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Hypothesis of the Resurrectim. Hindoo priests. This extract from P. S. It may be observed that our them is formed in such a manner that Saviour does not speak of the soul as two verses only learned every day du- the successive principle of man ; or as ring a course of classical studies will the man in his second state, but seems afford at least that general knowledge to refer to both soul and body as cowhich every man, however slightly existing. educated, should think himself bound to acquire.
W. F. SIR,
WAS much pleased with seeing & Sir,
Oct 6, 1815. WAS much gratified by remark- gun in the year 1813, in the Monthly a revival of the interesting inquiry signs his name Cantabrigiensis, and already discussed in some former vo which letter was answered at p. 734, lumes of the Monthly Repository (the under the signature of T., P. In hopes sixth in particular) relative to "the of reviving a controversy which may state of the human being after death.” make more clear the doctrine of the
After a serious and dispassionate resurrection, I have taken the liberty perusal of much that has been stated to lay before you the substance of the in support of the various hypotheses letter and reply, and my reasons for to which the subject has given birth, being dissatisfied with both. I could wish to learn from any can- Cantabrigiensis laments that scripdid advocate of the opinion which ture evidence is in favour of that syssupposes the human being wholly dis- tem which holds man to be one and solved at death, in what sense we are indivisible, and wholly mortal, an hyto understand our Saviour's awful pothesis with which natural appearcaution in Matt. x. 28, if man pos- ances agree, because, owing to this, sess po principle that survives his dis- should there be a resurrection, 'not solution ; or, what object we can in only will a large portion of time and such a case conceive he could have consciousness be lost in the grave, in making any distinction between a but also mortal destructible being, and an im- 1. If man wholly dies, a resurrecmortal imperishable one co-existing tion does not appear to be within the in the human organization ?
bounds of probability. The late Dr. Doddridge considered 2. A new creation cannot rightly this passage as affording a “certain be called a resurrection ; if it is alargument in proof of the existence of lowed that there may be a new creaa soul in a separate state, and of its tion of an individual myself from the perception of that existence ; else (he former being, it must also be allowed added) the soul would be as properly that there may be created from the killed as the body." Family Expos. same being an indefinite number of V. i. S. 75. N. h. How far such a beings, all of them myself, if it is the separate principle of the human orga- will and power of the Creator which nization may exist in a state of per. alone constitutes individuality and ception after death appears to me a identity. very distinct questior. Nor am I in 3. That the resurrection of Jesus is the number of those who consider not a case in point. Never was his that question as of any material im- body corrupted, broken up and disportance to the Christian's hope and sipated ; miraculous power was not comfort. To him, surely, it is the required to re-create it, but only to same when he enters into a state of enable it to re-act. If a total dissohappiness : whether directly on bis lation and separation takes place, it dissolution, or after a long interval of is not then a resurrection which was suspended consciousness. In either the apostolic doctrine, but a re-crecase the prospect itself of future joy ation. remains the same; the promises of 4. The hypothesis of Dr. Wat's the gospel remain unaltered in each (Logic, P. 1. c. 6. § 6.) is but a supview of the subject; and are in the position to avoid a difficulty. one case as much as in the other, I own bodies must rise at the last day trust, equally the object of his hope, for us to receive rewards and punishhis affection and pursuit.
