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Learned Ministers.--Assembly of Divines.

393 Unitarians" (see M. Repos. Vol. VI. brance, but becomes as nothing when p. 105,) or whether he has abandoned divided and shared by the Unitarian it altogether; also, whether the Raco- public. Donations however small vian Catechism, which he was some- will be thankfully received, and with time ago said to be preparing for the your leave, Mr. Editor, the subscrippress, has been published or not, as I iions may from time to time be acdo not recollect seeing it advertised.* knowledged in the Monthly Reposi.

tory, a inode of acknowledginent which Unitarian Baptists in the City of York. will save some trouble and expense SIR,

both to the subscribers and receivers. JE beg leave through the medium

Subscriptions in aid of liquidating lay before our Unitarian brethren' the Baptist Chapel in York, will be recase of the Unitarian Baptists in the ceived by the Rev. C. Wellbeloved, city of York, confident of their dispo

York. sition to assist us in the laudable un

As you, Sir, have a knowledge of dertaking of propagaing primitive

the most proper characters in various Christianity, and removing those mis- parts of the country, and if to the conceptions which originated in the favours already conferred upon us, you dark ages of heathen and popish will add this one of appointing receivers superstition. We have laboured up

at such places as you may judge neceswards of thirty years, under consider- sary, you will much oblige, able disadvantage, in this great cause

Sir, for want of suitable accomodation and

Your obedient humble Servants, a central sitaation ; we have at length

James TORRANCE, Minister. met with the object of our wishes. A

Richard HANDS, chapel in the centre of York now 'oc

JOSEPH Richardson, } Deacons. cupied by the Independents was

N. B. As to the rise and progress of be disposed of by public auction; wc

this Society we beg leave to refer your made an offer for it, the consequence

readers to a work published in the was it became ours for the sum of year 1800, by Mr. David Eaton, and three hundred pounds, one hundred re-published by him in London, enof which was paid on the 2nd Febru- titled, “ Scripture the only Guide to ary last as a deposit

, which we bor- Religious Truth, or a Narrative of the rowed upon interest

, the remaining Proceedings of a Society of Baptists two hundred pounds are to be paid

in York." on the 2nd November next, at which time possession will be given. The

SIR,

June 25, 1816. chapel is well fitted up with pews and A To the late meeting of the friends hundred people. The sum we are derstood with much satisfaction that able to raise amongst our own friends the provision for communicating clasis sixty pounds; we hope our Unita- sical knowledge to the students was rian brethren will not think the sum likely to he extended. I hope these too small, considering our pecuniary students when they become ministers circumstances, as we are all labouring will attend to a duty now much 'ne. people, so that with the sum of sixty glected, and occupy that talent by which pounds already subscribed, and twenty they may be distinguished from the pounds which the Committee of the unlearued. The latter respectable and Unitarian Fund has been pleased to highly useful class of Christian teachbestow upon us, making a total of ers would well employ any leisure eighty pounds, there will remain a they could command, in comparing debt of two hundred and twenty

difierent English translations, and thus pounds upon the chapel, besides other forming one which appeared to them necesary expences 'incident to the to give the best connected sense of purchase of such property: this debt scripture. But as to learned minise will be felt by us as a great incum- ters, by their general practice of

adopting King James's Bible, do

they not contribute, in a high degree, • For an answer to the latter question, from the pulpit and the press, to preour correspondeot is referred to the notice serve and increase a superstitious res in our last No. p. 369.

gard for that version which is the

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unavoidable effect of early associa- if not of scandalous ignotafice and of tions ?

no other reputation than of malice to - A bad effect, but from a noble

the church of England."*

The late Dr. Zouch, one of the precause.'

pendaries of Durham, in a note to They also deprive their hearers or his edition of Walton's Lives, quoted readers of opportunities, which would the passage from Whitelock and apotherwise frequently occur, of distin- pears to have given it con amore. In a guishing the true sense from the cus. later work, his “Life of Sir P. Side tomary sound of a difficult passage, by ney,” he attempted to degrade as attending to it in a new phraseology. low as possible the literature of the

Yet when learned ministers determine Puritaus, though they had long ceased to act up to their proper character, to interfere with Durham's golden I hope they will not content them- prebends. From his want of know, scives with the use of any version of ledge on this subject I suspect that the Scripures, however improved, but Dr. Zouch was too much like the their own. What lecturer on Cicero clergyman censured by Bishop Wat. or Demosthenes, who claimed or son in the preface to his Theological received credit for having spent years Tracts, who “never read Dissenring in acquiring the languages of those Divinity."

