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Biographical Notices of the Authors, venant, or Remarks on Regeneration, and a Characteristical Account of many &c. In Answer to the same. By T.T. distinguished French Preachers. To Biddulph, A.M. Minister of St. James's, which is prefixed, An Historical View Bristol. 8vo. 55. sewed. of thé Reformed Church of France, On Terins of Communion, with a from its Origin to the present Time. Particular View to the Case of the By Ingram Cobbin. 8vo. 12s.

Baptists and Padobaptists. By the 'On the late Persecution of the Pro- Rev. Robert Hall, A.M. 8vo. 5s. testants in the South of France. By 3d edition. Helen Maria Williams. 38. Od.

The Essential Difference between

Christian Baptism and the Baptism of Baptism.

John, more fully stated and confirmed; Two Tracts, intended to convey cor- In Reply to a Pamphlet, entitled “ A rect notions of Regeneration and Con- Plea for Primitive Communion.” By version, according to the Sense of the Robert Hall, A.M. 8vo. 2s. Holy Scriptures and the Church of Baptism, a Term of Communion at England. Extracted from the Bampton the Lord's Supper. By J. Kinghorn. Lectures of 1812. By Richard Mant, 8vo. 4s. D.D. Chaplain to the Archbishop of A Practical View of Christian BapCanterbury, and Rector of St. Botolph's, tişm, addressed particularly to Parents Bishopsgaie. Is. 6d.

intending to devote their Children to An Enquiry into the Effect of Bap- God in that Ordinance. By William tism, according to the Sense of Holy Harris. Is. fine. 6d. common. Scripture and of the Church of En- Scriptural Regeneration not necesgland; In Answer to the above. By sarily connected with Baptism, in the Rev. John Scott, M. A. Vicar of answer to Dr. Mant. By G. Bugg, North Ferriby, &c. 8vo. 55. sewed. A. B. 35.

Baptism a Seal of the Christian Co

CORRESPONDENCE.

In consequence of the calamitous event recorded in our Obituary department (p. 300), we are constrained to shorten some articles and to omit others designed for the present Number,

Our Bristol correspondent, J. B. is referred to Bp. Law's Considerations for an answer to his question.

J. T. is informed that the names of the publishers of new works cannot be introduced into the monthly list without subjecting them to a charge from the Stamp Office as advertisements.

ERRATA.

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P. 161, 1st col., 18 1. from the top, for “ tell” print tell.
P. 162, 1st col., 51, from the bottom, read her nakedness, instead of " for nakedness."
Ib. 2nd col., 3 1. from the bottom, for “ Mr.” read Mrs. Greville.
P. 165, 1st col., 18 I. from the top, for “ Browne," read Perowne.

P. 226, 1st col., 11 l, from the bottom, before the words “ didst manifest,” &c. place inverted commas.

P. 227, 2nd col., 3 1. from the bottom, read (Apol. 1st ed. Thirlby, p. 98). P. 243, 2nd col., 12 I. from the bottom, place a comima before the word " ten,"

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Oration delivered at the Library, Red- and to that cause alone do I owe an

Cross-Street, London, February 7, office, which I should feel as an ho1816, being the Centenary of the nour if it were not for the painful con, Founder's Death; by James Lindsay, sciousness that I am addressing men D.D.

