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istence to controversy and maintaining

NE of the articles of The Eccle. itself by the logical dexterity of its

O Miastical Discipline of the Redefenders." The same cannot cer- formed Churches in France,” estao tainly be said of Mr. Morris's ortho lished on the same model as that of dory. But of this hated “Socinia. Geneva, was as follows,--" The nism," he says, with rhetorical con- churches are to be warned to use most tempt, “Like the apocalyptic beast, frequently Catechizing, and the miit appears with its head wounded to nisters are to handle and expound the death and is going fast to perdition." same most diligently, by compendious, Now, we know not that it is quite succinct, simple and familiar quescharitable to break up his prophetic tions and answers, framning acd fiting visioas, but we will venture to assure themselves 'unto the plainnesse and him, be the effect what it may, that rudenesse of their people, and not never since the Reformation was Uni- entering into long iedious discourses tarianism so much alive as at the pre- of cominon-places."* Nothing could sent moment; that never were the be wiser than this direction, which Orthodox' generally so far from 'Or. the" Pastors of Geneva" seem to have thodoxy,' and that never were there so had in their eye, when compiling the many, even in Baptist churches,

whose work before us, which may be justly faith is unsatisfactory. Mr. Fuller's entitled “colupendious, succinct, sinsbook, which has betrayed his biogra- ple and familiar," plaiu and not tedipher into such unseeinly language, ous or coinmon-place. was an appeal to spiritual pride, to Whether the Geneva Pastors hare the holy temper of those whose holi- equally attended in this work to “The ness. Mr. Morris kaows is not invaria. Lawes and Statutes of Genera,"t as we ble, and was besides made up of the find them set forth by authority, the most unfair assumptions and the gross- reader will presently determine. In est misrepresentations. A proper an- explanation of thosc “ Lawes and Staswer to it would have been the me tutes,” it is said, “But first it is to be moirs of some individuals who have noted, that there bee criines which been most distinguished in the outcry utterly bee intollerable in a ministesagainst the inmoral tendency' of 50- the first be Heresie, Schisme.The cinianisın.' Now that the political Pastors are not perhaps chargeable prejudices against the Unitarians hare with either of these crines” directly, died away, there are, we believe, few but they manifest a deplorable want of Trinitarians of any intellectual consi- urthodoxy, and of conformity to Cu!deration, that would wish to rescue Mr. yin's model of “ Ecclesiastical RegiFuller's tedious indictinent from the ment." oblivion into which it is sinking. It is a striking proof of the progress

Though we are obliged to rebuke of the Reformation, that in a Cateour author as a heated partizan, we are chism printed on the spot where Sermost willing to allow that in this vo vclus was burnt to ashes, and autholume he has displaved soine ralent, a rized by the legal successors of those facility in composition, a bold expo- that hurried that Unitarian martyr sure of what he considers to be error to the stake, there is not only no even in his own friends, a consistent exposition or defence of the doctrine regard to Dissenting principles, and a of the Trinity, but not even love of religious liberty. We suppose allusion to it. For aught that apthat he is a man of warm feelings, and pears in this work the Trinitarian we regret that he sent his work to schenie might never have been heard press without cool revision.

of at Genera. The same may be said A Portrait of Mr. Fuller, by Med. of all the Five Points in which Calvinley, is prefixed to the voluine, which ism, properly so called, consists. Not is a likeness, but not a happy one. one of them is here propounded or ART, IV.-The Geneva Catechism :

• See “The Ecclesiastical Discipline, &c. entitled Catechism, or, Instruction

Faithfully transcribed into English out of a on the Christian Religion : prepared French Copy. London. 1612" 410. P. 5. by the Pastors of Genera, for the + See The Lawes and Statutes, &c. use of the Swiss and French Protest-" Faithfully translated out of the bench ant Churches. Translated fron; the tongue wherein they are written in die French. A New Edition. 18!4.12mo. Register Book of the sale Citri London. Pp 228. Sherwood and Co. 1815. 1643." 4to, P. 3.

