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“ 'The infidelity' that pervades France heaven, according to the express terms of is the natural effect of the long continued the prophecy.' But the civil death or total" exertions of their apostate church and extinction of all titles by law, is amply state to deprive the common people of the sufficient to prove the prophetic mark upon Holy Scriptures, which were witnesses that nation, and to enable us to judge by against their usurpations, and without the context of the prophecy (sce 11th chap which men become brules by being un-, ter) in what an awful period of time we guarded against the sudden and secret, stand at present. Excuse these remarks ; impulses of spiritual epemies, which kuow the accidental mention of our mutual how to take advautage of every sudden friend the Marquis of Bellegarde insensibly occasion of fear, piission or lust, to stifle led nie to thein, and as I have a real satis. the knowledge of good and evil in man--- faction in being aware of the times, I but without this infidelity and the occa- naturally wish my friends to partake of it. sional demoniacal phrenzies of some of themBe pleased to present my respectful com(to which Ingdels are always liable) they pliments to your mother and the ladies. would not have been proper instruments I remain with great esteein, Dear Sir, in God's band for a retribution in blond

Your humble Servant, G. S.” to their more bloody deceivers, of whom the prophet bas declared “they have shed GLEANINGS ; OR, SELECTIONS AND the blood of saints and prophets, and thou REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE (0 God) has given them blood to drink, OF GENERAL READING for they are worthy:" thus the very worst

No. ('CLVIII. of men and even demous are made instru

Saint Thomas à Bocket. ments of God's justice and providence to, fulfil his word,

Gervase, of Canterbury, sat's, that "France was certaiuly the eminent two volumes of rairacles, performed tenth part of the Ronan empire, and the by the dead archbishop, were estant crown of France has offered more support at Christ Church, in Canterbury, to the anti-christian Pontifex of Rome, when he wrote, and affirms, that they tban any other of the ten borns of the equalled all those in the gospel. In proof Beast ; so tbat when the city of Rome of which he tells us, that not only was deprived of that support, the prophecy diseases of all kinds were healed by of John was certainly' fulfiller, that a the invocation of his name, but inemtenth part of the city fell in a great earth- bers cut off and eyes pulled out (gen.' qırake or GELOLOS, the popular commotion talilius al'scissis et oculis effosis) were which preceded the event, in which were restored to the bodies froin which they to be slain " the names of men scven had been separated, and the dead were thousand." The names of men could raised to life.-To which Matthew not be slain, otherwise than by a civil Paris adds, that he also restored life death, by a law to extinguish human titles,

to dead birds and other animals. This, of which before the tinue of accomplish- i presume, he did at idle times for his ment our English translators of the apoca; amusement.-His blood was accounted lypse could form no conception, nor could they make any sense of the passage; which

a sovereigu remedy for all diseases, difficulty induced them to curtail it, and and formed one of the most lucrative to omit the expression that the names of articles of traffic to the monks of Canmen were slain, though all the Greek terbury.—The archbishop of Sens, in; eopies have it : and as seven thousand is a letter to the pope, delivered to posa prophetic number of perfection, it means terity by Roger de Hoveden, told'his a total extinction of all titles, which sud- holiness very gravely, that the waxdenly and wonderfully happened in an lights which were placed about the immense nation, more remarkably attached corpse of Becket, before his interment, for ages to titles, vanity and arbitrary happening to go out in the night, he power, than any other nation on earth; and this wonderful prophetic mark is so strong

rose up and lighted them again himself. ly impressed upon the nation at present,

No. CCLIX. that they will not even allow the ordinary title of Monsieur to be used among them.

