Imatges de pÓgina


Bethnal Green Bille Association.. motives, character and conduct ; but Street, in the said Parish, Painter and Glaall these private injuries, however great, sier ; John Mouson, of Tyson Street, in the

same Parish," Publican; John Pettit of seem very improperly brought forward on this occasion, having nothing to do Bethnal Green Road, Watchmaker and with the libel alleged to be contained Collector to the Auxiliary Bible Association; in the large hand-bill. The first notice fered the said hand-bills to be posted up in

having inadvertently and imprudently sufof the intended meeting was expressed conspicuous parts of our respective dwelin the following terms.

lings, and believing the same to contain a Bethnal Green Bible Association,

most gross, false and malicious Libel, tend"The First Annual Meeting of this Asso- ing to lower the Rector in the estimation of ciation will be held at the Parish Church dissension in the Parish, do, in this public

his Parishioners, and to sow the seeds of of St. Matthew, Bethnal Green, on Thursday, November 14, 1815, at six o'clock in manner, and with feelings of the deepest the evening precisely, George Byng, Esq. fence; bumbly begging the Rector's par

contrition, express our sorrow for the ofM.P. President, in the Chair.

The attendance of the labouring classes is ear. ing the peaceable and well-disposed part of

don for its commission, and earnestly requestnestly requested."

the Parish to attribute this most shameful After the Churchwarden received and wanton attack on the character of the the Rector's very unexpected letter, at a Rector, to the instigation of men, who ought late hour the evening before the meeting take this method to shew their enmity to the

to have set us a better example, and who was appointed to be held, it was con

Establishment. cluded for the purpose of avoiding con

The Rector with great icnity and forbeartention," and " to prevent the Church ance, of which we are fully sensible, having from being" in the Rector's apprehen- instructed his sulicitor to withhold prosecusion again turned into a Convenucle, tions against us, on the condition of our " that the meeting should not be held in giving up the Author of the Libel, paying all the Church, but in Gibraltar Chapel.” expenses, and solemnly pledging ourselves Of this adjournment it was necessary to

to behave towards the Rector in future inform the public very promptly, and with the respect which we believe to be this was done by the publication of the due to his character and conduct, and to notice sent you, consisting of a very few avoid giving him any interruption in the introductory lines, and of the Rector's do hereby authorize him to insert this pube

future performance of his Sacred Duties, Letter, that his parishioners might see

lic expression of our pardon and sorrow, til for themselves the true character and

one or more of the daily papers, or to pubspirit of his opposition to the Bible lish it in any other way 'which he may Association, as exhibited ly himself. think advisable.” About three months after these events,

HILFIAN SAMUEL Young, the following advertisement was pub- James CHRISTOPHER SANDERS, lished, and posted up throughout the John Mousox, Parish, in vindication of the Rector's John Petrit. character and conduct," while a prop secution was pending in the Court of

In the Times of Monday, Feb, 19, King's Bench against a number of his 1816, the above confession and exhortation other parishioners " for having posted was published, to which by way of preface, up and otherwise distributed" the said the following information was prefixed, connotice of the adjourned Bible meeting. cerning the hopeful progress of the proseViz.

cution, while it rests only on er parte evidence, "I, the undersigned Hilkiah Samuel and the no less philosophic “contemplation,” Young, of Church Street, in the Parish of an indefinite number of "other prosecuof St. Matthew, Bethnal Green, in the tions," against “the remainder of the OffenCounty of Middlesex, Undertaker, be- ders," as. they are termned, previous to being longing to the bect of Methodists, and heard in their own defence, and to the lately one of the Committee of the Bible judgment of the law being pronounced. Association, having frequently calumniated We have been credibly informed (say the the Rector of the said Parish, unjustly Editors of this paper) that the libel

, to opposed him, and wilfully, misrepresented which the following apology refers, has been his motives, character and conduct, and widely and industriously circulated in a very having posted up and otherwise distributed extensive and populous Parish, and that a and circulated large hand-bills, charging the grand jury of the County of Middlesex have Rector with a design of attempting to within the last few days, found a true bill prarent the circulation of the Holy Scrip- against eight of the offenders, and that other tares amongst his parishioners.' And we, prosecutions are in contemplation against tlig James Christopher Sanders, of 157, Church remainder,"

