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State of Public Affairs. cation now used for the poor in this cussed with freedom out of them. · At kingdom. Some schools had been any rate the children will learn to established at Paris, but the clergy read, and the effect very

dif. soon found, that they would be detri- ferent from what the cabinet expects, mental to their views, and they have It seems scarcely possible, that popery succeeded at last in bringing them to should regain its ancient influence: suit their purpose.

In fact, they have but irreligion has bad for so long a done no more than what the clergy time its sway in France, that it may of England have attempted but withi- be replaced by superstition. out success in this country. With us This circumstance of Government the Lancasterian schools had scarcely establishing opinions, in which chilbeen established, and the public at dren should be educated, and the conlarge was in general convinced of the tradiction there is between the opinibenefit of instructing the younger ons maintained on the different sides minds in the grand principles of Chris. of the British Channel, ought to be a tianity rather than in the partial views warning to us, who profess our atof a petty sect, when the clergy of that tachment to scriptural religion only, established by law, a very small and how we inculcate upon our children, insignificant sect when compared with any thing, for which we have not the great body of Christians diffused the decisive warrant of scripture. Bethroughout the world, excited a cla- sides it is incumbent on us to be mour against them, and in opposition careful not to teach our children, set up their new establishment, which as is the custom with the sectaries of they had the presumption to stamp Rome and England, to repeat things with the name of National schools, like parrots by rote. If we ask a and in which instruction was to be child a question, the answer should given agreeable to their peculiar dog- not be put into its mouth, but it

However, in this country their should be derived from its own reflecsectarian principles did not avail so tion; and a very few trials will prove far as to destroy the schools on a more to every parent or teacher, how much enlarged plan.' The children of Eng. easier and better this is than the comland, who are not of the sect estab mon mode by catechisms, in which lished by law, have an opportunity of each sect teaches its particular notions; going to schools, where they will not and consequently as these notions be taught like parrots to repeat by rote contradict each other, some of the a set of assertions, formed by men just children must imbibe falsehood instead emerged out of popery, and which will of truth. Let the parable of our not bear the test of scriptural examina- Saviour, the poor man that fell among tion.

thieves, be read by a child, and approIt is not so in France. The ques- priate questious be asked from it." Its tion is there settled otherwise by an reason will be exercised by the answers, ordonnance of the king, who has and its mind opened : and so it will decreed that in all the schools, the Ca- be by all the plain passages of scriptholic, A; i s'olic and Roman religion ture, which indeed are the only ones, shall be taught, and no other. Conse- in which children should be instructed. quently the children in that country The more difficult passages, on which must repeat like parrots a certain set of in fact the sectaries ground their va. notions, very difierent from those in rious opinions, ought to be reserved which the children of our schools for a more distant period : and a child, are instructed. They will be taught brought up in the rational manner we that the pope is the head of the church, have suggested, will be capable at that they must fall down before a con- manhood of discerning the futility of secrated wafer, and worship a triune the greater part of the doctrines, on god : that there is only one true reli- which the sectaries lay so much gion, and that theirs is that true one. stress, as well as the falsehood of some How far the scheme will succeed doctrines, in which the majority of time will-shew. The education they professing Christians are united. receive in the schools will meet with The farther views of the French some opposition at home; for in con- cabinet are seen in the suppression of the sequence of the Revolution the atiach. National Institute and the Polytech, ment to the pope and to the clerzy has nic School. The latter was admirably very much diminished, and many of adapted for the instruction of the the notions of the schools will be dis, people in all the arts of civil life; but

State of Public Affairs.

251 it seems that the pupils were not so at As Europe is, or is said to be, detached to the reigning family as was de- livered, a new object has arisen for sired. Whether the Governinent will the employment of the deliverers, adopt any thing in its stead, time will which may lead to some new schemes shew: but it is not likely that there will of warfare. The Barbary powers have be the same encourageinent held out to been harassing the coasts of Italy, and, proficiency in the arts as under the it is said, have succeeded in carrying former system.

off a Neapolitan Princess, betrothed A change is also likely to take place to the Duke of Berri, in her way froin in the ecclesiastical system. The Con- Palermo to Naples. Our chivalrous cordat is to undergo a revision, and it knight, Sir Sydney Smith, has been is confidently asserted that the order endeavouring to excite the Christian of Jesuits is to be re-established. This powers to unite in a crusade against order had at one time the education the Mahometans in Africa. The mode of youth chiefly in its hands, and in of warfare of the latter is certainly less this line it displayed great talents ; but defensible than that of the Christians, they were counterbalanced with such for they make slaves of the male prigross defects, that their re-establish- soners, and enclose the females in ment may be considered not only as their harems. But as to the grounds an evil to the kingdom of France but of their wars they are perhaps superior. to Europe in general. It would be a They do not insult the Almighty with great advantage to this kingdom, if infainous appeals to justice, humanity education in our universities and pub- and religion, in which, in the tergilic schools were less confined than it versation of the Christian treaties, it is at present to the clergy. The mo- is evident that all cannot be right, and nastic institution in the Universities that there must among some of the particularly requires revision ; but it is powers reign a coutempt of religion not likely that any change will be ef- and virtue entirely derogatory to the fected for some time in this respect. character they assume. It is a me

