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ginary good, favoured by visiting end, and erroneous in many places, which we cannot trace, and delighted was published at London in the year with occasional glimpses of our future 1754, under the title of Letters from glorious condition. In the human Sir Isaac Newton to Mr. Le Clerc. soul itself, its strengths and its weak. But in the author's MS. the whole is nesses, its high cravings and natural one continued discourse, which, al insțincts, its depths and its sublimities, though it is conceived in the epistolary there is enough to tremble at and ad-form, is not addressed to any particumire. The vast riches of nature are to man but the faint shadows of things It is to be regretted, that the author that he shall behold hereafter ; the of these papers should have avoided so sources whence his spiritual associa- cautiously any direct declaration of his Lions arise, the fore-ground of his opinion on the subject of the Trinityethereal perspective. The stars "tell He says indeed, in the beginning of him of the glory of God," the loveli- the first paper, referring to 1 John v. ness of earth gives him a dim vision 7, that " in the eastern nations, and of paradise, and he rises from the con- for a long time in the western, the templation of transitory scenes, faith subsisted without this text," as

if he would be understood to recognize a to breathe in worlds

the truth of the orthodox doctrine. To which the heaven of heavens is but a veil."

Yet, in quoting the baptismal form in

Matthew, he speaks of it as “the And yet there are those who think he place from which they tried to derive wants deeper mysteries—who can find the Trinity." And having observed no sublimity but in terms to which that in Jerome's time, and both before taey can affix no idea—who, while and loug enough after it, this text of they talk of the pride of human reason, the three in heaven was never once wish to make the idea of God more thought of,” he adds, “ it is now in sublime, by fancying contradictions in every body's mouth, and accounted the his existence, and think the universe main text for the business.” Would itself too narrow for their lofty imagi- a Trinitarian thus express himself, nations to inhabit !

without taking some occasion to avow S. N. D. his orthodoxy, especially while he was

exploding as “ notable corruptions" Sir,

April 5, 1816. two main pillars on which the docSUSPECT that Dr. Thomas trine of a Trinity had rested for ages. I Thomson, as quoted, p. 143, has

These papers by Sir Isaac Newion brought, or at least credited, a charge are not dated, but they may be placed against " Horsley, the Champion of among his comparatively early producthe Trinity,” which is not well sup- tions, as he refers to a testimony of ported. Whether in any other case

“ Dr. Gilbert Burnet," as “ lately" he" found Newton's papers unfit for given " in the first letter of his Trapublication" I know not; but scrip- vels.". Burnet's Travels were in 1685, tural inquirers, and especially Unita. and his Letters to Mr. Boyle describing rians, are indebted to him for the first them were first published in 1687. correct printed copy of Newton's criti

N. L. T. cal testimony against the interpolation 1 John v. 7, and the common reading Altuck on Unitarians in the last Quarof 1 Tim. iii. 16. I find it in Hors

terly Revicu. ley's Newtoni Opera quæ extant om

WRITER in the Quarterly Recluding article, p. 494, in the last vo- ing in his vocation, makes a new atlume, is entitled,

tack on the Unitarians. The occasion " An Historical Account of two no- of this onset is the publication of the table Corruptions of Scripture, in a Bp. of London's Charge and Mr. Bel. Letter to a friend. Now first pub- sham's

. Answer. The reviewer lauds lished from the MS. in the author's very highly his lordship of London, hand-writing, in the possession of Dr. and thinks he cannot laud him suftiEkens, Dean of Carlisle.” Prefixed ciently; remembering perhaps Pope's is the following “ Advertisement. A climax of panegyric, very imperfect copy of these Tracts,

" A gowntuan learnod; Bishop-what you wantina both the beginning and the will!"

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Atlack on Unitarians in the last Quarterly Review.