LAICUS. orators, and ascertaining the force and beauty of their expressions, would be SIR, Chichester, July 3, 1816. endured; or rather, what would be thought of his pretensions to earning ALTHOUGH the greater" part of

your readers and correspondents, or of his application, if he always as well as yourself, are of quiet and quoted the translations of Duncan or pacific dispositions and habits, far reof Leland? Here I am reminded of learned

* On this passage Dr. Calamy well re. ministers in earlier times, who ne- marks in his “ Life of Baxter," &c. (1. glecting, like the moderns, to use their 82): “ Who can give credit to him as an learning on a proper occasion, were historian, that shall represent such men justly reproved by a profoundly learned as Dr. Twiss, Mr. Gataker, Bishop Reylayman. The story is thus told by nolds, Dr. Arrowsmith, Dr. Tuckney, Whitelock.

Dr. Lightfoot, &c. as men of scandalous “ Divers members of both houses, ignorance or mean parts? Or who runs whereof I was one, were members of down such men as Dr. Gouge, Mr. Oliver the assembly of divines, and had the Bowles, Mr. Vines, Mr. Herle, Dr. saine liberty with the divines to sit Spurstow, Mr. Newcomen, Mr. Coleand debate, and give their votes in tion' than of malice to the church of

man, &c. as persons of no other reputaany matter which was in consideration

England ?" amongst them. In which debate Mr.

Calamy in his Continuation (I. 14) also Selden spake admirably, and confuted thus refers to Whitelock's story which, it divers of them in their own learning. seems, other writers had been fond of And, sometimes, when they cited a repeating. “ It is easy to obserre how text of Scriptare, to prove their asser- the generality of our historians take plea, tion, he would tell them, perhaps in sure in representing Mr. Selden as insultyour little pocket Billes, with gilt leaves, ing the members of that assembly, when (which they would often pull out and he sat among them, about their little read,) the translation may be thus ; but English Bibles with gilt leaves, and af: the Greek or the Hebrew signifies thus or

tacking them with Greek and Hebrew ; thus ; and so would totally silence as to which there were many among them them." Mem. (1732) p. 71.

that were both able and ready enough to Notwithstanding this

answer him. But, methinks, they should

passage, persuaded neither TV hitelock nor Selden not, as, upon this occasion, they seem

willing, forget that the same learned man, regarded the Assembly of Dwines as illi- in his 'History of Tithes where he deals terate or unworthy of respect. It was with the gentlemen of the hierarchy, freely reserved for the bigotry of Lord Claren- reproaches them with ignorance and lasidon to disgrace his History by thus ness, and upbraids them with having describing that Assembly '(I. 530). nothing to keep up their credit but beord, “ Some of them infamous in their title and habit,' intimating that their lives and conversations, and most of studies renched no farther than the Bre. them of very mean parts: in learning, viary, the Postil, and the Polyanthea."...

I am

Policy of Cromwell, with Regard to the Protestants of France. 395 moved from the follies and crimes of difficult to be profitably discussed by a fashionable life, and calmly though politician so rude and uninstrueled as strenuously employed in the investi- myself. gation and diffusion of useful know- 'I must therefore respectfully decline ledge, neither they nor you are igno- the polite invitation of J. to state in rant that when, either in fictitious any explicit 'form my sentiments on history, or in real life, Sir X. Y. de “the beneficial influence of the peo mands of Lord Z. an explanation, the ple expressed through a constitutional inevitable result is a combat, and representation," as well as on the sometimes a mortal one. He who manifest liability of “courts or conrequires the explanation is desirous of gresses” to the pernicious infection noihing less than that it should be which he specifies, and will only vengiver, and he, from whom it is ture to mention the inseparable conrequired, finds in the requisition itself comitants and not unfrequent result of the strongest possible reason for not a popular election of a representative in complying with it.

parliament, as one of the most remarkVery different from any thing like able examples of the triuinph of wise this are the feelings and siruation of dom and virtue over vice and folly. the ingenious writer, whose letter in About eight years ago I was in-* your last number (pp. 335, 336,] is dulged by the admission into your subscribed with the signature J. and respectable Miscellany (M. Repos. III. myself

. He courteously asks an ex- p. 584,] of a paper in which (under planation, because he sincerely desires a different signature) I endeavoured it; and if I decline doing as he de to shew that political right is founded sires, this arises from the apprehen- in power, and that it has no other sion that the giving and not the with- solil foundation. If your able corholding the explanation may lead to respondent J. would have the gooda combat, in which I may receive a ness to take that paper in hand, and mortal wound; a mischance, this, ill point out the mistakes of the writer, compensated by any réputation I may he would confer a much greater fathus obtain for rash and adventurous vour than he conld possibly receive valour.

from the happiest efforts at explanation - After all, I am so much gratified of his and your much obliged and by the approbation expressed by your

obedient Servant, correspondent of the scrap of biogra

T. S. .phy which you honoured with a place in your Obituary for May last, that I

Sir,

July 6, 1816.

