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Mr. Scargill on American Peace Society.
333 have been chosen, but the list is not with a number of the " Christian Disci. completed. We shall therefore defer ple," a work devoted to peace. These giving the naines of the officers to a publications are chietly from the pen of the future number. But we have the Rer. Noah Worcester, a gentleman of pleasure of stating that in the list of great respectabity of character and distina subscribers may be seen the names of guished by his benignant, amiable and the governor of Massachusetts, the philanthropic spirit. He is, as you will chief justice of the supreme court, the Pence Society, and will be happy to
perceive, the corresponding Secretary of the president and several of the pro- open a correspondence with you or with fessors of Harvard University, twenty any gentleman or societies who have esministers of the gospel and a consider- poused the cause of peace. able number of respectable laymen. In this country many of us have a
I have not now time nor room for strong confidence that a favourable imfurther extracts from these very inte- pression can be made on the public mind. Testing publications, and I sincerely We regard the abolition of the slave trade regret that I have it not in my power as a practical proof, that great and long to give greater publicity to them by established abuses may be resisted and exreprinting: should, however, any per- tirpated by perserering and disinterested sons feel disposed to give their assist- exertion ; and whilst we feel that war has ance towards the object, I shall be
å strong and devp foundation in some of happy to hear from them, and to de- the principles of haman nature, we believe vole my attention to superintending when invigorated and directed by the light
that there are other principles, which the press.
of the gospel, may and will avail to its Your's very respectfully,
gradual subversion. The incredulity of W. PITT SCARGILL.
men'as to the practicability of lappy and
important changes in the condition of SIR, Boston, Feb. 12, 1816. society is certainly diminished. The idea
Your letter dated June 1, 1815, which of a more improved state of the rorld is you did me the honour to address to me, no longer dismissed with a smile or a was received some time ago, together sheer as the dream of enthusiasm.. It with the pamphlet which you had publisis. seems to be one of the characteristics of ed on the subject of War. I bave de- this age, that nen cherish more generous ferred writing you, in the hope that I hopes in romard to the human race.
I reshould be able to communicate to you gard this is a most happy omen, and when some gratifying information in regard to confined with the predictions of revelathe diffusion of pacific principles in this tion, and with the benevolent administracountry. Before your letter reached me, tion of God, it ought to awaken an unthe subject of War bad begun to draw conquerable zeal in the friends of humathe attention of Christians. Some in- mity. teresting paniphlets bad been extensively
Very respectfully, circulated for the purpose of awakening
Your obedient Serrant, public sensibility to the guilt and calan.i
W.E. CHANYING. ties of that barbarous custom; and a pro
17". Pitt Scargill. position had been distinctly made that « Peace Societies" should be established Constitution of the Massachusetts Peace to give uniformity and euergy to the exer
Society. tions of the friends of peace.
Ir ?orilling à society, which it is hoped spect which your letter afforded of the may have an extensive inflaence, we, the formation of similar institutions in Europe, subscribers, c:em it proper to make a conGave new animation to the author of these cise a cinration of our notices and objects. pamphlets, and to those who adopted his ! We have be strongly improssed, by views; and the subject of a “ Peace So- consideri.. the manifold crines and treciety" continued to be agitated, petit in mendous calansities of public war, and the the course of last month the desirable oba melancholy insensibility which has been ject was effected. Several gentlemen of indeed by education and habit, in regard Boston and its vicinity asseinbled to consi- to this most baturous, desiructive, und under the expediency of combinin, their christian custom. Our ernest wish is, efforts for the diffusion of pacific senti- that meri may be brought to view tur in mients. A degree of zeal, which the best just light, to see clearly its baleful infriends of the cause had not auticipated, tuence on the political; moral, and reliwas expressed, and the society was formed gious condition of communities, and its atud organized. I enclose you the coastic opposition to the design and spirit of the tution, and sereral pz mphlets which have gospel: Most earnestly do we desire that been distributed on the subject, together men may be brought to fret that a spirit VOL. XI.