Short and Long Prayers. It is remarkable that the army of the

In the reign of Abd’ullah the Third, French emigrants, consisting chietly of,

surnamed Meemounn, Bagdad was nobility and titled men, is exactly seven

afflicted with a great drought. The thousand eight hundred, so that if that caliph enjoined a public penance, and army should be cut off (and it seems at

went himself in procession, at the present in deplorable danger) the number head of his Mussulman subjects, to is just sufficient to afford even a literal ac- perform, in the neighbouring plains,, complishment, and to leave a remnant to the prayers prescribed by religion on be affrighted and give glory to the God of such occasions. The ceremony was

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tepeated on three succeeding days, but But this is it which deceives them. without effect. Heaven withheld its the name of ancestors being once set Wessings and rejected their petitions. in the front, they think it cannot be The caliph then ordered the Jews and that either themselves should be wiser, Christians to unite their supplications because they are called punies, or the with those of the faithful ; when, lo! others should in any thing be misto the great scandal of Islamim, the taken, because they are called their rain fell in abundance, and the earth ancestors.” From Lactantius, Div. Inst, was refreshed. The caliph was as. l. ii. c. 8, by Hakewill. Apologie. tounded: he felt the affronteren 1630. 1. iii. ad fin. inore than he acknowledged the favour, and his faith staggered with

No. CCLXI. resentment. The Ulenia were as. Blagnanimity of the Royal Family. sembled, and the caliph proposed his When the Princess of Wales, 110doubts; when a reverend ductor, nother of his present Majesty, mentioned, less learned than pious, arose, and with some appearance of censure, the enforcing his reasonings with the conduct of Lady Margaret M Donald seductions of eloquence, calmed his of Sleat, who harboured and concealed disquietude, and brought him back the Prince when in the extremity of into the stedfastness of truth. The peril, he threw himself on her proMahometan doctors attribute to in- iection—" And would not you, Maspiration the discourse which he pro- dain," answered Prince Frederick, nounced. “What is there," said the “ have done the same in the like cirholy man, “ so extraordinary in this cumstances? I hope I am sure you event, or so inimical to the religion would.” Besides the great measure of of Mahomet? God,” continued he, restoring the forfeited estates of the "so loves the Mussulmans, his chosen chiefs, our venerable sovereign shewed, people, their prayers and their peti- 'on many occasions, how little his heart tions are so grateful to his ear, that was capable of nourishing dislike he even abstains from an immediate against those who had acted upon compliance with their request, to principle against the authority of his compel them to renew their pious family. The support which he afforded addresses : but the voice of infidels is to the exiled branch of the Stuarts, will harsh and dissonant ; and if he grant forin a bright trait in his history; and their petitions, it is from disgust at secluded as he now is from his governiheir nauseous supplications, and to ment and people, we may as of a derid himself of their importunities." ceased monarch relate one of those

trifling traits which marked the geneNo. CCLX.

rous kindness of his disposition. His Ancients and Moderns. Majesty was told of a gentlemand of fa« God hath given wisdom unto all, mily and fortune, in -shire, according to a competent measure, that, far from taking the oath of alle. that they might both 'find out things giance to him, he had never been anheard of before, and weigh things known to name or permit him to be already found out. Neither because named as king in his presence.--thes had the start of us in time, doth Carry my compliments to him," said it likewise follow that they have it the king, " and say that I respect his also in wisdom, which, if it be indif- steadiness of principle; or, as he may ferently granted to all, it cannot le not receive my compliments as King of forestalled by them that went before. England, present them as those of the. It is unimpareable, like the light and Elector of Hanover.” And he never brightness of the sun, it being the afterwards saw the gentleman from light of man's heart, as the sun is of whom the anecdote is derired, without his eyes. Since then to be wise, that enquiring after the health of the vene. is, to search the truth, is a disposition rable recusant, and reiterating his wish inbred in every man, they debar them- to be remembered to him. The same selves of wisdom, who, without any kindness to the memory of those who examination, approre the invention's hazarded themselves for the Stuait of their ancestors, and, like unreason- cause, has been inherited by the present able creatures, are wholly led by others. administrator of royal authority; and to

him as to his father, their descendants The Turkish Court of Doctors' Com- have been and arc prompt to repay it. mons.

Quarterly Revier.