Sach are the conditions on which mind as the drum's discordant sound the Rector is desirous it should be affected the poet of Amwell : publicly known, he forbears to prose. To me it talks of ravaged plains, cute these persons, who not only ex- And burning towns and ruined swains, press their deep contrition and sorrow And mangled limbs, and dying groans, for their offence, but earnestly request And widows' tears, and Orphans' moans, their “well disposed" neighbours to I am thus in some danger of estimaattribute the supposed libel, not to ting in the lowest moral rank of our “the anthur," whom they engage to species, however exalted by fortune, give up to the vengeance of the law, the mere soldier, who gives his nights which they were themselves so terrified and days to cultivate ihe science of at and so anxious to escape, but “to human' destruction, and whose virtus the instigation of men' who it seems

can only be translated valour ought to have set them “a better

Whether “the great troubler of example.' Who these men are does Europe," whose blood-stained laurels not expressly appear, but the Rector's

were too often drenched with widows' letter, and this intended justification of tears, possess no other claim to dishis conduct, (which does not even tinction, let those who have considered once mention his letter), are both the events of the last twenty years, or strongly marked with hostility to the studied the Code Napoleon, determine, Bible Association. It is therefore pro

Your correspondent must allow me bable, at least, that its ostensible agents to suspect that he was deserted by his are the persons described therein as

visual and justly acknowledged candour shewing their enmity to the Establish, when he adopted this favourite comment, "by promoting the professed mon-place of priests and courtiers. object of the society, the distribution The Pope and his Jesuits, the beloved of the Scriptures alone, without note Ferdinand and his Inquisitors, and or comment."

especially those fruges consumere nati, I shall not presume to anticipate the family of Bourbon, will readily what the judgment of the Court of agree that Napoleon was the great King's Bench may be on the case, after troubler of Europe. Yet the lately its real merits shall be sifted to the persecuted Protestants, whose pro bottom, and fully investigated ; but' tection had been extensive as his the article I sent you before on this


and the French peasantry subject having been inserted in your who, under the Imperial Government, journal, its well-established character had gradually acquired the comforts of for impartiality appears to me to re- independence, may be justly expected quire I should also send you copies of to demur. Nor will an impartial histhe above documents. Patiently and torian fail to discover some good rearespectfully waiting the result of the sons for suspecting that the wisdom Rector's appeal to the law of the land, rather than the violence of Napoleon, I remain, sincerely yours, excited the late coalition of Europe. PHILEMON.

When, in the revolution of ages, a

great man rises from among the inultiField of Waterloo

tude and invests himself with 'power,

he naturally excites the antipathy of

April 2nd, 1816. his contemporaries, who are only great I AM one of those who cannot pre- Kings and great Emperors,

tend to rank with “ the more in- images of souls," as a poet expresses it, telligent class of your readers," such as who must be conscious that to the your worthy correspondent (p. 185) mere accident of birth they owe all designed to gratify by his remarks on their distinction from the common Waterloo, and the two military Dukes. crowd. : I must, indeed, confess a taste so Your correspondent ascribes to the anti-martial, that I feel no interest in Duke of Wellington a sort of sacerdo. the discovery that the Duke of Marl. tal character, under which he was borough first entertained the project of employed as priest, I suppose of Mars conrerting the peaceful field of Water, or Bellona, to “consecrate this same lop into an Aceldama, War, whether post of Waterloo by a signal victory." presented in the form of victory or Here I cannot help secollecling an defeat, still

appears with garments Hymn for the consecration of Colours, rolled in blood, and equally affects my which was printed, and came into my


waxen 1

On Poetical Sceplicism. No. II,

917 hands twenty years ago, and of which but from pride-not from a desire to This first stanza runs in my head. submit to superior wisdom but a cravAll people that on earth do dwell, ing after opportunity to exert our own Full sweetly let us sing

creative powers. For this the spirit of The praises of the God of War, 'inquiry has been too often resigned ;

For 'tis a comely thing. for it is always easier to feel than to As to the Dutch Depaties who for- think, to wonder than to examine. bad the Duke of Marlborough thus to The love of mystery, so far as it ex

cludes consecrate the Field of Waterloo, their reason, is a sensual gratification, decisiou might, after all, be correct, though of a noble kind; for it is the considering the Duke of Wellington's absorption of perception in sensation; acknowledged hair-breadth escape from the triumph of the sensitive over the a ruinous defeat by the unexpected at

intellectual faculties. * Still it must tainment of a signal victory." I cannot take leave of your corres

* In the notes to the last edition of his

Poems Mr. Wordsworth has preferred a pondent without giving, full credit to charge against Unitarians, which comes from his love of peace, and joining him in a too high a source to be passed over in siwish for “ permanent tranquillity," a lence. After observing, that the readers of good for which we can scarcely ven- religious poetry are liable to receive a strong ture to hope. We differ only from prejudice in favour of an author whose senthe different aspects under which we timents coincide with theirs, and as viohave viewed our subject. He appears lent an aversion to one who maintains difto have imbibed some portion of the ferent opinions, he thus proceeds :“ To these enthusiasm produced by the late hey- excesses, they, who from their professions, day of victory, and can contemplate ought to be most guarded against them, " the pomp and circumstances of glo- sects whose religion being from the calcarious war," while I have indulged the luting understanding, is cold and formal

