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" Whatever might have been the advan- and in which many of the fanatics had found tages to the Pope, the Church or Buona- admission. Here, and here only, by some parte from this compact, the Protestants cruel fatality, the national guard betrayed completely gained their cause. It was no its trust, and abandoned its noble functions longer the persecuted or the tolerated sect. of protecting its fellow-citizens. In vain · They were at once enthroned in rights equal the unhappy Protestants invoked its aid; to those of the Catholic church, and became no arm was stretched out to shelter or to alike the objects of imperial favour.” Pp. 37, save them !-their property was devastated 38.
without resistance, and their murderers wers
undisturbed. Such is part of the history of “The
“ The government caught the alarm; the Tyrant," the attachment of the Pro- complaints of the Protostants assailed its testants to whom (though scarcely car, and General La Garde was sent to equal to the common measures of de- Nismes to command the military force of cent gratitude) is a crime to be expiated the department, and protect the Proteswith blood!
“ On his arrival at Nistnes, General La “ The Royal family of France returned. Garde ordered the temples to be opened, By some oversight in the King's Charter, there which was announced to the public at eight was mention of a state-religion, and the Pro- o'clock on the Sunday morning.
The sumtexante consequently were obliged to sink back mons was obeyed with alecrity by the to Toleration." P. 38.
Protestants. They had long been deprived
of the consolation of assembling together, An “oversight"! Miss Williams and they felt with the Psalmist, How amishas surely forgotten the meaning of ble are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hosts ! English words. Such an abuse of lan- “ The church was crowded, but the conguage is happily disgusting to English gregation was almost entirely composed of understandings and English hearts.
the higher order of citizens; who perhaps But the Protestants were
felt the obligation that their situation isin the virtues of the monarch," " the posed on them of shewing an example protection of a pious and philosophical fast and firm adherence to the faith whicta
courage, and publicly displaying their stead. prince." The philosophy of Louis may be determined by the “oversight,
they professed. It appeared that a bigla
toned sentiment of duty, an enlightened and as to his piety, that may be esti- feeling of what was riglit and fit towards mated by processions and persecutions. the coinmunity, an abnegation of self, were How the Protestants felt at first is in this awful conjuncture associated with doubtful; but how do they now feel? that piety by which they were no doubt If we may judge by our own feelings, strengthened'; that sublime confidence, sitting in the security of laws, they of earth, making its appeal to heaven.
which looks calmly down on the injustice entertain sentiments more intolerable than persecution itself, whilst doomed have been the emotions of the auditors,
“The holy service began; but what must to hear the slarish and hypocritical when in less than half an hour their soleracant of Bourbon piety and philosophy! nities were interrupted by the horrible vo
The department of the Gard became ciferations of a frantic populace, and loud convulsed, and such convulsion, by and repeated strokes assailed the doors, in Miss Williams's own shewing, was order to burst them open, M. Juillera, neither unnatural nor unexpecied. It the minister, continued the service with was ascribed to political contests ; firm voice, and the congregation listened
with that calm, which is the privilege of " But it was at length recognised that those who feel that their witness is in heswhen the troubles which had prevailed in ven. · The uproar increased ; the turul other provinces were hushed into peace, became horrible : the preacher ceased, and the department of the Gard was still the his auditors recommended themselves to scene of violence and horror. It was found God. I held my little girl in my hand,' that some evil of a darker hue, and more writes Madame Juillera, the wife of the portentous meaning than the desultory war- minister, a woman of a superior mind, with fare of political parties, hung over the de- whom I am personally acquainted : 'I held voted city of Nismes
. A fanatical multitude, my little girl in my hard, and approached breathing traditionary hatred, was let loose the foot of the pulpit,--my husband rejois-the cry of “ Down with the Hugonists” ed us, I thought of my uursling, boy, resounded through the streets. Massacre 'whoin I had left at hoine, and should en and pillage prevailed; but Protestants alone brace nd more! I recollected that this day Roere the victins. The National Cuard of was the anniversary of my marriage. I Nismes, composed of its most respectable citi believed that I was going to die, with my sens, had been dissolved, and a new extral husband and my daughter. It was some ment of sit times tke number had taken place, consolation that we should dic together ; Revicu.-Miss Williams on the French Persecution. 231 and it seemed to me that this was the mo "The period was now arrived when, reeat in which we were best prepared to England fixed her steadfast eye on the Pro appear in the presence of God--the victims testants of the South of France. The story of a religious duty; in the performance of of their persecution had reached her ear. which we had braved the fury of the wick- T'he feeling of their wrongs had penetrated ed; we had flown with eager footsteps to her heart. Indignation beat high in every our temple ; we had clung to the altar of British bosom. Public meetings were called oor God, without heeding that the assas- together. The various associations, which sin's dagger might cross our path and im- watch with wakeful jealousy over the civil pede our purpose.'
