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Pavicu.Wilson's Dissenting CPurchas.

343 " It is with extreme concern that we of this gentleman is introduced into place so great a man as Dr. Lardner on the History, in consequence of Dr. The list of Socinian authors, who, how- Lardner's having revised the manuever respectable, on account of their la- script of his 'Treatise on the True Docbours in the cause of literature, bare con- trinc of the New Testament concerntributed by their writings to 'poison the ing Jesus Christ, and the following streams of divine truth and promote an universal scepticism in matters of belief." biographical note is subjoined :P. 105.

“ Mr. Cardale was educated for the To this uncharitable assertion is ministry under Dr. Latham, at Findern,

in Derbyshire. About the year 1785, aduled a still more uncharitable note :

he settled at Eresbam, where he preached “ We hare somewhere met with an about forty years, till his death, early in observation of the celebrated Dr. Taylor 1775. At the last, he had about twenty of Norwich, which is much to our present people to hear hiin, having ruined a fine purpose. The Doctor, who was a zealous congregation by his very learned, dry and Socinian, and a learned tutor at Warring- critical discourses, an extreme heaviness ton, expressed his surprise' low it hap- in the pulpit, and an almost total neglect pened that most of his pupils turned of pastoral visits and private instruction.* Deists.' The fact, it seems, he admitted; He wroie sereral pieces in a dull, tedious but he never thought of accounting for it way in favour of Socinianism. In common from the sceptical tendency of Socinian with otber writers of his stamp, he endeaprinciples." 16.

vours to impress his readers with an idea It is an unfavourable augury when that every creed promulgated under the an historian is extremely concerned and

name of Christian, is equally acceptable manifestly reluctant to reiate historical that ihere is no such thing as religious

to the Divine Being; or, in other words, trath. Þr. Lardner was in opinion truth. His publications, according to Dr. what he saw reason for being; and it Kippis, t bad considerable influence in is not for his biographers either to hide drawing over persons to his own opinions." his faith or to sit in judgment upon it. P. 106. Such a man could not believe without, much less against, evidence.

There is great indecorum in the at

tack The pleasure of vilifying “ Socini

upon the ministerial character of

Mr. Cardale, who we knew was respectan authors" is, we believe, very great : ed and beloved by his hearers. Job Orstill

, it was hardly to be expected that, ton's authority is not sufficient for the with Lardner at their head, they should be characterized as a class of charge: Orton was subject to fits of inen who " have contributed by their bear the marks of severity and intola

ill-humour, and many of his letters. writings to poison the streams of divine

rance. truth and promote an universal scepticism

Did not Mr. Wilson perceive the in mattors of l-elief!" The citation of such a sentence is reprobation enough.

inconsistency of describing Cardale as Mr. Wilson must excuse our doubt- a dull

, tedious writer, and at the same ing the truth of the anecdote relating tion of Dr. Kippis, that he was suc

time of admitting, on the representato Dr. Taylor. He should not have told such a story without being pre

cessful in making converts by his pared to allege his authority. His publications ? Let the historian read somewhere" will, we suspect, turn

the works which he has censured and out to be no-u:here. If we wrong him, and judgment and talents, and that

he will find that they display learning he may set himself right with our readers in the department of our work rank

as a writer, yet one which will

the author occupies, if not the first allotted to Correspondence. We have no satisfaction in making dence of his readers.

ever secure him the

respect and conti. objections to Mr. Wilson's work,

Mr. Cardale, says the historian, in which, upon the whole, we consider highly valuable and interesting, but common with other “ Socinians," enwe feet it to be a duty to endeavour to deavours to shew that there is no such prevent his poisoning the streams of his thing as truth! Astounded at this astoric truth and promoting an universal sertion, we took down from its shelf srepticism in matters of ecclesiastical history; and therefore we cannot pass # “ Orton's Letters to Dissenting Miby the account of Mr. Paul Cardale nisters, vol. i. p. 154.” without animadversion. The name + “Life of Lardner, p. 67,"

our copy of The True Doctrine, and for the Historian led us to look into almost the first passage which met our Mr. Cardale's other principal work, cye, was the following, which we ex- The Gospel Sanctuary; where we were tract for Mr. Wilson's information :

