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Review.-Morris's Memoirs of the Rev. Andrew. Fuller. 233 gation in that place, which he held I have beard from him, or the interviews, till the time of his death. At Kete and conversations I have had with him,me tering, Mr. Fuller had, according to in nothing can I so fully join issue witla
. his own characteristic expression,
bim as in his manner of dying. Had he “ plenty of elbow room." He was
gone off full of rapture and transport, 1 brought upon a stage niore suited to nught have said, 'Oh! let me die the tri
umphant death of the righteous! But it his talents and to his ambition; an
would have been far more than I could ambition of public usefulness, for bave realized, or expected in my own case ! which Providence had plainly fitted but the state of his mind towards the last him. The events of his life were not appears to have been, if I may so express various or uncommon. His story con- it, after my own heart.' He died as a peu sists, besides the usual domestic inci- nitent sinner at the foot of the cross." P. 406. dents, some of which, peculiarly painful, displayed the strength and good back to one part of Mr. Fuller's history
It may be supposed that we look ness of his feelings, of successive with no pleasant feelings; but we can publications and controversies and of extraordinary and unwearied efforts in truly say that all our displeasure is the establishment, superintendence
buried in his grave. Such of our read
ers as wislı to know more fully the and promotion of the Baptist Mission to the East Indiss; undoubtedly, the
circumstances to which we allude may
consult our Fourth Volume, p. 406, most important inission that has been
&c. We obtained our end, we beundertaken in modern times. “Fuller,” says Mr. Morris, « lived and lieve, in public estimation; and the died a martyr to the mission." He present biographer, though suficiently departed this life, after a long and tinctured with party-spirit, docs us painful illness, May 7, 1815, in the ampie justice. With a quotation from sixty-second year of his age.
the Memoirs, we shall let this matter
His death-bed was Christian; but it may Mr. Fuller's want of forbearance,
drop: _Mr. Morris having described read a lesson to those of his own senij
adusments that estimate the human character by the dying frame of the “It is extremely painful to advert to par mind.
ticular instances of this kind of severity, and “The general vigour of his constitution if truth, justice, honour, and impartiality providing a resistance to the violence of did not iinperiously demand it, we would disease, rendered his sufferings peculiarly not advert to the unhappy transactions in severe; and towards the last, the contlict which he was concerned at Soham, in the assumed a most formidable aspect. Pla year 1809, in a dispute between his former eing bis hand on the diseased part, the friends and a party of Sucinians, who claimsutierer exclaimed,'Oh! this deadly wound !
ed a right to their place of worship; and 10 At another tine. •All misery centres here!'
the incorrect and unsatisfactory statement Being asked whether he nieant bodily mi- he was induced to make of those transacsery, he replied, 'Oh yes: I can think of tions nearly eighteen months afterwards in nothing else." P. 461.
defence of his own conduct. Under ro · Frequently during lits affliction, he said, pretence whatever can we attempt to justify My mind is calm: no raptures, no despon- those transactions, nor the part which Mr. dency. At other times he said, 'I am not Fuller took in them, nor the means wlick dismayed, My God, my Saviour, noy Re- he afterwards employed to exculpate hinta fuge, to thee I commit my spirit. Take self from the charge of wishing indirectly at me to thyself. Bless those I leave be- least to avail himself of those disgracerud hind.'* P. 462.
statutes since repealed by the legislature, to This dying experience may not come injured party; much less can we agree to
secure, what he considered, the right of the up to the expectation of enthusiasts ; consider him as having been influenced by but we apprehend that it will excite any sinister or dishonourable motive of the deep sympathy of the more enlight, which he was utterly incapable. The whole ened readers, and even increase the was a downright and palpable mistake, conhdence of the public in Mr. Fuller, founded indeed, as in many other cases, on as a nutural Christian Character. We a large quantity of misinformation, and a admire the following passage on this wilful design of accomplishing the supposed subject from a sermon preached on the ends of public justice. There is no need of Sabbath after his dece:ise by A1r. Tol any farther comment. His “ Narrative of ler, the truly respectable pastor of the Facts” relative to these occurrences, which Independent Church, at hettering :
we have consigned to oblivion, instead of
classing it with his other publications, 'adin no one point, either froin his nits but of one apology. It was written writings which I have read, or the sermons fong ofter the "facts” had taken place, and
must be attributed, as his eloquent and ju- :“When I have seen a pious young man dicious friend observed, to' a most unhappy marry an irreligious woman, it has occurred lapse of memory, though unfortunately, to me, bow will you be able to bury her? there are some other facts' which demand You may lay your bones, or have them a similar apology."