and religious rights of mankind, expressed “ It was at this moment that General La in their addresses and declarations all the Garde, who had hastened to the post of energy of virtuous resentment, impatient for redanger, received from one of the assassins dress. & ball, which entered near his heart. He “ Favoured and glorious England ! How covered the blood, gushing from his wound, poor are the trophies of other nations comwith his manteau, and protected the retreat pared with those which encircle her brows! of the Protestants from the temple. He She has ever the preeminence in all the was then conveyed to his house, where the counsels of philanthropy; the arbitress of Bullet was with difficulty extracted. The moral action; the guardian of the wronged, fury of the populace was not satiated. In whatever region they inhabit, with whatthe evening of this day the temples of the ever colour they may be tinged. While Protestants were broken open, and every England exists, justice will never want a thing contained in them--the registers, sanctuary, nor the oppressed a refuge.. psalm-books, the gowns of the ministers, “ Her annals proudly boast her long supwere torn into shreds and burnt." Pp. 45 port of the Protestant cause. We soe the -51.
court of Elizabeth receiving the apologizing After this picture we have a pane in mourning. We find the sympathies of
Ambassador of Charles IX. in silence, and gyrical account of the measures of the the whole nation aroused by the inoans of Duke of Angouleme, also, we suppose, the Protestant vallies of Piedmont, when philosopiical and pious. Nothing but they “redoubled to the hills, and they to the remonstrances of the Protestants heaven."* Bat Englishmen wait not the prevented, and these scarcely pre- turdy spur of government to goad them into rented, his ordering the Protestant action when the tidings of religious persecution churches to be re-opened! He and strike in their ear. They are at their post all the Court and all Catholics abhor. when danger menaces their brethren. They red the outrages at Nismes; “ the pause not to inquire against what form of Buonapartists alone exulted,” and ac
worship, or mode of faith, religious persecording to the doctrine of the Bourbon cutiou be directed ; it is sufficient for them satellites in England these Buonapart. followers of Calvin, and the professors of a less
that this demon exercises its ravages. The iets included all the Protestants !
difficult faith become the mutual guarantees of Fager as it should seem to quit this their common religious rights. England is gubject, Miss Williams turns to Eng- the natural guardian of Protestantism, and land, and dwells with enthusiasm upon she will never betray her trust. Unwearied the bold proceedings of the English vigilance is the function of a tutelar divinity. on behalf of their persecuted Protestant England knows, that if the Vatican no longer brethren. But who are the English speuks in thunder, the efforts of that power are whom she thus extols ? A part of not less persevering. In all its variations of the Protestant Dissenting Ministers of shape, this Proteus, whether it be styled, the Three Denominations, and their
as in the days of yore, the dissolute of churches, who, forgetting all doctrinal heads and horns ; or whether, as in latter
Eabylon, or the Hydra, with numerous differences, not lulled into slumber by times, it resemble the tortoise, retreating the promises of Lord Liverpool, not within its shell from the storm, sometimes deterred by the coarse calumnies of stationary, but never receding --is still the hireling prints, not kept back by the same. What it appears to have forgotten calculations or prognostics of soine of it yet remembers; and when it seeins tortheir own body, not shaken by the pid, it does not slumber. Wrapped up in cowardice and desertion of a sist:r its own infallibility, it sees ages pass away, society which had attempted to ont with their manners and their innovations, run thein and to get first to the sepul- like the waves rolling at the foot of a rock, chre, have made all England and all while its own priuciples and maxiins reinain
unchanged. Europe ring with execrations upon the bigotry and insidious policy of the French government and the cruel and • See Milton's 18th Sonnet, with Whar. criminal neglect of the Allies ! lon's Notes
“ The high-toned and generous resolvės, sures we are authorized to pronounce proceeding from the three denominations as- it impotent to good and powerful to sembled in London, and which were re-echoed evil, weak to protect but strong to perby all other denominations, were nwt unheard secute. in France. The French Protestants, while they paid a just tribute to the upright in- Art. Ill.-Memoirs of the Life and tentions of their own government, in declining the proffered intervention, felt all its
