art. III.-A Letter to Trinitarian office, and wrote her a long and earnest Christians. By W. Marshall, Miletter, declaring that his conscience would

nister of the Unitarian Chapel, St. not suffer him to comply with her injunc

Alban's, Herts. Pp. 20. 12mo. tions. This so inflamed the Queen, that

Price 6d. Richardson, 91, Royal she sequestered the Archbishop from his

Exchange. office, and he never afterwards recovered her favour."

NHIS Letter contains a forcible Honourable mention is here made intended to excite them to a careful of Mr. Cuthbert Simpson, who was a

examination of the doctrines they deacon of this first Protestant church; profess. The writer asks, “Will you a pious, faithful and zealous man,

take in Christian charity my inviting bouring incessantly to preserve the flock from the errors of Popery, and you to a serious examination of your

faith? Will you permit me to remind to secure them from the dangers of persecution. He was apprehended Calvinistic creed, are not true be

you, your Trinitarian doctrine and with Mr. Rough and several others, at a house in Islington, where the truth ; are not true because you have

cause you have never questioned their church were about to assemble, as

been educated in the belief of them, was their custom, for prayer and

nor because they form the popular preaching the word ; and being ta

faith : ken before the council was sent to the lieve they were taught by Jesus

:: as far only as you sincerely bcTower.

It was the office of Mr. Christ and his apostles, can you have Simpson to keep a book containing an honest conviction of their truth.” the names of the persons belonging How will Trinitarians answer the folto the congregation, which book he lowing questions? Yet it seeins inalways carried to their private assem

cumbent on them to do it. blies; but it happened through the Trinitarians, sincerely believe that good providence of God, that on the God Almighty was in the form of a day of his apprehension, he left it with Mrs. Rough, the minister's wife.t of the World was an embryo in the

man upon earth ? That the Creator During his confinement in the Tower, womb ? That God was born? That

6 the Recorder of London examined him God was an infant at the breast;strictly as to the persons who attended the that God passed through the stages English service ; and because he would of youth to manhood ;-—that God discover neither the book, nor the names, worked as he was craelly racked three several times, lived as a man, and at last died as a

a curpenter ;-that God but without effect. The Lieutenant of the Tower also caused an arrow to be tied be- man, through excess of bodily pain tween his two fore-fingers, and drew it and torture?" P. 4. out so violently as to cause the blood to gush forth. These marble-hearted men

Art. IV.-A Father's Reflections on not being able to move the constancy of

the Death of his Child. Pp. 32. Law our Confessor, consigned hiin over to Bonner, who bore this testimony concerning

and Whitaker, Ave-Maria Lane. him before a number of spectators : “ You

THESE Reflections shew the pracsee what a personable man this is ; and for bis patience, if he were not an heretic, I tarian Christians entertain of God and should much commend him; for he has his government, in times of affliction. been thrice racked in one day, and in my. A father deeply affected by the death bouse he hath endured some sorrow, and of a beloved child in its infancy, pre. yet I never saw his patience once moved!' sents the reader with his meditations But notwithstanding this, Bonner con

on the mournful occasion, which are demned him, ordering him first into the

truly edifying. He says, p. 10, “This stocks in his coal-house, and from thence to Smithfield, where with Mr. Fox and sad disappointment of my fondest

wishes I am bound to consider as the • “ Neal, ubi supra, p. 239-40.” voice of Almighty God, inviting me

+ This is ascribed by Clark to a “ to wean my affections from the world; markable dream," but was nothing but an act of common prudence.

I “ Clark's Martyrology, p. 497.”. VOL. XI.



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prudently to moderate my attachment on Unitarians. In the first letter the to earthly objects; and diligently, to writer appeals from mystery to scripprepare for that awful moment, wheu ture : and in a plain, concise, and it will be my lot also to breathe my forcible manner, alleges the testimony last, and to close my eyes for ever on of Moses and the prophets, Jesus and terrestrial things." Throughout he his apostles, against the Trinity, and discovers pious resignation, and de- in support of the strict Unity of God. vout confidence in God. P. 12, he The clergyman having after this, from says, It is, I must confess, no slight the pulpit, denounced the Unitarians satisfaction to me to be able to reflect under the inappropriate name of Socithat it was neither conceived nor born nians, as “ damnable heretics; damnain sin." What must be the feelings ble idolaters, and damnable aposof tender parents who entertain the tates;" Mr. Payne wrote his second opposite sentiment !

letter ; in which he expostulates with

his clerical adversary, on the illibeArt. V.-A Vindication of the Gene- rality and injustice of his conduct,

ral Baptists, from some aspersions with much earnestness, but without cast on them in the Letters, pub. returning railing for railing : so far lished by the Rev. Joseph Ivimy, from it, he is careful to express his entitled, “ Neutrality the proper respect for the moral worth of his Ground for Protestant Dissenters opp ent, and praises him for his respecting the Catholic Claims.” “ commendable and truly Christian Being an Address, delivered at the conduct, in behalf of the Bible SoGeneral Baptist Meeting-House, ciety." We are glad to find these Portsmouth. By a Member (Not letters are adopted by the Kent and a Minister). Pp. 24.

