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Sir G. Hill's Attack on the Character of Dr. Priestley. a further notion of some of the old di- silence apparently confirm the truth of vines, of perpetually succeeding sins his remarks. and punishments; but this, he says in The superior merits of Dr. Priestley, another place, is not reconcileable to both as a divine and a philosopher, scripture, which uniformly represents are well known and acknowledged by the punishments of futurity as inflicted every candid inquirer after truth; and for sins “done in the lody."

no man was ever actuated by a stronger Such are the inconsistencies into desire to proinote the best interests of which the greatest ininds may fall his fellow-creatures, by means the most when treating upon subjects not per- gentle, peaceable and praise-worthy. haps wholly mysterious and inexpli- I speak froin knowledge ; for I was

cable in themselves, but rendered so intimately acquainted with him. He · by the intricate and unscriptural jargon had a soul endued with the most be

of disputants and systematical writers, nevolent affections, comprehending, to whom they are often inclined to in its graup, the whole human race; pay a degree of attention and deference wholly unlike those narrow and illifar beyond their real deserts. In spe- beral men who, from want of educaculation, therefore, as well as in prac- tion or carly prejudice, have been led uce, " Let our cyes look right on, and

to embrace the doctrines and to conlet our eye-lids look straight before form to the worship of an established us."

church, and to despise and consider [To le continued.)

as dangerous enemies to the state, all

those who dissent from it. Ryde, Isle of Wight, What the characier of Sir G. Hill SIR,

15th May, 1816. may be, I know not; but I hope, and I

mory of great and good men as a than respectable, notwithstanding this sacred deposit which cannot be too attempt to lower the opinion which highly cherished and too carefully every candid and well-informed man preserved; and when the reputation entertains of the late Dr. Priestley. which they have justly acquired has We are none of us perfect, and Sir been violated, I have attributed it to G. Hill has his weak siue; let us pity the grossest ignorance of their exalted and pray for him. worth.

Country 'squires (and titles are no In this light I regard the attack of exemption) labour under great disadSir G. Hill on the character of that vantages. How superficial is their illustrious man, the late Rev. Dr. education! how low and groveling Priestley, in the Committee of Supply, their pursuits! Their days spent in on Friday, the 10th instant, respecting hunting and shooting, and their nights an academical institution at Belfast, in carousing ! in which the reporter of his speech Study has no charms for them; and informs us, that he remarked, “That literary characters, who dare to inthis institution was likely to be per- 'vestigate truth and to think for themverted, as persons of a desparate cha- selves in matters of the highest imparracter had' wormed themselves into tance—who refuse to subscribe to that school with the view of promoting articles which they are convinced are the politics and religion of Paine and false, though imposed by the highest Priestley; hoping, by these insidious human authority, are, in their judgmcans, to promote their abominablement, persons entertaining the most principles by inculcating them into abominable principles. the minds of the young. The visit I rejoice to think that we are no ors," he added, have not been per- longer the slaves of a feudal aristocracy, haps sulliciently active and many The mind of man is now beginning good men have declined interfering." to work; it will be found a most

If the above report be correct, powerful engine, and eventually ex(which, for the credit of Sir G, Hill terminate the deep-rooted errors and and the reputation of the honourable prejudices both of religion and politics. the House of Commons, I much ques ve cannot raise our expectations tion) I am at a loss to account for the too high. In the mean time let us silence of those members who could aid the progress of truth in every way patiently suffer so illustrious a name which lies in our power ; recollecting to be so vilely traduced and by their that we are the sale of the earth, and

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On the late F. Well, &c.-Mr. Scargill on American Peace Society. 331 the light of the world, and though for board should be regularly paid hiin, a short time we may be reviled and he chose to make a species of boxes persecuted and our names cast out and which he learnci to execute when irodden under foot by ignorant and at Birmingham. This being what his slanderous men, we shall in no case employers much approved, at the end bail of our reward. I am, Sir,

of every week he received what he Your obedient Servant, thought a considerable sum.

B. T. ceeded in this way until the time of

his imprisonment expired. Being SIR,

Bath, June, 1816. then told that he was at liberty to go WISH that

you

could furnish us where he pleased, he requested that the late Francis Webb, Esq. I wish the Rasp-house until he should earn therefore that Miss Milner, of Isling- a sufficiency to support himself elseton, would grant you her assistance. where. His petition was acceded to, I was glad to see the mistake cor- and after remaining there some years, recied, that he was secretary to an he found himself in possession of embassy sent to the prince of Hesse moncy enough to live without labour. to hiré troops to fight against the He returned to Birmingham and took Americans. I knew that to be an a neat house in its neighbourhood, unfounded assertion, as he was al- and, being found a thoroughly reformways a most strenuous advocate for ed and intelligent man, some gentlethe cause of American resistance. men became acquainted with him, The history of his defence against the and frequently dined at his table. To attempt to rob him was not worth thein he generally related his whole recording. Let your correspondents history, and the circumstances which furnish us with matters of more mo- contributed to implant in his breast ment.