Writings of the Rev. Andrew Fuller, grandeur ; it was rejected, bret admired'; it
lale Pastor of the Buptist Church was discreetly reprılsed, but enthusiastically
at Kettering, and Secretary to the applauded. This intervention was the calm Baptist Missionary Society. By commanding voice of a great people listed J. W. Morris. 8vo. Pp. 504. Haup against persecutors, and claiming kin- milton. 125. '1816. dred with the persecuted. Its sound in Paris ces moble; and persuasive ; and it gided THE late Mr. Andrew Fuller was a over the South like that sacred hurmony of the of well-earned distinction in his denoheavenly host which spoke to the watch of shepherds of peace and of good-will”: Pp. 55–59. Scarcely fail to be interesting and in
inination. “Memoirs" of him can Again Miss Williams is led by in- strnctive, and few persons had better clination or prudence to the nauseat- opportunities of becoming thoroughly ing subject of the views of the French acquainted with him than his present government, and in answer to the biographer. The character of our question, What did it do to crush the miscellany would not justify us in persecution ? very coolly answers, “ It making a large abstract of the medid all its position admitted. It exerted moirs, or in going into minute and the full extent of its power, but its circumstantial criticism on the work; power was then feebleness ; and some, but we shall put down some of the secret and evil influence rose between leading events of Mr. Fuller's life, its purpose and its act." Could this and make a few remarks upon Mr. sentence have been penned by an
Morris's book. English hand, and not rather by some ANDREW FULLER was born of paone of the reviving fraternity of Je- rents in humble life, at Wicken, a suits? Its real and its seeming mean- small village in Cambridgeshire, miding are at war. It amounts to this,' way between Newmarket and Ely, that the verbal purpose of the govern- February 6, 1754. He received only ment was contradicted by its actual an imperfect English education at the measures. It could fill the gaols of free-school of Soham.
His parents France with Buonapartists, but could were Dissenters of the Calvinistic per not apprehend a single murderer of suasion. They were engaged in husthe Protestants. It could deliberately bandry, which occupation he followed kill the brave and generous Labédoy- till the twentieth year of his age. In ère and spill the blood of the heroic his seventeenth year, he entered by Ney, but it had no power to bring a public baptisın into the church at sanguinary ruffian, who headed a Soham under the pastoral care of Mr. small band of Catholic banditti, to John Eve; and at the same early justice. But it could do something i period of life began to preach. In it could disarm all the Protestants 1775, after a probation of more than whose property and lives were in dan- twelve months, he became pastor of ger; it could quarter soldiers upon the the Baptist Church at Soham, which plundered impoverished Protestants by then and for some time after assembled way of punishing their enemies; it in a barn. His income from the church could dictate letters to-Protestant Con- being very slender, he engaged in busisistories, full of praise of the govern- ness and set up a school, but not sucment for its singular protection of the ceeding in his temporal pursuits, and · Protestants of France, and compelmeeting also, amidst much usefulness, those Consistories to subscribe them with many unpleasantnessesin bis pastoon pain of banishment; it could drive ral connection, owing chiefly to the exinto exile the least flexible of the Pro- treme ignorance and the meddling distestant pastors ; it could shut up all position of the greater part of his the schools of general and cheap edu- flock, he removed, after many struggles cation which were in the hands of of inind, to Kettering, in NorthampProtestants : all this it could do, for tonshire, in October 1782, and underthis it has done; and reviewing its nea- took the charge of the Baptist congre
Review.-Morris's Memoirs of the Rev. Andrew. Fuller. 233 gation in that place, which he held I have beard from him, or the interviews, till the time of his death. At Kete and conversations I have had with him,me tering, Mr. Fuller had, according to in nothing can I so fully join issue witla
. his own characteristic expression,
bim as in his manner of dying. Had he “ plenty of elbow room." He was
gone off full of rapture and transport, 1 brought upon a stage niore suited to nught have said, 'Oh! let me die the tri
umphant death of the righteous! But it his talents and to his ambition; an
