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Biographical Account of the Negro Angelo Solimann. 375 Thus A ngeto grew up in the prince's sum. He amused himself with family. He accompanied him in all chess, and had the reputation of being his travels, partaking with him the an adept. perils of war. He fought by the side At the age of . he inarried a of his master, whom once when widow, Madame de Christiani, whose wounded, he bore on his shoulders maiden name was Kellerman, of a out of the field of batille. Angelo Belgic family. The prince was not distinguished himself on these occa- informed of the marriage. Angelo sions, not only as a servant and faith- might have reasons for concealing it. ful friend, but likewise as an intrepid A subsequent event justified his silence. warrior and an experienced officer, es. The Emperor Joseph II. who took a pecially in tactics, though he never nba lively interest in all that concerned tained any military promotion. Mar- Angeln, distinguishing liim so as to shal Lascy, who valued him highly, take his arm in the public walks, dispronounced in the presence of a num- covered one day, without being aware ber of officers the most honourable of the consequences, Angelo's secret eulogium on his bravery, made him a to the Prince of Lichtenstein. He present of a superb Turkish sabre, and sent for himn and questioned him. offered bim the command of a compa- Angelo avowed his marriage. The ny, which he refused.

prince informed him that he should His master died, bequeathing

banish bim from his house and erase Angelo to Prince Wenceslaus de his name from his will. He had Lichtenstein, who had long desired designed for him diamonds of conto have him. He however inquired siderable value, which Angelo used if he were satisfied and would willingly to wear when on gala days he attended live with tim. Angelo gave his his inaster. word and inade the necessary prepara

Angelo, who had so often intertions for his new situation. In the ceded for others, said nothing for himinterval the Emperor Francis I. made self. He left the palace to inhabit in bim the same offer, with very Aatter- a distant suburb, a small house, which ing conditions. But the word of he had purchased for the accomodaAngelo was sacred. He remained tion of his wife. He lired with her with the Prince of Lichtenstein in that retreat, enjoying' domestic Here, as with General Lobkowitz, happiness. The careful cducation of he became the guardian genius of his only daughter, Madan the Baronthe unfortunate. He couveyed to the ess of Heuchtersleben, who is dead, prince the cases of those who sought the culture of his garden, the society his bounty. His pockets were always of some enlightened and virtuous meni, foll of memorials and petitions. Indís- such were his amusements and occuposed to ask for any thing, on his own pations, account, he could, with more hope of About two vears after the death of success, pursue his applications for Prince Wenceslaus de Lichtenstein, others.

his nephew and heir, Prince Francis, Angelo accompanied his master in perceived Angelo in the street. He his travels, and was at Francfort, stopped his carriage, took him into it, during the coronation of the Emperor and told him that, fully convinced of Joseph as the King of the Romans his innocence, he was determined to [in 1764.) One day, by the persua- make reparation for his uncle's injus. sion of his prince he tried his foriune in tice. He then assigned to Angelo an. a faro bank and gained twenty thou- income to be paid, in case of his sand florins. He offered to his op- death, as an annual pension to Madam ponent to try another game, by which Solimann. All that the prince he lost twenty thousand forins more. required of Angelo was that he should Making him one offer more, Angelo superintend the education of his son, contrived to manage the game so that Louis de Lichtenstein. the loser regained that last sum. This Angelo punctually performed the delicate conduct on the part of An- duties of that new employment, and gein was much admired,' and gained every day attended the prince, to for him numerous expressions of es- watch over the pupil entrusted to his teem. The accidental' favours of for- care. The prince observing that the tune did not beguile him. On the distance was troublesome to Angelo, contrary, aware of her caprices, he especially in bad weather, oftered bim never again hazarded any considerable a residence. Thus Angelo was fixed

a second time in the palace Lichten- delicacy of taste uniting a sound judga stein. But he brought his family with ment, formed by extended and solid him and lived as retired as before in attainments, he possessed six lanthe society of a few friends and learned guages, the Italian, the French, the men, and devoted to polite, literature, German, the Latin, the Bohemnian, which he cultivated with ardour. the English, and spoke the three first His favourite study was history, being with fluency and correctness. much assisted by his excellent me- Like all his countrymen, he was mory. He could cite the names of born with an impetuous temper. His eminent persons with the years of unalterable serenity and gentleness their birth, and the dates of all con- were consequently so much more laudsiderable events.

able, as the fruit of difficult combats His wife, whose health had been and many victories gained over himlong declining, survived a few years by self. There never escaped him, even the tender attentions of a husband when irritated, any inproper expreswho procured for her all the succours sion. Angelo was pious, without of art, but at length she sunk under being superstitious. He punctually her disease. From that time Angelo observed all the precepts of religion, altered the arrangements of his family, and did not judge it below him to give He no longer invited friends to his an example to his family. His word, table, and drank nothing but water, his resolution taken on mature reflecto give an example to his daughter, tion were iminutable, and nothing whose finished education was entirely could turn him from his purpose. He his work. Perhaps also he wished, always used the dress of his country. by rigid economy, to secure a fortune It was a habit very simple, after the for his only child.