CCORDING to Lord Castlemore detailed statement he wishes for AC

reagh's reply to Sir S. Romilly, could I fatter myself that such an [M. Repos.p.361) how little influence explanation would tend either to con- in favour of the Protestants of France firm in his mind correct notions, or to has been acquired by our royal Prorectify erroneous ones in my own.

testant government from the gratitude Referring to the supposed political of Louis XVIII.! Yet that prince was opinions of the late lamented Dr. pushed up to the throne hy British POWELL, I hazarded one or two po bayonets, and were he to lose their sitions of an import so general, and support must probably sink into his of a tendency (as I hoped) so conci, former insignificance liatory, as to afford no possible ground for debate or offence. The questions

“ By nature's law, as sure as plumrelative to a reforın in the present con

mets fall." stitution of the lower house of parlia- Allow me, in this connection, to ment, to the supposed superiority of draw from the oblivion of 160 years, a a limited monarchy to a republic, or tale of other times, and to shew what of both to an aristocratical form of security was attained for the Protesgovernment, &c. &c. are no tants of France, by the Protector of the involved in these general positions than Commonwealth of England, from the any particular and subordinate theo- policy or apprehensions of the French rem must be included in the univer- government, during the minority of sal and superior one; and of theoreins Louis XIV. of this latter kind the application to I have now before me an Appendis individual cases, is a maiter far too of historical docuinetits annexed 10 Essays on the Balance of Power, &c. with France rather than with Spain. Hvo. 1701. The last piece consists of Had these censurers read the public * Secret Articles agreed upon between treaty, as it is given in A General Cola Cromwell and Cardinal Mazarin," in lection, 1732, (III. 149) translated, addition to their “ Public Treaty,” probably, from Milton's Latin, they which“ bears date the 3d of Novem- must, I think, have at least described ber, 1655." The following are the it as displaying a manly style, neither concluding articles.

more

haughty nor submissive, providing for ART. VI.

the fair reciprocations of commerce, “ Qu'en toutes les villes et bourgs de and, if not preventing war, designing se royaume, ou il y aura des havres, et to shelter the people on both sides des ports, la nation Angloise y aura froin being immediately overwhelmed commerce, et y pourra faire bastir des by its horrors. And if such historians temples pour l'exercise de la religion, and biographers had sought till they et sera permis aux Francois de la reli- found these Secret Articles, which, gion, qui y seront aux environs, d'y I apprehend, because secret, were. faire prescher en Francois.”

allowed to be originally, in French, That, in all the cities and towns of they could scarcely have denied their the kingdom where there are harbours commendation to the Protector. and ports, the English nation shall Nor is the praise inconsiderable of carry on their commerce, and may erect having placed his nation singularly temples for the exercise of the [Pro- eminent on the page of history, among testanı) religion, and that the French those whose power has been exerted to of the religion residing in the neigh- succour the oppressed. bourhood may have preaching there

HISTORICUS. in French. ART. VII.

Sir, « Que les edits de Janvier et ude I Tandas ignorantly believed, that the

Hackney, July 6, 1816.

been Nantes seront executez selon leurs formes et teneurs et toute la nation governments of the Peninsula have alAngloise demeurera caution pour l'exe- ways made it a part of their policy to cution des dits edits."

prevent the circulation of the Scriptures. That the edicts of January and of The assertion has been repeated in a Nantes shall be executed according to singular letter from one of your corretheir full import, and that the whole spondents

, (p. 336) who is marvellously English nation shall be a perpetual fond of expatiating. I beg leave to guarantee for the execution of those state a few facts connected with this edicts.

subject, merely premising that general I am at a loss to know what was the error prevails as to the biblical literature edict of January. That description is of Spain and Portugal. not singular, for Sully (I. 99) names Before the early part of the 13th the edict in 1585, in favour of the century, many copies of the Scripturss. League, “the famous edict of July." must have existed in the vulgar tongue, The edict of January might be the same, for we find King Jayıne of Arragon, in as “the edict of 63 Articles” in 1576, 1233, prohibiting their circulation, by which, according to a note in Sully, In 1260, Alfonso the Wise ordered a (1. 49) “ Chambers of justice, con- translation of the Bible to be made into posed equally of Protestants and Ca. Castilian (Spanish) and theoriginal MS. iholics, were granted in the principat yet exists in the Escurial ;-and about parliaments." The edict of Nantes the same period King Denir, of Porwas finally verified in 1599.

