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Intelligence.-Debate in the House of Commons on the French Protestants. 363 pne had been bought by themselves, that no person had been yet brought and the other was given to them by to trial. He did not intend to move the government; but, instead of these, that there should be any immediate they were to be permitted to build two address to the crown on this subject; new ones beyond the walls of the but he contended that the Protestants town at their own expense. Now, had suffered, not for seditious conduct, he would ask, what had this to do but only on the suspicion of enterwith politics?' What had this to do taining particular opinions. All that with Buonaparte? The House would he meant to ask for was, that an humsee that all this was purely religious. ble address should be presented to the On the 9th of January the king pub- Prince Regent, that he would be Jished another proclamation, stating, graciously pleased to lay before the in the first place, " that his orders had House copies or extracts of all corremet with that respect and submission spondence between his Majesty's gowhich he had a right to expect." But yerngient and the government of what was the nature of this respect France, relative to the Pro:estants in and submission i-only that the Pro: the South of France. He made this testants had been disarmed. It then motion in no spirit of hostility against declared, “that the temple of the ministers, but to give them an opporProtestants was open, and that they unity of making a statement more enjoyed all the protection of the law;" in detail, than had yet been done. and it concluded with his Majesty's He could give a long list of names of thanks to his good people of the city persons who had been murdered at of Nismes." This must be considered Nismes, but he did not consider it as a kind of general amuesty; and necessary in this stage of the business. the fact really was, that not a single Because they were Protestants, they individual had been prosecuted or were said to be Buonapartists; and the punished. The present condition of Catholics, who had been suffered to the Protestant certainly was so far in persecute them, were called Bourbona state of security, that since the ists. The Noble Lord would have an, month of December no murder or opportunity of correcting this error, cruelty had been committed; but 'he if it were one ; and he should be glad had been informed by a gentleman to hear that government had usod all who had recently arrived from the the ineans in its power to put a stop city of Nismes, and on whose veracity to these crimes. In concluding his he could place the utmost reliance, remarks, he might advert to what that the Protestants were continually had been done by our ancestors on driven away from the public walls. similar occasions : and if precedents Whenever they ventured to appear were necessary, he need only recall in such places, they were jostled by to the recollection of the House what the very persons who had murdered it had recently done for the negroes their wives, their husbands, brothers, of Africa. But surely the Protestants sisters, and dearest relations. The of the South of France had equal prisons were now filled with Protes- claims upon our generosity and betants who had been apprehended on nevolence, and we ought not to suffer the charge of sedition. In the several them to be persecuted, imprisoned, departments of France there were not and murdered, without some remonless than 19,000 Protestants in cus- strance to the government which was tody upon this pretence. Some were bound to protect them. At the very imprisoned for five years, some for ten moment when these-dreadful scenes years, and others for longer periods, were acting in Languedoc, Paris was in on the charge of having sung impro- possession of three Protestant armies, per songs. (Hear, hear!] li seemed and the king could not look out of a most extraordinary thing, that crimes the windows of his palace without so atrocious as those which he had seeing the cannon that was planted mentioned should be suffered to pass before it. He did not state this for unpunished, and that such trilling the purpose of bringing a charge offences as singing a few songs, should against his Majesty ; but if he nebe visited in this terrible manner. glected to send assistance to his ProtesIt was a strange feature of the ad- tant subjects, it was the duty of those ininistration of justice in any country; who commanded the foreign armies but that on which he most relied was, to protect and defend them. Tho

French government did nothing but courage the efforts of individuals, but give words and make professions; but he was confident that his Majesty's goit was still in our power to interpose vernment would have lost sight of their all good offices in this case. Tumults duty if they had encouraged them. It had recently arisen in various parts of was a question of prudence to look at France; and if disorders should again the cases of former interference, and break out, who could tell what might, every man who viewed them with an be the situation of the unhappy inha- impartial eye, would consider what the bitants of Nismes? He trusted that spirit of toleration was working in fathe House would consider what a vour of religion. There was a time, heavy responsibility was then upon indeed, when religion was made a pie. them, and that, as they would answer tence for imposing a system of governto God and their consciences, they ment, and then the Protestant powers would not refuse protection when it were obliged to stand together: but we was in their power to afford it. [Hear, were now placed in a situation in which hear!)

