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him was deemed contagious and im- He lived to see things take a very possible. Deserving none of the ca- different turn; nor did he quit the lumny with which he was loaded, in place in which he had been thus ill truth the best friend of his king and of used and persecuted, till there was his country, his conscious integrity scarcely one within it who did not bore him up. He knew that, safe respect the independent principles upon under the Almighty's eye, the rage of which he had acted, and revere the his enemies would soon be spent, that man who could, under such trying the notives of his conduct would be circumstances, support and justify fairly appreciated, and that a far differa them, and triumph with them in the ent opinion would ere long be formed end. In him was seen, and confessed both of him and of his conduct, that to be, THE RIGHTEOUS MAN; and his enemies would be covered with he enjoyed the high delight of knowshame, while he would rise superior ing that he was recognized as such, to them all.

and of receiving the respectful atten

tions, the friendly offices of many, The man resolv'd and steady to his trust,

who would once have been pleased to Inflexible to ill and obstinately just,

blot his name from the annals of the May the rude rabble's insolence despise,

children of men. Their senseless clamours and tumultuous Where could a man be found more cries.

worthy to succeed the upright, the unThe tyrant's fierceness he beguiles, disguised Priestley, in the honourable And the stern brow and the harsh voice and envied office of teacher to the condefies,

gregation assembling in the New Meet. And with superior greatness smiles.*

ing, at Birmingham ? MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

THE

Exeter, March 12, 1816. tion to your last number ; but I solicit SIR,

for it a place in the next. I am sure HE following letter I received by that if it had been addressed to you, post, wo late for a communica- (as it should have been,) it would have

been readily admitted into the Reposicular friends, he would have undergone a similar fate. The house of an interested tory: I trust it will never be said with neighbour was so closely connected with justice, that the Monthly Repository his, that; to save himself, he employed all refused admittance to a correction of his influence to save the doctor's premises

its errors. from the devouring flames. But, although

I regard your work as of high value the persecuting spirit was in this instance to the cause of free inquiry and relirepelled, it unhappily succeeded afterwards gious liberty. It has undoubtedly conin breaking the wicdows of his house in every tributed, in an important degree, in direction in which they could be assailed": the spread of Unitarianism, and to the and after he had been obliged, for the sake union of those professing it: and we of peace, to quit his then abode, and to re

are ready to acknowledge our great ob linquish a concern in which Mrs. T. had ligations to you for the perseverance, been long engaged, he was still insecure, exertion and ability with which you and was poisoned by the bitterest rancour. have so long conducted it. But the One evening a large stone was aimed at his head through his study window, where he opponents of our religious views are was sitting, with an evident intention to widely mistaken when they consider strike a mortal blow. His agitation of spi- the Unitarian body, or any individual rits on this occasion was excessive; because among them, (except yourself and the the act manifested such determined malice. writer of the particular article,) 28 His bed-room windows were nightly beset ; answerable for the contents of the nor can one say what fatal event would Monthly Repository. have ensued if a professional friend had not When I looked at the article [p. 35) taken up his cause, and, collecting a few which led to the letter of my anonymous more to assist him, watched these midnight correspondent, I regretted the express fnes, who finding they were thus watched, sion* Popish Renderings." The enat length, through fear desisted,”

lightened Catholics of our country at Juntum et tcnacem propositi virum, &c. least disclaim the appellation Papists :

HORACE, and as among the illiberal, it is a kind

LETTER TROM BIRMINGHAM.

in & Letter to Rev. Dr. Carpenter.

199 of abusive nickname, those who know system of the present tomahawk war. the wide difference between distinctive fare against us, to write down our reappellations and party names, and putation as critics and as men, in order especially those who protest against a to wound Unitarianism through its sitnilar act of injustice towards them- advocates. Such is the nature of that selves, ought not to employ such terms ungenerous attack which Bishop Buras are made the vehicle of bigotry and gess has for some time been making intolerant abuse.- I believe that where against Mr. Belsham: and I may be the general progress of knowledge has permitted thus to express my congratu: been shared by the Catholics, their lations with our veteran and respected religious system is greatly ameliorated, friend, on his recent masterly and Certainly as Protestants, prizing the honorable termination to his share in grand principles of the Reformation, that contest. We must all feel on what and rejoicing in the light which it dif- high ground he stands in this controfused where before there was more versy, and how successfully he has than Egyptian darkness, we should be maintained it. injurious towards those to whose la- Where is the recent opponent of bours we owe so much, if we en- Unitarianism who has taken up the deavoured to throw a veil over those grand question at issue, on the broad great corruptions from which they basis on which we rest it, and where cleared gospel truth; but we do á it must stand immoveable, because our much greater injury, if we charge upon foundation consists of the plain; unamthe enlightened Catholics of the pre- biguous, express, and often repeated sent day, those corruptions, and that declarations of the Scriptures, which, intolerance which, as far as they allow unless Revelation can contradict itself, their existence, they join us in repro- render the common interpretations of bating.