REVIEW
“Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame.".--POPE,

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Art. I.-The General Prayer-Book ; cieties of Christians (if such there be)

containing Forms of Prayer on Prin- as, agreeing in the general doctrines
ciples common to all Christians, for of the gospel

, in the desire to unite on
Religious Societies, for Families, this foundation, and in the expediency
and for Individuals: chiefly selected of a liturgy, are vet of different persua.
from the Seriptures, the Book of sions on some of the controverted points
Cominon Prayer, and the Writings of faith. Churches of this description,
of various Authors. By John Prior alone Catholic, will feel the value of
Estlin, LL. D. Cr. 8vo. pp. 236. this manual of charity and devotion.
Longman and Co. 6s. 6d. 1815. In the Preface, Dr. Estlin states, in

RAYER-BOOKS have too often a very frank and solemn manner, his
serving to instruct the several sects in resting topics of Christian morality.
their Shilloleths. One of these com- He thus explains the reasons of his
pilations has been the occasion of more nonconformity:
misery than any other hundred volumes

“Approving of the occasional use of which were ever published. From St. printed forms of prayer, both in public Bartholomew Day, 1662, to the pre- and in private, and admiring the style and sent time, its influence has been ma- manner of the Liturgy of the Church of nifested by divisions and excommuni- England, he lanients that he is precluded cations, wounded consciences and from joining in it, by a disbelief of some of broken hearts.

the doctrines which it contains, and a disWe therefore hail the appearance of approbation of the claim to infallibility, a Book of Common Prayer, the design and the intolerant spirit which character of which is to unite and not to divide, ize one of its fundamental creeds. to support Christianity and not human

“In connecting himself with Dissenters, systems, and to promote charity and for the first wish of his heart, until he

he was influenced by no sectarian spirit; piety and not what the compiler may was nearly twenty years of age, was to ofdeem orllodory.

ficiate in the Established Church, and to “Of the following collection of prayers, procure for himself that share of its emothe first form is taken entirely from the luments and honours which was to be Scriptures ; 'the second is taken chiefly obtained by a fair competition, by profrom a Paraphrase on the Lord's Prayer fessional industry, and by consistency of by the Rev. John Simpson; the third, character. from some Services published about fifty “ It has often been a painful considerayears ago, for the use of a congregation tion to him, and has led to a most unpleain Liverpool ; the fourth and fifth, from sant general inference, that kis close alterations of the Common Prayer; and attention to the subject, and his fired dethe sixth, which preserves the mode gene- termination never to sacrifice principle to rally in use aniong Dissenters, from a inclination, should have operated as the Prayer written for a Fast-day, and pub- cruse of his exclusion. With every pious lished by request of the congregation with mind he would cordially sympathize, if it which the writer is connected. It conse- could be made to appear that the opposite quently contains both the religious and qualities—that ignorance and want of political sentiments of that respectable principle, not only presented no bar, but society. The prayers for Families, for afforded a facility to admission. Individuals and for Young Persons, are “ Further consideration, instead of repartly original and partly taken from the moving, only increased his difficulties, until Essex-street Liturgy, from the services of he was forced at last to rest in the convicDr. Enfield, Mr. Kingsbury, Mr. Merivale, tion, that as conformity to the mode of and the Prayers published by the Unita- religion established in this country would rian Society.. Pref. Pp. xvi. xvii. require hiin to subscribe about two hunBoth the original and the selected he did not believe, and to rend creeds

dred and fifty propositions, many of which forins in this volume appear to us an- which he considered as unscriptural and swerable to the professions of the con intolerant, and above all, to lead the devopiler, and to be drawn up." on Princi- tions of a congregation when he could not ples common to all Christians." They accompany them with his heart; such will be found of great use to such să conformity in bin, would be nonconformity.

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Dr. Estlin's General Prayer-Book.