we might suffer Christianity to effect Lord Castlereagh said, that the its own work. He did not say that House must have listened with great one government could not communipain to the speech of the Honourable cate on this subject with another; but and Learned Gentleman, as they must he did say, that if one government at certainly lament to hear that persecu- this day would suffer a foreign state to tions for religious opinions were still interfere with it because it adininistered practised in any part of Europe. He its laws according to its own concepdid not mean to make any invidious tion, that government would be dereflection, but he must take leave to graded in the eyes of all the world. say, that the Honourable and Learned But suppose we should be rash enough Gentleman had drawn a niost exagge- to interfere with another state on this rated and unfairly coloured picture. account; if we were not listened to The Honourable and Learned Gentleó what would become of our dignity? man had placed him in a most emhar- Was the Honourable and Learned rassing and painful situation. He had Gentleman prepared to state, that he addressed himself to the House as to wished an appeal to arms !--[Hear, a tribunal that had jurisdiction to in-, hear!] He was the more astonished quire into all the circumstances ; but if at the Honourable and Learned Genthey had even the means of arriving at tleman's proposal, when he found he the truth, they had not the means of had not laid the ground for it in the applying a remedy to the evils. He general situation of the Protestants: on must enter his protest against the false the contrary, he had told the House policy of interfering with the internal that his was not a charge of religious situation of the affairs of other coun- persecution ; he had told them that tries, inore especially with respect to the evil was local—that it was confined religious opinions. The Honourable to the department of the Gard—that and Learned Gentleman had dwelt the Protestants derived their liberty with great pains upon the centuries from that man who owed the loss of that were gone by, as if he wished to his life and crown to his benevolence: souse all those bad passions which, he had he been more vigorous, the world should hope, had been long buried in would have been spared those scenes of oblivion. 'He had also adverted to the calamity that had since overwhelmed impression made on the public mind the whole of the civilized globe. He by the conduct of certain individuals ; had commented on the acts of the and had siated, that a sort of counte- French government and the proclamanance was given to their exertions by tion of the king himself. It would be his Majesty's ministers. If he ima- invidious for him (Lord C.) to enter gined, however, that government was into critical disquisitions on that prodisposed to encourage those persons, clamation, but he was persuaded that he was certainly incorrect ; for they the king felt the most sincere desire to were satisfied, that, notwithstanding put down the hostile feeling against the benevolent motives by which those the Protestants : he had not only tolebodies might have been actuated, they rated but indulged them, and their mihad done inore harm than good to the series were only the result of a local cause in which they interposed. He feud, such as we had but too often seen knew that it was not possible to dis. in parts of this empire, and which all

Intelligence.-Delate in the House of Commons on the French Protestants. 365 the force of government could not put Revolution; it had been followed up; down at once. Was he (Lord C.) to and they enjoyed a degree of freedom tell the House, that in the country to they had never known before. Withwhich he belonged, a feud, a dispute, out imputing blame to the sect, withwhich appeared religious, but which out denying that they were a must enwas totally unconnected with religion, lightened people, he should contend would often disturb a province for that having acquired an extent of powyears? In the county of Armagh sects er, and that from Buonaparte, they had for two years been waging war

felt interested in the continuance of with each other, and the whole power his power: their conduct showed that of the arm of the law was found insuffi- they felt this, and had led to a jealousy cient to repress them. Did the House which was the cause of the present forget the present state of things in Ire- disturbances. If he were to believe land, and would they have us advise a the Honourable and Learned Gentleforeign country to interfere in the cause man, and the various publications on of the Catholics of this country? -- the subject, he must imagine that the [Hear, hear!] He was sure that such Catholics had not suffered or been proan interference would not be endured. voked at all, and that this was a graWhilst there was but one common tuitous persecution of the Protestants, feeling--that of deep grief on the un. Indeed, the Honourable and Learned happy calamities in France, and an Gentleman had touched so slightly on anxious desire to see them terminated; the wrongs or provocations of the other whilst the Honourable and Learned side, that though he admitted a few Gentleman himself admitted that no individuals had been sachticed, yet it outrages had been coinmitted since would appear from his statement, that December, and now, after such a lapse in general they had no cause for comof time, he came to harrow up ine plaint. lle (Lord C.) did not mean feelings of the House with the recital to give official information to the of calamities we could not redress, he House, but he would read a passage (Lord C.) had hoped that he would lay from a letter which he believed to be the question at peace, instead of co- written in a fair and impartial spirii. louring the proceedings on one side as. It contained the opinions of an indihighly as he might, if he had pleased, vidual whose sentiinents he wished to those of the other instead of inflaming receive, because he went out with a the passions of two sects who were, mind pure and unbiassed. This letter tearing each other to pieces. This was would bring one point on which the an act of disrespect to the French peo- Honourable and Learned Gentenan ple, and not an act of benevolence, had touchied slightly--the provocations whatever might be the motives of the and wrongs of the Catholics-into Honourable and Learned Gentleman. open view. “Both parties are to a He (Lord C.) could not consistently certain degree right;" that was, the with his public duty acquiesce in pro- Protestants