honesty and integrity and generosity; Your correspondent who wishes to and he always concluded the feast know where I learned Dr. Chauncey's with tcasting the master of the Raspparticular doctrine concerning the suc- house. cessive states of oblivion of the righteous If we would only study how to in their passing to higher degrees of glory employ the licentious and profligate in a futureworld, must be informed that in some such way, and to impress I learned it in a long private conver- them at the same tiine with the prinsation with himself, which he began ciples of true religion, we should soon by saying, I must pass through many see purity reign in all our island. We sleeps. The Dr. thought highly of should no longer be shocked with acmy liberality, and was perhaps more counts of murders, executions, &c. open in his communications with At present when we go to Morocco, nie than with any person except his we express our horror at the sight of son Charles. Though we did not heads of human beings in the enalways agree, I always greatly esicem trances to their palaces, but forget ed and loved him.

what was seen at Temple Bar soine Lord Stanhope's speech is very years ago, and what is still seen in interesting. To make us a truly some places in the country. glorious nation, very many of our The incmorialist of Mr. Calamy in laws must be abolished. I have been your last number, was very defective informed of a gentleman who lived in not mentioning his age, his relaabout seventy years ago at Birming- tionship to the great Calamy, his wife, . ham, who in the younger part of his and what children survive him. Many life was guilty of some transgressions other particulars would be satisfactory which led him to fly into Holland: to your readers, Bot being yet cured of his follies, he

W. H. committed some acts for which he was committed to the Rasp-house, Bury St. Edmunds, 3d June, 1816. where he must either work or be SIR, drownedi heherasping not saiting The friends of peace ia this compare inight pursue any trade for which he exertions are making in America for was fitted, and íhat all his earnirigs the diffusion of pacific principles. On beyond a weekly allowance for his Saturday the first of June, I seceived

" In con

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Mr. Scargill on American Peace Society. a packet from Boston, containing has devoted six months to careful and some pamphlets on the subject, and a almost incessant inquiries in relation letter from the Rev. W. E. Channing to the dreadful custoin, its origin and (A copy of which I herewith transmit popularity among Christians, its to you.) The pamphleis, five in causes, principles and means of supnumber, consist of “ A Solemn Re- port; its tremendous havoc and miseview of the Custom of War,". a ries, its opposition to Christianity, its work which has been already reprint. moral influence on nations and indicd in this country. Numbers 1, 2, viduals, and the means by which it and 3, of a work published quarterly, niay be abolished. The more he has called, “ The Friend of Peace.” And examined the more he has been astoNumber 34, of a periodical publica- nished that a custom só horrible has tion, called, “The Christian Dis- been so long popular among Chrisciple.” There also accompanied these tians. For he has been more and pamphlets à printed statement of more convinced, that it is in its na* The Constitution of the Massachu- ture perfectly hostile to the principles, setts Peace Society.” (A written copy the precepts and the spirit of the of which I also send you.) Number i, Christian religion. He is also confiof “The Friend of Peace," contain- dent that such light may be offered · įng 42 pages, consists of “ A Special on the subject as will bring reflecting Interview between the President of Christians of every sect to this alterthe United States and Omar, an Ofic native,-cither to renounce Christicer dismissed for Duelling." Six anity as a vile imposture inconsistent Letters froin Omar to the President, with the best interests of mankind, with a View of the Power assumed by or to renounce the custom of war Rulers over the Laws of God and the as indefensible and anti-Christian." Lives of Men in making, War, and From The Christian Disciple,” I Omar's Solitary Reflectons. The transcribe “ Facts relating to the Maswhole reported by Philo Pacificus, sachusetts Peace Society." Author of a Solemn Review, &c." sequence of an arrangement made by Number 2, contains “ A Review of four individuals, who are now memthe Arguments of Lord Kaimes in bers of the Massachusetts Peace SoFavour of War.” Number 3, “ The ciety, a meeting of seventeen perHorrors of Napoleon's Campaign in sons took place in Boston on the Russia.". This article is formed of eighteenth of December last, to con: extracts from Porter and Labaume; sult on the subject of forming a with some remarks by the Editor : it Peace Society. It was the wish of is followed by " An Estimate of Hiu- the projectors of the plan to form a man Sacrifices in the Russian Cam- society on such principles as would paign.” A Paper, “ On Estimating embrace the real friends of society, the Characters of Men who have been without any regard to difference of concerned in Sanguinary Customs." opinion on other subjects whether " A Solemn Appeal to the Con- religious or political. But it was not sciences of Professed Christians." And known how extensively the senti“ A meinorable and affecting Con- ments in favour of such a society had trast between the peaceable Con- been embraced, and of course but a chict of William Penn, and the oppo- few persons were requested to attend.. site Behaviour of some other Set- At the first meeting a committee was ters." In each of these, is much that chosen to form a constitution, and the is truly valuable and interesting: and meeting was adjourned to the twenty: I do hope that some steps may be eighth of the same month to be heldt taken for reprinting and circulating in Chauncey place, immediately after them in this country. In America, the Thursday Lecture; at which time the “ Solemn Review” has gone the committee reported a constitution. through three large editions in differ- This was read, discussed, adopted, and ent states. One in Connecticut, qne subscribed by a considerable number in New York, and another in Phila- of persons. The choice of officers delphia--the latter amounting to was postponed to January 11, 1816, twelve thousand copies, for gratuitous in the hope that the number of subdistribution. From Number 1, of scribers would be increased. The “The Friend of Peace," I quote the number of subscribers has indeed been Author's own, words." The writer, jacreasing, and some of the officers.

