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Southey's Poem “ The Great Victory."-Questions to Anti-baptists. 265' I think, perceive, that the main spring conduct, because his phraseology would of his religious career (and to this admit of such an exposition? But cause he devoted his life), was, “ Love your correspondent argues, that if Rito him who first loved us, and gave mius's charges were not founded, they himself for us;" that this love prompt- would certainly have been replied to; ed him to cheerful compliance with according to him, silence necessarily what he believed the Bible taught of involves guilt: if such be his opinion, his Lord's will; constraining him to mine it certainly is not: nor, 'let me diffuse, as widely as possible, what he add, that of many great and good men regarded as the good tidings of salva- besides. To conclude-Rimius's work tion; and in the prosecution of this, appears to me its own refuter; for to him all-important object, he shun- were the horrid charges he alleges ned neither privations nor dangers, nor matters of fact, it is incredible how reproach nor poverty; though his rank, any society in civilized Europe could connexions and fortune would have hold together; and the Brethren themenabled him to move in what the selves seem to have been of the same world regards an exalted sphere. opinion; for I have been credibly in
As the apologist of the moral cha- formed, that they might have bought racter of the Count, I am now com- up all the copies of that work if they pelled to take some notice of a work had been so inclined, but they preferlong since consigned to merited obli- red, and I think wisely, to leave it to vion. I termed that work malignant its fate. Your correspondent seems to and deceptive; for, under the mask of think, that Maclaine's testimony, who candour, the author evidently endea- merely quotes from Rimius, is of great vours to represent the Count and his weight in this affair; but he is, percoadjutors as inimical to the cause of haps, not aware, that at that period virtue and even decorum; without it was as much the order of the day attempting to allege any thing by way to slander the poor Moravians, as it is of extenuation, which charity would at present the Unitarians. With best naturally have suggested, and for which wishes for the success of your excellent abundant scope unquestionably re- Repository, I remain, mained: but his aim has invariably
Your obliged friend, been to exhibit them in the blackest
J. F. B.) colouring; thus to render them objects
Hackney, April 3, 1816. : but this writer is by no means to be L Anhough I may have frequently implicitly relied on, for his statements not unfrequently rest on the authority lamented the apostacy of our Poet Lauof persons who seceded from the Bre- reat from some of the best sentiments thren's cong. egation from worldly or of his earlier, unpensioned years, the selfish motives,
and whose disatfection mistake of your correspondent Pacifiwould render their representations at cus, (p. 106,) ought to be rectified. least suspicious : again, his translations The beautiful and instructive little are often inaccurate, by no means pro piece “ The Great Victory," is not senting the genuine meaning of the omitted in the late edition of Southoriginal, frequently eliciting meanings ey's Poems, but inserted Vol. III. and hints which the text does not war- p. 167. What naturally led your cor rant, or at least does not require. Nor respondent to make the mistake alis this all; language is frequently luded to is the blunder of the printer charged to the Count with which he or reviser of the late edition, who, in had no concern and which he was the table of contents, hạs omitted to foremost to counteract. This candid notice the poem of "The Great Vicauthor, moreover, discovers a wonder- tory,” and' of another “ The Old ful propensity to attribute iropurity of Woman,” &c. p. 193. thought and conduct to impropriety of
B. F. language. But Zinzendorf, we know, is not the only mysticizer of scripture. SIR, Harlow, April 17, 1816. others come the meble Yet, and A ber or pour constanter readers are would dare to tax the learned and es- Anti-baptists, will you permit me to timable commentator on the Song of submit to them a few questions conSalomon with impurity of mind and cerning the ordinances, and principles
of that religion, which we in common convert? Were not some of the Corinbelieve ; and the duties of which I thian professors, idolaters, before their doubt not to the best of our knowledge reception of the Christian faith? Did we endeavour to practise. I am sure Paul understand his commission ? we shall agree that the commandment Does he regret having baptized Crisof Christ is supreme authority, both pus, Gaius and the household of Stewith respect to faith and practice. I phanus; was not the character of presume that all those persons, who Paul traduced by the professing Chrisdo not attend to any kind of baptism, tians at Corinth, and were not many may be classed under the two follow- of them a disgrace to their profession? ing descriptions; first, such as consider Did not the Corinthians either weakly that ordinance as superseded by the or malignantly represent Paul and his baptism of the Spirit, which I believe fellow-labourers as founders of differis the sentiment of the respectable so- ent religious sects? Was not this ciety of Christian Friends, called Qua- sufficient reason to induce the apostle kers; and who also decline the ordi- to congratulate himself, that he had nance of the Lord's Supper, on the baptized no more of them? Does he principle of a religion wholly spiritual, not ask these very people in whose to which they suppose these institutes name they had been baptized, whe
are not now necessary. The second, ther in the name of the Jewish Chrissuch as do not consider baptism as ex- tian Apollos, or Jesus Christ? Did tending beyond the pale of converts these Jews who thus baptized idolafrom Judaism to Christianity. To trous Gentiles, exceed their commisthe first of these I shall only proposesion? What does Paul mean when he one question, when that is answered says to these people; Cor. i. 6, 7, we shall be better able to judge of the “Know ye not that idolaters, &c. shall scriptural propriety of their Anti-bap- not inherit the kingdom of God, and tism.
