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State of Public Affairs.
S05 sufferers in France, and hold in abbor- himself advantages above the rest of the rence that anti-christian spirit which leads community to which least of all men is he a man to injure, insult and murder his entitled. The consequence of this false neighbour on account of his religious policy is, that the landholder cannot at opinions.
present obtain a loan of money but at a Above all the reflection on what has much greater rate of interest than the happened in France ought to make us state of the money market requires. As grateful to Providence for the comparative the law stands, five per cent is the utmost ease which we enjoy in this country. annual sum that can be received for a loan Though our opinions differ so widely from of money, but as the holders of money can those of the sects established by law in this make more of it than by lending at this island, and we who bow to no anthority but rate, a borrower is put to his shifts to that of Christ in matters of religion, are obtain a loan. The law is avoided in this so small a body compared with those who manner. The borrower grants an annuity blend with the precepts of our Saviour to the lender during the life of the longest rules derived from human tradition and of three lives named by him, redeemable the laws or fasbion of the country, yet on a notice specified by the deed. This how happy is oor state compared with annuity amounts in general to that of the early Christians under the cent, thongh sometimes the money may be Roman emperors.' We are not called upon got at nine, and thus in another naine the as they were to sacrifice our lives in sup- borrower pays from nine to ten per cent port of onr faith, and the danger we have for that sum which he might obtain, if it to apprehend is not from persecution, but were not for the law, at six or seven per the indifference which such a state of ease cent. The borrower also pays all the law is apt to create. The fascinations of the .expences on the transaction, which are world may be as dangerous as its hatred, considerable. and if we do not impress upon our children The absurdity of the law is evident from the inportance of our religions faith, it its not distinguishing between the different ; may be undermined by the seductions of securities on which money is lent. Thus, interest. The Israelites did not all at once if tive per cent is a fair price for money fall down be fure Baal; yet when his wor- secured on land, a greater rate is certainly ship was supported by the court, by fash- to be required if it is lent merely on simple jon, by interest, the worshippers of the bond.' Many have been the inerchants and true .d graduaily diininished till there tradesmen ruined by this law, for a loan at were left only seven thousand men who had a certain time would have preserved them, not bowed the knee to the idol. In fact, thongh they paid for it at the rate of ten nothing can preserve us and our children or fifteen per cent, and the injury done to but the full conviction that as our Saviour the landed and commercial interests by has said, “ to know the Father as the only it may be estimated at many millions true G.d, and to acknowledge the Christ annually. sent by him is eternal life," and that to In support of this law it is argued by leave our Saviour on account of fashion or administration that their loans would not interest, or the palpable deceit of innocent be so cheaply made as they are at present. compliance with a false worship, is a dere. But it is not considered that the trifling liction of duty disgraceful to ourselves and gain upon their loans bears no proportion attended with most dangerous consequen- to the injury occasioned to the community ces. We cannot 'serve God and Mammon. by the losses which it sustains. The landWe cannot adore one God in our hearts holder also thinks it a preventative to spend. and with our lips offer up prayers to three thrifts whose estates might be swallowed up Gods. Let those who pretend to be Vpita- by their improvident bargains, as if it were rians and yet frequent Trinitarian worship of consequence to the state what became of consider this.
