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kingdom is now to be the department of equally useful to king and subject. How. Saxony in the kingdom of Prussia. Our ever most parts of this straggling kingcountry has shewn how easily such de- dom hare in general been so ill governed, partments may be joined together by re- that we cannot but expect some good from presentation, for not one of them will form their being united together, and if they so great a mass as that of Scotland or Ire- get rid only of their military system, that land. The difficulty will be to give a spi- 'basest of slaveries, they will gradually imrit of liberty and independence to the as. prove, and deserve a higher rank among sociation when forned, that they inay the nations, concur in making laws, which shall be

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The Tendency of the Human Condition Marble Street, Hall, Liverpool, on Santo Improvement, and its ultimate Perfec- 'day, Dec. 31, 1815, in behalf of the tion in Heaven. A Sermon, preached be. Distressed Seamen. By John Wright, 8vo. fore the Unitarian Church, Hackney, on

6d. Sunday Morning, Feb. 18, 1816, on oc. New Edition of the Greek Testa: casion of the lamented Death of Mr. James ment, chiefly from Griesbach's Text. Con Hennell. By Robert Aspland, Minister taining copious Notes from Hardy, of the Church. 8vo. 1s. 6d.

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Our Publisher has received a parcel from Mr. White, of Carmarthen, we presume e bookseller, containing a number of the Monthly Repository which was sent down imperfect. Mistakes unavoidably happen in the hurry of stitching up the sheets, and these are easily rectified by means of the booksellers. ' In the present instance, however, Mr. White bas put us to the expense of a parcel by the Mail, amounting to five' shillings and twopence. We might retaliate by sending down the number of the Magazine, sei right, by the same conveyance; but we think it best to leave the parcel for bin at Messrs. Lackington's, his booksellers, presuming that he will make good the unwar. rautable expeuse to whicb he has put our publishers.

Mr. Howe's account of the late, Francis Webb, Esq.; the original Letter of Dr. Watts's, communicated by Mr. Kentish; the paper on Natural Theology, and various other interesting articles too late for the present pumber will be given in our next

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ORIGINAL LETTERS, &c. terial office must be a matter rather of Skeich of the Life, Character and conjecture than absolute certainty.

Writings of the late Francis Webb, Mankind in general are influenced, Esq. By the Rev. T. Howe. I believe, by mixed motives. Con

Bridport, March 23, 1816. scious of talents which qualified him. Mr. Editor,

for almost any department in the State, INCERELY do I join with your it is not improbable that Mr. Webb

correspondent in the Repository of was actuated at that time of his youthFebruary, (p. 71.] in the regret he ful arlour, in some degree at least, by expresses, that no Memoir of the life the spirit of worldly ambition. Whe of the late Francis WEBB, Esq. has ther the change in his situation renyet been presented to the public. His dered him inore useful to mankind, papers, I am informed, he left to an or really happier in biunself, than hé inomate friend, the Rev. Mr. Racket, otherwise would have been, is a point a clerzyman of liberal principles, great which the present writer will not atscientitic knowledge, various litera- tempt to decide. Many interesting cirture, and what is still more to his ho- cumstance of his life, I have heard Două, of a pious and virtuous charac- from his intimate friends and associates, fer, than whom no one is better qua- and some of them from himself, ned to become his biographer. Whe- though unable 10 state them in the ther he intends to engage in this office precise chronological order in which or is restrained by the wish expressed they took place. Recoinmended to the by his deccased friend, that “ he may late Duke of Leeds, he was for some not be made the object of posthumous time, I believe, Secretary to his Grace, praise," I cannot determine. An in. who greatly respected him for the junction or request of this nature, must powers of his mind and the qualities in the view of the present writer, be of his disposition. Sent by our gogreatly outweighed by the considera- vernment on a private embassy to one Lion of utility to the public, if a faith- of the petty Courts of Germany, * the ful memoir of departed worih be really recital of the scenes he then passed calculated to be both instructive and through has often fixed the attention gratifying. Should Mr. Webb have and interested the feelings of many a kept a journal of the circumstances of social circle. One of the circumstances his varied life, (as I am told he did, I have heard him relate of his narrow written in short-hand) a large volume escape froir. robbery and murder, which Inight be furnished, abounding no was prevented, under the Protection of doube with interesting information and an overruling providence, by his courational entertainment. He was a na- rage and presence of mind, I shall entive of Taunton ; but of his early days I can say nothing. When he first came out into the world, a dissenting