in every respect so much my superiors. BRETHREN AND FRIENDS,

Happily the occasion does not demand

those arts of an ostentatious oratory, SHOULD justly incur the charge 80 often employed to deck out vice in the circumstances to which I am in- to bestow the praise of talent upon the debted for an unmerited precedence baseness of political intrigue; or to among so many colleagues, who could exalt into heroes the scourges of the have addressed you on the present oc- human race; or to canonize monks casion with greater talent and better and hermits, because they have been effect. To our visitors this statement the ignorant tools or the hired advois especially due. The father of our cates of ecclesiastical domination. We Trust, who has been more than forty burn no incense at the shrine of ambiyears its most efficient member; whose tion, and heap no praises upon those fame is coextensive with the world of who consecrate ambition by naming science; whose learning and virtues it religion :-those restless spirits who shed, lustre upon our body, and to embroil the world to enrich or to imwhom we all look up with respect and mortalize themselves ;-princes, who affection—is present, and in the chair.* in extending the boundaries of empire The question naturally occurs, why he contract the limits of freedom and has not been selected to celebrate the happiness ;-statesmen who plan, and memory of his own countryman, and warriors who fight, that they may to distinguish this day, as it ought to found a name upon the ruins of honest be distinguished, by weight of charac- industry and the destruction of human ter and elegance of panegyric? I am life ;-priests who, instead of being bound to exculpate the members of nnessengers of peace, to allay the angry the Trust from what might otherwise passions of mankind, become, when be imputed to the want of discrimina- ever it suits the purposes of the state tion: -Our united voice would have which supports them, the trumpeters called him to a post, which no other of discord to irritate the phrensy which can fill with equal dignity ; but in it is their duty to restrain.' These pleading precarious health and urgent may constitute fit themes of panegyric avocations, he resisted our importuni- to pensioned orators and venal poets :ties, and has disappointed your expec- the praises of an enlightened piety and tations. Next to our father in stand- an honest patriotism will be reserved ing as a trustee, and in all the quali- for very different subjects. fications which would entitle him to He who came not to destroy men's be the culogist of our excellent founder, lives, but to save them, has imparted is that venerable brother who, with a to us far other views of that glory mental eye yet clear and strong, can which ought to be the chosen object unfortunately claim exemption on the of a Christian's ambition. He who Jamented ground of bodily darkness.f shared the secret counsels of divine I am third in the order of seniority; wisdom, and knew what true and last

ing glory is, has instructed us in the • The Rev. Abraham Rees, D.D. means by which he obtained himself, + Rev. Thomas Tayler.

-by which every one of us, in qur VOL. XI.

measure, 'may obtain,—that honour connected with the occasion of our which cometh only from God. He mecting? In my judginent, closely. aspired not at that baneful fame which We must know the true nature of is seized by diabolical skill and animal Christian glory, before we can select courage in fields of death,—which the proper objects of Christian admihistory records in blood, which cha- ration, or confer a suitable tribute of rity defaces with tears; which, if there Christian culogy: lle only who imis justice in heaven, will be the sub- bibes a portion of the same spirit, who ject of an awful retribution in that acts upon the same views, who coworld where the destroyers of life will operates according to his abilities in meet theinselves a more terrible de promoting the same ends to which we struction. To the desire of such fanne have just alluded, as the ends of our as this the doctrine and the life of Je- great Master ;-he only merits the sus are directly opposed. His was the name and the honours of a Christian glory of pouring the light of divine hero ; and it is upon this ground alone truth into the dark and bewildered that we have assembled to express our mind, and of delivering it, by just veneration for the character -and ineconceptions of the moral governinent mory of Dr. Daniel Williains. It is of God, from that bondage of ignorance not by, splendour of birth, of brilliancy and superstition, which constitutes its of genius, or any of those qualities or degradation and its misery. His was deeds which dazzle a vain imaginathe glory of speaking promises of rest tion, that this veneration is excited. to the weary and the heavy-laden; of No. But it is because our founder taking the desponding penitent by the voluntarily, abridged even that splenhand, and leading him direct, without dour which his fortune might have the intervention of priests or sacrifices, commanded ;-it is because he volunto the mercy-scat of a father erer tarily devoted solid talents and useful ready to forgive, ever anxious to bless learning to the duties of a profession even his prodigal child. His was the which the world despised, and from glory of exposing that pride and covet- which he expected and received no ousness, which establishes an usurped worldly advantage ;—it is because he dominion over the rights of conscience, preferred the simplicity of disseming under the hypocritical pretence of zeal worship, and the full possession of for God ;-an usurpation which was, Christian liberty, to the favours of the and unhappily yet is, employed by great, which he might have enjoyed ; men in power, to exalt the few, en- because he chose rather to be the hoslave the many, and defeat the efforts nest, disinterested champion of truth of enlightened benevolence for the and freedom, than to bask in the sunpeace and improvement of the human shine of courts and churches ;-because race :—to break down every wall of he thus formed one in that illustrious partition which divides man from his band, who have maintained the rights brother; and to bind the rational crea- of conscience agaiust the usurpations tion of God together by the tie of a of power, and blessed their posterity common faith, a common hope, and with greater privileges than they thema common charity; to extipate ike selves inherited ;-it is because, after base passions which embroii the world, establishing so many claims to reby implanting in the heart that love spect by an upright and honourable of God and virtue which elevates and lite, he perpetuated the effect of his sanctifies all its affections; and thus beneficence, in deveting his worldly to spread a divine influence over the substance, upon a wise and liberal parsuits and enjoyments of mortality: plan, to the instruction of ignorance, -in one word, to restore simplicity to the diffusion of knowledge, and the religion, purity 10 morals, dignity to encouragement of rational religion. tire minds, and immortality to the It is because Dr. Willians acteil thus hepes of rational beings :--this was the piously, thus nobly, living and dying, ambition, this the glory of the great ihat the tritees of his bazars; wher Captain of our Salvation,--the joy set the lapse vi . century, doing which before hivu: for which lie endured the his bemuests have been the incins of cross, despising the same, and is in instructing wild we hope of sering consequence set do:vnd it the right throusands, meet theinseites, til have hand of the Majesty oa ligh.