such wretches, and the interest of a few A subject of a temporal nature was individual families is not to be put in comintroduced into the House, and though it petition with the general good of the did not lead to immediate amendment, country. The real fact is, that the land. yet at a future tire the change recom- holders in this as in some other instances, mended will probably be adopted. The take an unfair advantage of their situation. word nxury conveys an odious impression They have looked too much to their own which is 'encouraged by the absurd epi- supposed interests, and have paid too little thets annexed to it in our laws. The attention to what is due to the community use of money is supposed to be essentially at large. different from that of any other commodity, A still more important question was and the divine and the landholder have brought forward, but the agitation of it is united their forces together to establish the deferred till the best sessions of parliaprejudlice. The former grounds his opini- ment, and if the pronioters of the will suc. on upon some passages in scripture per- ceed, the consequence to the kingdorr. verted from their real meaning, the latter may be in a high degree detrimental. The from selfish motives wisbed to secure to readers of this report were favou able to
the abolition of the slave trade and with accustomed to see soldiers performing the just reason, but the abolition of that trade duty of constables, the people will graand the emancipation of the blacks in the dually lose the distinction between those West Jodies are two distinct questions, two characters; and thus the military will In the former case the right and propriety in time, as was the case in France, usurp of parliament to legislate cannot be doubl. all the employinents of the civil power, be ed, for it is a question intelligible by every seen in the corners of every street, and the member of the House. But the emancipa- nation will be enslaved, and no slavery is tion of the blacks or measures tending to so bad as that exercised by one part over it are questions of a very different nature, the other of the fellow subjects ! In suband involve the knowledge of the relations, mitting to the bayonel of a foreign soldier, of several classes of people to each other a tacit respect is paid to the right of conin our West India islands. The abclition quest; but in crouching under the sabre of of slavery throughout the world is a desira. ones own countrymen, the wind is des' ble object, but care must be taken not to graded, rendered abject and vile, and he increase the evil nor to obtaiu our end by is fit only to lord it in his turn on similar unjustifiable means. Mr. Wilberforce degraded beings. This was felt by two announces his jutention to bring in a bill noble lords whose progress in the open next sessions for registering all the slaves streets had been resisted by soldiers, and in the West ludia islands, and this is to be they complained of this outrage in their dove ander technical forms of law very respective Houses. Both Houses entered oppressive in proprietors and very expens into their feelings, and the result was a sive to the colonies. Many a good job will promise on the part of administration that be created by tbem, and salaries here and care should be taken to remedy the evil abroad are to be multiplied. The intended by placing the whole under the controul measure has created very great alarm in of the civil power, and at a following the colonies, for it strikes at the root of court day the constables were seen in their internal legislation, and excites their proper places. among the slaves a restlessness which ren- But the measure of the greatest conders the masters apprehensive of similar sequence has been introduced by Lord scenes being acter in their islands as have Stanbope, which is to digest our laws taken place in St. Domingo. The pro, in such a manner that they may be moters of the bill out of parliament have intelligible to lawyers and people. At not in the mean time been inactive; they present it is well known that the latter have published writings teeming with have no chance of understanding them, false and injurious 'accusations of the and of the former very few indeed lave planters for their conduct towards the time, application and abilities to do it. slaves, and endeavouring to make them A committee is to be formed of both odious to their fellow subjects in England. Houses with proper assistants for the Under the specious head of humanity to laborious task, which if properly executed one class of mankind, they are guilty of will be highly beneficial to the country. inhumanity to another class; and laying Disturbances have appeared in France, hold of the interest taken by this country but to what extent it is not easy to in the abolition of the slave trade, they determine. Grenoble is said to hare aim at a vew species of legislation which been taken at one time by the insurshall put the planters at their mercy, and gents, whose defeat was attended with exe. hasten their object of emancipation. It cutions of some and high rewards for is necessary that the humane should be the apprehensions of other ringleaders. put on their guard against these false pre- The Freneh press is so completely subiences, and be particularly careful not to jugated, that an insurrection might exbe led away on this subject by the appeal tend over half of the kingdom without inade to Christianity; for the language of the good people of Paris knowing any Seripture is very different from that used ibing about it but by private information, on this occasion by the supporters of this or ou its defeat by government. Their intended bill, and our religion was never parliament has been prorogned and our intended to interfere rudely between the ihree countrymen have been tried. Whatmaster and slave, but to introduce such ever opinion may be entertained of the dispositions as would gradually over- nature of the misdemeanour for which come every evil belonging to servitude. they were indicted, all parties concurred
Both Houses were occupied in a debate, in applauding their spirited and manly on what, though trifling at first sight, is conduct in their defence. The court was of great importance. This was the station- crowded by the principal people of both ing of the military in various places ad. nations, English and French, at Paris, joining to the palace on ceriain court who were admitted only by tickets, and days. Military parade is the great fea- the French had an opportunity of seeing ture of arbitrary governments, aod cannot the difference between minds formed onbe permitted in a free state without dan- der English liberty and French slavery. ger to its constitution. For by being The sentence was three months' imprisou.
New Theological Publications.