of conquest is among the most atrocious in the gospel of lis beloved Son. We of crimes; that the thirst for military there bebold him as "the God of peace, glory is inhuman, and ruinous; and that and we have a cheering hope that he will the true dignity and happiness of a people own and prosper a society of pence-makers. result froin impartial justice towards all It is well known that a diversity of sennations, and the spirit aud virtues of peace. timent has existed among Christians on
Varions facts and considerations have the qnestion, whether war be not in all conspired in exciting a hope, that a change cases prohibited by the gospeł. But we
may be effected in public sentiment, and a intend that this society shall be established more happy state of socicey iutroduced. on principles so broad, as to embrace the It is evidently the design and teudency of friends of peace who differ on this as well the gospel, to subdue the lusts and passious as on other subjects. We wish to promote from which wars and tightings originate; the cause of peace by methods which all and encouragement is given that a tine Christiaus must approve-by exhibiting will come ben the nations will learn war with all clearness and distinctness the no more. We believe that a great majo- pacific nature of the gospel, and by tururity of the people in every civilized couutry, ing the attention of the community to the when free from the delusions of party pas- nature, spirit, causes and effects of war. sions and prejudices, have such an aier- We hope that by the concurrence of the sion to public hostilities, that they would frieuds of peace in all nations, and by the • rejoice if any plan could be devised which gradual illamination of the Christian would both secure their rights and absolve world, a pacitic spirit may be communi. them from the burdens and sufferings of cated to governments, and that, in this
A late treaty of peace has suggested way, the occasions of war, and the belief the practicability of such a plan, and giveu of its necessity, will be constantly dimius an admirable lesson on the subject. nishing, till it shall be regarded by all
We now see, that when two governments Christians with the same horror with are inclined to peace, they can make sone which we now look back on the exploded friendly power the umpire and last resort, and barbarous customs of former ages. for settling points of coutroversy. For On these principles and with these hopes this ray of pacific light we are grateful, We adopt the following and we hope that it will be like “the
ARTICLES. shining light, which shincth wore and I. The name of this society shall bemore into the perfect day." This bope The Massachusctts Pence Society. is strengthened by reflecting on the anima- II. The government of this society shall ting fact, that tbe horrid custom of privale consist of a president, a vice-president, a wars, which for ages desolated Europe, was treasurer, a recording secretary, a correfiually abolished by a similar project. sponding secretary, and six trustees, who
Besides, it is clear that every popular shall be annually chosen, three of whom custom must depend on public opinion ; shall constitute a quorum." and we also know, froin history, that many III. The funds of the society shall be customs and usages, which were formerly under the direction of the trustees, to be considered as honourable, useful and even employed for the diffusion of light on the necessary, have since been abolished as subject of war, and in cultivating the prininhuman and barbarous, and are now re- ciples and spirit of peace. Tie trustees garded with detestation and horror. shall have power to appoint an executive
To the list of encouraging facts we may conuittee, and counsellers to advise with ada, that by their late dreadful sufferings, the corresponding secretary, and to mako the attention of the European nations is regulations for the dispatch of business., unusually excited to the guilt and miseries IV. Each subscriber of one dollar anof war; and with joy we have learned that nually shall be a member. Peace Societies have been proposed, if not V. Each subscriber of twenty-five dollars already established, on the other side of shall be a menaber for life. the Atlantic. These things not only en- VI. All donations to the society shall be courage our hearts and strengthen our recorded; and every donor of fifty dollars, hands, but preclude the objection wbich or upwards, shall be an konorary pienuber might arise, that it is dangerous to culs of the suciety and of the bourd of trustees. tivate the spirit of peace in one nation, VII. Each member of the society sball whilst others retain the spirit of war, receive one half his annual subscription in A co-operation in different countries is such books or tracts as the trustecs shall joyfully anticipated in this great work approve, and at the lowest prices of the soof promoting peace on earth and good- ciety, will among men.
