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is will pass

Dr. Chauncey's Opinion of the Future State,

205 in which the total omission of the munication with the world they shall word actually clears the sense in the then be placed in; that they will bequotation.

come fitted for sensations of pain, vast“ I trembling wak'd and for a season after

ly more various in kind, and greater

in degree, than at present, which yet Could not believe but that I was in hell."

they will be able to endure for a much I think he will discover the evident longer continuance; but that, in time, difference between that but which an- the torments they must endure, will swers to his description and the but (again) end in death, that is, in a (sewhich Mr. Tooke derives froin be-utan cond) dissolution of the union between and signifies be-out, nisi.

their souls and their bodlies ; that, in S. W. God's time, their souls sh: li be (again)

united to their bodies ; and if, by means Mansfield, March 11, 1816. of the torments of hell, ihey have SIR,

been humbled, and so brought into I

BEG leave to propose to your cor- subjection to the government of God,

respondent W. H. to reconsider as that they are meet for his mercy in the ground upon which he has stated Jesus Christ, the bodies they shall be it as Dr. Chauncey's sentiment, “that related to shall, hy the Divine wisdom the righteous, in successive ages, will and power, be fitted for that glorious pass through many deaths, or states of dispensation when God shall be all in oblivion" (M. Rep. for Feb. p. 69). all; but, if not, they shall again, in The Doctor's words, in his treatise some other form of existence, be put "On the Salvation of all Men" (Lon- into a state of suffering and discipline, don, printed in 1784) are as follows: till at length they are, in a wise and

Some will be disposed and enabled rational way, prepared for final and in this present state, to niake such in everlasting happiness" [p. 281, 282). provenients in virtue, the only rational On the contrary, he maintains, in repreparative for happiness, as ihat they gard to the righteous," that they shall enter upon the enjoyment of it

into that final dispensation in the next state. Others, who have (in which God himself will be immeproved incurable under the means diately all in all), not by dying agairí, which have been used with them in but probably in some way analogous this state, instead of being happy in to that in which the believers that are the next, will be awfully miserable; alive on the earth at Christ's second not to continue so finally, but that coming, shall pass into the resurrecthey may be convinced of their folly tion state ; upon which account their and recovered to a virtuous frame of life and happiness may properly be mind. And this, as I suppose, will said never to have an end" (p. 283): be the effect of the future torments in proof of which he refers to those upon many; the consequence whereof passages which speak of their not being will be their salvation, they being thus hurt by the second death, of their fitted for it. And there may be yet putting on incorruption and immorother states, before the scheme of God tality, and especially to that declaramay be perfected, and mankind uni- tion of Jesus that they can die no more. versally cured of their moral disorders, (Rev. ii. 11, 1 Cor. xv. 53, 54, Luke and in this way qualified for, and fi- xx.36—see p. 287). Without entering nally instated in, eternal happiness," into a discussion of Dr. Chauncey's (p: 12.) He considers the “ death," opinions concerning the nature of man, which is said (Rom. vi. 23,) to be or the operation and effect of death, I "the wages of sin," as the same with presuine that these quotations will sufwhat is called (Rev. ii. 11, xx. 14, hiciently prove that the sentiment asxxi. 8.) “ the second death" (p. 277), cribed to him (that the righteous will, And, having asserted (p. 279) “ that in successive ages, pass through many the first death is intended to put an deaths) was not his. end, not to our existence, but only to

J. T. its pre-ent mode, with all its conneotions and dependencies," he maintains,

Bromley, Jan. 12, 1816, that, “ at ihe resurrection, the souls SIR, united kes particular systems of matter, A tions of a Meetings

having been

of the somehow adapted, by the wisdom of God, to render them capable of com- • Inserted p. 50.

Ep. VOL. XI.

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lately sent me by a much valued friend sured the proceedings in the South of of mine, who took a prominent part France if we had not impartially rein the proceedings of the day, I send probated the conduct of our Irish the same to you, not doubting but they Orangemen, as being alike hostile to will be generally acceptable to your the principles of civil and religious Lireaders, as a gratifying proof how berty." warmly " the cause of universal liber- Yesterday's post brought me the ty of conscience” has been recently as. Belfast Coinmercial Chronicle of S&serted in the sister kingdom, by per- turday, Jan. 6, 1816, from which I sons of the most opposite sentiments send you the following interesting leton the doctrines of the Christian reli- ters, and reinain, sincerely yours, gion.