with ducing to the House all the correspond- Buonaparte, and imputed io the Caence that had passed on this subject. tholics jealousy and political dislike; If ever there was a question on which while the Catholics, who adhered 10 parliament and every good man should the Bourbons, were afraid of the disbe silent, it was this. He did not mean sigas of the Protestants. to deny that communications bad

[To be continued.] passed which had convinced his Majesty'sministers, that though the French government was in the exercise of a

Schools for all power so recent that it could hardly be The Anniversary Meeting of this productive of any great and immediate grand British Institution, was held on results, yet that his most Christian Monday, the 13th of May, at the Lon-. Majesty had been most serious in his don Tavern, the spacious ball-room vi efforts to repress all persecution. He which was thronged, and had a large agreed with the Hon. and Learned proportiou of respectable females. Gentleman, that the situation of the · The Duke of Bedford was expected Protestants of France had for a long to take the cliain; but not arriving, time been a source of pain to every the Right tion. Lord Mayor took it liberal mind; but the emancipation of proteinjure, and being obliged to wait the Protestants commenced carly in the on the Prince Regent, resigned to sit VOL. XI.



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J. Jackson, who also, on the arrival services, he declined it; but prayed of the Duke of Kent, resigned it to his that, the amount, with an addition Royal Highness.

from hiinself, might becom? the beThe Rev. Dr. Collyer read the Re- gioning of a national fund for a freeport, which paid some well-inerited school, on the model of the British compliments to the memory of the free-school. late Secretary, Joseph Fox, Esq. by Through the lamented loss of Mr. whose noble benevolence the great Fox, who was, when taken ill, encause had been rescued from failure, gaged on the business of the Foreign he having taken upon himself the en- part of the Report, but a scanty, acgagements which Mr. Lancaster bad count could be given of Asia. entered into, but could not meet to a In Africa the cause had received a very considerable amount. The Re- severe check. Mrs. Sutherland had port quoted the exertions making in yielded to the pressure of the climate, Southwark, as an example to the City and Mr. S. had returned ill; but yet, of London, and to the rest of the under the fostering care of Lieut. Col. United Kingdom; stated that the in- M'Carthy, the Governor of Sierra vested subscription, which was accu- Leone, between two and three hunmulating for the purpose of raising dred children were receiving education, £10,000, kad arisen to £7,000, and and this under the superintendence of that the remaining £3,000 was ex. the eldest African youth trained by pected to be raised, as first hoped for, this Society within the present year. The funds Unshackled by prejudice, America of the Institution were still lamentably was progressing in education. She Harrow, when compared with the had shown her wisdom by the adop; great object in view :--but thee Report tion of a liberal system, and a school recommended perseverance, and the on the principle of exclusion was not union of all good men of all persua- known in the United States. The lesions, and the great object would be gislature of New York had given reattained. The harvest was generally peated encouragement by grants. A promising. . . . . The vast empire society was formed there for the eduof Russia was of good promise; its cation of all the children not provided government felt the value of general for by, some religious establishment. clucation, and was preparing for a On a Sunday morning between eight hearty co-operation with this Society. and nine handred children assembled A society was establishing in that en under that society, and branched off pire for the purpose. It was with very at a given hour to the respective places mingled enotions that the Society of public worship appointed by their looked to France, whose public schools, parents.