equally at a loss for any one sentence “ The principal thing, therefore, to justify Mr. Wilson's censure: we that I would recommend and incul- found one passage, however, which, cate, is, a love of truth. This is the though it does not bear him out in his most promising and likely way to be condemnatory criticis:n, may possibly led into it, the best preparative for re- set him right in spirit? ceiving it, and, in all cases, the best “ Christians, as such, would do well preservative against every dangerous to consider, that one eminent branch error and delusion. It is for want of or precept of this gospel is churity, this, that there are multitudes in the (charity in respect to other men's opi. world who' labour under mental sla- nions, and our own temper and conduct very and oppression, and are hardly towards them that differ from us,) and ever sensible of it. Reason must al- that the peculiar doctrines of Christian· ways be dormant, and in a state of ity do, in the strongest manner, recomcaptivity, when there is no disposition niend and enforce it. All uncharitableand relish for free inquiry. And I ness is unrightcousness : it is iniquity; or cannot but lay the greater stress upon a manifest breach of the gospel rule, this, as the apostle, when speaking which is a rule of equity, and contrary of the grand apostacy, thus accounts 10 the very spirit and design of it. for it, telling us, that, because men When professed Christians, in open received not the love of truth, they erred defiance of this noble maum, grow to their own destiuction. See that angry with those that differ from them, remarkable passage in 2 Thess. ii. 10, call"in question their honesty, deny II, &c. where the apo tle strongly them the rights of common humanity, intimates, that persons need net, or and are for propagating what they call sather cannot be deluded, by the lying truths in the way of the Alcoran, not of wonders, the unrighteous and frau- the Bille; this is the lane of Christiandulent wiles of the man of sin, if they ity, and inconsistent with all true reliare lovers of truth and virtue. It is gion: or, this is that bitter zeal, (as the only upon other characters, that God, apostle truly describes it,) which is at any time, sendeth strong delusion, carthly, sensual, and devilish, and ought so that they should believe a lie, or never to have a place, or a name, amongst embrace the inost absurd and foolish Christians, amongst Protestants.” Pref. things, &c. whercas the mind of a pp. xx. xxi. trul, honest man, who sincerely loves The historian sinks into the partizan and seeks the truth, being free froin in the description of Dr. Lardner's chaevery corrupt and criminal bias, will racter, (p. 111.) It is needless to quote seldom, if ever, err, in any matters of Mr. Wilson's words : the purport of real importance. Truth of every kind, them is that he wishes Dr. Lardner and especially religious truth, will be had believed as he (Mr. W.) believes, always dear to him. He will, e. g. regrets that Dr. Lardner should have inquire after and cordially embrace assisted in the destruction of the faith of whatever appears to be țhe truth of Christians, and disavows moderation the gospel, however contrary, it may and charity where “ Socinianism" is be to his former opinions, to the faith concerned ! Charity, for a system of his own, or to the articles of any that stabs at the very vitals of Christother church.Upon the same prin- ianity, is no longer a virtue, but a ciple, he will alwayɛ act as conscience crime!" Were the History disgraced persuades, and be strictly just and with many passages of this ridiculous, true to the light and sentiments of his insolent character, we should take little own mind; knowing, that, how light interest in it; but regarding Mr. Wila matter soever some persons make of son's intolerance as occasional and as ii, conscience is very much concerned an exception to the usual spirit which in stedfastly adhering to what we ap- he breathes in these pages, we deem prehend to be the truth, how wide or ourselves not ill-employed in pointing different soever it may be from the out places where he may employ the apprehensions of others.” Pref. Ess. pruning-knife with credit to himself. pp. 68, 69.

George Benson, D.D. was another Having read this passage, our concern of the eminent men who preached in

:

a

Ræiew.--Wilson's Dissenting Churches.

345 Poor Jewry Lane. He was educated Lane at the same time that he was in Calvinism, and was first settled over pastor at Newington Green: he cona congregation professing that system tinued here till bis acceptance of the at Abingdon, in Berkshire. Whilst pastorship, in 1770, at the Gravel Pit, here, he published three practical Dis- Hackney. courses to young persons, which he John Calder, D.D. is the last name afterwards suppressed, Mr. Wilson on this distinguished list. We extract savs, on account of their evangelical Mr. Wilson's account of him: tendency," meaning, we suppose, on “ Upon the resignation of Dr. Price, account of their inculcating the doc- the afternoon service in Poor Jewry Lane trines of John Calvin, which Dr. Ben-, was undertaken by Dr. Calder. This genson in the maturity of his understanding tleman (who is still living) is a native of renounced as odious corruptions of the Scotland, and received his education in the gospel.

University of Aberdeen, from whence he Mr. Wilson charges Dr. Benson's received his degree. He was settled some “Account of Calvin's causing Servetus time with a congregation at Alnwick, in to be burned" with exaggeration. We Northumberland, where he married a lady think the charge groundless. The of considerable fortune. From thence he death of the Unitarian martyr is brought removed to London, and succeeded Dr.