307 ment, and it is to be hoped that this in. At bome the satisfaction was general teresting trial will, on the return home of on the marriage of the presumptive Heiress our countrymen, be given faithfully to the to the Crown to a young prince of a re. public,
spectable family in Germany, the head of The eye recoils with horror on a view which was made royal by Buonapade. of Spain. The officers of the Inquisition Such a marriage does not involve with it boarding ships to examine books, and the foreign alliances or foreigu subsidies, defenders of their country suffering tor. But this event was followed by the distress, ture, are objects too slocking to huma- ing intelligence of dissatisfaction in sevevity. It seems as if the legitimate sove. ral counties on the price of corn, which reigns were determined to convince man- had broken into tumultuous riotingt. kind that usurpation and exclusion were These were chiefly confined to parts of bighly justifiable actions. Where success Suffolk, Norfolk and Cambridgeshire. attends the Spaniards in America, cruelty They who are at the head of affairs will harrows up the feelings in the rear of their follow Lord Bacon's advice we trust upon armies.
NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THEOLOGY
AND GENERAL LITERATURE.
History of the Origin and First Ten Peace and Persecution incompatible Years of the British and Foreign Bible with each other: An Address on the Society. By J. Owen, A. M. 2 vols. Persecution of the Protestants in the 8vo. 11. 45. Royal 11. 158.
South of France, delivered at Worship A Second Letter to the Bishop of Street, Finsbury Square, Thursday, JaSt. David's. By a Lay Seceder. nuary 18, 1816, the Thanksgiving Day
Prospectus of a Polyglott Bible, in for the Peace. By John Evans, A.M. Six Languages. In 4 pocket volumes 8vo. Is. 6d. or 1 volume 4to. with the Prefaces The Fatal Effects of Religious Intoand Specimens of each Language.- lerance: A Sermon preached at Gate12mo. Is.
acre Chapel, Sunday, Dec. 17, 1815, Religious Freedom in Danger; or in recommendation of a Sub-cription the Toleration Act invaded by Pa- for the Relief of the Persecuted P:orochial Assessments on Places of Re- testants in France, and published for ligious Worship. By Rowland Hill, their Benefit. By the Rev. William M.A. 8vo. is.
Shepherd. 8vo. Is. 6d. The Sequel to an Appeal to the A Sermon on Universal Benevolence, Yearly Meeting of Friends, on Thomas containing some Reflections on ReliFoster's Excommunication for asserting gious Persecution and the alleged Prothe Unity, Supremacy and Sole Deity ceedings at Nismes. By the Rev. James of God the Father. 8vo. 45. Archer. (Catholic Priest.) 8vo,
Perfect Religious Liberty the Right Persecution of French Protestants.
of Every Human Being, and PersecuResolutions and Statements, relative tion for Conscience' Sake the most to the Persecution of the French Pron atrocious of Crimes: Proved in a Sertestants, extracted from the Proceedings mon, preached on Dec. 10, at Hemel of the General Body of Protestant Dism. Hempstead, for the Benefit of the Persenting Ministers of the Three Deno- secuted Protestants in France. By.John minations in and about the Cities of Liddon. Is. London and Westminster. 8vo. 6d. Notes, intended as Materials for a
Statement of the Persecution of the Memoir, on the Affairs of the ProProtestants in France since the Re- testants of the Department Du Gard. storation of the Bourbon Family. By By the Committee of Dissenting Mithe Rev. Ingram Cobbin. 3rd edition. nisters at Williams's Library. 8vo. Svo." 4s.
Is. 6d. The Cause of the French Protestants The French Preacher; containing Defended against the Attacks of the Select Discourses, translated from the Christian Observer. By the Rev. I. Works of the most eminent French Cobbin. 8vo. Is.
Divines, Catholic and Protestant, with Biographical Notices of the Authors, venant, or Remarks on Regeneration, and a Characteristical Account of many &c. In Answer to the same. By T.T. distinguished French Preachers. To Biddulph, A.M. Minister of St. James's, which is prefixed, An Historical View Bristol. 8vo. 55. sewed. of thé Reformed Church of France, On Terins of Communion, with a from its Origin to the present Time. Particular View to the Case of the By Ingram Cobbin. 8vo. 12s.
Baptists and Padobaptists. By the 'On the late Persecution of the Pro- Rev. Robert Hall, A.M. 8vo. 5s. testants in the South of France. By 3d edition. Helen Maria Williams. 38. Od.
The Essential Difference between
Christian Baptism and the Baptism of Baptism.