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Keview. Wilson's Dissenting Churches. contained by implication. To excuse, year'1572, at Wandsworth, near Lonbowever, of the Genevan Divines, it don, by the Reformers who fled to may be truly alleged that they proposed the Continent on Mary's obtaining to substantiate every answer to every the Throne, and who returned on the question by one or more scriptural accession of Elizabeth. During their proofs, and that therefore they were residence abroad they were schooled obliged to contine themselves to doc- in the Geneva doctrine and discipline, trines for which the scriptures vouch, which on their return they attempted but amongst which are not the Five to set up in England. This attempt, · Points or the Trinity:

however, did not accord with the poThe Catechism is divided into Three licy of Elizabeth, who, like her father, Parts. The First Part consisting of aimed to be a Protestant Pope, and ten Sections, contains an “ Abstract the Presbyterians were jealously watchof the Sacred History,” which is ju- ed and severely persecuted by the dicious and abundant in instruction to Court of High Commission, founded the young and unlearned. The Second upon the very principle of the InquiPart, consisting of Nineteen Sec- sition. tions, is, “ On the Truths of the Some of the Reformers, as was naChristian Religion," and is in reality tural, pushed the principle of the Rean admirable summary of divinity. formation to a greater extent than the The Third Part, conisting of Twenty. Presbyterians were willing to allow, four Sections, is “ On the Duties of and amongst these stands foremost the Christian Religion," and may, we Robert Brown, . a clergyman, who think, be pronounced one of the best may be considered as the father of tompendiums of Christian morals the English Independents : from him · within the reach of the English reader. they were for a considerable time deIn families, in schools, in congrega- nominated Brownists. Brown began tional libraries, and even on the desks to assert his principles openly about of ministers preparing for the pulpit, the year 1580, but being a violent the whole work, and especially this and unsteady man and no Puritan in last Part, will be found extremely his manners, he faltered in his prouseful.

fession, conformied to the Church of Some of the statements of Christian England, and died, A.D, 1630, in doctrine may be objected to by a rigid the 81st year of his age, in jail at scripturist, ihough we know but of Northampton, to which he had been few which by a liberal interpretation committed in consequence of a parish inay not be reconciled with the sacred squabble. volume. The Genevan Pastors are Brown's apostacy did not stop the on the high road of Reformation, and spread of the principles which he had

their next Catechism may not merely set afloat. The Reformer continued - omit but openly expose pretended or

to make disciples whilst the renegade thodoxy

was forgotten. Sir Walter Raleigh deThis little volume will surprise and clared in Parliament, that the Brownmay perhaps instruct and improve the ists, in Norfolk and Essex and the English disciples of the Reforner of parts adjacent to London, were not Geneva, the inajority of whom are, fewer than 20,000. we apprehend, as little entitled as the The old expedient of persecution Genevan Pastors to the name of Cal. was resorted to in order to reduce vinists.

them to ecclesiastical obedience. They At the end are given the Formulary were thrown into the jails of London, observed at Geneva in the admission where many of them died of want and of Catechumens to the Lord's Supper, disease. On the coffin of one who and also some Forms of Prayer. perished in this manner, his fellow

It is but just to observe, that the prisoners wrote the following inscriptranslation is correct and equal to the tion :criginal in elegance.

“ This is the corps of Roten Rippen, a ART. IV.-The History and Antiqui- servant of Christ and her Majesty's faithful ties of Dissenking Churches, &c.

subject; who is the last of sixteen or seven(Continued from p. 169.]

teen, which that great enemy of God, the THE first Presbyterian Church in gift) with his higli commissioners, have mur

Archbishop of Canterbury (Dr. John Whits TE

England was established in the dered in Newgate, within these five years,

Reriew.Wilson's Dissenting Churches.