After the home by a chain of unquestionable Price as already mentioned. evidence to the Genevan dogmatist, Lane, Dr. Calder retired to Hammersmith,

dissolution of the society in Poor Jewry whose language concerning the mur

where he deroted himself chiefly to his lidered Spaniard, after the tragical deed, terary lahours. Since that time he has not convicts him of a barbarousness of undertaken any stated work in the miheart which is rare even in the annals nistry, and be is now a member of Mr. of persecution. It is due to Mr. Wil- Belsham's congregation in Essex Street."* son to state that he avows in measured terms his disapprobation of Calvin's valuable library, chiefly numismatic,

Dr. Calder is since dead. He left a conduct in this affair.

which was not long ago sold, together In delineating Dr. Benson's character, the historian is betrayed by his with the late Dr. Towers's, by public zca for his own system of faith into auction. For a short period, Dr. Calreflections, resembling those which de- der was Librarian of Dr. Williams's

Library, Red-Cross Street. form the picture which he has given of

This brief notice may possibly inDr. Lardner, Elenezer Radcliff (Radcliffe,] who

duce some of his surviving friends to changed the style of Reverend for that

furnish a complete memoir.

The latter end of Poor Jewry Lane of Esquire, was living when Mr. Wil

Meeting House exhibits a melancholy son drew up the account of him, but died shortly after. We inserted (V. instance of the mutability of all that is

human and of the degeneracy of insti707—711) 'an interesting Memoir of him from the pen of a near friend. of successive individuals. After having

tutions which depend upon the talents His first settlement as a minister is been shut up a short time it was rethere said to have been at Boston, not' at Stamford, as stated by Mr. Wilson. opened by a new people, termed a Mr. Radcliffe's Sermon on the refusal chapel, furnished with an organ and a of the repeal of the Test Act in 1772, attractive et celera of Calvinistic Me

Common Prayer-Book, and the other is said by our Author, with apparent thodists, the name itself of Poor Jewry acquiescence, to have been considered Lane giving place to that of Jewrý at the time much too violent:" but

Street. what publication against injustice and

Our author manifestly droops with oppression ever escaped this accusation? It has been humourously said that the his subject ; his account of the converb reform has no present

tense ; and verted place of worship. is scarcely the efforts of reformers have been al- above the style of the Obituary of the

Evangelical Magazine. He takes apways pronounced by such as are wise in their generation to be ill-timed and parently as much pleasure in the mi imprudent.

nute biography of obscure, however Richard Price, D. D. was afternoon virtuous, preachers as of Lardner and

A short memoir is given in (or evening?*) preacher at Poor Jewry

a note of Ilenry Mead, who "was very See Review of Morgan's Life of Price, Mon. Repos. X. 505.

." Private information."

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Benson.

near becoming minister of Jewry Street many of our pages. Our notices of the Chapel, and had purchased the organ, remaining historical and biographical which was built for the little Minories articles will be more brief; we anuChurch." The names of the actual cipate less and less occasion for ani. ministers of this Chapel, from the pe- madversions on the historian. riod of its becoming such to that of this publication, are William Aldridge, Art. III.-A Solemn Review of the Richard: Povah, and Jolun Ball.

Custom of War; shewing that War Mr. Aldridge was one of Lady Hun- is the Effect of popular Delusion, tingdon's students. He left her con- with a Proposal for a Remedy. 8vo. nexion and became in 1776 stated mi- pp. 16. [Price 3d. or 2s. 6d. per nister at Jewry Street, where he contimisel till his death in 1797. He pub Thicks of live Society for preventing

Dozen.] Souter, Paternoster Row. lished a funeral sermon on the death of his patroness, the Countess of Hun- Far. We hail the rise of such a Sotinglon, and “ The Doctrine of the city, and insert with pleasure the Trinity stated, proved, and defended." three first Resolutions of the persons He was occasionally assisted by“ a Mr. composing it, explanatory of its obBryan,” also a student at Trevecca, ject :who obtained holy orders from Eras

London Coffee House, mus, a Greek Bishop, who visited

March 20, 1816. London in the year 1763, and ordained " At a meeting of friends to the several persons that could not procure principle of this Society, Sir Richard ordination from the English Bishops. Phillips having been invited to take Mr. Bryan became minister of a con- the chair, the following Resolutions gregation at Sheffield, but " was af- were passed :flicted for many years, at intervals, “1. That a Society be now formed with an unhappy dejection of spirits, whose oluject it shall be to circulate which bordered upon derangement." knowledge among all nations, on sub

Mr. Povah was introduced to the jects of public morality, on the folly, ministry by means of Lady Hunting- inutility and wickedness of wår, and don: after his settlement at Jewry on the obligations of governments not Street, he con forned to the Church to appeal to the sword on slight occaof England and endeavoured to put thesions, on questions of equivocal policy, chapel under the jurisdiction of the or for the gratification of pride, Bishop of London ; this being resisted revenge or ambition. by the trustees, led to the resignation 2. That to guard the proposed of his charge. He then became cu- Society against misrepresentations, it rate and lecturer of St. James's, is deemed proper to declare that its Duke's Place; and has since, we be purpose is of a nature purely moral; lieve, been harassed by proceedings that it addresses itself to no particular against him in the spiritual court on party, either religious or political; and the ground of his being heretical in that it will on no occasion mix itself his notions of baptism.

