Imatges de pÓgina

the abstract question, than if he were to of our acceptance with God. and that, ascertain our Lord's stature, or the colour for no apparent object, it teaches the of his hair. It appears now that he has most unnatural and monstrous doctrines. exerted his utmost talents, for a series of The Doctor says, that no one can point years, with much bitterness of language, out any congruity in the measure of a upon a subiect which he allows to be alto literal sacrifice; and he contends for this gether speculative--- Unconnected with sense, solely because it suits bis prejumorality, or with our duty in any shape. dices or inclinations, that we should subAs if he were aware of this objection, he mit our reason, implicitly, to the literal sets up“ bumility" as “the soul and sub- meaning of scripture, upon this particular stance of all Christian virtue." What he 'subject. When we are thus called on to means by it may be accurately known from put out the light of reason, which is the his observation that a “ reverence for the first revelation from God, we may fairly mysterious sublimities of religion teaches presume that it is not for the purpose of humility," and from his description al- substituting the undoubted revelation of ready quoted of “the essence of Chris- the gospel, but some manifest perversion of tianity.” This species of humility he it. Upon what principle can he blame or enjoys and recommends, in common with refute those who profess to renounce their the most haughty advocates for spiritual reason and senses, in order that they may tyranny; who place the utmost perfection understand literally these words of our of a Christian in his repeating these words, Lord---this is my body? It will farther with most bumble devotion,---" I re- appear to the reader, who will make the nounce the evidence of my senses, and all experiment here recommended, that the human understanding." If Christ had notion of the literal sacrifice of Christ to been week and lowly, in their sense of the appease the infinite wrath of another word humility, he would have been per- person, implies or supposes the doctrine fectly obsequious to the jewish priests and of a Deity strangely compounded of differulers, and Christianity would hare died rent persons, with opposite dispositions, with him; and if the humility which he one of whom became and remains incar: admires prevailed universally, priests alone nate; a doctrine which no reflecting man would reign, and be as gods on the earth. can believe, though there are many violent No, the humility which is uppermost in advocates for it. Will not the most his mind, is not charity, nor sober steadfast of the orthodox be offended, if thoughts of our works and situation, nor the question be put to him, whether he any Christian virtue; but it is an im- really believes this doctrine ? and will he plicit acquiescence with him in these not apologize for his faith by under-statesenseless opinions, that man has no power ments and appeals to mystery? Dr. Ma. to do or to will any thing which is pleas- gee wishes to rank among the most zealing in the sight of God, but that the ous of the orthodox; yet he exposes his blood of God Almighty washes away, in a orthodoxy with such caution, that it is literal sense, the sins of those men who plain he is ashamed to confess that his rely on that alone. With these right God is composed of three persons. If he. humble notions in his head, a man may does believe this doctrine, would it not be live in the breach of all the command- incumbent on him to shew the reason why ments, and yet be flattered by the Doc- two-thirds of his God should be refused an tor that he has “the soul and substance infinite atonement for the sins of men ? of all Christian virtue," and « the és He was aware of this objection, and from sence of Christianity.” To favour the his silence we may conclude he was unsame notions he has produced a string of able to answer it. But the truth is, he texts, relating to the sacrifice of Christ, . no more believes there are three persons the true meaning of which the reader may in Almighty God, than the generality of learn by the following experiment: Let Romish priests believe they can re-produce bim try how they will all bear to be ex- their Maker; and his belief in the atoneplained according to the two opposite ment, so far at least as it depends on this suppositions of a figurative and a literal idolatrous notion of three persons, is, sense. On the first supposition, the after all, nothing more than the belief of meaning is abundantly supported by pa- a partisan, whose views are confined to rallel figurative language; and the Doc- this world. He will probably have his tor himself must admit that all these pas- reward." sages contain nothing but truth, are replete with beauty and harmony, and are

ART. III.-The History and Antiquities free from difficulties and absurdities. On the other supposition, the candid and ju

of Dissenting Churches, &c. dicious reader will find, that the entire

(Continued from p: 239.]. ;

" that

, Review.-Wilson's Dissenting Churches.