ments in them ; there may be, per
V. M. H. haps, some original fibres of each huvol. XI.
man body, some stamina vitæ or pri- tiplication of persons exactly similar iæval seeds of life, which may remain confusion would ensue, and such an through all the stages of life, death idea arises from supposing matter and and the grave; these may become mind to have such an ipdependent exthe springs and principles of a resur- istence, that certain portions of each rection, and sufficient to denominate may constitute the same being. Such it the same body. But, if there be a view arises from mistaken notions uny such constant and vital atoms they o the Creator and the created. He are known to God only.". To this is one and independent; all existence principle, Dr. Priestley and some of must be either Deity himself or the his disciples appear willing to refer result of his operations; our future for the principle of individuation. existence therefore must be the exer
In consequence of these difficulties cise of his power, and not from the this writer asks, “ If the immortality ordinary operation of what is called a of the soul wants support from scrip- second cause. ture, and the restoration of the same The scripture compares death with body involve in it a physical contra- sleep; he slept with his fathers is their diction, how is the preservation of in- language for death Jesus awakened dividual consciousness and the resur- Lazarus out of sleep after he had been rection of the same man tu be ex. dead four days, and his body become plained, understood or believed
putrid ; and this he did by the interTo this letter T. P. replied. vention alone of that power which
1. That the resurrection of the same first formed man from the dust, the body, if there be but one absolute same power which increased the wiand eternal cause, is within the bounds dow's cruse of oil, and at another time of probability: For the existence of fed five thousand from five loaves and every being, being only the result of a few small fishes. the will and peculiar operation of this 3. The resurrection of Jesus is in cause, the restoration of any being, point to prove our resurrection, for and all its parts, however long its though it was the same body raised, existence has been suspended, has yet that body was raised changed to not in it any thing impossible or im- a spiritual body, as was evidenced by probable : the same creative cause its becoming at will invisible, and by still possessing the same power. If its ascending the heavens. Yet though the originally created being be re- spiritual its capability of being hannewed in the same manner, the same dled, its ability to eat and drink as created effect must be the result of also to converse, prove its identity, the operation ; and not any reason and were to his apostles sufficient evi. appears why the same exact operation dence that he who could produce this cannot be renewed, as well as it was varied effect of visibility and invisioriginally excited, continued and sus- bility, materiality and apparent impended by the Infinite Operator.
materiality with conscious identity, That this reasoning is confirmed could in like manner raise their dead hy the historic evidence of the human bodies and can do the same also by mind. By night, the perception for all who are in their graves. useful and practical purposes is sus- If I have correctly stated the argupended; but this, instead of destroy- ments of both these gentlemen, and ing, strengthens and restores percep. I have so done to the best of my powtion and consciousness. In trances and er, I am free to confess, Mr. Editor, suspended animation, the existence of that T. P. has not done justice to the life is only known by its preserving objections of Cantabrigiensis; he apthe body from putrefaction. Why pears to me instead of giving a philothen cannot Deity by immediate in- sophical answer as expected so as to tervention suspend existence, disor: have the subject intelligibly explained ganise the mechanism, and again with that it might be believed with the such alterations as new relations and understanding, to have rather begged circumstances may require to re-or the question, resting the whole of his
answer on the mighty power of God. 2. The mind is a representation of 1. C. asserts that if a man wholly external things, therefore a unity of dies the resurrection of that man is person must be essentially connected not within the bounds of probability. with conscious identity. By a mul- T.P. instead of shewing that it is pro
67 bable because it is rational, consist- quotations are foreign to the subject, ent with the nature of man, and there- and some of them demand evidence fore credible, contents himself by clo- of his having justly applied them, parsing a long metaphysical argument, ticularly the spirituality and invisiwith asking why the same God who bility of Jesus prior to his ascension. first created and has now intervened 4. Lastly, C. asserts that the hyto suspend existence, cannot alter pothesis of Dr. Watts, “ That each aud re-organize? But the question human being may have some stamina put by C. remains unanswered. It vitæ or primæval seeds of life," is but was not what Almighty power could an hypothesis to get rid of a difficulty: do, but as a reason for his after ques- whether it be so or not, I will endeation he asserts the resurrection of the vour to examine in my next, should this same man to be improbable, and letter meet with your approbation. I wants it to be so explained that it shall then endeavour to shew that the may be understood and believed. difficulties Cantabrigiensis has brought
2. The next difficulty of C. is, that forward are not insurmountable, and if the Deity creates him anew from that though the resurrection of the any part of himself, and that part same body does involve in it mang partakes of the conscious identity of absurdities as well as contradictions, his present state of existence, he might yet the resurrection of the man and also equally well create from the large the preservation of his individual conremainder of himself, many other in- sciousness accords with nature as well dividual beings, all of whom would as scripture, and though it cannot be have the same consciousness of identi- demonstrated it may be so explained ty; and that, after all, such new crea- as to be undertood and believed. tion wonld not be a resurrection. I
CREDO. bave too good an opinion of the understanding of C., though known to
Tenterden, Dec. 7, 1815.