. Fot sober sadness produced by beholding when Christianity, the religion of humility. the monster stripped of the specious is founded upon the proudest quality of our nahabit which he wears in the musque- ture, what can be expected but contradice rade of civilized, and especially of tions? Accordingly believers of this chat fashionable life, and appearing in na- are, at one time, conteinptuous; at another, tive deformity, dreary and disgusting. being troubled as they are and must be with PACIFICUS.

inward misgivings, they are jealous and sus

picious ; - and, at all seasons, they are una On Poetical Scepticism,

der temptation to supply, by the heat witha

which they defend their tenets, the anima, No. II.*

tion which is wanting to the constitution of SIR,

the religion itself.” Here all the misgivings, WHERE is no subject on which jealousies, contempts, and contradictions

the orthodox believer and the imputed to Unitarians, are traced to the poctical sceptic more entirely coincide, circumstance of their founding a religion of than that of mystery. It cannot be humility on the “calculating understanding,” denied that there is something

conge- how can uny quality of our nature be termed

" the proudest quality of our nature." But nial to the human mind in the con- proud ? Pride is a distinct quality of itself, templation of objects which it sees but and though it may be mingled with others in part; and this arises from its per- in operation, cannot enter into their subpetual love of action, and its partiality stance. Besides

, reason is a power and not for its own creations. When a mag- a quality ; it may possibly produce pride, nificent object is placed before our but can no more be proud than sight, heareyes, in its full proportions, little more ing or taste. All that can be said of it, eveh is left us but to gaze and admire. But in correct language, is, that it has a tendenwhen a gloom is thrown round it cy to make those proud who take most pleawhich half conceals it from actual sure in its exercise. But is not the imagiobservation, our higher faculties are nation liable to the same charge ? Nay, does called into exercise ; imagination fills it not lead more naturally to self-admiration up the void; a thousand fantasies oc- worlds of their own, to create the regions cupy the place of a single truth, which they are to revel in, to rise in the kindling we delight in the more because they majesty of their own conceptions? Truth, are our own. The love of mystery which is the object of the reasoner, exists springs, therefore, not from humility independently of him, and he is only anx

ious to find and to enjoy it. The materials See p. 157.

of the poet are stored within himself, and


be admitted, in the present condition of believe it on the credit of the speaker. man, to be the source of many pure it is just so with the believer in the and elevated pleasures, and linked to Trinity. He says his croed is that one some of the most divine speculations is three and that three are one ; but which we are capable of indulging. has he the most faint idea of the wonMy design is, therefore, to inquire ders he receives ? Does any dim viwhat advantage the Calvinist possesses sion of something unearthly, in which by reason of his belief in the Trinity, there is a distinction of persons comover those who maintain the proper bined with a unity of substance, swim unity of the Great First Cause of all before the eye of his fancy? No. Let things.

him work up his powers of imaginaA mystery, in order to excite lofty tion to the utmost, he will still be able emotions of any kind, must not be en- only to conceive of three separate betirely a secret. It must not be " in- ings, in which there is no inystery at visible,” but “ dimly seen.". It must all. All the wonder consists in their afford the materials, however visionary union, and of that he can imagine and slight, which fancy may mould nothing. His idea must be either of into images beautiful or sublime. The three divine substances distinctly, or joy it excites consists not in the ab- of one alone. In the latter case, he sence but in the plenitude of jdcas. can have no associations, which the We

e must, therefore, be able to form Unitarian does not enjoy; and, in the some conception respecting the objects former, as plurality is his only advanof our wonder. A mere Gordian knot tage, he is far below the most igporanı which we cannot untie ; an enigma inhabitants of Rome. All that is truly we cannot solve; a direct contradic- sublime in his creed arises from a tion in terms which we are unable contemplation of the Divine essence as either to understand or explain, can embodied in a single form. His penever become the spring of imagina- culiar belief amounts only to this, that tions either tremendous or delightful. there is something about which he can If, for instance, a person ignorant of believe nothing. He may use the term Algebra is informed that there are Trinity, or any other phrase of human quantities less than nothing, he will invention, but it must come to this derive nothing but perplexity from the after all. He is precisely in the coninformation, though he may firmly dition of a person unacquainted with

the laws of nature, who should be his triumph is peculiarly his own. The love told that there is a mysterious princiof fame is confessedly the passion he most ple called gravitation, in which he ardently cherishes. Surely, then, the ima- must believe; but whose ideas regination is, to speak in Mr. W's, language, specting it, supposing him to give as proud a quality as the understanding. credit to his informer, would probably And, on what is his hypothesis founded be as accurate as that of the blind but the very reason which the author endeavours to condemn? What does the brilliant colour, and then conjectured

man, who heard that scarlet was a word “ accordingly” imply, but the deduc- it must resemble the sound of a trumtion of a conclusion from its premises : So that here is a paragraph written in defence pet. A Trinitarian falls short even of of humility, " founded upon the proudest this conception. He can surely derive quality of our nature;” and, in such a case,

no sublime ideas from belief in his what can be expected but contradictions favourite mystery, since it does not