such were some of you, but ye are The question is this; is the religion washed in the name of the Lord of Friends more spiritual than the re- Jesus?". Was not baptism always ligion of the Primitive Churches, Mar- practised in the Christian church from tyrs, Confessors, Apostles, and of Jesus the first age, and was it not considered Christ himself? Of the second class as a privilege? Have we any account of of Anti-baptists more questions will be the admission of Gentile converts asked ; for the present the following. without it? When did the distinction As I suppose it will be granted that between catechumens, and Christian baptism in, or with water, was enjoin- professors first begin. Though Gentile ed by Jesus Christ : And as we are converts rejected circumcision, were ready to admit that baptism, in some they ever refused baptism? Is it not form, was practised by the Jews before said that as many as have been baptized the time of Christ ; is it a fact that he into Christ, have put on Christ? adopted this ceremony, and, as our ex- Have not those who have put on ample, submitted to it himself? Was Christ, thus publicly acknowledged his baptism to be extended beyond the him to be Lord, to the glory of God limits of converts to Christianity? the Father, and therefore bound themWas this ordinance to be extended to selves to obey bis Gospel ? What is all the proselytes to the Christian the scriptural way of publicly professfaith? Díd Christ give authority to ing to be a Christian Ought not such the Apostles, or to any of them, to a profession to be made in a way that preach the Gospel to every creature, to cannot be misunderstood ? Was not disciple all nations baptizing them ? baptism the Jewish and Christian Did the Apostles preach the gospel to mode of professing proselytism? Is idolaters, did they convert such, and the profession of Christianity a volun. when the door of faith was opened to tary and public act? Is a man a the Gentiles, were they Jewish con- Christian before he is satisfied of the verts previously, or idolatrous heathen? truth of Christianity? Or are they Were the common and unclean Gen- convinced of its truth who have never tiles, Acts x. 11, to whom Peter com- examined its evidences ? Was not the municated the Gospel, previously to ordinance of the Lord's Supper origitheir conversion and baptism circum- nally administered to the Apostles excised Jewish converts ? 'If they were clusively? Did either the seventy eldrot, then what constituted a Jewish ers, or any of the five hundred brePersecution of French Protestants in 1755.
267 thren, or any of the Christian women, falling into the hands of a cardinalt partake of it?. Admitting that Paul devoted to the Jesuits, by their inwas mistaken in baptizing Gentiles, if Auence a new declaration was issued he did baptize them, then, might he on the 14th of May, 1724, which connot be equally mistaken in giving the tains in it whatever was most severe in supper to Gentiles, to the laity, or to the edicts of Lewis XIV. On the first the female converts of the Christian of February, 1745, Lewis XV. pubfaith? May not the form of words lished his ordonnance against the Proused in Christian baptism be objected testants, enforcing the former edicts, to by some persons, though I think and making it death to the minister without any reason?
who officiated, and perpetual impriSir, yours,
sonment for the women, and gallies B. P. SEVERN. for the men, who have been present
at the meetings. And how dreadSt. Ardleon, April 30, 1816. fully these cruel orders were obeyed, SIR,
the attack of religious Protestant asI
VERY lately met with a pam- semblies by soldiers who scrupled not
phlet, published more than sixty to fire in among them, the condemnayears ago, which contains some parti- tion of some who were apprehended culars respecting the sufferings of the to the prison, and of others
to the galFrench Protestants, and the attention lies, and the murders of ministers they excited in this country at that pe from the year 1745 to 1750, dreadfully riod. A recollection of these may not testify. In the year 1750, the French be uninteresting at present : the pub- king published an ordonnance at Verlication is entitled ;
sailles, January 17, willing, that for“Two Discourses, occasioned by mer edicts against the Protestants, and the cruel oppressions of the Protestants particularly that of 1724, should be in France, and enlarged with a recent executed ; and enjoining officers and and particular account of the state of judges to attend diligently to their exethe persecution in that kingdom. To cution. How rigorously these edicts which are prefixed some serious re- have been executed, take in the folflections on the present situation of lowing accounts :these nations, and our American Co.