to that he can be satisfied with the Paluable Repository, accidentally vague and laboured answer of T. P. He had sufficient evidence in nature at the 902d page, the name of Mr. to have shewn that the future life Soame Jenyns met my eye. With must be a resurrection of the one man your respectable correspondent, Mr. that died, and if that one man was Rutt, I also am old enough to have divided it was no longer a resurection; in perfect recollection the interest erinstead of which, as in the former dif- cited by the above-mentioned gentleficulty, he cuts the knot by a refer- man's view of the internal evidence of ence to the creative power of God; the Christian religiou. The different that creative power which increased opinions entertained of the writer are the widow's oil and multiplied the also in my recollection ; not a few bread and fish in the hands of Jesus. considering it as a covert attack on His argument and illustration go to Christianity itself. I confess myself shew that because God has the pow. to have been strongly tempted, at er to multiply individuality with con- the time, to entertain this latter opinscious identity to each part, therefore ion. But that patriotism is not a he will not exercise it.
Christian virtue, is one of those posi. 8. C. next asserts, that the resur- tive assertions which appears to me rection of Jesus, his body never hav- to be totally destitute of proof. ing been by corruption broken up It is with pleasure admitted, that and separated, is not a case in point, there is an almost irresistible charm ours being a re-creation, but his a re- in a spirit of universal benevolence. surrection. To this T. P. replies by Actuated by it we resemble our Crea. endeavouring to prove that they are tor in his most glorious attribute ; in in all points alike; but as his argu- his disinterested, inexhaustible and ment contradicts the scriptures which everlasting goodness : nor do I conbring only the resurrection of Jesus ceive there to be any thing inconsis. as an evidence of the divine capability tent with this, in a pure and geneand a manifestation of the divine in- rous love to our country. tention to raise and judge mankind. If ever there was a true patriot, T. P. appears to me in this also to Jesus Christ was that person. His have failed, and that his scriptural public ministry was principally cons
have in recollection. Even after his AS ou occasionally devote your
fined to Jerusalem and Judea. To your correspondents. Leaving thereJews were his instructions delivered; fore the discussion of this subject to and for the benefit of his country- abler pens, and expressing the most men were his miracles wrought. When cordial good wishes for the increasing they returned all with ingratitude and success of your highly useful Repohatred, he wept over them ; nor do sitory, we meet with two more pathetic pas
I am, &c. sages in the course of his bistory, than
L. H. those which applied to the devoted city he had at the time in view: pas- Sir,
Nov. 16, 1815. sages, which the reader cannot but
pages crucifixion, upon his again meeting
am induced to offer you, from an old his disciples, when be directed them book, a short extract concerniug an to go into all the world and preach island, of which we had scarcely the gospel to every creature, he added heard, till it became connected with those memorable words, beginning at the fortunes of that extraordinary Jerusalem. Yet in perfect consistency man, who, whether an Emperor or with this true patriotism, was also his a captive, will be regarded as great love to the whole world.
indeed, at least, in the world's estiThe Apostle Paul's patriotism was
mate, compared with any whom the such that he even wished himself
mere accidents of birth have made accursed from, or rather in Christ; royal or imperial ; for, according to i. e. that he might, like his Master, die the accursed death of the cross, caped a courtly poet,"
a plebeiau sentiment which ouce esfor his brethren, his kinsmen according to the flesh, could he but effect Pigmies are pigmies still, though perch'd their conversion. Yet no one will for on Alps, a moment call in question his uncon
And pyramids are pyramids in vales ; fined benevolence and charity. or, as was said of Grotius, a great.
Mr. Soame Jenyns's definition of man is like a famous statue, to be adpatriotism possibly deluded him. mired, whether on or off the pedestal. * That patriotism is to oppress all
which I propose to ofother countries, to advance the imagina- fer you is the following, from Mery prosperity of our own." But this moires of the affairs of France during is a false and wholly unfounded defi- the reign of the present king, Lewis nition. It might be a convenient ar- the XIV th. Done out of French. gument in favour of the slave-trade; 18mo. 1675. but a true patriot would be ashamed “ 1646. Portolongonil, a place si. to use it.
tuated in the isle of Elb, lying in the Assuredly, neither Jesus Christ, Tuscan Sea, between the Continent nor bis apostles, ever interfered in the of Italy and Corsica, which was herepolitical regulations of their own, or tofore usurped from its own lawful any other countries. Their commis- Lord by a Captain of the Emperor sions did not apply to them. The Charles the Vih, in the year 1546, kingdom of Christ was not of this after that delivered into the possesworld. Yet I cannot but consider sion of his son Philip the Ild, and them as the noblest and most disinte- whose successors held it ever since, rested band of patriots the world erer was now besieged and taken by the knew ; and that they were equally, in French army. In the midst of this the most important sense of the term, island rises a spring, on this account true philanthropists.