221 In his awe before the episcopal throne, rians resort to figurative interpretations he is utterly astonished at Mr. Bel- of scripture! Of what sort is the Prosham's presumption in looking up to testant interpretation of This is my so elevated a personage, and at his body ?-Still, Unitarians are chargeirreverent boldness in contradicting a . able with the pride of the understand. Bishop utiering his commands to his ing: All pride is bad, but the worst clergy. He then falls into his common pride of all is the pride of folly; and places. We have another outcry, at it may be that sime Unitarians in the “scand.ilous deception" praciised their wish to avoid this extremne have by the Unitarians in the publication run into the other. They, moreover, of the “ Improved Version;" they claim great men as of their party, withave republished an Archl-ishop's book ness Bishops Law and Shipley, who with alterations and additions, and were not Unitarians for two reasons, have still kept up his name in the title. Ist, the Reviewer never knew of their page: it is true they carefully explain being such, and endly, there is posi. all the alditions and alterations, but tive evidence of the contrary, --in their explanation is of no use to those their having subscribed the Thirtythat will not read it, and what oriho. Nine Articles ! dox writer, be he monthly or quar- The main subject of the article is, terly, will do this? The Unitarians, however, the late repeal of the statutes again, are haters of the Church of against Unitarians, on which the ReEngland: the proof of this charge is, viewer writes cautiously; on one side that they united with the other Dis- urged on by his zeal for the Church, senters and the Methodists in oppos- on the other restrained by his revering Lord Sidmouth's bill, which was cnce of the government. He comso wise a provision even for their own plains that the Unitarians have mise respectability! What had that bill to represented the act of repeal, as if ihe do with the Church by law establish- government had repealed the Trinity ed ? Its object was to fritter down the itself; whereas he is auihorized to say Toleration Act and bring Dissenters that his Majesty's ministers are sound. inore completely under the surveillance in the faith. What L'nitarian ever of the government The Unitarians doubted their orthodoxy? They are - generally did exert themselves to op- orthodox by virtue of their places.-poso Lord Sidmouth's insidious pro- The Reviewer cannot blame the reject ; but the Reviewer's anger with peal, for that would be to blame the them on this account is surely mis- government, which is not the business timed, when vented at the moment of a Quarterly Reviewer; but he thinks in which he was employed upon what the Unitarians should not have sought he and his friends no doubt meant as it: it became them to be quiet, and a castigation of Mr. Belsham; for this contented. To be sure, Toleration is gentleman, alone, we believe, of all agreeable to the spirit of the English the Dissenters, vindicated and com. Constitution, and if we bear with plimented Lord Sidmouth, maintain- Jews and Quakers, we cannot consising that his lord ship's design was good, tently drive Unitarians out of the and that his bill might have been country. In justice to the Reviewer shaped into a liberal and useful law. be it said, that he fully exposes the The Reviewer next takes up the old fallacy of the distinction of doctrines calumny; the Unitarians are Deists, as essential or non-essential, with reor at least very much like them. They gard to Toleration ; all dissent must reject as much of revelation as they be allowed or none, at least all within like! But what part of revelation do the limits of scripture, though this they reject, for the rejection of which does but partially comprehend the they do not give a reason? They re- Jews, towards whom this writer is nounce the text 1 Johu v. 77.8, and benevolent beyond his own measures the Reviewer knows, or ought 10 of charity. know, that it is a forgery; and who Wheller to account for the harm. are the better Christians, ihe Unita- lessness of the repeal or to explain the rians who explode this foul interpola grounds of his own attack, the Reviewtion, or the governors of the Church er represents the Unitarians as few in of England who, with their eyes open, number, cool and philosophical, fond still in pose it upon the multitude for of writing, but seire not to prevail :0 genuiné scripture? But the Unita. any great extent. The season why

VOL. XI.

OF GENERAL READING.

they will not succeed is, that the con- scrutinizing the writings of Unitarians sequence of discussion fairly conducted and determining when they reason and is the more complete developement of when they scoff, when their arguments truth. This reason has led other are regular and when irregular, when minds to a different conclusion. their wit is legitimate and when ex

But apparently fearing lest his li- travagant. berality should encourage the heretical A bigot with penal statutes in his Unitarians to greater daring, he con- hand is formidable ; a bigot, with no cludes with a warning to them and other weapon of offence than thc pen a salvo for the orthodoxy of his own (the Reviewer must pardon us) is rispirit. We quole the passage as a cu- diculous. riosity. "There is one case, and one only, in which

GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND we should wish to see legal penalties put in

REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE force against the Unitarions ;* and this is, when they depart from the course of regular

No. CCXLVIII. reasoning, and have recourse to light and

Death of James II. indecent ribaldry in assailing the received

That Prince died in exile at the doctrines of Christianity. Instances have occurred of late, in which some writers of palace of St. Germains, Sept. 6, 1901, that party have offended in this respect : of a lethargy, as our historians relate. we trust that they are not likely to recur.