237 manifestly for the testimony of Jesus Curist and them from persecution. In his His soul is now with the Lord, and his newly adopted country, the land of blood cries for vengeance against that great liberty, Smyth pursued his religious enemy of the saints, and against Mr. Rich- inquiries, and in the end avowed his ard Young, (a justice of peace in London,) conviction of the unlawfulness of inwho in this and many like points, hath fant baptism, and set himself in opabused his power, for the upholding of the position to the doctrines of predestinaRomish Antichrist, prelncy and priesthood. He died A. D. 1592." Pp. 19, 20,

tion and original sin. He is charged

with entertaining some absurd and Amongst the heads of the Brownist enthusiastic notions,” which is likely party were some men of considerable enough ; but amongst these we can. learning and talents. Henry Ains- not agree with our present author in worth, the Commentator, was of the reckoning the opinion,

" that no number. He resided chiefly in Hol- translution of the Bible was the Word land, whither the Brownists were ba- of God.” He is laughed at for adnished. He translated into Latin, in ministering the rite of baptism upon 1598, the Brownist Confession of himself; but the folly, if it must be Faith, and dedicated it to the Dutch such, has been re-acied in modern Universities.

times. Our own pages [M. Repos.

VI. 410.] record an amusing instance “ His great work, the · Annotations on of Se - Baptism, performed under the the Five Books of Moses, the Psalms and sanction of Dr. Adam Clarke, the the Song of Songs, was published separately learned Wesleian Methodist. in 4to in 1612, and some following years. Smyth's successor in the pastoral In 1697, they were collected together and office was Thomas Helwisse, a men. reprinted at London, in one volume folio, ber of his congregation. He returned and again in 1639. This last edition is said

to England with the greater part of to be very rare, and is inserted in all the the congregation and settled in Loncatalogues of scarce books. As to the exe

don. This is said to have been the cution of the work, its merit has been established by the strongest testimonies of occasion of the establishment of the foreign as well as British Divines. Suc- first General Baptist Church in Engceeding critics have adopted his remarks, land. and he is frequently cited by modern com

None of the Brownist exiles were mentators. Dr. Doddridge observes, “ Ains more distinguished than John Robinworth on the Pentateuch is a good book, son, whom the Independents prefer full of very valuable Jewish learning; and to Brown as their legitimate father, liis translation is to be preferred to others. He was more moderate than Brown, especially in the Psalms. * The whole work and struck out à uniddle way between was translated into Dutch, and printed at the Brownists and Presbyterians. He Lenwarden, in 1690 ; as was a German removed first from England to Aintranslation of the Song of Solomon, at Frankfort, in 1692. It should be renarked sterdam and then to Leyden, and was that Ainsworth's works are more valued preparing to emigrate to America, to abroad than in his own country, insomuch join a part of his congregation who that it is not easy to produce an English had gone thither under his sanction, writer oftener quoted, or with greater tes- and to carry over to them the remaintimonies to liis fuerit, and this by the learn- der of their brethren, when he was ed of all sects and opinions."* P. 25. taken to a more quiet world, A. D.

1026, in the fiftieth year of his age. Jokn Smyth, another leader of the His address to that part of his congreBrownists, seems to have been the gation which sought religious liberty founder of the English General Bap- in the wilds of America, delivered on tists. He was a clergyman of the the eve of their taking ship for their Church of England, and is said to perilous voyage, is happily preserved, have held the living of Gainsborough, and will perpetute Robinson's name in Lincolnshire. Having well studied as a wise, noble-minded and truly the principles of the Brownists, he Christian Reformer. We hare great joined this party, and established a pleasure in transcribing it into the congregation, which he transplanted Monthly Repository: to Holland, in order to skreen himself

“ BRETHREN,

“ We are now quickly to part from one Doddridge's Preaching Lectures.' another, and whether 1 may ever live ,10 * Biog. Brit. Art. Ainsworth.' . see your faces upon earth any, more, the VOL. XI.