a few dubious passages, utterly inad, I doubt not that most readers of the missible ? Repository, who knew of no other The letter which has caused my Catholic translation of the New Testa- present address to you, is as follows. ment into English, than the Rhemnish, SIR, would, like myself, take for granted, No. 121, for January 1816, of the that the renderings which Middleton Monthly Repository, has accidentally cited are to be found in that Version. fallen into my hands. I should not The Gleaner must have done the same. address myself to you on this occasion, He has quoted Middleton accurately; but supposing you to be a friend to that but he would have done well to have work, and that possibly you may corexamined into the truth of his state- respond with its Editor. Do desire ment. The simple fact is, that as far him to be careful in what he pubas respects the Rhemish Version,* it is lishes, and remember that great comutterly unfounded. And it may fur- mandment, “Thou shalt not bear nish us with a useful warning, to con- false witness against thy neighbour." sult all important references, as far as 1 allude to an article, p. 35, “ Popish we have the power; especially if they Renderings." The texts are stated wear a party aspect. If we fall into wrong; I give you the exact words, as any error, however trifling and purely they are written in the English transunintentional, our opponents seize it lation (a modern tongue) out of the with avidity to disgrace our character Latin Vulgate, published by the Enand our cause. If they would place glish College at Rheims, 1582, pubthe case fairly before the public, it lished by Keating and Co., the only would signify but little; but it is the translation sanctioned by the Roman

Catholic clergy.

St. James v. 11, This was made by the English Catholic “ Behold we account them blessed College at Rheims, in 1582. It retains who have endured," &c. not a word many words which need translation, and it about “ beatify." Heb. xi. 30. By is merely a translation from the Vulgate : faith the walls of Jericho fell down, ing of John svi. 5, is important: “And by the going round them seven days," now glorify thou me, O Father, with thy. not “after a procession of seven days self, with ihe glory which I had before the around it." 1 Tim. v. 10. says not a world was, with thee.” This more readily word about lodging "Pilgrims." 3 St. allows the Unitarian interprctation, than the John 5. “Dearly beloved, thou dost common rendering does,

faithfully whatsoever thou dost for the brethren, and that for strangers:" po angels should not have this effect upon “ Pilgrim” mentioned. Now, Sir, him. Expositors explain him, as say, whenever you or your friends quote, ing evil angels, meaning exalted beings do let me desire of you to keep in view who surrounded the throne of God, our blessed Saviour's golden rule, “Do and who were degraded because of as you would be done by." As I wish their apostacy, but were now suffered no controversy with you, (but merely to traverse the regions of the air, 10

to set you right, that you fall not into tempt men to imitate them in their • the like again, I subscribe myself horrid degeneracy and disobedience. your obedientservant,

At first sight we may observe upon

4 this explication, that the apostle knew It seems best to add, that the hand- pothing of sucii angels, and that inwaiting of the above is unknown to stcad of any such being invested with me; but that I am persuaded it did a power over men, in opposition to the not come from the respectable Catho- great Creator, we learn that every man lic clergyman of this city, of whose is tempted by the indulgence of his Christian liberality we have had re

own lusts. We should consider, therepeated and impressive proofs, and who fore, that the word angels always sig. would I am sure have taken a different nifies messengers, and that if it had mode of pointing out these errors. been always translated messengers, one I am, Sir,

great difficulty would have been reYours truly,

moved out of our way. Now, what L. C. were the messengers whom the apostle

had to encounter, but the messengers of Sir, Bath, 10th December, 1816. persecuting princes and of others, who

by their murdering threatenings endeayI , be

cation to most of your readers, if to silence? Such messengers, therefore, some of your ingenious correspondents with all the terrors which he here inwill favour them with a clear explica, troduces, could, he asserts, make no tion of the doctrine of angels which is impression upon him, whilst he knew contained in the whole scriptures. The in whom he believed, whilst he pro, angels who kept not their first estate to fessed the gospel, and such should be whom Jude refers, I take it for grant- the resolution of every one of us, ed, were the lying spies who gave a whilst we look not at things seen and false account of the land of Judea; and temporal, but at things un-een and the angels who are mentioned in the eternal. first chapter of the epistle to the He. Hence, then, we should learn to brews, to be prophets who went before employ ourselves in such studies as and predicted the coming and charac- will most effectually terminale in our ter of Christ.