broug'it their friends with them, ie But it may be dihal, klus is the esprés, stor onzkidan

on the Centenary of Dr. IIilliams's Death

311

vidence for having raised him up, and to purposes of charity, and he showed to venerate those wirtues which have them at the end of the year how it had given him a name by rendering him a been expended ;-an example of genebenefactor to mankind. These are rosity which, whilst it enhances his the peaceful claims of a private mau, honour, should put to the blush those which, in the eye of the thoughtless miserable creatures who, with coffers and the proud, are destitute of interest. running over, are deaf to every call, But they are, in fact, and I hope and either of pul lic benefit or private disbelieve in your estimation, above all tress. Ilis politics were those of freeGreek-above all Roman praise. dom. Feartul lest the machinations

It may be expected, perhaps, that of the High Church party should de I should enter into some details rela- feat the Protestant succession, he re tive to the life of Dr. Williams; but inonstrated boldly on that subject with this would not be consistent with Lord Oxford, to whom he was well the brevity of such an address : -besides, known, and incurred his resentment the necessity is precluded by a short because he communicated his fears to memoir,* written, with his usual

per

others. But his principles were to spicuity and information, by our ex- him inore dear than the favour of the cellent friend and librarian.f I shall great; and his adherence to rectitude therefore merely observe, that, judging on this occasion received an approfrom his writings, our founder was priate reward. For the displeasure of evidently a man of strong natural a tory minister was soon compensated powers, of considerable learning and by the approbation of a constitutional acuteness; and, what is still more to king, to whom, at the head of the his credit

, whilst he steadily defends dissenting body of ministers, he deliwhat he conceived to be important vered a congratulatory address on his truth, he discovers that spirit of can- accession to the throne. He had fordour which ought ever to distinguish, merly been consulted by William III., though it too seldom has distinguished, one of the few princes who have had the Christian controversialist. His the wisdom and the manly condescenreligious sentiments were orthodox, sion of mind to advise with such a according to the common acceptation character. His counsels were congeof that word, though not orthodox nial to the private opinions of that truly enough 10 satisfy the bigots of his time, great man, who, had he been permitby whom he was accused of the horrid ted to follow his own inclinations, .crime of Socinianism. Had he lived would have extended the limits of retill now amidst increasing light, there ligious freedom much further than the is reason to believe that lie would have prevailing toryism of the country would imbibed what we think more rational permit. But Dr. Williams's solid and enlarged views of the Christian claim to fame rests upon the favour or doctrine: and from the candour which displeasure of the great, only as these he exhibited, when candour was not

were indications of his unshaken and very common, we may pronounce disinterested integrity. With us he with assurance, that, whatever might stands upon higher ground. Though have been his religious opinions, he dead, he yet speaketh. His best would haşe yielded to none of us in monument is that charity which for liberality towards those who might a century has been communicating have held a different creed. In cha- instruction to youth, administering facter die stood high, not only in his the consolations of religion to age, own iinmediate connexion, but among and giving relief to indigence and deDissenters in every part of the British privation. This charity embraces vadominions, and no wonder. For rious objects; but these so wisely his labours were abundant and dis- combined, that they all concur in in:erested. lle very properly insisted, promoting one great end—the spread indeed, upon his annual salary from of religious knowledge, in connexion his congregation, who could well afford with that liberty which alone can renir; but none of it went to increase his der it efficient as the means of proown forlune. It was wholly devoted moting rational piety and social happi,