The celebrated Madam Maintenon, in At all events, we are convinced that, not- a letter written from the French Court witnstanding the late repeal, the legislature to Philip V. of Spain, grandson of will never be found buckward in framing Louis XIVth. gives the following acsuitable enactments, which may ellectually count of the death of James, and the protect from ridicule and insult those sacred circumstances which preceded his intruths which are and have been received terment. The Religio Medici in the with reverence and awe by the great body case of human relics must be allowed of Christians in all ages and countries."

to be rather equivocal, and a prepared Is the writer in earnest ? Does he toe or finger of a King would dignify contend that the distinction cannot be any collection of anatomical curiosities. made between essential and non-essen- “ We must not talk of deaths to tial doctrines and at the same time your Majesty without mentioning one, assuine to distinguish between "regu- which, however, you must already lar" and irregular reasoning" and 10 have heard of froin oiners, and which hold out the latter as punishable? A must have been as pleasing to heaven, conclusive arguinent against the Tric as it proved edifying to all those who nity must be offensive to a Trinitarian. witnessed it; I do not mean good and

Kibaldryis a vague expression; it religious persons alone, but even the may, mean only, the playfulness of most profligate about the court have Jortin, or the indecency of Swift, or not beheld the King of England at the scurrility of Warburton. Unita- this awful period, without surprise and rians are not accounted witty, nor are admiration : during six days his life they chargeable with foul speech. The was entirely despaired of : all around bitierest invectives against the system him saw it; he took the sacrament of orthodoxy are to be found in writers twice, spoke to his son, to his Cathoof the Reviewer's own church. lic and Protestant attendants, to our

The Legislature protect the Church King, to the Queen, in short, to every from ridicule ! Idle. Men will laugh person he knew; and all that he said at folly and shake their heads at ab- evinced a presence of mind, a peaceful surdity, in spite of Acts of Parliament. serenity, a zeal and fortitude which What enactmenis, ecclesiastical or ci- all were truly charmed in beholding. vil, could save from ridicule the doc- On his body being opened, the phytrincs of Transubstantiatiou, of Re- sicians and surgeons all took some generation by Infant Baptism, of the particle of it to keep as a relic; his Infallibility of the Pope and of the attendants dipped their handkerchiefs validity of Holy Orders !

in his blood; others their chaplets." A Committee of the House of Com- Memoirs of Lewis the XIVih. written mons would be curiously employed in by himself. Translated from the French

1806. i. '184. The italics are not the Reviewer's.

Gleanings.

223 No. CCXLIX.

soon after renewed his application ; Spanish Ambition.

when the primate discoursed with him, When Drake took St. Domingo, and finding that he had attained con“ in the Town-Hall were to be seen, siderable knowledge in the fundamenamongst other things, the King of tals of the Christian religion, asked Spain's arms, and under them a globe him if he understood the Irish lan. of the world, out of which issued an guage, at the same time telling him horse with his fore-feet springing for that ire could do little gond in those ward, with this inscription, non suf- parts without such an acquisition. He ficit orlis, that is, the world sufficeth acknowledged his ignorance of it, not. Which was laughed at, and but professed himself ready to underlooked upon as an argument of the take the task of learning it if his Grace boundless avarice and ambition of the accounted it a necessary preliminary Spaniards, as if nothing could suffice to his ordination. About a year after, them."

he returned again, and acquainted the Camden, An. 1585. primate that he was now able to ex

press himself tolerably in that lanNo. CCL.

guage, and therefore hoped he might Ordination of a Mechanic, ly Arch- at length be admitted to orders. The bishop Usher.

primate, thinking that a man of his The following anecdote is related by character, capable of speaking to the Dr. Parr, and repeated by Dr. Aikin, people in their own style and tongue, in the Life of Archbishop Usher. was more likely to be serviceable to

An English mechanic in his diocese, the cause than a Latin scholar with honest, pious, and much addicted to out that qualification, coinplied with the perusal of works in practical divi- his request ; nor had he reason to renity, applied to him, expressing an pent of his condescension, since the earnest wish to be ordained. The new clergyman proved a respectable primate, regarding the inclination as and useful minister, and was very the offspring of fancy or conceit, ad- successful in making converts from vised him to go home and adhere to the Catholics, till the rebellion put a his proper calling. The man, how- period to liis labours. ever, unable to resist his propensity,

No. CCLI.