Sussex Unitarian Tract Society; as W TITH much good sense this wri- they are well calculated to promote

ter vindicates his brethren the cause of truth and charity. from the aspersions of Mr. Ivimy, and concludes with the following advice: Art. VII.--A Brief Statement of the “ Let us take heed then, brethren, if Religious Sentiments of Unitarians, we suffer reproach, that it be wrong- more particularly respecting the fully ; otherwise it cannot be perse.

Person, Character and Offices of Jecution. Then if we bear it patiently, sus Christ ; In a Letter to a Friend, our patience will be acceptable to who had expressed considerable reGod. Hear our beloved Master's gret and surprise at the writer, for cheering message— Hold fast that having quitted the Church of Engwhich thou hast, that no man take land on Unitarian principles. thy crown. Let us not be discour

THIS writer follows the advice of aged by the taunts, the sneers, the

the sarcasms, or the slanders of the sons

a reason for the hope that is in you." of bigotry and enthusiasm. Our Mas. By a plain statement of his sentiments, ter hath told is— If they have per. which he supports by solid argument, secuted me, they will also persecute he justifies his 'separation from the you.' He hath also said — Be of good Established Church, and invites his cheer ; I have overcome the world; friend to examine the subjects on and to him that overcometh will I which they differ. This pamphlet give to eat of the tree of life, which discovers much good sense and canis in the midst of the Paradise of dour. God.'"

Art. VIII.—The Opinions of UnitaArt. VI.-A Vindication of Unita- rians (or Modern Socinians) proved

rians and Unitarian Worship, in Unscriptural and Dangerous : in a two Letters to a Clergyman. By Sermon upon the Self-existence of Thomas Payne. Pp. 27.

Jesus Christ. By the late Rev. Wm. THE THE author of these Letters is an Romaine, M. A., &c. Pp. 35.

Unitarian preacher in Sussex. VIXTY He wrote them, “ As a check to cen

years have elapsed since

the first soriousness ;" in consequence of the mon, during which every thing its

publication of this serunjust censures the clergyman, to author insists on as evidence of the whom they are addressed, had passed self-existence of Jesus Christ has been


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Review.-Unitarianism Vindicated, fc.

171 repeatedly answered and shewn to Trinitarians more estimable than those have no bearing on the subject; as of Unitarians ? Are we upon their often as the advocates for this notion principles to expect something greathave ventured to take the field, they er than the favour of God and endless have found their opponents ready to felicity? Or are these prospects of meet them, and after a few attempts greater importance if purchased by at argument have been glad to take the sufferings of Christ, than if they refuge in mystery. Its republication are the unmerited gift of God to men at this time is a proof that Trinita- through him? rians still rely more on appeals to the

“ In many respects the views of the repassions than to the understanding. puted orthodox are certainly far less cheerThe self-existence of a person who ing and consolatory than those of Unitawas actually born, and who actually rians. The first believe him to be a being died, and that Jesus Christ was such of unrelaxing rigour and severity, when a person the scriptures plainly teach, offended ; that he will severely punish and no Christian can deny it) is a no- every transgression, however upremedi. tion so directly contrary to reason, tated, however forcible the temptation ahid involves such a seeming impossi- sincerely it may be repented of, either in

which led to its commission, or however bility, that nothing contained in serip the sinner himself or in his substitute, ture ought to be supposed to teach it, The latter believe him to be? merciful and if it will bear any other construction; gracions, slow to anger, and plenteous in but Mr. Romaine huilds his conclu- mercy :'that he is not willing that any sions on the mere sound of words, should perish, but that all should come 'arbitrarily applied, and makes up to repentance. These believe him to be for the want of argument hy thunder the kind and compassionate Parent of the ing out eternal damnation against those whole universe; those consider him as a who differ from him. P. 10, he says, partial, arbitrary, and vinelictive sove“ If you deny him (Christ] to be God, reign. Which of the two systems would a your sins remain, and misery must be wise and good man wish to be true? Which your portion-Misery, the greatest the God of the Calvinists, or the God of

of the characters above described, wamely, you can suffer, in soul and body, the Unitarians, is it the Christian's duty among the condemned spirits in hell to imitate ?" for ever and ever." Where is Christian charity? Where the meekness and gentleness of Christ, when pro

Art. X.-The Influence of Bible Sofessed ministers of the gospel, thus

cieties on the Temporal Necessities condemn others, for what at most can

of the Poor. By the Rer. Thomas be but an error in judgment :

Chalmers, Kilmany. Pp. 40. 8vo.
W. White and Co., Edinburgh ;