His first object was to establish Conumunicated to Mon. Repos, and schools in the different parts of the inserted lol. X. p. 201---203.

country where his different properties * The Rev. Thomas Morgan.

lay; and in these schools more than

ness.

200 poor children receive annually fully then should such considerations that kind of education which is suited speak to the heart of that Protestant to their circumstances ; whilst the en- Dissenter, who regards religious freedowment for this purpose, forms an dom as the best foundation of all that important addition to the little stipend is truly excellent and dignified in the bf those dissenting ministers to whose moral nature of man? If we set any care our schools are committed. His value upon our own principles, if we next aim was to furnish a few young believe what some of our adversaries men seriously disposed to embrace have been forced to confess, that to the profession of religious teachers these principles, asserted by our foreamong Protestant Dissenters, with fathers at the expense of persecution those advantages from which they are and blood, our country itself is chiefly excluded by the universities of this indebted for that share of civil and country. With this view he esta- religious privileges which it enjoys ; if blished exhibitions at the college of we are persuaded that the same prin. Glasgow; and, owing to the increased ciples, more generally understood' and value of his estates, and the care and more widely diffused, would extend fidelity with which the produce of and perfect this liberty with all the them is husbanded and applied by this rational views of truth and piety that trust, we are now enabled to assist eight are connected with it;-then what young men annually at that college, respect, what gratitude do we not owe besides giving occasional aid to several to the memory of a man who has done more at other institutions. Thus nu- so much, living and dying, to encou: merous students derive from our funds rage and propagate these principles, the means of that liberal education and to render them efficient for the which qualifies them for being ho- great purposes of godliness and virnourable and useful ministers of Christ, tuc? among Protestant Dissenters in En- One thing more was necessary to gland and Wales. It was the intention complete the beneficent design of our of our founder in this bequest to pro- pious founder. There was no public vide a succession of men who, sub- library in this great metropolis, to jected to no test, and acknowledging which Dissenters, as Dissenters, might no ecclesiastical jurisdiction, might be have easy access. The sagacity of Dr. nursed in the very boson of freedom; Williams perceived, and his munifimight be encouraged to think without cent love of learning supplied, the de bias or constraint, and to speak con- fect. He purchased the curious books scientiously, and boldly what they of Dr. Bates, and adding them to his think. This is the inestimable ad- own, formed a valuable collection, vantage of our dissent. It was seen which, by the donations of Dissenters, and appreciated by our founder, and and even of liberal Churchmen, and he was anxious to do his part that it recently by an annual sum of 50/. might be tendered perpetual: nor have from our funds, has been greatly in. his efforts been vain. Many of those creased. Every lay Trustee gives a who, for almost a century, have dis- donation of ten guineas when he enters tinguished themselves anongst us as upon the trust; and if other wealthy the advocates of a simple worship, a individuals amongst us, who have the rational belief, and a truly gospel honour of our institution at heart, liberty, have been indebted to his would remember it as they ought, we funds for that learning which enabled might soon have to boast one of the them in their day to uphold the cause most valuable and magnificent collecof truth and piety. These are consi- tions in this capital. This is not all. derations which cannot but speak to The house in which we are now asthe judgment of any impartial man sembled, built in compliance with our who looks into our history. For there founder's will, has become, through he will see, how much freedom, and the liberality of the trustees, the place the consequent prosperity of the king- of public business to the collective dom, have been owing to the barrier body of Dissenters in this great city; erected by Dissenters against those a place, in which noble sands have -encroachments on the rights of con- often been made against ecclesiastical science to which even the most mode- usurpation; in which generous efforts rate establishments have a natural have originated to promote the extentendency. How much more power- sion of religious privileges to men of

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