* To the Prince of Hesse, respecting the minister among the General Baptists, treaty for some of his human subjects called it could not have been expected that Christian soldiers, whom we British Chrishe would afterwards move in so dif- tims had hired of him a Christian Prince to ferent a sphere. The two little vo kill or be killed in our service, fighting with lumes of elegant Sermons be published, professed followers of a leader “meek and

our Christian brethren in America ; all the 10 wbich your correspondent refers, do lowly in heart,” who has declared, credit both to his lead and to his heart. this shall all men know that ye are my dis

By Pis inducements to resign the minis ciples, if ye love one another.” VOL. XI.

20

deavour to state as accurately as my nent more generally attends robbery, recollection will permit.

than in this country. Having fulfilled Travelling in Germany to the place the object of his mission he returned of his destination, he was one day to England, but how much time overtaken by the shades of night be. elapsed before he was again employed fore he could reach the town where in a diplomatic capacity I cannot dehe had proposed to sleep. He there- termine. After the peace of Amiens, fore stopped at a solitary inn on the however, in 1802, when Mr. Jackson road. His bed-room was an inner was sent on his embassy to France, chamber. He had the precaution, not (Napoleon Bonaparte being then only only to lock his door, but also to secure Chief Consul) Mr. Webb was ape it by some other contrivance. As he pointed his Secretary ; but the state travelled armed, he put his sword and of his health obliged him to return at a brace of pistols, which he had with the end of a few weeks, During the him, on the table. He kept a light short time he was in Paris, his office burning in his chamber, and instead leading him to frequent intercourse of undressing, he merely took off his with those persons who then made the coat, and wrapping himself up in his most conspicuous figures in the French roquelaure, lay down on the bed. In government, his penetrating, genius the space of about two hours, he was enabled him to acquire considerable soused by the sound of steps in the knowledge of their characters and poouter room, and a violent push at his litical views, of which he used after door. He immediately started up, took wards to communicate to his friends his sword in one hand and a pistol in many interesting particulars. the other, and calling with a loud From this period he retired wholly thundering voice to these disturbers of from public life. His places of resihis repose to desist, he told them, dence have been various within the last “ the first that entered was a dead thirty years. He took a house in the man, and that he was prepared to en- neighbourhood of Crewkerne, where counter with half a dozen of them." he lived for a short time and attended Upon this they thought proper to with the religious services of his beloved draw. He then made the door still friend, and, if I mistake not, quondam more secure, and expecting another fellow-student in the Daveniry Acaatteinpt, “ gave neither sleep to his demy, the late Rev. Wm. Blake, to eyes nor slumber to his eyelids," but whom was peculiarly applicable the sat down, waiting and preparing his character which the Apostle John gives mind for whatever might happen. In of a pious and amiable man, “ Deme. about an hour, he heard what appear- trius hath good report of all men, and ed to him a greater number of footsteps of the truth itself." For some years in the outer chamber than before, and Mr. Webb resided at Litchet, a pleaimmediately an assault was made at his sant village between Poule and Waredoor with so much violence as would ham, and became an attendant on the have forced it open in an instant, had worship of the Unitarian Dissenters it not been for the additional security (I use the term Unitarian in its most which his prudence had devised. He extensive signification, as distinguish. again addressed them as before, when ing from Trinitarian) either in the the villains retreated, some of them former or latter place. Quitting Litchuttering the most horrid imprecations. et in 1809, he went to Norton sub As soon as the day began to dawn, he Hamdon, in the neighbourhood of called his servants, and before he left South Petherton. In 1811 he removed the house told the attendant that he to Lufton, in the vicinity of Yeovil, a wished to speak with his master, who delightful retreat which Mr. Webb however excused himself from making would gladly have retained to the end his appearance by pretending he was of his life. Whilst in this place he very ill in bed. When Mr. Webb joined the society of Unitarian Discame to the next town he waited on Senters in the town last mentioned, the magistrate and acquainted him under the pastoral care of my highlywith the transaction, who promised valued friend, the Rev. S. Fawceít. that notice should be taken of it, and His residence being a parsonage house, congratulated him on his deliverance and the clergyman to whom it belonged from so imminent danger of losing giving him notice to quit it, his remohis life ; for murdering on the Conti val to Barrington, in 1814, was the