The Learned Tradesman." Mr. William Pate, the friend and correspondent of Dean Swift, was educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he regularly took the degree of LL.B. He afterwards became a most eminent woollen-draper, lived over against the Royal Exchange, and was commonly called “ the learned tradesman." In 1734, he was one of the Sheriffs of London, and died in 1746. In the churchyard at Lee, in Kent, where he lived for many years, in a delightful bouse adjoining the rectory of that place in which he died, is the following epitaph to his memory :

Hic jacent reliquiæ
Gulielmi Pate,

Viri
propter ingenii fæcunditatem

et literarum peritiam
haud minus eximii,

quam
ob morum urbanitatem suavitatemque

dilecti ;

hunc lapidem
sequenti apophthegmate aureo incisum,

tumulo imponi jussit :
“ Epicharmian illud tereto,
“ Nervos atque Artus esse Sapientir,

“NON TEMERE CREDERE."
Obiit nono die Decembris
anno ætatis suæ octogesimo

æræ Christiane
M.DCC.XLVI.

224

REVIEW, .
“Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame."

ART. I.-Two Essays; one on the Ef- this revelation on account of its having Sects of Christianily, the other on produced no advantageous effects at all, the Sablath. By the late John Mr. Simpson next vindicates ChristianSimpson. London: Published * by ity from the charge of having fallen Hunter. 1895. 8vo. pp. 125.

short of that deyree of efficacy in pro

moting the virtue and welfare of manTHE writings of the excellent author of these Essays, were directed kind, which might have been rapected

from a divine religion. He maintains "to the illustration of ihe evidences of Revealed Religion, and to the deve

that these expectations themselves are lopement of soine peculiarities in the not reasonable." They have no prolanguage of the books which record per ground. They originate from iga its doctrines and history. Few of our the faculties of reason and conscience,

noranoe. Even natural religion and readers can be ignorant of the services have failed of improving the hearts and which he has thus rendered to the lives of men so much as we think we best interests of mankind : nor will they be ungrateful to "the Edisort of might have expected. Yet is it fair to

conclude froin hence, that all religion this pamphlet," who "esteems it his should be rejected, and that our mental most pleasing and bounden duty to faculties are not the gift of God?" To comply with the wishes or intentions” the allegation that the gospel " has of his deceased father, in laying “ before the public in the same state in

not produced so many, nor such emiwhich he found them," the only nently good, effects, as it is naturally papers which Mr. Simpson left behind fitted to produce," he answers that

"moral causes work only by perhim ready for the press.

suasion." A good moral cause may In the former, the Essayist endea- be, and in many instances actually has vours to shew, “That no reasonable objection can be brought against the instrument and occasion of bringing

been perverted, so as to be made the divine authority of the religion of about very ill effects." The excellence Jesus, from its not having been more effectual in reforming the lives of men.”

therefore of Christianity, as “a moral

means of bringing men to repentance He begins with concisely illustrating and holiness, may be manifest, though the natural tendency of the gospel, great numbers will not apply it to its which he regards as favourable in a high degree to good morals and pure deed the objection supposes; from this

proper purpose." This excellence inreligion. Then he proves, on the it argues, however inc inclusively: 4 authority of facts, that Christianity has plıysician is not responsible for either actually causerl great improvements of the inattention or the obstinacy of his this kind, that it has abolished many patient. Let it not, further, be forgotsavage

apd in human nasional practices, en that the first preachers of the gosand has considerably oftened and decreased the barbarity of others. Its pel foretold its corruptions ; which beneficial influence on public laws, views of Christ and his apostles and

predictions evince the sincerity of the is not overlooked; nor its success in the truth of their pretensions. Social spreading the most proper means of union, government, learning, arts and increasing and diffusing these blessings. science, are manisestly good means of The obligations of sound learning to improving the noblest faculties of men, the gospel, are clearly and forcibly This is their natural tendency. And stated. A summary follows of the it is no sufficient reason for declining good effects of the Christian doctrine: and reasons are assigned for aşcribing of being perverted to bad purposes, and

10 eroploy them, that they are capable these to it and to no other cause. have been the occasion of innumerable Having thus repelled the objection to evils. Why then should Christianity

be rejected on this account? With (Printed at Leicester, by Combe, and what justice or impartiality do we very neatly.

make it answerable for con:equences + J. W. Simpson, Esq. of Rearsby, Lei- flowing from doctrines and institutions cestershire,

Rev. which, in truth, are not Christian?

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