491 now extinct, was distinguished by a of the same name, which we shall succession of able ministers, of whom extract: the following is a list: Timothy Cruso, M.A. Francis Fuller, M.A. William “ Besides the above Dr. William HarHarris, D.D. Samuel Rosewell, John ris, there was another writer of the same Billingsley, Samuel Harvey, Nathaniel name, also a Dissenting minister, and a Lardner, D.D. George Benson, D.D. celebrated historian. The latter was a Ebenezer Radcliffe, Richard Price, native of Salisbury, and received his acaD.D. John Calder, D.D.

denical learning under Mr. Grove and Timothy Cruso, of whom a handsome Dr. Amory, at Taunton, At that period, portrait is given, was a learned, able he was remarkable for pregnant parts and and faithful Dissenting pastor. Our a love of books. He began to preach historian having indulged a conjecture fore he was nineteen years of age. His

when very young---it is apprehended, be(p. 57) that “ he spent some time as first settlement was with a dissenting conchaplain or tutor in a private family, a gregation at St. Loo, in Cornwall. From very usual practice for young ministers thence he removed to the city of Wells, at that time," remarks very truly that where he was ordained April 15, 1741. “ the Dissenters have derived no ad- Mr. Samuel Billingsley, of Ashwick, and vantage by (from) discontinuing, so Dr. Amory, of Taunton, assisted on the laudable a custom.” At the time occasion. Mr. Harris did not continue when students leave their academies many years at Wells; but, on marrying they are commonly too young to un

Miss Bovet, of Honiton, he removed to dertake the pastoral office; and by that town, to reside with two uncles of • being hurried' at once into the duties that lady, and preached the remainder of of a faborious profession and the cares

his life to a small society at Luppit, in dropping or at least of becoming irre- him the degree of Doctor of Divinity, of life, they are in great danger of the neighbourhood. In September 1765, gular in their studies. Francis Fuller was the son of “ Mr. through the interest of his friend, the late

Thomas Hollis, Esq. John Fuller, a pious and eminent mi- “ Dr. Harris's first essay in the walk of nister in London, who was ejected in literature, in which he afterwards made a 1662, from St. Martin's, Ironmonger distinguished figure, was the Life of Hugh Lane,” and brother to Dr. Thomas Peters, after the manner of Bayle. În and Dr. Samuel Fuller, also eminent 1753, he published" An historical and scholars and preachers, who conformed critical Account of the Life and Writings at the Restoration. This family was of James I.' upon the model of the forecelebrated for facetiousness. Jere, mentioned writer, drawn from state paWhite, one of Oliver Cromwell's chap- pers and original documents. This was lains, was the friend of Francis Fuller, followed in 1758, by the Life of Charles I. and preached his funeral sermon, which upon the same plan. These publications

attracted the notice, and secured bim the was afterwards published. A full account is given (pp. 66—75), Hollis, who, from time to time, assisten

friendship, of the munificent Mr. Thoma with a pleasing portrait, of Dr. William him with many valuable books and papers Harris. He was an author of some for the furtherance of his design. In the note in his day, but none of his works year 1762, he gave to the public, the Life have maintained their ground in public of Oliver Cromwell, in one large volume estimation. His name will be pre- octavo; and in 1766, the Life of Charles served, however, as one of the conti- II. in two volumes octavo. Both were nuators of Matthew Henry's Exposi- executed in the same manner, and gained tion; he drew up the Commentary the author increasing reputation. The upon the Epistles to the Philippians characteristic qualities of Dr. Harris as an and Colossians. He made an extensive historian, are diligence in collecting matecollection of books, which he bequeath- rials ; exact fidelity in quoting authorities ; ed to Dr. Williams's Library, in Red impartiality in stating facts ; and an ardent Cross Street, where there is preserved zeal for civil and religious liberty. It a very fine painting of him. It is to has been justly observed, that'while Eahis honour that he was one of those other writers of their stamp, composed

chard, Hume and Smollet (Smollett), and that resisted subscription to articles, at their histories for the use of kings, or the Salters' Hall Synod, in 1719. rather tyrants, to instruct them how to