John, more fully stated and confirmed; Two Tracts, intended to convey cor- In Reply to a Pamphlet, entitled “ A rect notions of Regeneration and Con- Plea for Primitive Communion.” By version, according to the Sense of the Robert Hall, A.M. 8vo. 2s. Holy Scriptures and the Church of Baptism, a Term of Communion at England. Extracted from the Bampton the Lord's Supper. By J. Kinghorn. Lectures of 1812. By Richard Mant, 8vo. 4s. D.D. Chaplain to the Archbishop of A Practical View of Christian BapCanterbury, and Rector of St. Botolph's, tişm, addressed particularly to Parents Bishopsgaie. Is. 6d.
intending to devote their Children to An Enquiry into the Effect of Bap- God in that Ordinance. By William tism, according to the Sense of Holy Harris. Is. fine. 6d. common. Scripture and of the Church of En- Scriptural Regeneration not necesgland; In Answer to the above. By sarily connected with Baptism, in the Rev. John Scott, M. A. Vicar of answer to Dr. Mant. By G. Bugg, North Ferriby, &c. 8vo. 55. sewed. A. B. 35.
Baptism a Seal of the Christian Co
In consequence of the calamitous event recorded in our Obituary department (p. 300), we are constrained to shorten some articles and to omit others designed for the present Number,
Our Bristol correspondent, J. B. is referred to Bp. Law's Considerations for an answer to his question.
J. T. is informed that the names of the publishers of new works cannot be introduced into the monthly list without subjecting them to a charge from the Stamp Office as advertisements.
P. 161, 1st col., 18 1. from the top, for “ tell” print tell.
P. 226, 1st col., 11 l, from the bottom, before the words “ didst manifest,” &c. place inverted commas.
P. 227, 2nd col., 3 1. from the bottom, read (Apol. 1st ed. Thirlby, p. 98). P. 243, 2nd col., 12 I. from the bottom, place a comima before the word " ten,"
Oration delivered at the Library, Red- and to that cause alone do I owe ate
Cross-Street, London, February 7, office, which I should feel as an ho1816, being the Centenary of the nour if it were not for the painful con, Founder's Death ; by James Lindsay, sciousness that I am addressing men D.D.
in every respect so much my superiors. BRETHREN AND FRIENDS,
Happily the occasion does not demand
those arts of an ostentatious oratory, I
of presumption, if I did not state the garb of virtue. We are not here the circumstances to which I am in- to bestow the praise of talent upon the debted for an unmerited precedence baseness of political intrigue; or to among so many colleagues, who could exalt into heroes the scourges of the have addressed you on the present oc- human race; or to canonize monks casion with greater talent and better and hermits, because they have been effect. To our visitors this statement the ignorant tools or the hired advois especially due. The father of our cates of ecclesiastical domination. We Trust, who has been more than forty burn no incense at the shrine of ambiyears its most efficient member; whose tion, and heap no praises upon those fame is coextensive with the world of who consecrate ambition by naming science; whose learning and virtues it religion :--those restless spirits who shed. lustre upon our body, and to embroil the world to enrich or to imwhom we all look up with respect and mortalize themselves ;-princes, who affection—is present, and in the chair.* in extending the boundaries of en pire The question naturally occurs, why he contract the limits of freedom and has not been selected to celebrate the happiness ;-statesmen who plan, and Inemory of his own countryman, and warriors who fight, that they may to distinguish this day, as it ought to found a name upon the ruins of honest be distinguished, by weight of charac- industry and the destruction of human ter and elegance of panegyric? I am life ;—priests who, instead of being bound 10 exculpate the members of messengers of peace, to allay the angry the Trust from what might otherwise passions of mankind, become, when be imputed to the want of discrimina- ever it suits the purposes of the state tion Our united voice would have which supports them, the trumpeters called him to a post, which no other of discord to irritate the phrensy which can fill with cqual dignity ; but in it is their duty to restrain.' These pleading precarious health and urgent may constitute fit themes of panegyric avocations, he resisted our importuni- to pensioned orators and venal poets :ties, and has disappointed your expec- the praises of an enlightened piety and tations. Next to our father in stand- an honest patriotism will be reserved ing as a trustee, and in all the quali- for very different subjects. fications which would entitle him to He who came not to destroy men's be the eulogist of our excellent founder, lives, but to save them, has imparted is that venerable brother who, with a to us far other views of that glory mnental eye yet clear and strong, can which ought to be the chosen object unfortunately claim exemption on the of a Christian's ambition. He who Jamented ground of bodily darkness.f shared the secret counsels of divine I am third in the order of seniority; wisdom, and knew what true and last
ing glory is, has instructed us in the • The Rev. Abraham Rees, D.D.
means by which he obtained himself, + Rev. Thomas Tayler.
by which every one of us, in our VOL. XI.