THOMAS FOSTER. After expressing his preference for the 5th of those Resolutions as it was

Friends of Civil and Religious Liberty. first moved, my friend in a letter an- subject of the Resolution passed at the

The following correspondence on the nexed to them makes the following Meeting held in this town on the 11th uit. pertinent observations, which you are

has taken place. The Resulution ran thus: at liberty to present to your readers. Resolved Unanimously—That the thanks "I do not,” says he, charge the of this meeting be retumed to DANIEL British ministers with directly promo. O'Connell, Esq. as being the first in Ireting persecution in France, bui I cer- land to call public attention to the Persecu. tainly do conceive they were less sus

tion of the Protestants in France, at a meet. ceptible of alarms on this subject than ing of the Catholic Association in Dublin ; in their zeal against liberty and revo

thus evincing, that in the honourable pur

suit of Catholic emancipation, and proteclutionary principles. They were anxious to place the old dynasty

, on the he only sought for himself, and his fellow

tion from the hostility of Orange Outrages, throne of France; thus ihey risked the Catholics, tỉiat Liberty which he was equal more than probable return of the bi- ly ready to grant to others.” gotry which characterized many of this

Lisburn, 12th Month, 13th, 1813. feeble race. In the present temper of DEAR FRIEND-I have great satisfaction the times, the governors intoxicated in communicating to thee the anuexed rewith their triumphs on the restoration solution of a meeting held in Belfast on the of legitimate despotism, and the people 11th inst. It is a "just tribute to thy humeanly crouching to them, I should nourable firminess and zeal in the cause of not be much surprised, if for a season,

civil and religious liberty, which, after a arbitrary power should again come into close attention, I have always found to be fashion, and by the people surrender. displayed in thy public conduct, as well as ing their rights, freedom, both civil thou hast occasionally' favoured me.

in the private currespondence with which and religious, should become · Dreani

I am, with sincere respect, thine truly, of a dream and shadow of a shade.'

JOHN HANCOCK.. “ I embraced the opportunity of the Dan. O'CONNELL, Dublin. persecution in France by Catholics to iurn the public attention to the perse

Merrion Square, 16th Dec. 181ă. cution at home of our Protestant MY DEAR SIR-'The kind manner in Church and State mob against Catho. which you have transmitted to me the vote lics, and even against the liberalamong in Belfast," demands my siucerest thanks.

“ of the friends of civil and religious liberty the Protestants. Our domestic perse I any truly proud of that vote. It is a ricia cution is less severe than the laie attacks in France, but in the course of reward, infinitely beyond the value of any twenty-two years many have fallen poor exertions in the sacred cause of fres.

dom of conscience. victims to it, and many Catholic cha- I have ever sought Catholic emancipatioa pels have been burned, as well as in

on principle, and as a matter of right. Test' numerable outrages of less magnitude principle, if established, would be equally committed. The Orangemen have also useful to the Protestant in France and gone as far as the spirit of the times Italy, as to the Catholic io Ireland. It is and the circumstances of the country

8 principle which would leave conscience would permit, and our Irish persecu

free and unshackled in every country, and ţion has only differed from the French without which real liberty camuot, in tay in being more limited in extent, but opinion, exist in any country, not in the spirit which actuated it

. In only by the genuine precepts of my religios,

As a Catholic I feel inyself bound, not short, I think it would have been hy- but by the glorious exainple of other Ca. pocritical affectation in us to have cen- tholics, to be the first in my hwnble sphere

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Proposal for Abolition of Tythes.

207 to disclaim and oppose the persecution of to their proper rank and station in the Protestants. The state which first, after community. the reformation, established freedom ofcun

The abolition of tythes would be science, was a Roman Catholic State that also a nacional advantage, especially of Maryland, in North America. The only in the present distressed state of agrigovernment in modern days that has granted culture, whose necessities imperiously total and unqualified emancipation to a religion different from its own, is the Roman demand their remission. Catholic Government of Hungary ; in which

Who are the persons that would the Protestants were in our own times fully consider themselves aggrieved ? Those enxancipated by their Roman Catholic coun- who are not entitled to any favour or tryruen.

consideration from the public,-theinLet us hope that the day is not distant, dolent and luxurious clergy, the when those noble examples of justice and "fruges consumere nati.” I compare pue religion will be not only admired, but this class to a large and increasing wen iritated by Christians of all denominations. attached to the body politic, which is Let us hope that man shall at length be al drawing off its nourishment, and will lowed to worsliip bis Creator according to the dictates of his conscience, without the prevent its restoration to health until impious interference of penal laws; and that

it be removed. bigotry and persecution may be banished

The money drawn annually from the from anongse nations boasting of Christiani- industrious part of the community unty and civilization.

der the head of tythes is enormous, and I have the honour to be,

the shameful manner in which it is With sincere respect, distributed renders the burthen more Your very faithful and obedient servant, grievous and intolerable.