Longman and Co., London. ART. IX.-Unitarianism Vindicated ; WHIS well written pamphilet is an il a Letter to the Editor doratadi

: 1

answer to the objections which, Romaine's Sermon, upon the Self- it seems, have been made to the Biexistence of Jesus Christ. Pp. 53. ble Societies in the North, as enTHE passages of scripture referred croaching on the fund which charity

to by Mr. Romaine, as proofs of provides for the relief of poverty, by the self-existence of Jesus Christ, are diverting the coutributions of bene. here impartially examined, and shewn volent persons to another object, and to have a very different meaning: and as taking from the comfort of the his uncharitable declamation animad. poor, by exciting ihem to form Bible verted upon, and justly censured. Nor associations, in which they contribute has the writer confined himself to Mr. one penny a week to promote the cirR's sermou ; but replied, with con. (ulation of the scriptures. He shews siderable ability, to the arguments of that the subscriptions of those who other writers in favour of the same are above the class of mere labourers, hypothesis. He shews himself well may be takeu from the fund employed acquainted with the subject on which in lusuries, without sensibly diminhe has written, and reasons in a clear ishiug it: p. 3, and that, so far from and forcible manner. After having the bevevolent principle being exvindicated the Unitarian doctrine by hausted by its operation in Bible Soscriptural argument, he asks, p. 44, cieties, it will be rendered more ac" In what respect are the views of tive in other directions. P. 9, hes

e says,


“ It is not so easy to awaken the be. Unitarian doctrine, tò let their light nevolent principle out of its sleep, as, shine before men, by an open prowhen once awakened in behalf of one fession of what they believe, by uvitobject, to excite and to interest it in ing in the worship of the one God behalf of another. When the bar of only, and by shewing the holy inselfishness is broken down), and the fluence of their faith in their temper Hoodgates of the heart are once opened and conduct. The following passage, the stream of benevolence can be p. 13, deserves the attention of those turned into a thousand directions." who conceal their sentiments. “ ConHe contends that the poor man's be- vinced as we are that the votion of ing brought to participate in so good three divine persons being each of a work as the circulation of the scrip- them truly and properly God, is not tures, by contributing his penny, only a gross and palpable delusion, “ puts him in the high attitude of a but that it has been the means of giver, and every feeling it inspires is bringing Christianity juto contempt; on the side of independence and deli is it pot mean, is it not criminal, is it cacy.” P. 25. This advocate of the not inexcusable, to conceal our sentiBible Societies, consistently, and with ments on a point of such infinite imequal carnestuess, contends for the portance; or to act as though we education of the children of the poor, believed such a glaring and pernicious the happy effects of which he shews absurdity ?" to be fully exemplified in the independent feeling, industry, and aver- Art. XIII.—The Divine Unity unumsion to becoming paupers, which pre- biguous ; or, The Plain and Emvail among the mass of the people in phatic signification of the phrase in Scotland.


Vah maintained, and Jesus Christ ART. XI.Thoughts on the Probabi. shewn to be the Chief of the Chil

lity of our bring known to each other dren of God according to the spiin a Future Life. Pp. 33. 8vo. rit of Holiness : including an ExJ. Johnson and Co., St. Paul's amination of John i. 1-14, Heb. i. Church Yard.

Col. i. 15—18, &c. Pp. 40. VE think the observations of HE title fully expresses the con

this writer authorize his con- tents of this pamphlet ; the wriclusion, that “ The more we consi- ter understands bis subject, and shews der this interesting subject, the more himself no feeble advocate of the improbable it appears, that the re-union portant doctrines of the Unity of God, of virtuous persons in a future state, and the superiority of Jesus Christ in does form a part of the gracious de- bis office and character, though in his sign of Providence : and that, with person simply a man. such modifications only, as will be necessary to a new and more exalted Art. XIV.-An Essay on the Impolicy state of existence, the benevolent af

of War. By William Pitt Scargil). fections which have constituted our

Pp. 16. 6d. Darton, Ilarvey and happiness here, will continue to be

and Darton, Gracechurch Street. the sources of bliss hereafter. An expectation so delightful tends to elevate ETER shewing that the abolithe mind and purify the affections.

tion of war is practicable, this It renders life more happy ; death sensible writer answers the pleas usumore easy. It expands the heart in ally urged for iis recurrence, states in gratitude to God, and in good will to

a concise and forcible manner its evil all mankind."

nature and tendency, and suggests a

plan to be adopted by the friends of Art. XII.-A Serious Address to Uni. peace for its prevention. Though we

much fear the spirit of the gospel will tarians, on the importance of maintaining a Conduct worthy of their

not soon triumph over the spirit of Principles. By a Sereder from the S's. plan to the consideration of our

war, we carnestly recommend Mr. Establishment. Pp. 16. Eaton, 187, readers. He says, p. 14, “ AssociaHigh Holboru.

tions and societies have been formed HUIS is a truly Christian exhor- for benevolent purposes in this coun

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