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The Spectator, No. 294, in 1712, was The publication of the Vanuel exwritten expressly to encourage sub- cited so much attention, that these scriptions to what was then thought families determined to unite for public a great object, a school for 50 boys. worship. This assembly, formed by The second letter in No. 430, is on the five heads of families, was first opened same subject, as is the Guardian, No. in the month of Nirose, year 5, (Janu105.

any 1797) at Paris, in the street of At this period, and long after, there St. Denis. Instead of Theunthrophiles seems to have been no thought enter- . they took the name of Thcophilanttained of educating poor children, thropes, as a more pleasant sound, and unless they could be also provided for, equally describing those who love at least with cloathing. It was Mr. God and men. They chose for their Raihes who, nearly forty years ago, day, of meeting the Sunday, without produced a new cri in education by interfering with the choice of another admitting to his sunday schools clean day by any other society. And here hands and faces, thonkh in rays, a time I cannot help. rengarking how the popular improvement of Erasmus's re- language of these Theophilanthropi-k solve, in favour of classic lore, first, to assimilates, on this subject, to that oi buy Greek books, and then, cloathis. their countryman Calvin, in his In

PLEBEIC'S. stitutes, (B. 1. C. vij. S. 34). AF

ter describing the utility of substituting

St. Irulloon, the Lord's day for the Jewish Salt SIR,

June 20, 1916. bath, to reminds Christians that the I

OBSERVED (p. 257) that the ceremonies of the former dispensation inisrepresentations of a

Foung, are alsolished, Calvin adds nor do I though Icarned ortidor lecturer, had rely upon the number seren so as to obliged iny old friend Mr. Belsham to consider the church as, bound to its notice the Tircophilanthropists. I had rigid observance, nor would I conthoughit little about them for some denin churches that use any other years, but now recollecied that, among solemndays of assembling, so that they a few curiosities, I possessed what abstain from superstitition. The

be called their liturgy, or rather part of the Institutes from which I dircctory, which a friend brought to have taken this passage, was that I me fron the continent soon after it suppose to which Mr. Peirce thus rewas printed. The Theophilanthropists fers in lois letter to Dr. Snape, 1718, had ceased to attract any notice, if in

6. L'ou cannot but know, that deed tlicy existed in a connected

as we never professed to make Calvin's form, when your work commenced, judgment tlie standard of truth, so we and have, I believe, never been de have always testified our dislike of some scribed in your pages. You may of his opinions. I will here mention one therefore be disposed to accept the opinion of his, which 'tis well known following accouni.

has been always disagreeable to us, The publication to which I have and that is concerning the Lord's day. referred is neatly printed in 181no. ex- You never knew any of us profess au tending to 78 pages, and thus entitled: approbation of his doctrine in this re

-"Le Culte des Theophilanthropes, spect, or the practice of the church of ou Adorateurs de Dieu et Amis des Geneva, which is founded thereon." Homines; contenant leur Manuel The Theophilanthropists had a couet un Recueil de Discours, Lectures, mittee who were expected to employ Hymnes, et Cantiques pour toutes leurs an hour in each week to examine the fetes religieuses et morales. Seconde lectures designed for delivery at the cdition. "A Basle de l'imprimirie de ensuing general meeting. Their meet'J. Decker. 1797."

ings were called religious and moral Froin a short history prefixed, we festivals---fetes religieuses ct morales. learn that the origin of this society in these they proposed to introduce was in September 17,6, when a little work appeared at Paris, under the

* "Neque sic tamen septenarium puuitle of "Manuel des Theanthophiles, inerum moror, ut ejus servituti Ecclesiam &c. publie par C-". They then astringam, neque enim Ecclesias damwua„consisted of a few persons who carried sero, qnae alios conventibus suis sølepues on worship and instruction in separate 'die's babeant, modo à superstitioue iafamilies,

sint." Institutio, Genere, 1602. ful. 131

may

p. 30.

Mr. Cardale and Mr. Holicell.