Turkish fashion, and generally of a dazAngelo still performed many jour. zling whiteness which set off the black nies, in advanced age, either on his and shining colour of his skin. His own business or that of others, esteem- portrait, which has been engraved at ed and beloved every where. Acts of Augsburg, is in the gallery of Lichcourtesy and benefits which he bestow- tenstein. ed are still recollected in these already

N. L. T.. distant times. His concerns having led him to Milan, the late Archduke Abstract of the History of Dr. Williams's Ferdinand, who was the governor, Trust. (Appendix to the Account paid him the most friendly attentions. of his Life. Mon. Repos. X. 201.)

He enjoyed to the close of life a By the Rev. Thomas Morgan, Lirobust constitution. His exterior dis- brarian. covered scarcely any symptoms of old W Holbe examined by his trustees

, age, which occasioned mistakes and friendly disputes; for often persons it was found to be dated June 26, who had not seen him for twenty of 1711. Since that time he had purthirty years have taken him for his chased several estates, which by a own son and addressed him aca codicil with his signature, dated Aucordingly.

gust 22, 1712, he appointed to be Struck with apoplexy in the street, applied to the sanie uses with those at the age of seventy-five, assistance formerly devised by him. The exewas procured for him, but in rain. cution of this codicil, however, was He died November 21, 1796, re not attested by any witnesses, on gretted by all his friends, who could which account the estates mentioned not recollect him without being affect- in it became the legal property of the ed even to tears. The esteem of all testator's heir at law, his sister, Mrs. the worthy followed him to the tomb. Roberts, of Wrexham Of this cir

Angelo' was of middle stature and cumstance Mrs. Roberts, in the first well proportioned. The regularity of instance, declared herself not desirous his features and the nobleness of his of taking any advantage, but, on the figure, formed by their beauty, a con- contrary, stated that she was detertrast to the unfavourable ideas com- mined, on certain conditions to which monly entertained of Negro physioge the trustees agreed, to confirm her nomy. An extraordinary readiness in brother's charitable design, so far as all bodily exercises gave to his motions lay in her power. Relying on this an air of grace and agility. To all the declaration, the trustees gave orders Alstract of the Tistory of Dr. Williams's Trust.

377 for the preparation of the deeds neces- and carrying them into execution

i sary to be executed by her: but in the which were approved of, and continue mean time the lady had changed her to be followed to the present time, intentions, and insisted upon having with such alterations as they have chose estates at her own disposal, or found it necessary to introduce, which at least an equivalent of two hundred have received the sanction of the pounds per annum. As the trustees Court. had it not in their power, any more

The founder's will directs, that the than in their inclination, to submit trustees whom he appoints, and their to either of her demands, they found assigns and successors, shall meet at themselves under the necessitv, in the least once a quarter in London, for year 1717, of filing a bill in Chancery the management of his estates; and against Mrs. Roberts, and afterwards that if any of them, or their successors a suppleinental bill against the attor- shall remove to a considerable distance ney-general, to have the will and codi- fiom London, of voluntarily neglect cil of the testator established, and the or betray their trust, or be rendered trust carried into execution. During incapable faithfully and dilimently to the progress of these bills, Mrs. Ro answer the ends of it, then the residue berts relinquished her foriner claims, of the said trustees and successors, and consented to confirm her brother's from time to time, shall choose others will, on the condition of receiving in the room of such, and the disallowsixty pounds per annum, commencing ed be deprived of all power and right from the time of his decease, to dispose to intermeddle in any part of the trust. of in charities in North Wales, as she The will also directs that the vote of should see fit ; with which the Trus- the major part of the trustees present tees agreed to comply, upon the report shall conclude any matter ; but that of the master in Chancery that it was twelve of them shall be always present, for the interest of the charities that (if so many are alive and near London, they should come into this proposal. free from violent restraint,) in granting Accordingly, by indentures of the leases, electing successors, and other 24th of March 1719, and 25th of very important matters. And that in March 1720, Mrs. Roberts granted the aforesaid cases of death, &c. all and released to the trustees and their about London being summoned to two heirs all the estates of which the tes- successive meetings, what is concluded tator was possessed before making his in the first meeting, notice thercof will, as well as those described in his being sent to the absent in and near codicil, subject to the payment of sixty London, and confirmed in the second pounds per annum, as she should by meeting, shall stand and be valid if deed or will direct, and for want of the number be seven ; provided they such direction to Mrs. Roberts herself. have not wilfully omitted to fill up