Here Mr. Wilson introduces a short rule at pleasure ; Rapin, Harris, Wilson, notice of another Dissenting minister Osborno, &c. wrote for the use of the

of day,

people, to show them that they could claim What worlds of worth lay crowded in the an equal protection in their privileges and breast ! liberties, by a right anterior to the autho- Too strait the mansion for th' illustrious rity conferred upon kings.* Dr. Harris guest ! adopted the manner of Bayle, as it gave Zeal, like a flame, shot from the realms him an opportunity to enter into disquisitions, and to indulge reflections in the Aids the slow fever to consume the clay, notes, which, in the text, would have And bears the saint up through the starry interrupted the narrative. His abilities

road and merits as an historian, introduced Triumphant: so Elijah went to God. him to an acquaintance and correspon.. What happy prophet shall his mantle find, dence with some of the most eminent cha- Heir to the double portion of his wind ?" racters of his day; as Lord Orford, Archdeacon Blackburn (Blackburne), Dr. Art. IV.-Olservations on the State and Birch, Mrs. Macauley, Dr. Mayhew of

Changes in the Presłyterian Societies Boston, Mr. Theophilus Lindsey, &c. Besides the foregoing works, it is conjectured

of England during the last half Centhat he was the author of a tract, without

tury. Also, on the Manufactures of his name, in answer to "An Essay on

Great Britain, which have been for Establisbments in Religion ;' which passed

the most part established and supas the work of Mr. Rotherham, but ported by the Protestant Dissenters. was suspected to have been dictated, Tending to illustrate the Importance or at least revised, by Archbishop Secker. of Religious Liberty and free InHe was, likewise, the editor of a vo- quiry to the Welfare and Prosperity lume of Sermons, by the late Mr. Wil- of a People: preceded by a Sermon liam West, of Exeter. An ill state of on the Death of the Rev. Dr. Joshua health, brought on by nocturnal stu- Toulmin, in which his Character as dies, when the mornings had been spent a Member of Civil Society is atin relaxation, and converse with neigh- tempted to be improved. By Israel bouring friends, impeded his application

Worsley. 12mo. pp. 134. ' Longto further historical investigations, and

man and Co. 38. 1816.
terminated his life, on February 4, 1770,
when he was only 50 years of age.

Monthly Magazine for August, 1800.”
Pp. 75---77. Note.

a passage of some length, (M. Repos. Samuel Rosewell was the son of the xi. 194—198] containing a description celebrated Thomas Rosewell who was

of the Public Character of the late truly tried for high treason before Judge reverend Dr. Toulmin. But the Sera Jefferies, and found guilty, but whose mon is the least portion of the work: condemnation was so palpably iniqui- the Addenda are very copious, and retous, that even in those base times the late to subjects of deep interest, which capital part of the sentence was re

are well stated in the title-page. mitted.

Mr. Worsley is a zealous noncon. John Billingsley was one of the non

formist. He makes his boast of prinsubscribers at Salters' Hall.

ciples which some that hold them are Samuel Harvey died young, but not disposed to hide. He puts in a large before he had excited amongst his claim for his denomination with respect friends the liveliest expectation of his to patriotic services. Few readers will future usefulness in the church. The we think condemn him as presumpfollowing epitaph was composed in ho- tuous. However it may be explained, nour of him, by his friend Dr. Watts: have been for a century and a half a

it is a fact that the Protestant Dissenters “ Here lie the ruins of a lowly tent,

very active part of the population of Where the seraphic soul of Harvey spent England. The detail here given of Its mortal years. How did his genius

their labours and improvements will 1 shine Like heaven's bright envoy clad in powers

surprise such as are not familiar with divine !

their history. Whilst Mr. Worsley When from his lips the grace or vengeance

renders honour to Protestant Dissentbroke,

ers, he freely exposes their defects. He 'Twas majesty in arms, 'twas melting mer

is the friend of Dissent, but more the cy spoke.

friend of Truth and Liberty.