would have been far more than I could ambition of public usefulness, for bave realized, or expected in my own case ! which Providence had plainly fitted but the state of his mind towards the last him. The events of his life were not appears to have been, if I may so express various or uncommon. His story con- it, after my own heart.' He died as a peu sists, besides the usual domestic inci- nitent sinner at the foot of the cross." P. 406. dents, some of which, peculiarly painful, displayed the strength and good back to one part of Mr. Fuller's history
It may be supposed that we look ness of his feelings, of successive with no pleasant feelings; but we can publications and controversies and of extraordinary and unwearied efforts in truly say that all our displeasure is the establishment, superintendence
buried in his grave. Such of our read
ers as wislı to know more fully the and promotion of the Baptist Mission to the East Indiss; undoubtedly, the
circumstances to which we allude may
consult our Fourth Volume, p. 406, most important inission that has been
&c. We obtained our end, we beundertaken in modern times. “Fuller,” says Mr. Morris, « lived and lieve, in public estimation; and the died a martyr to the mission." He present biographer, though suficiently departed this life, after a long and tinctured with party-spirit, docs us painful illness, May 7, 1815, in the ampie justice. With a quotation from sixty-second year of his age.
the Memoirs, we shall let this matter
His death-bed was Christian; but it may Mr. Fuller's want of forbearance,
drop: _Mr. Morris having described read a lesson to those of his own senij
adusments that estimate the human character by the dying frame of the “It is extremely painful to advert to par mind.
ticular instances of this kind of severity, and “The general vigour of his constitution if truth, justice, honour, and impartiality providing a resistance to the violence of did not iinperiously demand it, we would disease, rendered his sufferings peculiarly not advert to the unhappy transactions in severe; and towards the last, the contlict which he was concerned at Soham, in the assumed a most formidable aspect. Pla year 1809, in a dispute between his former eing bis hand on the diseased part, the friends and a party of Sucinians, who claimsutierer exclaimed,'Oh! this deadly wound !
ed a right to their place of worship; and 10 At another tine. •All misery centres here!'
the incorrect and unsatisfactory statement Being asked whether he nieant bodily mi- he was induced to make of those transacsery, he replied, 'Oh yes: I can think of tions nearly eighteen months afterwards in nothing else." P. 461.
defence of his own conduct. Under ro · Frequently during lits affliction, he said, pretence whatever can we attempt to justify My mind is calm: no raptures, no despon- those transactions, nor the part which Mr. dency. At other times he said, 'I am not Fuller took in them, nor the means wlick dismayed, My God, my Saviour, noy Re- he afterwards employed to exculpate hinta fuge, to thee I commit my spirit. Take self from the charge of wishing indirectly at me to thyself. Bless those I leave be- least to avail himself of those disgracerud hind.'* P. 462.
statutes since repealed by the legislature, to This dying experience may not come injured party; much less can we agree to
secure, what he considered, the right of the up to the expectation of enthusiasts ; consider him as having been influenced by but we apprehend that it will excite any sinister or dishonourable motive of the deep sympathy of the more enlight, which he was utterly incapable. The whole ened readers, and even increase the was a downright and palpable mistake, conhdence of the public in Mr. Fuller, founded indeed, as in many other cases, on as a nutural Christian Character. We a large quantity of misinformation, and a admire the following passage on this wilful design of accomplishing the supposed subject from a sermon preached on the ends of public justice. There is no need of Sabbath after his dece:ise by A1r. Tol any farther comment. His “ Narrative of ler, the truly respectable pastor of the Facts” relative to these occurrences, which Independent Church, at hettering :
we have consigned to oblivion, instead of
classing it with his other publications, 'adin no one point, either froin his nits but of one apology. It was written writings which I have read, or the sermons fong ofter the "facts” had taken place, and
must be attributed, as his eloquent and ju- :“When I have seen a pious young man dicious friend observed, to' a most unhappy marry an irreligious woman, it has occurred lapse of memory, though unfortunately, to me, bow will you be able to bury her? there are some other facts' which demand You may lay your bones, or have them a similar apology."