with questions of temporary and local Mr. John Ball was “ designed for politics. the water,” and “spent a part of his “3. That some approved tract, youth upon the river Thames," but, tending to promote the objects of this diverted from his original calling, Society, shall be published every three entered Dr. Addington's Academy at monthis." Mile End, and after various minis- The only name as yet published in terial engagements settled at Jewry connexion with the Society is that of Street, where the History leaves him. the Chairman, who offers to give in“In 1807, Mr. Ball took up the cud- formation concerning the Institution gels in defence of the Rev. Rowland to such as may apply to him for it. Thill," in a pamphlet in answer to The same in forination may be obtained " An Admnonicory Epistle.” (See M. of the publisher of this tract, who is Repos. II. 4.17.) This pamphlet also appointed general publisher to is said by Mr. Wilson to have been the Society. written " in an ill temper."

We trust, however, that more effiThe importance of the former part çient means will be adopted to make of this article in the History, nust the Society known, and io secure the plead our apology for devoting to it so patronage of the moral and Christian

Review.- Taylor's Letter to a Deughter. Fox's Sermon for Dr. Powell. public. Subscriptions are invited for their politics into morality, and sublithe sake of enabling the Society to mating the spirit of party into pure make a gratuitous distribution of their philanthropy. publications; these will not we dare The Society announce for publication say, be withheld; but they cannot be on the first of August a second Tract, expected to any great amount, unless consisting of Extracts from Grotius on the several officers of the Society give Peace and War, in the same form and their names to the world. This step, at the same price, as the “ Solemn therefore, we recommend them in- Review." stantly to adopt ; taking it for granted that the names are wisely selected, so as to preclude the suspicion of

Art. IV.-The Value of a Child; or,

party views and interested motives.

Motives to the good Education of The Solemn Review, as we learn

Children. In a Letter to a Daugbfrom our correspondent, Mr. Scargill

ter. By John Taylor, D. D. of (see p. 332), is an American publica

Norwich. 12mo. pp. 34. Printed tion, the first-fruits of the Massachusett's

by Richard and Arthur Taylor, Peace Society. The English Society

Sold by R. Hunter, St. Paul's could not have chosen a better tract

Church Yard. 1810. to head their publications. It is well- THIS treatise, now presented anew written and ably argued, and though to the public in a very elegant temperate, contains such appeals to form, by the hand of filial piety, was the better feelings of mankind in far written by Dr. Taylor in 1748, and vour of peace as can scarcely be resist. addressed to his daughter, Mrs. Rigby, ed. We hope that there are few of of Chowbent in Lancashire, and his qur readers who will not procure it daughter-in-law, Mrs. Taylor, of Norand put it in circulation.

wich, on the birth of their first chilThe American Peace Societies (for dren. It has been long out of print we reckon that they have multiplied and sometimes anxiously inquired afsince the date of the last dispatches ter. In so small a compass, it is imfrom America) have originated in New possible to imagine more sound moral England, amongst that part of the instruction. We recommend the tract people of the United States, who op- especially to those who are entering, posed the late war with England, and or have but lately entered, into the pawho have generally been distinguished rental relation. from the majority of their countrymen The following, maxim is worthy of by their Anglican predilections and Dr. Taylor's well known liberality of politics. If in England the same in- spirit :stitutions should be established by per- “ The justest notions attended with the sons not usually concurring in the virulence of bigotry are but as generous public policy of the government, the wine turned into the sourest rinegar.' dair conclusion will be, not that peace P. 28. and republicanism are kindred objects of desire (history has shewn them cominonly dissociated), but that the Art. V.-A Sermon delivered at the objection, on whatever grounds, to any

Unitarian Chapel, Chichester, April particular war, sharpens the under- the 21st, 1816, on occasion of the standing and quickens the feelings, to Death of Thomas P. Powell, M.D. a perception of the injustice and an By W. J. Fox. 4to. pp. 32. abhorrence of the iniquity of all war, THIS is an elegant tribute of affecby whomsoever and wheresoever and tion and respect to the memory for what purposes soever waged. The of a gentleman who seems to have English have for years been accustomed been worthy of the choicest offerings of to extol the wisdom and virtue of the friendship. There is prefixed to the American New Englanders, and we sermon the interesting sketch of Dr. trust that they will not abate in their Powell's life and character, by an able admiration and esteem of that portion pen, which appeared in the obituary of the population of the United States, of our last number (p. 298), now that they are happily converting

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