“ Extract of a Letter from Mr. lonies : by Thomas Gibbons.” 8vo. Protestant minister of Lower Langue1755.
doc, July 26, 1754. The author of these Discourses L" About July 5th, a religious which appear to have preceded a con- assembly returning home, the garrison gregational collection was a Minister fell upon them, fired, put them to among the Independents. He died in Aight, and seized three men and five 1785, aged 65, having been distin
women.-Another assembly having guished through life, as I can describe broke up were attacked by a party of him from personal acquaintance, by dragoons, who fired among them, practical piety and extensive benevo wounded one man, and ended his life lence. For the historical particulars with their bayonets. Forty-five were Dr. Gibbons quotes “a pamphlet en, taken prisoners. - Other accounts of titled Annals of the Rise, Progress and the assembly inform us, that five or Persecutions of the famous Reformed Churches in France, published by the and took out of the gallies sixty-eight of Reverend Mr. Isaac Toms, of Hadleigh, these unhappy persons, to whom he gave in Suffolk, in 1753," and an Appendix full liberty to go out of the kingdom by the same “worthy and excellent wherever they thought proper." Priv. friend," in 1755. On these authori- Life of Lewis 15th. 1781. i. 135.---R. B. ties, the author of the Discourses thus + The Duke of Bourbon was prime introduces the following details.
minister on the Regent's death, in 1724; “ During the minority of Lewis but Cardinal Fleury was supposed to inXV.,
the Duke of Orleans being Re- Aluence the affairs of government, before gent, the government was more favour. his appointment to succeed the duke in
1726. Priv. Life, &c. i. 148, 9.---R. B. ble to the Protestants than it had for
“See this edict in Laval's History, merly been ;* but the administration sol
: iv. or in the appendix to a pamphlet
entitled, Popery always the same, p. 76." “ The Regent moderated the fury of $ Popery always the same, appendix, the clergy, (towards the Protestants,] p. 76."
six were killed on the spot, and four- Myself must have shared the same fate teen or fifteen wounded.-Towards had it not been for the kind protection the latter end of the same month, an of a Catholic friend. For I had no assembly was surprised by a party of, sooner left my house than it was surdragoons, who fired upon them, and rounded by a numerous detachment, seized several of both sexes, who re- which made the most exact search for main in prison.--The 17th instant, an me. Since this fatal time my day is officer and five gentlemen were taken turned into night; and my people, up, for what reason we cannot yet cer- seeing it is impossible for me to elude tainly know. Some say it is for hold- their diligent search, advise me to retire ing assemblies, and others for perform- for some time into Switzerland, there ing baptisms and marriages.'
to wait till more quiet and peaceable " Part of a Letter from Mr. a Pro- with taxes and impositions, and strug
days; and, as our church is oppressed testant minister at Aug. 8, 1754. gling with difficulties, it cannot be
"I am well acquainted with expected they should be any longer the affairs of our churches, and the able to support their minister. We several unjust and cruel methods which have great reason to fear our enemies are daily used to destroy them. Never will exert all their power to disturb before have they been so artfully at- and molest them, (the ministers and tacked: they are beset on every side, others that baptize, &c. in the desert,) and ravaged from every quarter. And since the Bishop of Alais has sent a it will be impossible to bear up under letter for that purpose to all the curates this heavy calamity, unless sustained of his diocese. and upheld by God himself. Let us, therefore, incessantly offer up our pray
“ An Account of Mr. Pę, drawn up ers to him for assistance, and, perhaps, by himself sooner than we expect, a happy Pro
-"On the parish curate's (the vidence may change the present awful appearance of things to scenes more by force, and baptizing it according to
same as rector here) taking my child happy and delightful. The provinces the rites of the Church of Rome durof this part of the kingdom, where the ing my absence, on my return home Protestant religion has most flourished, ate crowded with troops, as I imagine the curate, who hereupon complained
expressed my resentment, and reproved to extirpate all the Protestants, if pos- of me to the deputy, and a warrant sible, for they are to quarter here for some time. And what strengthens my cused, and, though innocent, con
was granted against me. I was acopinion is, that they have expended demned to death, as accessary to the large sums of
murder of a woman found dead in the and other necessaries sufficient for 20,000 troops. Expenses which are of Thoulouse, and thereby was acquit
prison. I appealed to the parliament entirely needless, if they were stationed ted and discharged from imprisonhere only for the convenience of pas. ment; but after some time was again ture. On the fourth instant they made ordered to be arrested; but a friend a general sally. They plundered not only the houses in the country, but gave me private intelligence. I imeven those in the city did not escape
mediately embraced the favourable optheir fury. A minister, who has portunity, left my family the very same taken upon him that office no more
day, and Aled for refuge to this happy. than two years, had the house sur- God, I am safely arrived.'