conviction of the truth of the gospel, *. But what I intend at present, is to and of the blessed hope which it sets attempt an explanation of the word before us, if we walk worthy of our angels, which we find in Romans viii. heavenly calling. We should there. 28. The apostle had declared in the fore search the scriptures with all piety context, that he was so fully satisfied and diligence, and be directed to lay of the truth of the Christian religion, hold upon that unfailing inheritance and of all its promises to the righteous, which will be the portion of all those that neither ihe fear of an immediate who love God, and keep his com. death, nor of the most tragical life, mandments, when this world and all nor the malice of principalities or of the things of this world shall be no their delegates, nor any afflictions more. We should, therefore, sedus which they could impose upon him at lously practise all the duries which are present or threaten him in future, nor required from us as the disciples of any dangers present or to come, noteven Christ, worshiping God in spirit and the being made a spectacle to the world in truth, and looking unto him as our in lofty situations, nor being drowned only strength and refuge, whilst we do through violence in the sea, nor any to all our fellow creatures, as we possible occurrence in this world, would have them do unto us ; and we should be able to separate him from should particularly cultivate a charitahe love of God which is in Christ ble disposition towards those who most Jesus our Lord. He said also, that widely differ from us, blessing them

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Natural Theology. No. XIII. Of the Pace, Complexion and Speech. 2€ whilst they curse us, and exercising and especially of a man, as being in erery act of humanity, whilst they do him the only part of the body that is us every injury in their power. We usually visible. The great variety obshould give no room to the most rigid servable in men's faces, voices and Athanasians to speak any evil of us. hand-writing, furnishes a capital arguWhilst they judge us and pass the ment in defence of a Providence. sentence of condemnation upon us, we The human face has been denomishould pity them and pray for them, nated the image of the soul, as being and so make our light to shine in all the seat of the principal organs of sense, purity, peace and benevolence, that and the place where the ideas, moeven they may gradually learn truly to tions, &c. of the soul are chiefly set to glorify our heavenly Father.

view. Besides the eyes, nose and W. H. ears, the other parts of the face pre

sent, separately, no:hing very particu

lar in their structure or uses. The Sir,

Norwich, 25th March, 1816. forehead covers the greatest part of the T is the duty of every friend to reli- frontal bone of the skull, on the inside vation of those monuments of human low as the orbits, and it is ornamented intellect, which inculcate the impor- at its lower enige by the eye-brows, tance of Free Inquiry and defend the which also serve as defences to the Right of private Judgement, when eyes, and which are calculated to disthese inonuments are wasting un- play the passions of pride and disdain. der the destroying hand of time. From the forehead'the skin is con. On this subject I quite agree with Dr. tinued to form the eyelids, whose Carpenter, that the republication of uses, together with that of the heaotiworks of sterling value of this descrip- ful row of hairs which grows from each zion "may have great eslicacy in weak- of their edges have already been deening the influence of religious bi- scribed. The cheeks serve as sidegoury;" and perhaps nothing is better walls to the cavity of the mouth, and suited to this purpose than the works also constitute the principal share of which he mentions in his letter, dated the face : in many persons they are Jan. 8, in the Repository for that tiriged with the bloom of health; and month.

often in the fair sex exhibit a most Wishing therefore to lend my feeble beautiful and indescribable something aid in a cause which I decin highly denominated modeniy. The cheeks important (particularly at a time when are lined on the inside with a meniwe' seem to be relapsing into the bond- brane full of small glands, for secreting age of a blind fanaticism,). I have a liquid to moisten the mouth. The sent to the press for republication, a lips complete the cavity of the mouth, Copy of Dr.D.Whilly's Last Thoughts, and for its aperture; these are moved with his Discourses annexed thcreto: with several small muscles, and are to which will be added some Account covered at the edges with a fine red of the Life and Writings of this learned border, consisting of villous papillæ Divine, the friend of Hoadly. As I closely connected together and exhope soon to be enabled to announce tremely sensible, being defended only its publication, I shall esteem myself by a very thin membrane. While greatly favoured by receiving such the chin terminates the inferior boundhints and communications from any ary of the face, and completes the of your Correspondents, as may assist number of its divisions. me to render both the main work, and The features of the face viewed colthe biographical part as complete as ! lectively, present a striking and beautiwish them to be.