tugal, caused the sacred books to be renThe memory of Cromwell has been dered into Portugueze, of which work, treated with no small injustice respect- too, a copy is still preserved. In the ing that transaction of the Protectorate, following century John I. engaged the of which these quoted articles form a most learned men of his time to transDart. Historians and biographers, so late the Gospels, the Acts of the Aposfar as I have been able to observe, have tles, and the Epistles of Paul, and him. been content to follow, in a train, self translated ihe Psalms into the lancensuring the Protector for a supposed guage of his country. Near this time, sacrifice of the permanent interests of iwo other versions of the Old Testament, England and Europe to the temporary were made, besides translations of the kecurity of his own power, by uniting Acis, Epistles, and A pocalypse of the

Education of the Poor.

397 Epistles from a French version, and of internal arrangement in the society to the Gospels and the Epistles from the which I allude. Our differences, original Greek, by Father Julian. however, we were disposed to forget as

In 1478, the well known translation soon as possible, and happily they into the Catalonian (or Valencian) never interrupted our mutual good. provincial tongue, by Boniface Ferreira, will. was printed: and in 1485, Garcia de I had just heard of the death of that Santa Maria published in Zaragoza excellent man, who lived so much for his “Gospels and Epistles" in Spanish." the benefit of others, when I met with An admirable translation of Matthew's a striking and satisfactory evidence of Gospel, and Extracts from the other the improvement which a century has Evangelists, by Bernard Alcobaga, was produced among us," in the greatest printed in Lisbon in 1495, as part of of all manufactures, the formation of is the Life of Christ." of the Psalms human minds,” to borrow the happy there is preserved a printed Spanish expression of the late Mr. Christie, in copy, in Gothic letters, withoui date, his Miscellanies, 1789, p. 213. supposed to have issued from the Having occasion to consult the 3d Toledo press. It is believed that Al- volume of Magna Britannia, published fonso V. encouraged the publica- in 1724, I observed, p. 224, an action of another Spanish translation count of "the charity schools,” under of the Bible, which was followed by the article London, including Westyet another in the succeeding century. minster and Southwark. Distributed At the request of King Manuel, the among 45 wards or parishes, there Psalms were again translated and were 87 schools, educating 3737 chilprinted in 1529, and a Portugueze ver- dren, consisting of 2357 boys and sion of the Proverbs came from the 1380 girls. So that supposing 203 Lisbon press in 1544.

children within the same district to be In very modern times many have educated by the Dissenters, and it is been the translations of the Bible probably, a sufficient computation, published in Portugal. Their circu- no more than 4000 children of the lation has been wide, and manifest poor could then gain the commonest their beneficent influence. The best education, by any public charitable of them is that of Anto. Perreira de provision, in the metropolis, even Figueiredo, of which a second edition according to its most extended descrip(I think in 10 vols.) was printed tion. in Lisbon in 1805. Notwithstand- Yet this number of 3737, inconing the expense of this work, it is siderable as it now appears, was ineagerly inquired for by the middling deed a large increase upon the number classes and best instructed part of the computed about sixteen years before. lower, and it continues silently diffu- There was published in 1708, in sing its blessings, in spite of the con- 2 vols. 8vo. 'A New View of Londoni, cealed, but decided opposition of monks anonymous, but generally ascribed to and priests. I need not add that no Mr. Hatton. It is regarded as a work book whatever is printed in Portugal of merit in its way, and the author without the "authority of the king" declares in his preface that in it was and of the most holy inquisition. nothing taken upon trust that ad.

Your's, &c. milted of inspection.” In the sixth

J. B. section is an enumeration of the

“charity schools within the cities of SIR

June 27, 1816. London, Westininster and SouthWAS gratified to observe, in your wark." I have collected the number elegantly paid, in two different forms, and find their amount in 1708 to have to the memory of Mr. Joseph Fox. I been only 2041, being 1310 boys and had the pleasure of acting with him, 731 girls. I have, of course, omitted several years ago, in promoting some in both cases the free granıman objects which promised and have since schools. effected no small public good, and can After 1708 there appears to have bear a very impartial testimony to his ' been some zeal excited for the promo ardour and pure intentions, as I had tion of charity schools. The author the misfortune to differ from him, whom I have just mentioned found widely and warmly, on some points of orke of two new schools building. VOL. XI.

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