This grand obstacle to the proving of the numbers by electing others to sucDr. Williams's will having been re. ceed the dead, and such as reject the inored, on the 26th of July 1721, management of the trust after they had a decree was obtained at the Rolls, by accepted it, or inhabit above ten miles which the above-mentioned indentures from London, and such as shall be and the testator's will were established, voted by fifteen of the trustees to enand his various charities were directed deavour to betray or frustrate the scope to be executed and performed. By and purpose intended by the testator the result of these proceedings, the in any considerable part of his will ; trustees have a legal estate of inherite for these last are to be succeeded as if ance, in fee-simple, in 'Temple Manor dead, and others elected by his trusin Essex; Beech-Lane and Glover's tees in their stead. Court estates; Coleman-street estate, After various legacies to individuals, and Clerkenwell-green estate, and in and to charitable institutions, Dr. Wils all the rest of the Doctor's real and liams devised estates at Barnet in personal property, not specially de- Hertfordshire, and Totham in Essex, vised, an equitable term of two thou- together with one hundred pounds ió sand years.

money to the College of Glasgow, One of the first steps taken by the towards the maintenance of such trustees after obtaining this decree, students from South Britain as his was to propose schemes to the master trustees should appoint and nominate in Chancery for settling the charities, from time to time, to be removed at their discretion, and successors ap graduates. By the regulations of the pointed by them to supply their place. trustees, no exhibition is to be made Having pointed out students, then at to any of the students who are absent Glasgow, to be his first beneficiaries, during the terms, or times of reading who while under-graduates were to lectures, unless leave of absence be receive six pounds per annum from previously granted by them, or by the the said College, and when admitted principal or faculty of the university. masters of arts, ten pounds, or fifteen The qualifications of students, as io pounds for three years, as his trustees their knowledge in the languages, should direct; he enjoined the latter should be attended to while underin filling up of vacancies, to prefer graduates, and testimonials are to be the sons of poor presbyterian ministers, sent at the end of each session of their equally qualified, before others. The progress : if any exhibitioner wishes College, however, was ordered to send to continue another session beyond every year to the trustees in London what is usually allowed, he must an account of their receipts and distri- apply at least six months before the butions; and the testator ordained close of the expiring session. Students that the grant should be no longer are not eligible till sixteen years of age, valid than while the present constitu- and are required at certain periods to tion of the church of Scotland con- declare their intention of pursuing tinues, and that should the episcopal the Christian ministry in South Bri hierarchy or popery be established in tain. On the value of such an instiNorth Britain, the bequest shall be- tution, and the enlarged liberal views come null and void, and revert to his of the founder, this is not the place trustees, to be applied to the other in which to expatiate, and they will uses of his will. In the year 1725, be found amply illustrated in another the then trustees of Dr. Williams department of this treatise. conveyed to the then professors of the The same spirit prompted Dr. WilCollege of Glasgow, and their succes- liams en give to the Society in Scotland sors, the estates before mentioned; for Propagating Christian Knowledge, haut by this conveyance the professors an estate at Catworth in Huntingdonrook only estates for life in the pre- shire, together with one hundred sentations, the fee and inheritance pounds in money, to possess at the remaining in Dr Williams's trustees. end of one year after they should send In the year 1754, the trustees passed three qualified ministers on missions * resolution, that all persons who for the conversion of foreign infidel shall hereafter be presented to exhibi- countries to the Christian faith ; with tions in the College of Glasgow shall the proviso, in the event of the Sobe entered as under-graduates, and ciety's becoming dissolved, or subject shall wear the gown, and be subjected to restraint, or neglecting to name to the rules of the college, in order to such ministers, that the possession of their being admitted to the degree of those estates should be resumed by his M. A. and that a clause be for the trustees. From the minutes of the future inserted in the presentations of trust it appears, that a variety of obthe exhibitioners for that purpose. In stacles arose in negotiating the settle2755, the professors of Glasgow ment of this business with the Scots brought an amicable bill against Dr. Society, which were not removed for Williams's trustees, praying that they several years : but at length the conand the surviving professors might ditions on which the grant was made convey the devised estates to all the by the testator having been satisfacmembers and professors of the uni- torily complied with, and a deed of versity in their natural capacity, and conveyance drawn up, which met their heirs. As the trustees did not with the approbation of all parties oppose it, a decree was made accord- concerned, it was executed by the ingly at the Rolls. During subsequent trustees on the 4th of July, 1737. years the income of the college estates The reversion of another estate has increased so much by savings and called Becknam Hall, in Essex, Dr. improved rents, that at the present Williams bequeathed to the Society time (1816) exhibitions are granted for the Propagation of the Gospel in to eight students of forty pounds per New England, upon the condition annum, while under-graduates, and that sixty pounds per annum should of forty-fise pounds per annum when be allowed to two properly qualified