ful.characteristic of the superior na I am, Sir,

ture of man. In the whole creation Yours very sincerely, there is not another object, probably, JOHN TAYLOR, which breathes so many, such various,

and such elevated influences as does Natural Theology. No. XIII.

the human countenance.

To this we Of the Face, Complerion and Speech. full meaning of the words expressed,

naturally look in conversation for the HỆ face is particularly need to de- and by it we are enabled to anticipate

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before they reach the tongue. “It face are different from those of all other speaks," says a good writer, ." a lan- faces; the features may be confined guage peculiar to itself, anticipating and limited to a certain number of and outstripping all others in rapidity: kinds ; but each is, probably, capable which is general to all nations, and in- of an indefinite number of combinatelligible to every individualof the whole tions with other features; and, that as human race: by this language have from twenty-four letters all the words our circum-navigators been able to hold composing a language are constituted, converse with, and interchange civili. so are produced, from, perhaps, a very ties between themselves and the un- few kinds of features, by transposition tutored inhabitants of remote regions. and various composition, the astonisha Even the brute animals, whom man ing and beautiful variety of faces we has domesticated and made his occa- see around us. sional companions, are not ignorant of We may observe here, that there are this kind of expression; when the three things in connection with this dog wants to know the commands of subject which manifest the wisdom of his master, unable to understand them the Creator; these are the great variety in the complicated sounds of his of men's faces, voices and hand-writ. speech, he looks intently upon his face, ing. Had not the human countenance and endeavours to collect from it his been the resnlt of Divine wisdom, the wishes, and the disposition with which wise variety, of which we have been hé regards him. All the affections speaking, would never have existed, and passions of the inind are more or but all faces would have been cast in less pourtrayed in turn in this very the same, or at least not in a very limited but expressive field; love, different, mould: the organs of speech pity, courage, fear, calmness, anger, would have sounded the same, or nearand every other marked condition of ly so, and the same structure of mus. the mind gives a peculiar disposition cles and nerves would have given the to either the whole or some features of hand the same direction in writing. the face; and when they are impressed in this case, what confusion, what by characters expressive of virtue and disturbance, to what inischiefs would wretchedness, of injury and innocence, the world have been subject ? No our feelings are awakened, and the secority could have been given to our noblest sympathies of our nature are persons ; no certainty, no quiet encalled forth in favour of the sufferers." joyment of our possessions. Oar courts

It may be observed, that to the size of justice can and do abundantly testiand proportion of the bones under- fy frequently the dreadful consequences neathi

, and which constitute the basis of mistaking men's faces and of counof the face, the difference of fea- terfeiting their hand-writing. But as tures is lo be principally attributed; the Creator has ordered the matter, youth, age, sickness, health, and even every man's face has some character to the stronger affections of the mind, no mark it from others in the light, and doubt have an effect in changing the his voice in the dark, and his handcountenance; but that diversity of writing can speak for him though abfeature consisting of the difference of sent, and be his witness, and secure length, breadth, or projection, depends his contracts to future generations. A chiefly upon the bony frame that lies manifest as well as admirable indicabelow it. Hence arise the Aquiline, tion of the Divine superintendance and the Grecian and the African nose, &c. management ! the high cheeks of the Tartars, and the Of the complerion. The colour of more regular ones of the people inha- the skin has engaged the attention of biting the West of Europe : ihe same naturalists, and it has sometimes given may be said of the other features, and rise to opinions that were extremely from this difference in them is that injurious to the happiness of mankind; great diversity produced, which gives as directly asserting, that, in violation variety to the countenance, not only of the eternal principles of justice and of nations but also of individuals ; so the sacred rights of humanity, the that no two of the whole family of people of one colour had a right to mankind could be found exactly alike, seize and enslave those of another. But But notwithstanding this wonderful now the seat of colour being discovered, diversity, we are not to suppose that and some of the circumstances which the individual features composing each influence its changes being known,

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