** Pp. 492, 493. taid soine day by her side, or even mingle Mr. Fuller appeared frequently be- dust with ber: but you will be parted at the
resurrection." P. 67. fore the public as an author. He was engaged in controversy with the Soci- Mr. Fuller was strictly an extempore nians, as he called them, the Unita- preacher, rians as they call themselves, the high
The composition of a sermon seldom Calvinists, the Universalists, the San- cost Mr. Fuller much trouble; it was genedemanians and the opposers of the rally the easiest part of bis labours. An Baptist Mission.
His writings dis- hour or two at the close of the week, would play no learning or taste, nor an affec, commonly be sufficient; and, when much tation of either : but they are marked pressed for time, as he often was, his prepa, by strong sense, by acuteness and rations would be made on the Sabbath, sometimes by bitterness and wrath. during the intervals of preaching." Pp. 70,
71. He was a man of war, and it is amusing to see how his feelings betray him This is surely a dangerous piece of into military, or we had alniost said pu- information to young preachers. They gilistic language. He flattered himself inay be assured that Mr. Fuller's exwith having obtained a complete tri- cellencies in the pulpit, whatever they umph over theUnitarians; and although were, were not owing to this neglio we consider his argument fallacious gence (which perhaps is here overand his boast ridiculous, and indeed rated) but in spite of it. Few can could point out instances of his writings presunie upon the correctness of judga having made, instead of unmaking, ment, the even flow of ideas, and the Unitarians, yet we cannot but confess readiness of language which enabled nur regret ihat his first book had not Mr. Fuller to speaks to the purpose been answered at the time more fully, without much premeditation. more in his own way and more to the The insertion of this account with. conviction of that class of readers for out qualification or caurion is only one whoin he wrote, and wrote certainly out of many instances of Mr. Morris's with effect.
want of prudence. While, for instance, The diploma of Doctor in Divinity he sometimes praises the subject of his was conferrerl upon Mr. Fuiler by the book without bounds; he indulges, at . College of New Jersey, but he de- other times, in insinuations and invecclined accepting it, partly from a mo.
tives which betray a soreness of feeling dest sense of his want of qualification in the recollection of some unexplained for an academical honour and partly difference between himself and Mr, from religious scruples.
Fuller. In general, 100, he trejls as As a preacher, Mr. Fuller was dis- personal enemies all the sects with tinguished by a clear view of his sub- whom Mr. Fuller had any controversy, ject, by the coherence of all the parts and particularly the Universalists and of his discourse, by the solidity of his the misnamed 'Socinians.' But iin. remarks, and by the striking cases prudlent as our author is in his stricwhich he put to explain his meaning. tures on the systems of these two bo The following reflection is quite in
dies of Christians, his ridiculous vauntcharacter.