VIII. The annual meeting of the society But above all other sources of encourage- shall be on the last Thursday in every ment, we contemplate the benevolent cha- year; at which time reports sball be made racter of our heavenly Father, as displayed by the trustees and treasurer,
Remarks on a Passage in the Obituary of Dr. Powell. 335 IX. This "society will encourage the would imagine, that this truth is too obforming of similar societies in this country vious to be overlooked and too imporand in foreign countries, by the dispersion tant to be neglected, and that if it was of tracts, by correspondence, and by other duly attended to by reformers as well suitable weans. They will encouruge wu- as anti-reformers, it would suggest a tual aid and co-operation among all the salutary lesson of moderation to both. friends of peace of erery denomination. X. Should any person become a member to restrain and cheek one class of
It seems to be the plan of Providence of this society whose residence is remote from Boston, it shall be regarded as bo- crimes and delinquents by the counpourable for him to encourage the esta
teraction of another. The Ovidian blishuncut of a siipilar society in his own
hemistich. ponderibus librata suis, is not vicinity.
more applicable to the srstem of the XI. No change in the objects of the universe, aod to the British constitusòciety shall ever be made; but the articles tion, than it is to the general frame of nay be sunendeel, and new articles inay society, composed (as is ihe majority be added as occasion shall require ; pro- of it) of short-sighted, wilful and selvided that no alteratiou be made except at fiab huinan treings." the ananal meeting, and by the consent of Now I think, sir, there cannot be two thirds of the members who may then a stronger argument for reform, than be present.
the fact, that "there are not in the
world wise and virtuous people enough Sur,
June 8, 1816. to keep the foolish and vicious in ors. THOUGH your Repository is not der:" it shew's how diligently we cal discussion, yet there are some points so adapted that the senate may contain so intimately connected with the well- the greatest possible number of wise being of mankind, that I think some and virtuous persons; and it appears of your pages. may be very usefully to me a “truth too obvious to be occupied with the subject.
overlooked and 100 important to be I have been much pleased with neglected," that it is impossible such, your correspondent, T. S.'s account of should be the case so long as scats in ihe late Dr. Powell; but there is one parliament are bought and sold like paragraph in the Obituary, p. 299, stalls in a fair, which njust necessarily where, after speaking of Dr. P.'s love! lead to a great deal of corruption, and of liberty and popular claims, he men- have'a tendency to fill the senate with tions some of his own political senti- men who are more anxious to bil their ments, on which I should be much own coffers, than to promote the gen, gratified by his giving some farther ex- neral benefit and good order of society. planation. Your correspondent says: I think the last twenty-five years
“ While at Edinburgh, Dr. P. was which have passed under our own 'eves, the spectator of a very storiny scene hiave clearly shewn how very impoli. of political contention, and it he was tic it is to neglect the people's voice not an actor in it, this arose from no till too late, when the whole fabric of want of zeal in favour of the party society may be destroyed in attempting which, in his opinion, comprehended to bring about a reform, which, if the friends of liberty and popular attended to as the times demanded, claims. Through life he retained the would harc had a gradual and very saine partiality, regulated, however, salutary operation. All history shows, and repressed by the good sense and and more particularly the last two sound judgment which he applied to years, how very unfit
' kings and their all subjects. Still it may be doubted, ministers are to have the management whether he was sufficiently aware of of affairs entirely at their disposal, witha fact, the belief of which must be out the beneficial influence of the peoimpressed on every calm and unpred ple, espressed through a constitutional judiced mind by even a superficial representation ; which is, I believe, knowledge of history, and by a slight the best method that can be devised view of what, during the last five and of collecting together “ wise and virtutwenty years, has passed under ourous people enough to keep the foolish oin eyes. The fact alluded to is, that and vicious in order :" for I suppose there are not in the world wise and no person will contend, at this time of virtuous people enough, to keep the day, that courts or congresses are less foolish and vicious in order. One liable to be infected with vice and foliy, or want less keeping in order, not elsewhere. He has a living or than other parts of society.