209

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whatever of good is common to all to set the authority of the Gospels religions, omitting what is peculiar to above that of the Epistles, and 10 aly. The Theophilanthropists pro- defer least of all to the authority of fe: sed not to be disciples of a parti- Paul, whom he even charges with inte cular man, but to avail themselves of rics. Yet amidst his freest remarks the counsels of wisdom tansmitted by Mr. Holwell deprecates, with appawriters of all countries, and all times rent sincerity and seriousness, the imFrom these they would combine the pulation of Deism, or a design “ with injunctions of moralists, both ancient 19kbes, l'indul, Bolinglyoke and others, and modern, separated from maxims to sap the found ition or injure the either tno severe and refinal, or con- protor Christianity.” Such is a liasty trary to the duties of piety towards, but, I hope, not an unfair representaGorl or men.'

zion of this singular theologian, who Such is a sketch of the information speaks of Mr. Cardale's book, without communicated in this pretace. the appearing to know the author, in the Précis Historique sur la Societé des Thro- following terms: philanthropes. Some detail respecting “ A treatise which we never saw their course of worship anıl instruction or heard of before we had closed our must be reserved to another occasion. second general head, (although pub

R. B. lished in 1767) enuilled, The True Dic

trine of the New Testament concerning Sir,

July 1, 1816. Jasus Christ considered, contains a THERE is too much reason to be- plausible chain of objections to his supmon niay have happened in the case ihe appendix, we have the singular of Mr. Cardale, and that, though a pleasure of finding our sentiments learned, he may have been an unat- upon the eril tendency of the Athanatractive preacher. Had Mr. Orion, sian doctrine, and thic true meaning, however, expressed this fact with more and reading of the first chapter of St. kindness, he had done more credit to John's Gospel, supported by so learnhimself. As to the character of Mr. ed and judicious an advocate for truth. Cardale's writings, (p. 343) I beg We concur in sentiment with this leave to demur to the authority of Mr. writer, and feel very distinct ideas reWilson. His censure reminds me of specting the deity of the Father and a more favourable opinion, given soon the dirinity of the Son, but we cannot after the publication of the True Duc- conceive why he should stumble at trine, by a writer who differed froin the allowing the pre-existence of the divine author, but whose learned competence spirit of Christ. When this learned will not be dispated, whatever may and ingenious writer gives an unprejube thought of his uncommou and diced lcaring, and full force to the semingly extravagant theories. doctrines of the metamsychosis, and I refer to Mr. Holwell

, who had fill. duly weighs the insufficiency of every ed a very high, if not the highest place other human hypothesis, to account in the administration of Bengal, and for the phenomena of our present expublished a variety of curious Tracts istence, and indeed of all nature, he on the civil and sacred antiquities, as will, we fatter ourselves, receive full well as on the British government of conviction, that his doubts and disbeIndia. His Theological System is di- lief of the pre-existent state and origireetly at issue with that of Mr. Mau- nal dignity of Christ, were ill-founded, rice on the Hindoo and the Christian and not the True Doctrine of the New Trinity, rejecting both, as equally op- Testament." Pp. 145, 6, Part 3, dated posed to the proper Unitarian doctrine, Milford Haven, 1st November, 1770. which he supposes to have been re- Mr. Holwell died in 1798. He vealed alike to Moses, Birah, and must have reached a very advanced age Christ. He rejects the miraculous con- as he resided in India as carly as 1742, ception, for the reasons which have and filled a considerable station in 1756, been frequently adduced against that when he was one of the few surviving doctrine, but maintains a pre-ex- sufferers in the black hole at Calcutta. istence of the soul of Christ, con- Of the horrible scenes in that prison sistently with his notions of the pre-ex- he published a very affecting Karraistence of man and of all other animals live.

N. L. T. aud of a metemsychosis. He appears

OF GENERAL READING.

GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND have purged away the defilements of REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE nativity, and made the creature fit for

the acceptance of its Creator."
No. CCLXII.

CCLXIV.
On the Use of Teu.

Highland Revenge. The Chinese first used tea as a neces. A Highlander who made the amende sary result of the badness of the water honorable to an enemy, came to his houng-ho, ot yellow river. They must em- dwelling, laid his head upon the ploy some corrective to render the water block, or offered him his sword held of that river potable, for this purpose by the point. It was deemed unworThey used tea. This made the plant thy to refuse the clemency implored, popular; hence it has been adopted but it might be legally done. We rewhere the same cause did not exist, collect an instance in Highland hisand fashion has rendered it almost á tory :- William M'Intosh, a leader necessary of life, in countries in the if not chief of that ancient clan, upon east, distant from China, and in the some quarrel with the Gordons, burnt west, where the very existence of the the castle of Auchendown, belonging yellow river and its qualities is not

to this powerful family; and was, in so much as thought of. That the the feud which followed, reduced to Chinese use it so much as they do, is such extremities by the persevering prohably ewing to their having vengeance of the Earl of Huntley, that nothing better ; for when the Dutch he was at length compelled to surrencarried them sage, nicely dried and der himself at discretion. He came prepared, it appeared so far preferable to the castle of Strathbogie, choosing that they gave in exchange three his time when the Earl was absent, boxes of tea for one of sage.

and yielded himself up to the countess.