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Sketch of the Life, Character, &c. of the late Francis Webb, Esg. 191 last stage of his eventful journey, which, utile et jocundum. His stock of ipas you have already announced, was formation seemed to be inexhaustible. terminated on August 9, 1815, in There was in his conversation always either the 80th or Sist year of his aye. something new and interesting: About two years before his death he In manners, Mr. Webb had the adbecame a member of the Western Uni dress of the polished gentleman. In tarian Society, and at its meeting in stature, he appeared to be not less than Yeovil in 1814, when the late venera. six feet high; of an athletic make; ble Dr. Toulmin preached, a respect. well proportioned; upright in his gait, able company of gentlemen dined to with a fine, open, manly countenance, gether, and Mr. Webb was requested expressive both of intelligence and to take the chair. This office he dis- good humour. charged with much propriety, and with The writings of Mr. Webb which more spirit than might have been ex- have appeared

before the public, (few pected in a person on the verge of four- in number) evince a lively imaginar score. He declared, that though he tion, elegant taste, an enlightened had often presided at different meet- mind, and raticnal, fervent piety. The ings, he never did it with so much best Greek and Roman classics were pleasure and satisfaction, as on the familiar to him, and his memory was present occasion."

so retentive as enabled him to make No man ever possessed a more inde. appropriate quotations from them on pendent mind than the subject of these all subjects. His allusions to them remarks. He never hesitated to think and the heathen mythology indeed are freely on all subjects of human inquiry, so frequent, as to cast a veil of obscurity and to speak unreservedly on proper over some parts of his poetic composioccasions what he thought. In poli- tions, except to those who are themtical sentiments he was a staunch selves well versed in classic lore. The Whig, though this did not prevent same however may be said of his fahim from esteeming,a conscientious vourite Milton, and many other poets ; Tory; in religion, a Unitarian Protes- but which I think cannot be justly tant Dissenter, though of too liberal ranked among their greatest exceland enlarged a mind to confine his lences. Besides the two volumes of friendly regards, much less the Divine sermons already mentioned, in the favour and future salvation, to those year 1790 he published a quarto merely of his own denomination. He pamphlet of poems, on Wisdom, on was a man of a delicate moral taste and the Deity, and on Genius, the two strong feelings, which led him to per- first in blank verse, and the third in ceive clearly and to expose forcibly the rhyme, enriched with many valuable deformity and baseness of vice in notes, containing the sentiments of whomsoever found. A mean, cringing, the most celebrated ancients on these time-serving disposition his soul utter- sublime and important subjects. In ly abhorred; while he could not re- the year 1811, appeared from the same frain from expressing, in terms of rap- pen, a Poem, termed Somerset, writ. ture, his approbation of noble, gene- ten in blank verse, with the spirit of a rous, disinterested actions.

young Poet, (though he says "time Cui pudor, et justitiæ soror

has pluck'd my pinions, ") and an enIncorrupta fides, nudaque veritas. thusiastic admirer of Nature, through

HORACE. which he delighted to look up to NaAnd where will equal justice find, ture's God. The following lines will Where steady faith and naked truth, illustrate the truth of this observation, So generous and so great a mind? and furnish a specimen of his poetic

CREECH.