DANIEL O'CONNELL. With civil sinecures let us then get John Hancock, Lisburn.

rid of spiritual ones, and it would

strengthen us to raise the supplies for Southampton, 13th March; 1816. the year, and save us from the alarmSir,

ing apprehensions and dreadful conseCOULD wish to draw the atten: and oppressed state cannot fail to ex:

quences which our present distressed I

tion of your readers to the great cite in the breast of every thinking question of a religious establishmentis it wie, just, necessary or politic?

B. T. The Dissenters from the Establishinent are now became so numerous and re

SIR, spectable as to challenge and deserve the serious attention of the legislature I Copy the subjoined from Niles's ground of dissent, and present a re

Baltimore, America, Vol. II. p. 33, speciful petition to the House of Com thinking it not unsuitable to your

work. mons, that they may be no longer sub.

A. B. ject to the payment of tythes,

To be obliged to support a church Legislature of Kentucky, Jan. 10, 1812, whose doctrines we reprobate, as con

Report of the Committee of Religion. trary to reason and scripture; and 10 be punished and disgraced for our dis

The Committee of Religion to whom was seni, by being excluded from the dis- specting the people called Shakers, have,

referred the petitions of sundry persons recharge of civil offices, is no longer to according to order, had the subjects of the be borne.

same under consideration, and beg leave to Let every congregation then be re- reportquired only to support its own minisa Without regard to religious persuasions, ter, as is the case in America, and sects or faith, of any particular denorinaelsewhere - particularly in Prussia; tion whatever, your committee recommend and let not one sect be obliged to sup

to the consideration and adoption of the port another, by a tax levied upon the house, the follow ing Resolutions : community at large.

1st. Resolved–That an open renunciaThe beneficial effects of such an are total abstinence from sexual and connubia!

tion of the marriage vow and contract and rangement, in whatever light we view intercourse, agreeably to the intentions and them, are greater than many persons objects of matriniony, ought to be provided are aware of. One in particular would against by law. be, the abolition of religious distinc- 2nd. Resolved_That provision ought to, tions, and the restoration of Dissenters be made by law, for the competent support

man.

ments.

of the wife out of the husband's estate, when senters in general, that I scarcely conabandoned by him under such circumstances. ceive an apology to be necessary for re

3rd. Resolved – That provision ought to questing permission to call their attenbe made by law, for the competent support tion through the medium 'f your of children out of their father's estate, where they shall be by such father aban- pages, to a subject which has remained doned under like circumstances.

long enough, secretly wounding our 4th. Resolved–That guardians ought to

peace, to a rite which has scandalized be appointed to the children of husbands our profession, or is calulule t') rob so abandoning their wives, who should have us of some of our most delicate enjoythe care of the persons and estates of such

I refer to the subject and to children.

the rite of marriage, as this rite must 5th. Resolved – That when a wife is of necessity be subinitted to by the so abandoned she ought by law to be per- English Dissenters, if they have not mitted to acquire and hold property as a made the bold resolution of not subfemine sole, as well as to have reasonable pa. mitting to it at all. It happens to rental control over her children, by the have fallen 10 my lot to fill the office husband so renouncing the marriage contract; and when prayed for, she should of Secretary to the Devon and Corn. have divorce granted, without its benefits wall Unitarian Association, which was being extended to the husband so abandou- establisherl last mid-umunir twelveing her.

months. At our !a t July meeting, In adopting the foregoing Resolutions, which took place ar Tevistock, this your Committee are not unmindful that re- was one of the subje ts wnica engaged ligious tenets are not the subject of legisla, our attention, and it was rendered the tive or judicial interference.

more interesting from the circumstance They entertain too high respect for their of our having in compiny a more than country, this legislative body, and thein- usual proportion of t ose ve: Jemen selvcs to recommend any measure contra

who are known by the name of Old vening those golden provisions of our constitutions, which declare_"That all men

Bachelors. It did not appear whether have a natural and indeseasible right to wor

these gentlemen had been influenced ship Almighty God according to the dictates by Unitarian scruples, or by scruples of their own consciences ; that no bunjan of any other character, in dlejermining authority ought in any case whatever, to thus to abandon the first tillt of an control or interfere with the right of con- active citizen ; but, Sir, we did not science.”