the more admirable, that its waters If a person is an affectionate father are observed to hold proportion with of a family, njay he not also be a good the length of the days of the year, in neighbour ? Does neighbourly kind- such manner, that when they are at pess prevent love to our country? or the longest, the stream is able to love to our country, benevolence to drive a mill, but when at the shortest all mankind ? The first circle may be 'tis almost dry.”—Mem. p. 38. of very confined dicmeter : the last, After making due allowance for the embrace the universe. If in error, in propensities of a credulous age there the above statement, I shall be happy will remain, to have occasioned this in receiving the correction of any of statement, some very unusual appear
Mrs. Cappe, on the Adaptation of Divine Revelation to the Human Mind. 29 ances respecting this spring, of which with the greatest interest the elaboperhaps one of your readers, versed rate work of the excellent Dr. Cogan, in Natural History, can communicate and I am induced to send you a few a further account.
reflections suggested by that work, HYDROPHILUS. and by some other recent publications
which if not further illustrative of SIR,
some of the subjects on which they TOMETIME ago I copied the fol- treat, may not perhaps be deemed
lowing paragraph from Ware's wholly irrelevant.* What at this hour Cumberland Pacquet, dated 21st Feb. Mr. Editor, is the state of those coun1815, a choice thing for the 19th cen- tries in respect of religion who do not tury.
possess the scriptures ? What is the « The Archbishop of Cashel has still more deplorable state of those refused to consecrate (at the instance where they are set at nought, or riof Lady Caher) the new Church diculed, or despised, or miserably oberected at Caher, in Ireland, on ac- scured and debased by the most bicount of its not being built due East goted, abject, superstition? Let a and West as the Canon requires ; it great neighbouring nation give the is a well finished piece of Grecian answer. But we will not exact it of architecture."
them. Alas! it may be read in that I have been puzzled to find out total demoralization which has infectwhat can be done with the church; ed all ranks of men among them. We but having lately observed that a may read it in the frivolous amusestrong disposition has manifested it. ments, the ferocious vindictive pasself among the natives to resist the sions, the never-ceasing round of tritithes, it has occurred to me that it fling, seductive dissipation which may serve as barracks, that the pri- makes shipwreck of all sober reflecvileges of the Clergy may be protected tion, of every virtuous sentiment and by the soldiery.
of every patriotic, benevolent or useW. D. ful pursuit.
C. C. Mrs. Cappe, on the Adaptation of Di- On the striking adaptation of the vine Revelation to the Human Mind. leading objects of divine revelation to
York, Dec. 6th, 1815. the known phenomena of the human SIR,
mind, as contradistinguished to that I
REJOICE to see the subject of of the inferior animals, demonstrating
the British and Foreign School the strong presumptive evidence arisSociety warmly advocated by a much ing from thence, that both have the respected writer in your liberal Ma- same great and good Being for their gazine [x. 614.] for I cannot but con- Author. sider that excellent institution, and its It appears that the following are no less illustrious sister, the British the great primary outlines of distincand Foreign Bible Society, as the tion between the human race and the brightest luminaries of the European various tribes of inferior animals placed firmament, at this time in many other below them. respects sufficiently dark and gloomy. 1. The power of discriminating beThis darkness, however, is not to be tween virtue and vice, and of making ascribed to the want of many excel- their election accordingly; from lent writers, who have given the most whence arises human responsibility. clear, comprehensive and consolatory 2nd. In that comprehension of views of the government and provi- mind which is capable of looking fordepce of God, and especially of his ward beyond the present to the fugoodness and parental care as from ture, and of regulating their actions time to time developed in the writings according to certain, or even highly of the Old and New Testament, and probable remote consequences. more particularly in their striking 3rd, In the power of deliberating adaptation to the mental progress and the peculiar situation and circum
* See an excellent Sermon on the Reli. stances of the long series of genera- gious and Moral Improvement of Mankind, tions to whom they were successively preached at Leeds, in June last, by the vouchsafed.
Rev. Charles Wellbeloved. Longmau and lo this view I have lately perused Co, London.