Female associations were once on a footing of liberality, now forming for instruction of the girls in refused instruction to any bat pro- needle-work. fessed Catholics, though its population The legislature of Halifax had voted contained at least sixteen millions, £400 to the schools there, in token of who could ncither read or write! All approbation of the very manifest change the masters, who conscientiously could for the better, in the character and not be Papists, were, whatever their conduct of the children. talents, dismissed from the schools, to Very great emotions of pleasure apwhich they had been great ornamenu. peared to agitate the assembly, when This was a

source of deep regret. that part of the Report which regards Much good, nevertheless, had been Hayti was read. The Chief, Chrisdone. The British system had been tophe, deeply penetrated with the betransplanted into France, and exhibit- nefits of knowledge and the diffusion of ed in its beauty and strength to the the Scriptures, invites among his peoadmiring eyes of Frenchmen.

ple, all those who could contribute to Switzerland was busily opening their improvement. In a proclamaschools for general education, under tion in the gazette of Hayti, he says,the patronage of the Plenipotentiary of “I invite professors of all sciences that country to the Congress at Vien- no difference of religion shall be nama gentleman, to whose praise it deemed an exclusion. Merit and abishould be known, that when offered lity alone shall be considered, without a national recompence for his high regard to the nation which gave birth,


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Intelligence.-Schools for All. or the creed which may be preferred. darker shades, since we learn from After twenty-six years of revolution and Hayti such proofs of intellectual capa. thirteen years possession of hard-earned city in those whom our avarice and independence, we are not (says the ga- cruelty had held as inferior to our spezette) the same people. Formerly, as cies. brutes, we bowed under the lash of a : The Earl of Darnley noticed, that cruel and ignorant master-as men we the Institution was one for universal were dead-our faculties all crushed; benevolence. Ile would remind the but we burst our chains, and, again assembly that their venerable Soveerect, we look upward toward heaven reign was its prompt, and first aid

as men-as social beings! A new zealous patron. They would remen. career is now before us--thanks to ber the good Monarch's wish, Thi thee, O God of heaven! Haytians! he might live to see every poor child (says the Chief) be it ours to shew, by in the kingdom able to read his Bible.' our lives, that blacks, equally with But had Providence permitted his conwhites, are the work of Omnipotence, tinued presence among us, this wish and the objects of the kind regard of could not have its accomplishment, the Father of all!"

but from schools not built on the prinMr. Allen (of the Society of Friends, ciple of religious exclusion. His R. H. and Treasurer) felt under strong de- the Prince Regent was a liberal conpression from the loss of his late co- tributor to this Institution; and so adjutor, Mr. Fox. Beside the original were their R. Hs. the Dukes of Susdebt, there was last year a balance of sex and kent. His Lordship moved £336 against the Institution. Mr. tbe thanks to the Royal Personages, Allen urged forcibly the cause he ad- which was seconded by the Rev. Rowvocated. Esen in London, education land Hill, who thought that education, was more needed than any, who being an universal blessing, should be would not inquire closely, could be as universally as possible bestowed. persuaded to believe. The object of Sir J. Swinburne assured the mectthe Institution was to interest the ing that his Grace of Bedford would poor themselves not to receive the have been present, but that indispenhigh blessing of education as an alms, sable business had taken bim out into but, by doing something themselves, a distant county. to let it have more the semblance of a Rev. Dr. Lindsay said. It was to be purchase. They wanted to raise the regretted that an unity of faith, which moral character of the poor. Parents could never be found, was sought after, became benefited through the chil- to the negleci of the unity of the spirit dren; and instances are on record in the bond of peace, which could be where the parents have been admitted obtained. to the schools at their own request, Rev. Dr. Collyer then read the La. when they have seen their good effecten dies

' Report, which announced proon the children,

grees in various places; and in one Mr. Adams, Minister at the British (if we heard right) there were 1800 Court from the American States, said, female children. Knit:ing was introthat he appreciated the compliment duced into the school, but the ladies paid to the country he had the honour lamented that the parents, in many into represent, and which felt the neces. stances, were insensible to the blesssity, and knew the advantages, of edu- ings of education. cation. Education is knowledge, and The Russian Envoy_to Portugal it leads to virtue.

(through the inedium of Dr. Schwabe) Mr. Williams (banker) gloried in declared, that his Sovereign was senthe prospect that, through this Insti- sible of the value of the object of the tution, there was a chance of making British and Foreign School Society, some adequate return to the people and was ready to give it the most warm of colour. The sons of Africa were co-operation. much indebted to a most honourable Rev. J. Townsend was happy to man then in his eye (Mr. Wilberforce, advocate so great and good a cause. who had just entered) for the cessa- He rejoiced to hear that a king of tion of slavery. That horrid traffic Hayri could read such an admirable had by him been shown in its detesta- lesson, and give such excellent admoble colours ; but it appeared now. in nitions--even to Christian princes !

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