Abstract of the History of Dr. Williams's Trust,

379 persons to preach as itinerants in the Flintshire, and Pallhely in Caernara English Plantations in the West In- vonshire, in their stad; and their dies; and that the remainder of the resolution was confirmed by the Court income should be paid to the College of Chancery. In consequence of conof Cambridge in New England, to siderable improvements in the trust wards the support of persons engaged estates, the salaries of the respective in the conversion of the Indians. In masters have of late years been raised, the year 1740, by the death of the to sixteen pounds per annum; and the person who had a life interest in that benefits of this branch of the testaestate, it fell to the Society, and in tor's charitable benefactions extend. 1746 the writings relating to it were communibus annis, to more than two delivered to the treasurer for the time hundred children. being.

The advantage of the rising generaDr. Williams was also fully aware tion was also consulted in another of the state of barbarism and super- part of Dr. Williams's will, whicha stition which prevailed anong the directs the appropriation of the sur plus lower classes in Ireland, where he of the income of his estates, after the had his earliest settlement, and forme other purposes and uses of his will od that matrimonial connexion to have been fulfilled. Among the which he was chiefly indebted for his schemes for settling the testator's means of benevolence. With a view benefactions approved of by the Court. to promote their reformation, he the following relates to such surplus :charged his estates with a giant of W'henever it shall be found to amount fifty pounds per annum, to be paid in to five hundred pounds, it shall be Dublin to a preacher of the gospel, divided according to the proportion being a Protestant, and skilful in the which he prescribes : one eighth for Irish tongue, who should be willing the purchase of bibles, catechisms, &c. as an itinerant, diligently to preach to be distributed by his trustees; one in Trish, wherever he might find an tenth among the widows of ministers, opportunity, so long as he should be and one fifth among ministers reapproved of by four gentleinen whom spectively nominated by them; one he nominated in Ireland, and their eighth for the purpose of apprenticing assigns from time to time, as well as poor boys; one eighth among the by his trustees.

students of three years standing in But Dr. Williams's bequests for the seminaries of education for the minisinstruction and improvement of the try, for aid during two years additional poor were made on the ruost extensive study either in Scotland, or in scale, on behalf of that class in his England, at the discretion of the native country, and at Chelmsford, in trustees; one hundred and eight Essex. His trustees were directed pounds six shillings and eight pence to choose and appoint some pious grave among approved ministers in North persons, with salaries of eight pounds Wales; and fifty-four pounds three per annum, for the purpose of teaching shillings and four-pence among apiwenty poor children to read English, provedministers in South Wales and of instructing them in the princi- The amount of the nomination to ples of the Christian religion, in ministers and ministers' widows is several towns which he named, so always to be determined by the nyunlong as they should conduct themselves ber of trustees present on the day of in a manner to meet with their appro- the distribution. badon. Among other towns he had Dr. Williams's last bequest of

any selected Flint, Beaumaris, and Con- magnitude, was that of his books, way. When, however, the trustees including the purchased collection of made proposals to the clergy and Dr. Bates, which he appointed for a principal inhabitants of those towns public library, accessible to such perfor the settlement of such schools in sons as should be approved of by him them, they were rejected, on the sup- trustees," for the perusal of any position that the children were to be hooks in the place where they are taught the Assembly's Catechism, and lodged." For the reception of this to be under the tuition of Dissenters library, he directed bis trustees 10 from the Church of England. The “purchase or build a fit edifice, not trustees resolved, therefore, to es- pompous, or too large," and to pay tablish schools at Newmarket in ien pounds per annum to a library

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