91

238

Review.-Wilson's Dissenting Churches, God of heaven only knows; but whether Calvinist-Baptist Church, the first of the Lord has appointed that or no, I charge that denomination in London. After you before God and his blessed angels, that Lathorp's removal, the Independent you follow me no farther than you have Church chose for their pastor, the seen ne follow the Lord Jesus Christ. I learned Henry Jessey, who had been instrument of his, be as ready to receive ejected from the living of Aughton, it as ever you was to receive any truth by

near York, for not using the ceremomy ministry ; for I am verily persuaded, nies of the Church and for presuming the Lord has more truth yet to break forth

to take down a crucifix. Under Mr. out of his holy word. For iny part, I cali. Jessey, also, the Baptist controversy not sufficiently be wail the condition of the divided the society. "He was led by Reformed Churches, who are come to a this circumstance to study it attentiveperiod in religion, and will go at presently, and in the end he himself became no further than the instruments of their

a Baptist. He continued however on reformation. The Lutherans cannot be good terms with his Pædobaptist bre: drawu to go beyond what Luther said; ihren, preaching amongst them and whatever part of his will our God has revealed to Calvin, they will rather die than admitting them to his communion. embrace it ; and the Calvinists you see

At the present moment, when the stick fast where they were left by that great current of opinion sets so strong against man of God, who yet saw not all things. any Improved Version of the scriptures, This is a misery much to be lamented, for it is seasonable to make known a fact, though they were burving and shining lights honorable to Mr. Jessey and to his age, in their times, yet they penetrated not and in the mode of its relation creditainto the whole counsel of God, but were ble to our Dissenting Historian : they now living, would be as willing to embrace further light as that which they “ Besides his constant labours in the first received. I beseech you remember it ministry, Mr. Jessey was employed many is an article of your church covenant, that years upon a new translation of the Bible, you be ready to receive whatever truth shall in which he was assisted by niany learned be made known to you from the written word men both at home and abroad. This be of God. Remember that and every other made the great master-study of his life; and, article of your sacred covenant. But I in order to evince its necessity observed, must herewithal exhort you to take heed that, Archbishop Bancrofi, who was superiisor what you receive as truth; examine it, of the present translation, altered it in fourteen cousider it, and compare it with other places, to make it speak the lmgiiaye of prescriptures of truth, before you receive it; lacy.* Mr. Jessey had nearly completed for it is not possible the Christian world this great work when the Restoration took should come so lately out of such thick an- place; but the subsequent turn to public tichristian darkness, and that perfection affairs obliged him to lay it aside, and this of knowledge should break forth at once. I noble design eventually proved abortive." must also advise you to abandon, avoid, P. 44. and shake off the name of BROWNISTS ; it

Mr. Jessey was distinguished by his is a mere nickname, and a brand for the making religion and the professors of it charities. Above thirty families are odious to the Christian world.” Pp. 33, 34. said to have depended upon him for

subsistence. The following passage Robinson's scheme of Church Go. shews that his charity arose from no vernment was followed by Henry party-levling : Jacob in his establishment of a Puri

“ The year 1657 afforded Mr. Jessey a tan congregation in London, in 1616;

favourable this is called the First Independent benevolenee. The Swedes and Poles being

opportunity of displaying luis Church in England. Jacob was a engaged in war, the poor Jews at Jerusalem divine of some eminence. With a

were in a most distressed state; all supplies view to further usefulness he went from their rich brethren in other countries, over to Virginia, America, 1624, and upon whom they depended for subsistence, soon after died there. He was suc- being cut ott

. This induced Mr. Jessey to ceeded by John Lathorp, who in 1634, raisc a collection for their relief'; and he sent being driven by persecution from his native country, seuled at Barnstaple,

“Dr. Miles Smith, afterwards Bishop in New England. During his minis- of Gloucester, who was one of the translatry a dispute concerning baptism agi, tors of the Bible and wrote the Preface, tated the church; the consequence of complained of the Archbishop's unwarrantwhich was the secession of a part of able alterations ; but, says 'he, he is so the members, whə united to form a potent, there is no contradicting him."

ours.

Review.-Wright's Unitarian Essays.