powers and devotional feelings. Warm in his friendships, he was teady, if occasion required, to make the Hail, Nature! in whose various works apgreatest sacrifices to them. His bene- pears volence also prompted him to serve The fair-drawn transcript of the Mind any person who needed his aid to the In Thee, whate'er is beautiful, sublime, best of his abilities, some pleasing in- With correspondent transport we bebold. stances of which are known to the I worship thee without Idolatry. present writer. His companionable Paying shee homage, I my homage pay powers were of the first class, and no To Him who form'd thee thus to be ador'd. man knew better how to unite the The Universe his Temple--human hearts

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The Altars: whence the incense should illustrate respecting the harmony of

nature. This work," says he, "was To Him who fills all space; whose Spirit first undertaken merely for amusement, pure

when the author, from bodily indispoInspires the mind with thought, and guides sition, was unable to exercise his mind the hand,

by more serious study and closer appliElse all unable to direct the plume,

cation. The subject ever was, from That flutt'ring strives to wing his praise, From this terrene, up to the radiant Sun,

his earliest days unto those of his preThro' all the countless orbs which flame in sent very advanced years, pleasing and heav'n,

attractive. He feels indeed at the If fight it could sustain. But Seraph's present moment of recital, though with wing

abated energy, the rapture which he Would fail; and all too weak an Angel's experienced when, in the course of his voice

juvenile studies, that beam of celestial To hymn His glory, and His praise pro- light was first darted into his mind claim.

from the great luminary of science, P. 42.

Sir Isaac Newton, in the astonishing A year or two before his death, and beautiful discovery, that a ray of Mr. Webb amused himself with pre- light transmitted through a prism, paring a curious work, which he terms exactly answered in its differently rePanharmonicon. It consists of a large fracted colours, to the divisions of a engraved plate, (delineated by his inge, musicul chord; or in other words, that nious friend, Mr. John Nicholetts of the breadth of the seven original coSouth Petherton,) with a quarto pam. lours, were in the same proportion, as phlet, designed as an illustration of it. the seven musical intervals of the

The author states it as his object, to octave. And further delighted was he prove that "the principles of Harmony with the no less wonderful discovery, more or less prevail throughout the that if we suppose musical chords exwhole sytem of Nature, but more es- tended from the Sun to each Planet, in pecially in the human frame; and that order that these chords may become where these principles can be applied unison, it will be requisite to increase to works of art, they excite the pleasing or diminish their tension, in exactly and satisfying ideas of proportion and the same proportion, as would be suffibeauty."

cient to render the gravities of the If it be true, as here maintained, Planets equal." Webb's Parhon. p. 1. that there is an harmonious connexion As Mr. Webb was delighted in trabetween lines of beauty in natural ob- cing out the beauty and harmony of jects, and notes of music, it is evident the natural world, so he believed, and that the latter, should the mode of the persuasion afforded him still subapplication be correctly ascertained, limer pleasure, that canses were in would greatly contribute to exact pro- operation, appointed by the Sovereign portions in the Painter's delineations. Lord of Nature and Parent of Good, To prove that this is not a merely tending to correct the disorders of the speculative idea, devoid of all utility to moral world, and finally to produce society, Mr. Webb makes his appeal universal virtue and happiness, the to a well-altested fact. The ingenious beauty and harmony of the inoral creaartist, the late Giles Hussey, Esq. of tion of God, almighty, all-wise, and Marnhull

, in the County of Dorset, infinitely benevolent. What indeed (who died suddenly in 1788,) an in- were his sentiments respecting the timate friend of our author, used to result of the gracious plan of the correct and improve his drawings by divine government, the final glorinus applying them to the musical scale. *consummation devoutly to be wishHis mode of doing it is particularly ed," appears from the concluding lines pointed out in a letter* of this cele- of his Poem on the Deity. brated painter. Mr. Webb, it appears, Nought can He will, but good- and what adopted in younger life the sentiment

He wills which he endeavours to prove and Must come to pass. All creatures in degree,

wil,

Answering his great idea, rise to good This letter, which I hope other readers Through countless forms and changes; and can understand better than myself, is also at last, inserted in the late edition of Hutchins's Looking complacent on his mighty Works, History of Dorset.

As on creation's inorn he lookt, and sunild,

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