** Pp. 492, 493. taid soine day by her side, or even mingle Mr. Fuller appeared frequently be- dust with ber: but you will be parted at the
resurrection." P. 67. fore the public as an author. He was engaged in controversy with the Soci- Mr. Fuller was strictly an extempore nians, as he called them, the Unita- preacher, rians as they call themselves, the high
The composition of a sermon seldom Calvinists, the Universalists, the San- cost Mr. Fuller much trouble; it was genedemanians and the opposers of the rally the easiest part of bis labours. An Baptist Mission.
His writings dis- hour or two at the close of the week, would play no learning or taste, nor an affec, commonly be sufficient; and, when much tation of either : but they are marked pressed for time, as he often was, his prepa, by strong sense, by acuteness and rations would be made on the Sabbath, sometimes by bitterness and wrath. during the intervals of preaching." Pp. 70,
71. He was a man of war, and it is amusing to see how his feelings betray him This is surely a dangerous piece of into military, or we had alniost said pu- information to young preachers. They gilistic language. He flattered himself inay be assured that Mr. Fuller's exwith having obtained a complete tri- cellencies in the pulpit, whatever they umph over theUnitarians; and although were, were not owing to this neglio we consider his argument fallacious gence (which perhaps is here overand his boast ridiculous, and indeed rated) but in spite of it. Few can could point out instances of his writings presunie upon the correctness of judga having made, instead of unmaking, ment, the even flow of ideas, and the Unitarians, yet we cannot but confess readiness of language which enabled nur regret ihat his first book had not Mr. Fuller to speaks to the purpose been answered at the time more fully, without much premeditation. more in his own way and more to the The insertion of this account with. conviction of that class of readers for out qualification or caurion is only one whoin he wrote, and wrote certainly out of many instances of Mr. Morris's with effect.
want of prudence. While, for instance, The diploma of Doctor in Divinity he sometimes praises the subject of his was conferrerl upon Mr. Fuiler by the book without bounds; he indulges, at . College of New Jersey, but he de- other times, in insinuations and invecclined accepting it, partly from a mo.
tives which betray a soreness of feeling dest sense of his want of qualification in the recollection of some unexplained for an academical honour and partly difference between himself and Mr, from religious scruples.
Fuller. In general, 100, he trejls as As a preacher, Mr. Fuller was dis- personal enemies all the sects with tinguished by a clear view of his sub- whom Mr. Fuller had any controversy, ject, by the coherence of all the parts and particularly the Universalists and of his discourse, by the solidity of his the misnamed 'Socinians.' But iin. remarks, and by the striking cases prudlent as our author is in his stricwhich he put to explain his meaning. tures on the systems of these two bo The following reflection is quite in
dies of Christians, his ridiculous vauntcharacter.
ing and his vulgar slang, suited only
to the champions of the fist, quite disIn reply to Mr. Fuller, appeared, arm us of anger. We really forget the Bigotry and Intolerance Defeated : or, antagonist and sinile at the critic, An account of the late prosecution of Mr. when we read of the “insidious al. Joha Gisburve, Unitarian minister of Soham, tempts" of Unitarians, when we see a Cambridgeshire: with an Exposure and Baptist Dissenter appealing or praising Correction of the Defects and Mistakes of M: Andrew Fuller's Narrative of that affair: doxy," and especially when we are
an appeal to the “ friends of orthois Seven Letters to John Christie, Esq. Trea- told ihat “ Dr. Touliin was scarcely Durer of the Unitarian Fund. By Robert A pland, minister of the Gravel Pit Congre
a breakfast for his powerful antago mation, Hackney. 1810.” 8vo. -A second nist," and that “ Dr. Toulmin and År. i dir'on of this pampilet was afterwards. Kentish received their quietus." Still published. Mr. Fuller made no answer. we agree with Mr. Morris, that “ If
Rev. Socinianism still lives, it owes its ex,