ing and his vulgar slang, suited only
to the champions of the fist, quite disIn reply to Mr. Fuller, appeared, arm us of anger. We really forget the Bigotry and Intolerance Defeated : or, antagonist and sinile at the critic, An account of the late prosecution of Mr. when we read of the “insidious al. Joha Gisburve, Unitarian minister of Soham, tempts" of Unitarians, when we see a Cambridgeshire: with an Exposure and Baptist Dissenter appealing or praising Correction of the Defects and Mistakes of M: Andrew Fuller's Narrative of that affair: doxy," and especially when we are
an appeal to the “ friends of orthois Seven Letters to John Christie, Esq. Trea- told ihat “ Dr. Touliin was scarcely Durer of the Unitarian Fund. By Robert A pland, minister of the Gravel Pit Congre
a breakfast for his powerful antago mation, Hackney. 1810.” 8vo. -A second nist," and that “ Dr. Toulmin and År. i dir'on of this pampilet was afterwards. Kentish received their quietus." Still published. Mr. Fuller made no answer. we agree with Mr. Morris, that “ If
Rev. Socinianism still lives, it owes its ex,
istence to controversy and maintaining itself by the logical dexterity of its siastical Discipline of the Redefenders." The same cannot cer
formed Churches in France,” estao tainly be said of Mr. Morris's ortha lished on the same model as that of dory. But of this hated “Socinia. Geneva, was as follows, --" The nism," he says, with rhetorical con- churches are to be warned to use most tempt, “Like the apocalyptic beast, frequently Catechizing, and the miit appears with its head wounded to nisiers are to handle and expound the death and is going fast to perdition." same most diligently, by compendions, Now, we know not that it is quite succinct, simple and familiar quescharitable to break up his prophetic tions and answers, frating and fiting visioas, but we will venture to assure themselves 'unto the plainnesse and him, be the effect what it may, that rudenesse of their people, and not never since the Reformation was Uni- entering into long iedious discourses tarianism so much alive as at the pre- of comınon-places. "* Nothing could sent moment; that never were the be wiser than this direction, which Orthodox' generally so far from •Or. the Pastors of Geneva" seem to have thodoxy,' and that never were there so had in their eye, when compiling the many, even in Baptist churches, whose work before us, which may be justly faith is unsatisfactory. Mr. Fuller's entitled “colupendious, succinct, sinibook, which has betrayed his biogra- ple and familiar,", plain and not tedipher into such unseeinly language, ous or coinmon-place. was an appeal to spiritual pride, to Whether the Geneva Pastors hare the holy temper of those whose holi- equally attended in this work to “The ness. Mr. Morris kaows is not invaria. Lawes and Statutes of Geneva,"+as we ble, and was besides made up of the find them set forth by authority, the most unfair assumptions and the grosse reader will presently de:ermine. In est misrepresentations. A proper an. explanation of those“ Lawes and Staswer to it would have been the me- tutes,” it is said, “But first it is to be moirs of some individuals who have noted, that there bee crimes which been most distinguished in the ontcry utterly bee intollerable in a ministes against the inmoral tendency' of• So- the first be Heresie, Schisme.” The cinianisin.' Now that the political Pastors are not perhaps chargeable prejudices against the Unitarians have with either of these criines' directly, died away, there are, we believe, few but they manifest a deplorable want of Trinitarians of any intellectual consi- orthodu.ry and of conformity to Culderation, that would wish to rescue Mr. vin's model of “ Ecclesiastical ReziFuller's tedious indictment from the ment." oblivion into which it is sinking. It is a striking proof of the progress
Though we are obliged to rebuke of the Reformation, that in a Cateour author as a heated partizan, we are chism printed on the spot where Sermost willing to allow that in this vo- velus was burnt to ashes, and autholume he has displaved soine talent, a rized by the legal successors of those facility in composition, a bold expo- that hurried that Unitarian martyr sure of what he considers to be error Lo the stake, there is not only no even in his own friends, a consistent exposition or defence of the doctrine regard to Dissenting principles, and a of the Trinity, but not even an love of religious liberiy. We suppose allusion to it. For aught that apthat he is a man of warm feelings, and pears in this work the Trinitarian we regret that he sent his work to schenie might never have been heard press without cool revision.
of at Genera. The same may be said A Portrait of Mi. Fuller, by Med. of all the Five Points in which Calvinley, is prefixed to the voluine, which ism, properly so called, consists. Not is a likeness, but not a happy one. one of them is here propounded or ART, IV.-The Geneva Catechism :
* See "The Ecclesiastical Discipline, &c. entitled Catechism, or, Instruction on the Christian - Religion : prepared French Copy. London. 1612." 410. P. 5.