But the eyes of the public are turned lancholy thing to reflect, that at one to the trial of our countrymen, which time the African shores of the Mediwill have probably taken place before terranean acknowledged the authority this is published. The preparatory of the gospel. At present the name steps are already made known, and of Christian is there held in abhorafford a good specimen of the ideas rence : and it is not by war that it entertained by the French on justice. will be restored to its former honours. Their great object is to make the ac- Those shores were infected with the cused criminate himself, and if they sectarian principles of Augustine long do not gain this point, they extort before the Mahometan invasion, and from hin a variety of circumstances, at the time of the Saracen successes which may be converted to his injury. had mixed with the religion of Christ Their whole plan seems to be to de. the worship of images and a triune stroy innocence; and wretched is the God. The faith is now changed ; state of the poor man guiltless of crime, their places of worship are freed from who is brought before their tribunal. images, and worship is addressed only Our countrymen have answered their to the Supreme Being: but they have interrogatories with the spirit of Eng- set up Mahomet in opposition to our lishmen, and the publication of the Saviour, and the Coran instead of the trial may do much good to France ;. Gospel. But during the last twentyteaching that wretched country in five years they have not shed so much what a miserable state is their criminal blood as the Christians. jurisprudence. The accusation is the

Our own country has since our last farouring of the escape of a state cri- had one ground for consolation. The minal, and with this they wish to property tax was rainly attempted to blend a plot against government. No- be continued, in spite of the assurances, thing can appear more absurd 10 an that it was a war tax, and to cease Englishman than some of the interro- with the war. The opposition made gatories, in which they do not hesitate throughout the country by petitions to take for granted the guilt of the ac- from all parts was very great, yet the cused : but we shall reserve our further conflict was expected to terminate in remarks till the fate of our insulted a different manner. The ministry to countrymen is deteriniaed.

the last were pertinacious in their en

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State of Public Affairs. deavours to continue the tax ; but, to higher classes better principles of mo. the surprise of every one, when the rality than they at present possess. question came to a decision, they were A strange infatuation now pervades left in a minority, the majority es the country. Formerly peace and ceeding it by thirty-seven. Thus was plenty were considered as blessings, for an end put to this odious tax, which which we could not be sufficiently offended all the principles of just and thankful to Divine Providence. Difequitable taxation, and could be main- ferent principles are now promulgated, tained only on the same principles, and long faces are seen because corn that in a town besieged every man is cheap. A smile covers them on the must part with his property of any rise of the markets. These inconsikind according to the state of the derate persons do not reflect, that place. One great objection to the tax plenty carries with it blessings on all was the advantage given to the land- classes. Could they raise the markets holder above the person who gained to the importation standard, the coun. his livelihood by the sweat of his try would not be a gainer, and the brow. Both were made to pay out only points would be to enable the of the same annual income the same landholder to keep up his war-rents sum to government, though their si- and to increase the poor-rates. But tuations were materially different, and the subject is of great extent. We this advantage was given exactly con- shall continue to be thankful to God trary to true principles : for the land- for plentiful harvests ; and, notwithholder ought not to obtaiu an advan- standing all that we hear to the contage over his countrymen, inasmuch trary, hope that the backward spring as his security is so much the greater. will be followed by a kindly summer, But the world, and this country in being persuaded that cheap corn is particular, has much to learn on the equally advantageous to the consumer subject of taxation, which when duly and to the farmer. considered will introduce among the

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Memoir relative to the Vaudois : commu yernment granted them, had at length nicated by Rev. T. Morgan. built a church in the centre of their

commune. By the patents of Sept. Williams's Litrary, April, 1816.

30, 1814, among other things, the SIR,

king ordered the Intendant of the I

SEND you some extracts from a Province to compel us to shut up the

Memoir relative to the Vaudois, church of St. John, as built beyond delivered to me by a friend who was the strict boundaries to which we had' educated among them, and with whose been confined. This took place in family I have been acquainted many consequence of a letter from that mayears. It is dated at Turin, Jan. 20th, gistrate to the Moderator on the 25th 1816, and has been translated by me Nov. 1814. Of such moment did with difficulty from the French lan. Victor Emanuel consider the recomguage, adulterated with the Patois of mendation of Lord Bentinck, the rethe valleys. Considered as supple- presentative of a great and generous mental to the Memoir respecting the nation, which had replaced him on Waldenses in the Monthly Repository the throne of his ancestors ! He for March last, (p. 129,) your readers, chose rather to be influenced by the perhaps, will not think it unworthy perfidious insinuations of his ministers, of an admission into your pages. or his fanatical confessors, than to

I am, yours sincerely, comply with the request of Lord BenTHOMAS MORGAN. tinck.