341 to the first principles of Christianity and that some hundreds of propositions on the Protestantism, and to the eteriral laws of most abstruse points of theology, should truth, as well as to every principle of for centuries constitute the faith of so Christian humility and charity." Pp. iv. v. many thousands as from some motive or The following thoughts on “Sab- other are induced to subscribe what are

called the thirty-nine articles. scription," are worthy of serious consideration :

“ An ala zning, and ajastly to be dreaded

effect of this adherence to ancient establish“ It is an idea which has forcibly taken ments is, that it will probably lead to atpossession of his miod, that a subscription tempts to bring down the standard of moto articles of religion which are not be- rality to human institutions, instead of lieved, as ihe condition of obtaining any endeavouring to raise human institutions worldly advantage--the subscription to and to the standard of morality. And if this repetition of creeds which are so far froin be not a national corruption of morals, being the actual creed of the subscriber or what is ?" Pp. v. vii. repeater, that he himself is sentenced by

Dr. Estlin considers, and we think them to everlasting perdition-above all, professing to worship the God of Truthi, justly, that he only is a Church-man, when the heart is at variance with the lips, who believes the Athanasian Creed. -if it be not that specific crime for the " It would seem to be a question of easy commission of which two persons were solution, what is it which constitutes a stricken dead by an apostle, is a species of churchmav? Can it be any thing else crime comprehended under that generic than a belirf in the creeds and articles of character which is laid down by the apostle the church, manifested by a correspondent to excite a suitable horror on this awful conduct? It is true a man may profiss occasion.

hinıself a churohman, without this belief. “ If there be any foundation for this It is equally true, a man who disbelieves apprehension, if moral evils of this nature the divine mission of our Saviour, or even actually exist, as soon as their existence is an Atheist, may profess himself a Christian. generally known and adverted to, it is pre- “ A churchman, then, is one who emsumed that the integrity of the nation will braces the following creed.

« Whosoerer be as steadily directed to the means of re- will be saved, before all things it is nemoving them, as the benevolence of the cessary that he hold the Catholic faith. nation was to the means of effecting the Which faith, except every one do keep abolition of the slave-trade. The causes whole and undefiled, without doubt he shall are obrious; the remedies may be applied perish everlastingly.” A man who believes with perfect facility, and they cannot; this may undoubtedly, consistently with refrom the nature of things (for they are ligious integrity, read it or join in it, and agreeable to the nature of things which be a member of a church of which this has been obstructed only because they were forms a constituent part. But nothing not applied before, they cannot) be attended appears clearer to the compiler of these with any inconvenience whatever.

forms of prayer, than that the person who “ Sach changes have been produced in attends the service of the church irithout men's religious opinions by that great io- believing this, is by profession a churchDovator Time, that, notwithstanding some man, but in principle a dissenter." P. ix. symptoms of a retrograde march of mind The author expresses himself very to the darkest ages, the understanding of strongly, but who will say too strongly? a man cannot be moulded into an ac

on Dr. Paley's celebrated chapter in quiescence in the infallibility of the com

the Moral Philosophy. posers of our articles and liturgy, or of the infallibility of Elizabeth and her parliament, « The writer of these remarks wishes, under whom they received the sanction of however, to add one word more on the law, or of Charles the Second and his par- subject of religious integrity. It is with liament, by whom this sauction was cond the sentiment of disrupprobation that he firmed. The absurdity of a similar está* alway reads Dr. Pak y's Chapter on lits. blishment in medicine every person would It is with unspeakable pain that he reads immediately perceive; and it is presumed that on Ouths to observe local Salviese that few physicians at present, whatever It is with horror that he rettes that on might have been the case among the an- Subscription to Articles of Religi?. Excient Egyptians, would submit to be ment- cellent as the works of this author are in bers of such an establishment. Institutions general, it appears to him, that in these supposed useful io certain circumstances instances he has surrendered the citadeler (not that the utility of sanctioning by law truth. The united exertions of men of buman creeds or human articles in any religioas integrity, from all denomina :003 circumstances is acknowledged) may sur- of Christians, be trusis will soon rain it: vive their utility. It is hard to conceive Farther this accominodating writer coa:d VOL. XI.