Faithfully transcribed into English out of a by the Pastors of Genera, for the + See The Lawes and Statutes, &c. . use of the Swiss and I'rench Protest- Faithfully translated out of the bench ant Churches. Translated from the tongue wherein they are written ju thie French. A NewEdition. 18!4.12mo. Register Book of the same City. London. Pp 228. Sherwood and Co. 1815. 1643." 4to, P. 3.
contained by implication. To excuse, year'1572, at Wandsworth, near Lonbowever, of the Genevan Divines, it don, by the Reformers who fled to may be truly alleged that they proposed the Continent on Mary's obtaining to substantiate every answer to every the Throne, and who returned on the question by one or more scriptural accession of Elizabeth. During their proofs, and that therefore they were residence abroad they were schooled obliged to contine themselves to doc- in the Geneva doctrine and discipline, trines for which the scriptures vouch, which on their return they attempted but amongst which are not the Five to set up in England. This attempt, · Points or the Trinity:
however, did not accord with the poThe Catechism is divided into Three licy of Elizabeth, who, like her father, Parts. The First Part consisting of aimed to be a Protestant Pope, and ten Sections, contains an “ Abstract the Presbyterians were jealously watchof the Sacred History,” which is ju- ed and severely persecuted by the dicious and abundant in instruction to Court of High Commission, founded the young and unlearned. The Second upon the very principle of the InquiPart, consisting of Nineteen Sec- sition. tions, is, “ On the Truths of the Some of the Reformers, as was naChristian Religion," and is in reality tural, pushed the principle of the Rean admirable summary of divinity. formation to a greater extent than the The Third Part, conisting of Twenty. Presbyterians were willing to allow, four Sections, is “ On the Duties of and amongst these stands foremost the Christian Religion," and may, we Robert Brown, . a clergyman, who think, be pronounced one of the best may be considered as the father of tompendiums of Christian morals the English Independents : from him · within the reach of the English reader. they were for a considerable time deIn families, in schools, in congrega- nominated Brownists. Brown began tional libraries, and even on the desks to assert his principles openly about of ministers preparing for the pulpit, the year 1580, but being a violent the whole work, and especially this and unsteady man and no Puritan in last Part, will be found extremely his manners, he faltered in his prouseful.
fession, conformied to the Church of Some of the statements of Christian England, and died, A.D, 1630, in doctrine may be objected to by a rigid the 81st year of his age, in jail at scripturist, ihough we know but of Northampton, to which he had been few which by a liberal interpretation committed in consequence of a parish inay not be reconciled with the sacred squabble. volume. The Genevan Pastors are Brown's apostacy did not stop the on the high road of Reformation, and spread of the principles which he had
their next Catechism may not merely set afloat. The Reformer continued - omit but openly expose pretended or
to make disciples whilst the renegade thodoxy
was forgotten. Sir Walter Raleigh deThis little volume will surprise and clared in Parliament, that the Brownmay perhaps instruct and improve the ists, in Norfolk and Essex and the English disciples of the Reforner of parts adjacent to London, were not Geneva, the inajority of whom are, fewer than 20,000. we apprehend, as little entitled as the The old expedient of persecution Genevan Pastors to the name of Cal. was resorted to in order to reduce vinists.
them to ecclesiastical obedience. They At the end are given the Formulary were thrown into the jails of London, observed at Geneva in the admission where many of them died of want and of Catechumens to the Lord's Supper, disease. On the coffin of one who and also some Forms of Prayer. perished in this manner, his fellow
It is but just to observe, that the prisoners wrote the following inscriptranslation is correct and equal to the tion :criginal in elegance.
“ This is the corps of Roten Rippen, a ART. IV.-The History and Antiqui- servant of Christ and her Majesty's faithful ties of Dissenting Churches, &c. subject; who is the last of sixteen or seven
teen, which that great enemy of God, the (Continued from p. 169.] THE first Presbyterian Church in gift) with his higli commissioners, have mur
Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. John Whits THE
England was established in the dered in Newgate, within these five years, Reriew.—Wilson's Dissenting Churches.