239 them 2001. with letters, strongly persuading tions of Trinitarians By Richard them to embrace Christianity." P. 44. Wright, Unitarian Missionary.

12mo. Pp. 524. 8s. Eaton, 1815. This good man was a great sufferer at the unhappy Restoration, a period MR.WRIGHT is too well known

as an author amongst our readat which bad men and bad principles triumphed. Cotemporary with him,

ers to need any recommendation of

His numerous little tracts have if not his colleague, was Praise-God contributed in no small degree to the Barebone, who is little known as a

present

revival of the Unitarian doc. divine, but who is celebrated for trine. Such of them as relate to the having been an active member in Unity of God and the nature of Jesus Cromwell's parliament, and indeed Christ are here collected into a volume, for giving a name to it which is yet to which is added An Appendix, now preserved in history. Praise God Barebone had two brothers, namely, Christ published for the first time, the sub-came-into-the-world-to-;-save Title-page, and which is inferior to

jects of which are expressed in the Barebone, and if-Christ-had--not none of the Essays in sound reasoning,

--died thouladst-been---damned in happy illustration, in agreement Barebone: some are said to have omit- with plain scripture and in practical ted the former part of the name of the inoral tendency. For the accommolatter, and to have called him only dation of such as possess the single “ Damned Barebone."*

tracts the Appendix is published sepa “ This stile of naming individuals was rately. exceedingly common in the time of the civil The following are the subjects of this wars. It was said that the genealogy of volume of Tracts: Use of Reason in Reour Saviour might be learned from the ligion; First Principles of Religion ; names in Cromwell's regiments, and that Unity and Supremacy of One God, the the muster-master used no other list than Father; the Object, Nature and Design the first chapter of Matthew. “ A Jury was returned in the county of of Christ; Miraculous Conception of

of Religious Worship; Humanity Sussex of the following names : Accepted Trevor, of Horsham.

Jesus Christ; Doctrine of Two NaRedeemed Compton, of Battle.

tures in Christ; Divinity of Christ as Faint-not Hewet, of Heathfield.

distinguished from his Deity; Reasons Make-peace Heaton, of Hare.

for not being a Trinitarian. Gol-reward Smart, of Fivehurst.

This enumeration of Contents will Stand-fast-on-high Stringer, of Crowhurst. suffice to shew Unitarians how serEarth Adams, of Warbleton.

viceable they will find this little volCalled Lower, of Warbleton.

ume in the contention which they are Kill-Sin Pimple, of Witham. Return Spelman, of Watling.

carrying on for the faith once delivered

to the saints. Be-faithful Joiner, of Britling. Fly-debate Robert, of Britling.

Should the present publication meet. Fight-the-good-fight-of-faith White, of Emer. with a sufficient number of purchasers More-fruit Fowler, of East Hadley.

to indemnify the author, it is his intenHope-for Bending, of East Hadley.

tion, we understand, to collect his Graceful Harding, of Lewes,

other Tracts into a volume or volumes, Weep-nunt Billings, of Lewes.

which may serve as a cheap and portMeek Brewer, of Okeham." P. 49. able body of Unitarian divinity: The

statement of this design in our Review Art. V. A Plain View of the Uni- will, we hope, contribute to its accom

tarian Christian Doctrine, in a Se- plishment. ries of Essays on the One God, the Father, and the Mediator between ART, VI.-Peace and Persecution God and men, the man Christ Jesus : incompatible with each other. An with an Appendix, containing an Address on the Persecution of the Explanation of the Principal Pas Protestants in the South of France; sages of Scripture, which are urged delivered at Worship Street, Finsin Support of the Doctrine of the bury Square, Thursday, January 18, Trinity and the Deity of Christ : 1816, being the Thanksgiring Day, and an Answer to the Chief Objec By John Evans, A.M. 8vo. Pp,

44. 1s. Od. Sherwood and Co. III. a Pranger's Biog. Hist, of Eugland. Vol. MREVANS made good use of the

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