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Mr. Scargill on American Peace Society. have been chosen, but the list is not with a number of the “ Christian Disci. completed. We shall therefore defer ple," a work devoted to pcace. These giving the baines of the officers to a publications are chiefly from the pen of the future number. But we have the Rer. Noah Worcester, a gentleman of pleasure of stating that in the list of great respectabity of character and distina subscribers may be seen the names of guished by his benignant, amiable and the governor of Massachusetts, the philanthropic spirit. He is, as you will chief justice of the supreme court, the Peace Society, and will be happy to

perceive, the corresponding Secretary of the president and several of the pro- open a correspondence with you or with fessors of Harvard University, twenty any gentleman or societies who have esministers of the gospel and a consider- poused the cause of peace. able number of respectable laymen. In this country many of us have a

I have not now time nor room for strong confidence that a favourable imfurther extracts from these very inte- pression can be made on the public mind. Testing publications, and I sincerely We regard the abolition of the slave trade regret that I have it not in my power as a practical proof, that great and long to give greater publicity to them by established abuses may be resisted and exreprinting: should, however, any per

tirpated by perserering and disinterested sons feel disposed to give their assist- exertion ; and whilst we feel that war has ance towards the object, I shall be

a strong and deep foundation in some of happy to hear from them, and to do the principles of human nature, we believe vote my attention

that there are other principles, which superintending when invigorated and directed by the light

of the gospel, may and will avail to its Your's very respectfully,

gradual subversion. The incredulity of W. PITT SCARGILL.

men as to the practicability of happy and

important changes in the condition of SIR, Boston, Feb. 12, 1816. society is certainly diminished. The idea • Your letter dated June 1, 1815, which of a more improved state of the world is you did me the honour to address to me, no longer dismissed with a smile or a was received some time ago, together as the dream of enthusiasm. It with the pamphlet which you had publisi). seems to be one of the characteristics of ed on the subject of War. I have de this age, that men cherish more generous ferred writing you, in the hope that I hones in road to the human race. I reshould be able to communicate to you gard this into a most happy onen, and when some gratifying information in regard to combined with the predictions of revelathe diffusion of pacific principles in this tion, and with the benevolent administracountry. Before your letter reached me, tion of God, it ought to awaken an unthe subject of War had begun to draw conquerable zeal in the friends of humathe attention of Christians. Some in- uity. teresting pamphlets had been extensively

Very respectfully, eirculated for the purpose of awakening

Your obedient Serrant, public sensibility to the guilt and caluni

1. E. CHANYING. ties of that barbarous custom; and a pro

17'. Pitt Scargill. position had been distinctly made that & Peace Societies" should be established Constitution of tłe Mossachusetts Peace to give uniformity and euergy to the exer

Society. tions of the friends of peace. The pro Ir forming a society, which it is hoped spect which your letter afforded of the may hate n extensiie inflaence, we, the formation of similar institutions in Europe, subscribers, diem it proper to make a con. fare new animation to the author of these cise a claratien of our notives and objects. pamphlets, and to those who adopted inis We late be strongly impressed, by views; and the subject of a “ Peace So- considering the manifold crimes and treciety" continued to be agitated,' neti in meadous caian.ities of public war, and the the course of last month the desirable ob nelankoly insensibility which has been ject was effected. Several gentlemen of induced by education and habit, in regard Boston and its vicinity assembled to consi to this most barierous, desiructive, and under the expediency of combining their christian customi. Our emrnest wish is, efforts for the diffusion of pacific senti- that meri may be brought to view that in ments. A degree of zeal, which the best & just light, to see clearly its baleful infriends of the cause had not anticipated, tuence on the political, moral, and reliwas expressed, and the society was formed gious condition of commuwitirs, and its and organized. I enclose you the coastic opposition to the design and spirit of the tution, and sereral pamphlets which have gospel. Most carnestly do we desite that Pipet distributed on the subject, together men may be brought to freel that a spirit VOL. XI.