livings at a considerable distance. I agree with your correspondent, Some years since, visiting at à that the majority of society is com- friend's house near to Mr. Haynes's prised of “short-sighted, wilful and present residence, I met the old genselfish human beings;" but if be sup- tleman, and entering into conversapose that those qualities reside in ge- tion, I mentioned that I had often neral more amongst the goverued than., heard my mother speak of a clergythose who govern, I certainly dissent man at Elmset of his name: he refrom that opinion.
plied, “ he was my father;" and of If T. S. will do me the favour to Mr. Hopton H. "yes, he was my inform me how far I may have mis- grandfather;" and said, his writings taken his sentiments, it will oblige were very differently thought of now Your constant reader, from what they were at their first pub
J. lication, and some years after. They
are now in high repute with many Mrs. Sarah Toms's (Daughter of the as giving a just and rational interpre* Rev. Sunnel Say, of Westminster) tation of the scripture doctrine cons. Account of Mr. Hopton Haynes, in cerning Jesus Christ. There were a Letter to her Son, Samuel Say question. It became every one to
warm contenders on both sides of the Toms, Framlingliam.
examine and think for himself and R. IJAYNES was Assay Master speak and act from conviction; but
the Mint. religion second wife out of the Joslin (Jos was a plain simple thing, and that it selyn) family (the first knight baronet. was of more importance to ipsist on itin England--the title is now lost in a practically than to enter upon the a higher). They lived in Queen's minutiæ of controversy. "He hath Square, Westminster, which lies lic- taught thee, O man, what is good and tween the Broadway and the Park., what;" &c. ,- Thou shalt love the Mrs. Haynes attended upon Mr. Say, Lord thy God,” &c. my father, as her minister, and in of God which bringelh salvation, hath consequence they visited at each other's appeared unto all men, teaching,' &e. houses. Mr. Haynes was of the Esta- On these things hang all the law and blished Church. 'He had a son, by a the prophets, and they think they best former wife, who was rector of Elmset preach Christ by laying the main (about four miles from Hadleigh in stress on them. Suffolk). I often dined at Mr. Hop
Mr. H. is a very liberal minded ton Haynes's off turkeys, that were gentleman--leads a very retired lifesent from him. He was living at
is a bachelor. Elmset when I came to reside at Had
S. S. T. leigh, about the year 1746. Mr. Hopton Haynes thought that
Bromley, May 17, 1816. those who addressed any but God the SIR, my father asked him, how he would I LATELY found, among some join in the established service, where which I remember to have received it was so often done. His reply was, soon after the date of the letter, from a that he sat down to show his dislike. friend who was well assured of its auMy father saying, " he thought that thenticity. The date must have been was not sufficient,” Mr. Haynes never in 1792, when “about the 20th Sepafter attended any place of worship, tember the French General Montesand it gave my father much concern quieu entered the territories of Savoy, that he had hinted it to him. There A deputation from Chambery waited was no particular intimacy between, on him almost as soon as he passed the them.
boundary, and on the 21st he proceeded
with a detachment to take possession of A grandson of Hopton Haynes, a that city."--(New Ann. Reg. XIII. venerable clergyman, is now resident 193.) Savoy was soon after annexed to at Cretingham, a village about five France, under the name of the Departmiles from Framlingham. He pre-, ment of Mont Blanc. Of the Marquis viously resided at Ipswich, and offi- of Bellegarde, I am not aware that I ciated at Swilling, a small village, if ever before met with any account.