Immediately after the return of « The Vaudois, foreseeing by the the king to his dominions, the Vauevents of 1814 what was likely to dois were deprived of all their embe their situation, thought it neces- ployments, such as receiverships of sary to depute V. Paul Appia, then the contributions, the places of saltJudge of the Peace, and M. Peyran, makers, secretaries of the communes, Pastor of Pramol, to wait on his Ex- judges, &c. and their young men of cellency Lord Bentinck, Commander merit, who had served with honour in of the British Forces as Genoa, for the France, were refused, permission to purpose of requesting that he would enter the army, with the declaration take us under his high protection, and that no Protestant officers would be recommend us to the king on his re- received among the king's forces. warn from Sardinia, that we might re- About the beginning of May, 1794, ceive the same good treatment froin the French had made themselves mashim with his other subjects. The ters of the fort of Mireboue, situated king arrived at Genoa while the Vauc at the extremity of the valley of Ludois deputies were in that city, and zerne, and the Vaudois were accused Lord Bentinck had indle d the good- of having been concerned in its surress to speak concerning us to our so- render, ihough there was not one of Vereign, and to recommend us to his them in the fort. But the fanatical farour. This was about the 18th of Piedmontese laid hold of this accusadiar, Victor Emanuel arrived at Tu- tion as a pretence for planning a serin on the 20th ; and on the 21st he cond St. Bartholomew, to be carried published a manifesto, by which he into execution in the communes of put in force all the edicts which his St. John and La Tour, on the night predecessors had issued. The inha- of the 14th or 15th of May, 1794, by bitants of St. John, arailing themselves the murder of the old men, the woof the liberty which the French go- men and the children who were left

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Memoir relative to the Vaudois. behind in the villages, while all the dismissed from the service of France, Vaudois who were able to bear arms what shall they do, having no other were on the mountains, to oppose the resource than their military talents invasion of the French troops. The which the king will not value at all venerable Curé of Luzerne, Don Bri- in Protestants The Vaudois avow ansa, was the first to put the Vaudois their having favoured the principles upon their guard; and a M. Odette, of liberty of conscience, and of breaka captain of militia, and a rich person ing the chains by which they had in the neighbourhood, repaired to been bound for ages. Posterity will Paul Vertu at La Tour, declaring that judge whether this be a crime before he would shed the last drop of his God, or even before men. They had blood in their defence. Towards the rendered services, most powerfully ennight of the 14th of May, the house joined by humanity, to their deliverers of the Cure of La Tour, the church, (and masters), the commune of Bobbi the convent 'of Recollects, and some alone having furnished, on the appliCatholic houses were filled with as- cation of their very worthy pastor, the sassins. While the fatal moment was late M. Rostan, volunteers, who carapproaching, seventeen expresses had ried three hundred sick and wounded been sent to general Godin, who com- soldiers over the heights of the Alps. manded in the valley, and then had. For this service they received the achis head quarters five miles above La knowledgements of the grand arnry Tour, to give bim information of of Italy, by an Order of the Day these circumstances; but he could not dated 3rd Prim. An. 8, (24th Dec. believe that such horrors were in con- 1799,) and signed by Suchet, General templation. At length, some persons of Division, &c. This humane conof distinction having thrown them- duct was represented by the priests selves at the feet of the general, and and other cruel enemies of the Vanentreated him to send some companies dois, to have been the natural effect of of Vaudois militia to La Tour, he en- their political opinions, notwithstandtertained no further doubts on the sub- ing that the Russians and Austrians ject, but complied with their request, met with a similar reception from

and prepared to retreat with the rest them (never in the least interrupting of the army. The troops arrived at their perfect liberty of conscience), as - La Tour at the commencement of the appears by the testimonials received night, when the rain was pouring in froin Marshal Suwarrow and Prince torrents, which, doubtless, had retarded Bagration (who shewed the greatest the projected massacre. The assassins favour), of Prince Kevenhuller, Gen. now took to flight; and after their eral Niemsell and, above all, tite departure, a list of the conspirators brave Count Nieper, who constantly was discovered, which was sent to the interested himselt on behalf of tire Duke of Aosta, our present king. Vaudois, and was respected by them Not one of thein, however, was either as their benefactor,--at whose suggespunished or sought after. Is not this tion they sent to Count Bubna a short evidence that the court did not disap- list of their requests, of which we give prove of their execrable design? The the substance :-brave general Godin was disgraced, “1. That th:y may hare secured to without receiving any recompence for them a perfect liberty of conscience, his long services, and retired to Nyon, and of situation, in common with the in Switzerland, where he died. other subjects of his Sardinian maje

“ Charles Emanuel III., who call- ty. ed us his good and faithful Vaudois, “ 9. That their religion may be na would not revoke one of the oppressive obstacle to their employment in civil edicts, and we could not have any and military offices, according to the physicians or advocates of our religion, scale of promotion. nor any military promotion abore the “ 3. That they may keep the pro*rank of serjeant, except in the militia ; perty acquired beyond the limits to whilst under the last (French) go- which they were confined, and that vernment, three attained the rank of they may be permitted to make furlieutenant-colonel, iwo or three that this acquisitions, should they meet of major, and more those of chief of with a fair opportunity. battalion, captain, lieutenant, and m “ 4. That they may le periņitted ny received decorations. If they are to settle in any of his Sardinian art

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