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Mr. Scargill on American Peace Society. of conquest is among the most atrocious in the gospel of lis beloved Son. We of crimes; that the thirst for military there bebold him as “the God of peace, glory is inhuman, and ruinous; and that and we have a cheering hope that he will the true dignity and happiness of a people own and prosper a society of perce-makers. result froin impartial justice towards all. It is well known that a diversity of sennations, and the spirit and virtues of peace. timent has existed among Christians on

Varions facts and consideratious have the qnestion, whether war be not in all conspired in exciting a bope, that a change cases prohibited by the gospet. But we may be eflected in public sentiment, and a intend that this society strall be established more happy state of sociciy introduced. on principles so broad, as to embrace the It is evidently the design and tendency of friends of peace who differ on this as well the gospel, to subdne the lusts and passious as on other subjects. We wish to promote „from which wars and tightings originate; the cause of peace by met hous which all and encouragement is given that a tinue Christians must approve-by exhibiting will come when the nations will learn war with all clearness and distinctness the

We believe that a great majo pacific nature of the gospel, and by tururity of the people in every civilized conutry, ing the attention of the comntunity to the when free from the delusions of party pas- nature, spirit, causes and etfccts of war. sions and prejudices, have such an aver We hope that by the concurrence of the sion to public hostilities, that they would frieuds of peace in all nations, and by the * rejoice if any plan could be devised which gradual illaunination of the Christian would both secure their rights and absolve world, a pacitic spirit may be communi. them from the burdens and sufferings of cated to governments, and that, in this

A late treaty of peace has suggested way, the occasions of war, and the belief the practicability of such a plan, and giveu of its necessity, will be constantly dimius an admirable lesson on the subject. nishing, till it shall be regarded by all

We now see, that when two governments Christians with the same horror with are inclined to peace, they can make some which we now look back on the exploded friendly power the umpire and last resort, and barbarous customs of former ages. for settling points of coutroversy. For On these principles and with these hopes this ray of pacific light we are grateful, We adopt the following and we hope that it will be like “the

ARTICLES. shining light, which shincth wore and I. The name of this society shall be. more unto the perfect day." This hope The Massachusctts Pence Society. is strengthened by reflecting on the anima II. The government of this society shall ting fact, that tbe horrid custom of private consist of a president, a vice-president, a wars, which for ages desolated Europe, was treasurer, a recording secretary, a correfinally abolished by a similar project. sponding secretary, and six trustees, who

Besides, it is clear that every popular shall be annually chosen, three of whom custom must depend on public opinion; shall constitute a quorum. and we also know, from history, that many III. The funds of the society shall be customs and usages, which were formerly under the direction of the trustees, to be considered as honourable, useful and even employed for the diffusion of light on the necessary, have since been abolished as subject of war, and in cultivating the prins inhuman and barbarous, and are now re- ciples and spirit of peace, Tie trustees garded with detestation and horror.

shall have power to appoint an creoutive To the list of encouraging facts we may coniuittee, and counsellers to advise with add, that by their late dreadful sufferings, the corresponding secretary, and to mako the attention of the European nations is regulations for the dispatch of business.. unusually excited to the guilt and miseries IV. Each subscriber of one dollar anof war; and with joy we have learned that nually shall be a member. Peace Societies have been proposed, if not V. Each subscriber of twenty-five dollars already established, on the other side of shall be a member for life. the Atlantic. These things not only en VI. All donations to the society shall be courage our hearts and strengthen our recorded; and every donor of fifty dollars, hands, but preclude the objection which or upwards, shall be au konorary nicnuber might arise, that it is dangerous to cul- of the society and of the bourd of trustres. tivate the spirit of peace in one nation, VII. Each member of the society shall whilst others retain the spirit of war. receive one half his annual subscription in A co-operation in different countries is such books or tracts as the trustecs shall joyfully anticipated in this great work approve, and at the lowest prices of the soof promoting peace, on carth and good ciety. will among men.

VIII. The annual meeting of the society, · But above all other sources of encourage shall be on the last Thursday in every ment, we contemplate the benevolent cha year; at which time reports shall be made racter of our heavenly Father, as displayed by the trustees and treasurer.

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