isle, where, by the kind Providence of rounded where he was, and, attempting to escape, was shot by a fuzee, and
“ Extract of a Letter from Mr. Bourwas arrested, as was all the family dillon, ministar in London, Secretary where he was. He was carried
pri- to the Society jor the Relief of the soner to Montpellier, where, in all probability, he must suffer, as most of his predecessors have done before him.* in prison by his discourse and courage;
greatly affecting by his death all those,
without distinction, who were spectators * “ He (by name M. la Fage) finished of it. Every body was extremely edified his course gloriously at Montpellier, on by his piety, his meekness, his resignation the 16th of the same month, after having to the divine will, his resolution and firmgained the esteem of those who saw him ness. Toms's Appendix, p. 3."
Persecution of French Protestants in 1755.
269 French Refugees, dated Nov. 14, ple, killed some of them, and took 1754.
somne prisoners. The persecutions are ««« Our dear brethren are more and going on in many other parts, with more persecuted in France. They
in great severity. The prisoners upon the crease every day; and by the last let- gallies* earnestly desire our prayers, ters which were read the day before and are sent from Marseilles to Touyesterday at our society, we hear that lon, where they are far from their the troops in Languedoc search in the friends, who used now and then to night-tiine, not only for the pastors, give them some help:
“ Such was the situation of the who are mostly fled to woods and dens, but for their defenceless Aock. persecution in France but a few months A great many of the faithful have ago. I have learnt since, from the been taken and confined to prisons.
Rev. Mr. Bourdillon, the Secretary to The terror is spread every where. The the Society for the Relief of the Proworship of the Lord suspended. Few testants
that fly into this kingdom for congregations meet together. Courage
the sake of religion, that there is no is abated. Zeal slackens. They have remission of the cruel ediets ; that the nothing left but their private prayers by taxes, &c.; that the ministers are
people have been miserably exhausted in the midst of their alarms and sorrows.'
driven away by the severity of the per
secution; and that religious assemblies “ Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Mr. have been in a manner totally sus
Isaac Toms, minister at Hadleigh in pended. Such is the mournful state
Very affecting accounts from number is computed at 3,000,000 of
The Continuation des Causes Celeres “ Extract of u Letter from the same gen- (Vol. 4, 18mo. Aunst. 1771), in addillenan, daied March 13, 1755.
tion to the interesting details respecting “ I have to acquaint you that Mr. Colas, records other proofs of the anti
has informed me by last post but pathy excited against the Protestants one, that in Normandy things are
at the saine period; particularly noticmore quiet, but that they have very
ing (p. 308), the pleasure with which few ministers for above 100,000 souls. execution of a Protestant minister who
some ladies at Tholouse attended the In Languedoc things are worse and worse. Ministers are so clos-ly fol.
was hanged in that city and of three lowed, that, there being no possibility of being useful to the flocks, they are *“ A galley is a low-decked vessel, çeretired to Switzerland, &c. There nerally from 120 to 132 feet loot, 18 feet are near eighty men now in the gal- broad, and 6 feet deep. They are bavilies for their religious zeal, and very gated by oars, and chiefly used in the manty, great numbers, in prisons and Mediterranean sea. The slaves ak chainfetters.'
ed to the ours, their shirts being stripped
down to their waist, and exposed to all “ From the Appendir to the Rrv. Mr. Weathers. They must strike the oars all
Isaac Toms's Annals under the Month together, or they are severely handled. of April, 1755, p. 8.
The chains sometimes guaw them to the “We have heard that in February excepting Protestants for their religion,
bone, and occasion gangrenes. The slaves, last an assembly of Protestants being are notorious malefactors, who, having held for divine service towards Bour- escaped the sentence of death, art condeaux, the enemy had notice of it, sent denned to this punishment for a time, or soldiers, who fired upon the poor peo- for life. See Toms's Aunals, p. 30." * VOL. XI.