“ The grace:
Letter of Gramille Sharp's on the French Revolution. 337 I suspect that history will not sustain has been established." He adds, that Mr. Sharp's opinion that“ the Crown“ in France and Germany a different of France has offered more support to system has at all times, more or less, the" papacy, “ than any other of the" prevailed.” European Powers. My venerable ac- Having this occasion again to menquaintance appears not to have recol- tion Mr. Sharp, I recollect, what I lected the frequent contentions of that ought to have noticed sooner, the let. Crown with the Court of Rome for ter of L. H. (p. 27) occasioned by my the liberties of the Gallican Church, former communication. After all, the absence of an Inquisition, and the your respectable correspondent's dir. Toleration of Protestants, under the ference with Mr. Jenyns, like that of name of the Pretended Reformed, from Mr. Sharp, appears to be little more the tiine of Henry IV. through a large than verbal. The reference which bc part of the 17th century, though the To- makes to the great exeinplur of Christ leration was gradually infringed and at ians, may well serve to settle the queslength abolished by the revocation of tion. L'H: considers Christ as a pathe Edict of Nantes, in 1685. Nor, triot, because he wept over Jerusalem, whatever the Church might desire, can the metropolis of his native land. But it be correctly alleged that the State, in would he not have wept as freely over France, generally interfered, as in Rome or Athens, had he bern comSpain, Portugal, and perhaps papal missioned, a messenger of divine jurigGermany,“ to deprive the common ments, to either of those cities? The people of the Holy Scriptures." I disciples of Christ were indeed patriots, have in my possession two evidences according to the constitution and practo the contrary; One is the French tice of all our Christian governments. Testament of the Protestants, printed in one case they wondered that their in 1668: to which is annexed 'Marot Master talked with a woman who was and Beza's Version of the Psalms, and a stranger to the coinmonwealth of the Prayers, Catechism, &c. used by Israel, and on another occasion they the French Protestant Churches. This asked for fire from heaven, to revenge an volume, as appears by the titlepage, incivility offered by their natural enemies, was publicly sold by a bookseller at the Samaritans. Charenton and Paris. But the other
I remain, Sir, evidence is still more to the pur
Your's, pose: it is a French Testament published at Paris in 1764, with the cus
J. T. RUTT. tomary privilege du Roi. The Mass is prefixed, with a French translation. Extract of a Letter from Granville Sharp
to W'. Gill. Short notes are added to the text of the New Testament; and besides the com- which must necessarily be occasioned to
“I feel great concern for the distresses mon division into chapters, there is a
the Marquis of Bellegarde, and his amimore rational arrangement, by sections able family, by tlie eruptiou of the French and paragraphs, and a preface, recom- Army into Savoy ; they were in possession mending the study of the Scriptures. nat only of Chambery, where the Marquis This edition of 1764 is described as a
has a house, but also of the Chatenu des re-publication of one that had been Marches, the superb seat of the family, printed in 1746. Thus, seventy years and probably in possession also of most of ago, at least, any Frenchman, so dis- the Marquis's estate, so that undoubtedly. posed, might have purchased, at Paris, the family inust have been obliged to tiy. ihe New Testament and the Service of “ The retreat of the combined army is his national Church, in his native lan- stated in a variety of accounts, so that there guage, as freely as an Englishman is now no doubt of the fact, and of course could purchase in London the Liturgy the French Revolution must be established. of his Church and the authorized Ver. The progress of it has been more extrasion, so falsely described, by a favourite ordinary than any event in the history of pious fraud, as without note or comment. and contains a variety of very singulas
France, or any other nation for many ages, I cannot help adding the testimony instances of God's providence in the timeof Dr. Geddes, in his Prospeclus. Hav- ly discovery of secret plots and intended ing censured the opinion “ that the insurrections which the present AtheistiScripture should not be translated into cal state of that nation prevents them vulgar tongues," he remarks, p. 102, from observing, for they ignorantly impute " that this doctrine has chiefly obtained all their success to their own valour and in those countries where the Inquisition philosophy,