In reading this amusing and in* “ Memoirs of Thomas Hollis, Esq. 'structive little work, we could not help vol. . p. 210."

regarding it as the ground-work of a

pp. 72.

Review.Lay Seceder's Second Letter.- Townsend's Meditations, &c. 293 History of Nonconformists, more com- fession have rewarded your Lordship’s adprehensive, more minute and therefore herence to the established system : let those more instructive than has yet been honours and emoluments content you : enjoy contemplated : in such a history, all your own opinions in peace and afluence; that is here stated of their ability and but presume not to infringe the sacred enterprise in trade should have a rights of conscience, and cease to invoke place, together with much more that the aid of those disgraceful statutes, which could be stated, but the work should the unanimous voice of the legislature has

repealed.” Pp. 6, 7. likewise embrace their literary labours, their political influence and the weight of their character on pub- Art. VI. -- Morning Meditations for lic manners. We recommend this every Lord's Day in the Year. To thought to Mr. Worsley's notice. He

which are added, Twelve Sacramental has our thanks for his present per

Meditations. By Josiah Townsend, formance, and will, we are persuaded,

Minister of the Gospel. 12mo. receive the same froin our readers.

Baldwin and Co. 2s. boards. 1815.

THIS is a laudable attempt to supArt. V. - A Second Letter to the TH Bishop of St. David's. By A Lay which is so much felt amongst Unita

ply that want of devotional books Seceder. 8vo. Pp. 36. Hunter.

rians. The “ Meditations” occupy a 1816. .A N account of the Lay Seceder's page each, and conclude with one or

more suitable verses from well-known First Letter was given in our last volume [x. 373—375];* the Se- sight of in the work, which is a good

hymns. Controversy is properly lost cond Letter is written with the same ability, and in the same temper, fear- and together with those little volumes,

companion for Tremlett's Reflections, less but not uncandid. If the bishop be not too old in pre

will be acceptable to such Christians judice and bigotry to be a learner, the are intent upon the acquirement of a

as observe the duties of the closet, and Lay Seceder may teach him both

devotional spirit. scriptural divinity and good manners. The following passage is a fair speci- Townsend is preparing for the press,

We observe with pleasure that Mr. men of the Letter, which exhibits in

“ Meditations for every Day in the ternal evidence of coming from a pen Year, on different Texts of Scripture, not wholly strange to our readers ..

selected and arranged so as to comprise “ The interpretations, on which your a System of Religious Truth and Lordship's acquiescence in the doctrines of Duty." the Church of England is founded, appear to me repugnant to the general sense of

ART. VII.-An Essay on Miracles. In scripture, and altogether insufficient to

Two Parts. Pt. 1. Observations on support the scheme. The more I examine

Miracles in general. Pt. II. On the the subject, and I have not failed as you

Credibility of the Miracles of Jesus suppose in due enquiry, the more firmly

and his Apostles. By R. Wright. am I fixed in the ground of my reluctant, but strictly conscientious secession from

12mo. pp. 24. Eaton. 6d. 1816. that Church. But why, my Lord, in mat


TONE of Mr. Wright's judicious ters of opinion, should you require the interference of a penal law: Why should I to promise more advantage to his readers be condemned to imprisonment and disqua- than this. It does not aspire to the lification, because, finding no satisfactory praise of originality, but it condenses solution of the difficulties which surround and simplifies the arguments of the best contested doctrines, I confine my assent to writers on the subject. Mr. Wright those only, which are clearly and explicitly justly contends that a miracle is not a revealed?' How is society injwed by my violation of the laws of nature; he deconduct; bow is it benefited by your own? The honours and emoluments of your pro- dently of the laws of nature, without

fines it“ an effect produced indepen. The article, with the exception of the the use of natural means, by the power conclusion of the last paragraph, was

of God." Is not a miracle, a prophecy written by our respected friend, the late instantly fulfilled, of an event out of Dr. Toulmin, the loss of whose valuable the ordinary course of nature, and not sommunications we sensibly feel.

to be foreseen by human sagacity? YOL. XI.