quit the room in which this in eresting Your Committee can but regret, that in subject was discussed till I had received all ages and countries, individuals have been

a charge in the character of secretary, found too ready to condemn all other sects and persuasious, save that adopted by them- which meet in other parts of England,

to correspond with the Associations selves, should they have adopted any. These unforturate individuals, wanting resolute exertions to seek for relief on

and endeavour to unite them all in the benign influence of Christianity become odious themselves, by that interference this point. It has occurred to me, which prompts their exertions to bring however, that the better way of brings odium on others. It is the good fortune of ing this subject before the public, is by the real Christian, that in our enlightened means of the Repository Allow me day, this intolerance recoils back on the then to offer some thoughts upon this intolerant ; and thus, while working their very interesting subject, in the hope own destruction, they make the rays of that they will call forth other and more Christianity shine but the brighter. With these sentimerits your Committee they will, ere long, bring about our

interesting and useful ones, and that leave the Shakers, and all other sects, to pursue, uninterrupted, the dictates of their the highest degree to all classes of

wished-for end. It is interesting in own consciences-leaving their religious creed to the approbation or disapprobation Dissenters, who cannot but wish to be of themselves and their God.

released from the necessity of taking

their brides to the established church; Mr. Worsley on the Marriage Cere. but to Unitarian Dissenters it is most

of all important, and seems upon the топу. . Plymouth, Feb. 16, 1816. their serious consideration and their

ground of absolute duty to demand I AM so perfectly aware of your

wish This is a subject, Sir, which natuto promote the investigation of all rally unites the serious with the gay ; subjects which are interesting to Dis- and it may be considered on the broad

SIR,

firm purpose.

Mr. Worsley on the Marriage Ceremony.

209 basis of general expediency and justice, rite and made one of the seven saor upon the more limited ground of craments of the Church of Rome private feeling.

by Pope Innocent the third: and We are not permitted to enjoy the the Church of England, which in privileges of wedded life unless we so many things adopted the plans of will go to the priest of a certain reli- that Church, did not think i expedigion, which may be the religion we ent to give up so profitable a concern, approve or not, as the maiter happens as that of being instrumental in adto fall out; and without uttering cer- ministering to a man's pleasures, at a tain words he dictates to us, which moment when he is usually most of may or may not contain sentiments of all moved to be liberal to his bene. which we conceive to be indecent, factors. absurd, nonsensical or idolatrous. Here But the Church of England did not then our rights as subjects of a free at first take to itself ihe exclusive government, in which the people bear power of performing the ceremony of å respectable and powerful part, are marriage. For when the principles of certainly broken in upon. We ex- the reformation had spread in this pect indeed to give up some of our country and different classes of Protesnatural rights and privileges in order tants sprang up, they all performed this to enjoy those of social life; but there rite for themselves; the Dissenters is no occasion for us to abandon any marrying in their respective places of in the enjoyments by which we can- worship. This general practice prenot injure the society in which we vailed in this country till the year 1753, live; nor have we any occasion to in the reign of George II., when the submit to forms and ceremonies which celebrated Marriage Act was passed ; to us appear absurd and mischievous. the object of which too plainly is to We shall vot object to other men's turn the attention from the purc act of being as absurd and as foolish as they marriage, to the ceremony which the please to be ; but they have no claiın priest perforıns, and which gives occaupon us to justify their folly by follow- sion to much deceit and wickedness. ing their exainple ourselves.

By the English law, marriage is reIn the earlier periods of society the garded as of divine instituion. Now ceremony of marriage, though ever if the reader would know what is the equally important, assumed a very ceremony of marriage as it has been different character to that which it ordained of God, and was recognisel now bears in oui country. It was re- by the Levitical law, let him look into garded as nothing more than a social the 22d Chapter of Exodus, ver. engagement entered into by a man and 16, 17, and into Deut.xxii. 28, wherein a wodan, to increase the virtuous plea- the case is clearly and fully described ; sures of life, and to convey down to and then let him examine the laws of other creatures the privileges of hu- England, and refer to the various deman beings It was then performed, cisions of our Ecclesiastical Courts, he as it generally still is in most parts of will find they are of a contrary characthe world, by a man going to he ier, and militare directly against the honse of the woman's parents, and clear object of that law. there in the presence of the family and The marriage act declares, that, other friends taking her to wife; or “if a person shall solemnize marriage, by taking her froin the house of her except it be in Scotland, or except he father to his own house, where he be a Jew, or a Quaker, in any other called in his friends and neighbours to place than in a Church or public bear witness that he had taken her Chapel after the publication of bans is for his wife. Christian priests appear therein directed, or by special licence to have been more skillul in cuting from the archbishop's court, such narout work for themselves which would riage shall be pull and void;" hereby be profitable to their fraternity', than completely taking away from all other even the priests of the ancient Pagan Dissenters the privilege they had presystems or those of Jewish renown, viously enjoyed, and giving all the celebrated as they were for gulling the power and benefits of the marriage people by an abundance of rites and ceremony to the Clergy of the Church ceremonies, and fattening upon their of England. spoils. The ceremony of marriage But exceptions are made in favour was first converted into a religious of the Jews and the Quakers. It may

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