237 manifestly for the testimony of Jesus Curist and them from persecution. In his His soul is now with the Lord, and his newly adopted country, the land of blood cries for vengeance against that great liberty, Smyth pursued his religious enemy of the saints, and against Mr. Rich- inquiries, and in the end avowed his ard Young, (a justice of peace in London,) conviction of the unlawfulness of inwho in this and many like points, hath fant baptism, and set himself in opabused his power, for the upholding of the position to the doctrines of predestinaRomish Antichrist, prelncy and priesthood. He died A. D. 1592." Pp. 19, 20,
tion and original sin. He is charged
with entertaining some absurd and Amongst the heads of the Brownist enthusiastic notions,” which is likely party were some men of considerable enough ; but amongst these we can. learning and talents. Henry Ains- not agree with our present author in worth, the Commentator, was of the reckoning the opinion,
" that no number. He resided chiefly in Hol- translution of the Bible was the Word land, whither the Brownists were ba- of God.” He is laughed at for adnished. He translated into Latin, in ministering the rite of baptism upon 1598, the Brownist Confession of himself; but the folly, if it must be Faith, and dedicated it to the Dutch such, has been re-acied in modern Universities.
times. Our own pages [M. Repos.
VI. 410.] record an amusing instance “ His great work, the · Annotations on of Se - Baptism, performed under the the Five Books of Moses, the Psalms and sanction of Dr. Adam Clarke, the the Song of Songs, was published separately learned Wesleian Methodist. in 4to in 1612, and some following years. Smyth's successor in the pastoral In 1697, they were collected together and office was Thomas Helwisse, a men. reprinted at London, in one volume folio, ber of his congregation. He returned and again in 1639. This last edition is said
to England with the greater part of to be very rare, and is inserted in all the the congregation and settled in Loncatalogues of scarce books. As to the exe
don. This is said to have been the cution of the work, its merit has been established by the strongest testimonies of occasion of the establishment of the foreign as well as British Divines. Suc- first General Baptist Church in Engceeding critics have adopted his remarks, land. and he is frequently cited by modern com
None of the Brownist exiles were mentators. Dr. Doddridge observes, “ Ains- more distinguished than John Robinworth on the Pentateuch is a good book, son, whom the Independents prefer full of very valuable Jewish learning; and to Brown as their legitimate father, liis translation is to be preferred to others. He was more moderate than Brown, especially in the Psalms. * The whole work and struck out à uniddle way between was translated into Dutch, and printed at the Brownists and Presbyterians. He Lenwarden, in 1690 ; as was a German removed first from England to Aintranslation of the Song of Solomon, at Frankfort, in 1692. It should be renarked sterdam and then to Leyden, and was that Ainsworth's works are more valued preparing to emigrate to America, to abroad than in his own country, insomuch join a part of his congregation who that it is not easy to produce an English had gone thither under his sanction, writer oftener quoted, or with greater tes- and to carry over to them the remaintimonies to liis fuerit, and this by the learn- der of their brethren, when he was ed of all sects and opinions."* P. 25. taken to a more quiet world, A. D.
1026, in the fiftieth year of his age. Jokn Smyth, another leader of the His address to that part of his congreBrownists, seems to have been the gation which sought religious liberty founder of the English General Bap- in the wilds of America, delivered on tists. He was a clergyman of the the eve of their taking ship for their Church of England, and is said to perilous voyage, is happily preserved, have held the living of Gainsborough, and will perpetute Robinson's name in Lincolnshire. Having well studied as a wise, noble-minded and truly the principles of the Brownists, he Christian Reformer. We hare great joined this party, and established a pleasure in transcribing it into the congregation, which he transplanted Monthly Repository: to Holland, in order to skreen himself
“ We are now quickly to part from one Doddridge's Preaching Lectures.' another, and whether 1 may ever live ,10 * Biog. Brit. Art. Ainsworth.' . see your faces upon earth any, more, the VOL. XI.