2 Y

pot go : the pen dropt; and no chapter is a preface, a posthumous tract of Mr. to be found in his work, in which an at. Thomas Moore, entitled, 'An Inquiry tempt is made to defend insincerity in the into the Nature of our Saviour's Agony in worship of Almighty God.

the Garden.'-Mr. Moore was a woollen" The appeal is made to every pious draper in Holywell Street, Strand; a parent, and to every ingenuous youth, thinking man and studious in the scripwhether the taking of oaths which are not tures. The design of his pamphlet is to to be observed, and the subscription to account for our Lord's agony, from the articles which are not believed, as the first series of events which befel ihiin during step of a preparation for the Christian mi- the latter part of his ministry, without nistry, would not be succeeded, as its second supposing it to have been the result of step, by joining in the worship of God with any preternatural inflictions." Pp. 103, lying lips; and wbether such a repetition 104; and note. of sounds can be called the worship of God

We take notice of this tract in order at all." P. x.

to suggest that if any person possessing Every enlightened mind will take it will entrust it to our care by means pleasure in the author's benevolent spe- of our publishers, we will cause it to culations with regard to the progress of be re-printed. There is a serinon, “pure and undefiled religion.” also, on the same subject, which we

“ The return of peace; the general cir- beg leave to inquire after, with the culation of the Bible and the extension of same view : the following character the ability to read it; the recognition and of it and of the author is taken from the bringing into exercise of many general Wakefield's Evidences of Christianity, principles, which in former ages were only and edit. 8vo. 1793, pp. 136, 137 : occasionally discerned, and soun obscured “ But I forbear to enlarge on this by the clouds of ignorance and prejudice,

subject of our Lord's agony, because are most auspicious circumstances; and in it has been discussed with much good the midst of so much enthusiasm, superstition and bigotry on the oue side, and friend, the Rev. Timothy Wylde, late

sense and perspicuity, by my venerable indifference on the otber, are highly consolatory and grateful to the feeling mind, in a sermoni preached almost sixty-three

master of the free-school in Nottingham, “ There is a rotation of intellectual taste, as weil as of outward fashion. The years ago at that place, upon Matt. attributes of God; the character of his

xxvi. 39,* from which I shall quote administration; the everlasting state of the three reasons assigned for this exmankind; the means of obtaining and en-' traordinary emotion of our Saviour : joying that felicity for which God bas de- .." 1. The first ground of Christ's fear signed us; the obligations of religious in- and agony I shall mention, is his tegrity, and Christian humility and charity; knowing beforehand the particular cir in a word, the science of religion and mo- cumstances of his torment and death.. rals, with a view to its practical application, 9. Another reason of our Saviour's will not, in every period of the world, be fear and disorder was, the remarkable considered as the least important of all the severity of his sufferings, and the many subjects which can employ the attention of circumstances of cruelty with which the human mind." P. xvi.

his death was attended. Art. II.The History and Antiquities for our Saviour's fear of death (and

“3. The only other reason I assign of Dissenting Churches, &c. [Continued from p. 292:]

what I principally rely on), is his

sense of the important consequences ATHANIEL LARDNER, D. D.

which depended on his dying well. all the Dissenters make their boast.

“ Thus far this intelligent preacher, A full account of him is here given sitions in a rational, convincing and

who reasons on each of these propofrom the memoirs already existing.

instructive manner.'' It is a circumstance not generally known, says Mr. Wilson, I. 91, that

To return to the History : Mr. Wilhe coinmenced his stated labours in

son having given an account of the the ministry at an ancient meeting

publication of Dr. Lardner's Isetter on house in Hoxton Square. Here he canvot pass over :

the Logos, drops a reflection which we preached for a few years as assistant to his father, Mr. Richard Lardner.

« The author is still alive, and has “ In the year 1757, Dr. Lardner, in the full enjoyment of his intellect, in exconjunction with the Rev. Caleb Fleming, trene old age. The sermon well deserves revised for publication and introduced with re-publication."

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