ART. VIII.-An Essay on the Universal With a too faithful pencil, Mr.Joyce

Restoration : tending to shew that the paints the unhappy condition of ihe Final Happiness of all Men is a poor. In one short sentence he points Doctrine of Divine Revelation. By out a mass of wretchedness—The voice Richard Wright. 12mo. pp. 24. 6d. of the poor man for peace is never heard Eaton. 1816.

by those who make war.

Until that WHIS Essay is divided into six sec

voice and Promise to Abraham-Passages in the the prevention or abatement of national Old Testament—The Universal Res- misery.

In the conclusion of the Sermon, toration a Doctrine of the GospelThe Apostle Paul an Universalist

the preacher draws an animated sketch The Universal Restoration a Doctrine of the history and purposes of the according to Godliness-An Address Unitarian Society, and states briefly to Universalists.

but forcibly some arguments on behalf Section IV. entitled, “The Apos

of Unitarianism. The following obtle Paul an Universalist,” is perhaps

servation is of great weight: the best part of the argument, though “ The word Trinity is of human origin; the whole demands the attention of and no degree of sanctity has been, it may ! such as believe, we wish we could say be presumed, at any time attached to it.--foar, that Almighty God will torture The name of Almighty God is guarded some of his children for ever, or by in the Holy Scriptures by the most awful torture reduce them to nothing. sanctions.---Now if there had been a Tri- ,

nity of persons, and if that Trinity had

included all the perfections of the Deity Art. IX.-The Sulserviency of Free himself, one might have supposed that the Inquiry and Religious Knowledge,

name would hare been guarded by equally

solemn sanctions. So far from it, it is among the lower Classes of Society, to

used in all sorts of connexions, and no the Prosperity and Permanence of a

one feels shocked at the profanation. In State: attempted to be shewn in a Discourse, delivered before the Uni- Trinity churches, Trinity corporations,

our own country we have Trinity colleges, tarian Society for promoting Chris- Trinity squares and Trinity lanes :---Now tian Knowledge, at Essex Street can it be believed for a moment that the Chapel, on Friday, March 29, 1816. word could have been so used, had it been By the Rev. J. Joyce. 8vo. Pp. 40. originally meant to designate the attributes Hunter. 1816.

of Almighty God? Who would not be UR reporter (p. 246) has already awful name of God attached to places of

shocked---who could endure to hear the given the character of this Sermon from the Journal of the Unitarian So. this kind and used for such purposes !"

Pp. 28, 29. ciety: and though we think that it would for the most part have been heard with much interest before many Art. X.-The final Prevalence of Uniother Societies, as well as this,* we

tarianism a Rational Expectation. A cannot withhold our testimony of unqualified approbation to its bold and

Discourse delivered at Palgrave, Dec. at the same time benevolent spirit, and

19, 1815. By John Fullagar. 8vo. to the unreserved declaration which it

pp. 60. Eaton.

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znakesuof the great principles of Chris- MRFULLAGA Rewborn heas ber one

tian truth.

for some years the active Secre

tary of the Southern Unitarian Society, * The Voitarian Society has a benevo, Palgrave, in Suffolk, and this is his

has undertaken the pastoral office at dent and charitable object in view, but can scarcely be considered as a Benevolent or

Inaugural Sermon. He lays down seCharitable Society : much less, we appre

veral weighty reasons for the expectation bend, can it be regarded as established for expressed in the title-page, and endeathe benefit of “ the lower Classes of So- yours to explain why the expectation ciety." Were the Serinon less excellent has not yet been realized. The Sermon we should not suggest these doubts, which, is followed by several pages of interest however, scarcely affect its worth.

ing Notes.

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