It is almost needless to observe, that these afford him eyen the dimmest image of observations leave untouched the inerits of the object he supposes it to conceal. Mr. W's. poetry. Here indeed he is far When the poetical champion of or. above my feeble praise. In acute sensibi- thodoxy asserts that there is something lity, in the philosophy of nature, in the de more lofty in the contemplation of the lineation of all that is gentle in man, and in Divine Being as a triune substance the power of rendering earthly images than as properly one, inasmuch as ethereal, I believe him to be surpassed by the former is more inysterious, he none in ancient pr modern times. But I would confine poetry and reason to their must admit that, in the latter, a degree respective uses. I would no more allow of possible sublimity is wanting. No the former to usurp the place of the latter, object can derive any additional granthan I would suffer a spirit of conceited cri- deur from mystery unless it is imperticism to deprive me of my purest cnjoy- fect. There must be a power in imaments.

gination to make it more awful than

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On Poetical Scepticism. No. II.


it is in itself, or it must seem mightier conceal him from us. And then he in proportion as it becomes visible. - offers us in exchange for a glimpse of When the object is so sublime as to divine perfections, the images which, transcend all human conception, the in the midst of darkness we may ourclearer we behold it, the more must selves be able to create ! we be filled with wonder and every It is singular that those who speak power be called into exercise to com- of mysteries as the glory of their reliprehend, to admire, and to enjoy. gion, represent them as intended to This has been strikingly the case with vanish in heaven. A state of knowthe discoveries made by human skill ledge is there anticipated as a state of respecting the systems that encircle us.

bliss, and yet here there must be no When the Chaldean shepherd contem- joy but that of darkness. Surely we plated the glory of the starry heavens, are at liberty to suppose that the nearer he might have trembled at any attempt we can approach the perfections of our to investigate the qualities of those future being, the longer perspective iminortal lights whose mystery seemed we can aitain of the regions beyond to add to their lustre, and have appre- the grave, the clearer glimpses we hended that when truth was forced on catch of the beatitudes of eternity, the hiin his loveliest fancies must vanish. better we shall be prepared to enjoy And yet, though such a feeling would them. The more we see of our divine have been in perfect sympathy with Father“ as he is,” the more shall we that of a poetical belierer, whai shall “ be like him." And yet we are told we say of it now when science has that " a religion without its mysteries given us a nearer view of these objects would be a temple without its God." of mysterious wonder? Are our con- As a system then which leaves us most ceptions respecting them less majestic in the dark is most divine-has most because instead of lamps fixed in the of God in it—how preferable was the heavens for our delight we find them faith of the Jews to Christianity, and to be the centres of mighty systems - the Grecian mythologies to both of suns which give light to unnumbered them ! On the contrary, mystery is worlds-and in their turn catch a dis- no more a part of religion than ignotapt gleam from ours ? Has the region rance is of knowledge. The object of of imagination been contracted, as the former in divine, is the same as reason has drawn aside the veil from that of the latter in human things ; to nature's perpetual miracles ? On the disclose what before was hidden. No contrary, the more we have known, uncertainty can exist now which did the more, we have been convinced, not exist always ; revelation, indeed, there is yet to know. Reason has gone when it made all manifest which it forth as the pioneer of imagination is essential to know, enabled us to into untried regions; and whilst she perceive that we had much yet to dishas found some resting places on which cover. The mystery remains, no doubt she has kind!ed beacons that can never for wise purposes, but not in conseperish, she has formed them not only quence of our faith. The Calvinist, to cheer and direct her followers, but like the “

sees God to shed a dim and religious light over in clouds;" but with this difference : a boundless space fitted for the dwel- the former traces him as far as he is ling of her immortal sister. And if this able in the most ethereal of his works, be true as it respects the creation of the latter enshrouds himn in darkness God, the heavens that are but “his which he has himself created. footstool," and the “ clouds and dark- After all, if there is any thing ness that are about his throne,” how pleasing in the contemplation of mys much more truly may it be urged of tery, there are surely objects enough the Deity himself ! 'An increase of that we see but dimly without obscurknowledge respecting him must at ing the light which heaven has given once expand and fill all the capacities us. In the infancy of an eternal being of the mind; make every faculiy over- we must necessarily be surrounded with flow with intelligence, every passion wonders. We feel mighty stirrings still with wonder, and every pulse beat within us, like the motions of Homer's with joy. Yet the Trinitarian promises Cyclop in his cavern, gigantic though much sublime contemplation from a in darkness. Possessed with desires mystery respecting his 'nature, which which nothing visible can satisfy, we in so far as it operates at all, mustare elevated by aspirations after ima

poor Indian," or

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