She informed him that Huntley had No. CCLXIII.

sworn never to forgive him the offence Love of Children.

he had committed, until he should see " It forms (says Mr. Wakefield, Evi- bis head upon the block. The humdences of Christianity, pp. 99, 100, bled chieftain kneeled down, and laid Note) one of the most amiable traits his head upon the kitchen dresser, in the character of Sir Isaac Newton, where the oxen were cut up for the who was indeed all-accomplished beyond baron’s feast. No sooner had he made any of his species, that he was fond this humiliation, than the cook, who of little children, and delighted to see stood behind him with his cleaver them playing about his study. Such uplifted, at a sign from the inexorable was the simplicity, the sweetness, the countess, severed Mʻlatosh's head condecension of a mind, that could from his body at a stroke. So deep expatiate through the universe,

was this thirst of vengeance impressed And pass the flaming bounds of place and when a clergyman informed a dying

on the ininds of the Highlanders, that time!

chief of the unlawfulness of the sentiresembling in this respect also the ment, urged the necessity of his foraffectionate tenderness of the Naza- giving an inveterate enemy, and quoted rene, who fondled little children in his the scriptural expression, arms, laid his hands upon them, and re- ance is nine, saith the Lord," the accommended their innocent and artless quiescing penitent said, with a deep mannners to the imitation of his dis-' sigh, -'To be sure, it is too sweet a ciples. And yet (that I may lose no morsel for a mortal.' Then added, opportunity of shaming corrupted Well I forgive him; but the De'is churches, which make and love and be- take you, Donald, (turning to his son) lieve a Lie [2 Thess. ii. 11. Rev. xx. if you forgive him.' 15.) and of disgracing Anti-Christian Another extraordinary instance ocprinciples, wherever I discover them) curred in Aberdeenshire. In the sixthese very infants are strenuously main- teenth century, Muat of Abergeldie, tained by sound divines, the spiritual then a powerful baron, made an agreepastors and teachers of this goodly ment to meet with Cameron of Brux, land! to be CHILDREN of WRATH with whom he was at feud, each being and BORN in SIN; till the hallowed attended with twelve horse only. But drops from their disinterested fingers Muat, treacherously taking advantage

Venge

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401 of the literal meaning of the words, Such were the unsettled principles of came with two riders on each horse. the time, that the perfidy of the actiou They met at Drumguadrum, a hill was lost in its boldness; it was apnear the river Don, and in the un- plauded by his kinsmen who united equal conflict which ensued, Brux fell themselves to defend what he had with most of his friends. The estate done; and the fact is commemorated descended to an only daughter, Cathe- in the well known tune of triumph rine, whose hand the widowed lady called Leslie among the Leiths. Brux, with a spirit well suited to the times, offered as a reward to one who

No. CCLXV. would avenge her husband's death.

Cardinal Turquemada. Robert Forbes, a younger son of the “ The inquisition is nothing but chief of that family undertook the the highest improvement of persecuadventure; and having challenged tion which begins with tests and negaMuat to single combat, fought with tive penalties but ends in fires and and slew him at a place called Bade- halters. Cardinal Turquemada, the wyon, near the head of Glenbucket. first inquisitor-general in Spain, eren A stone called Clachmuat (i. e. Muat's in the infancy of the inquisition, stone) still marks the place of combat. brought an hundred thousand souls When the victor presented himself to into it in the small space of fourteen claim the reward of his valour, and Of these six thousand were to deprecate any delay of his happi- burnt alive." Trenchard and Gordon's piness, Lady Brux at once cut short Tracts, 1751, ii. 290. all ceremonial by declaring that Kate Cameron should go to Robert Forbes's

No. CCLXVI. bed while Muat's blood was yet reck

Palmer and Pilgrim. ing upon his gully (i. e. knife.) The “ Palmers differ from Pilgrimas, in victor expressed no disapprobation of that the Pilgrim has some home or this arrangement, nor did the maiden dwelling-place, but the Palmer none. scruples of the bride impede her filial The Pilgrim travels to some certain obedience.

designed place, or places, but the One more example (and we could Palmer to all. The Pilgrim goes on add an hundred) of that insatiable his own charges, the Palmer professes thirst of revenge, which attended wilful poverty, and lives on alms. The northern feuds. One of the Leslies, Pilgrim may give over his profession a strong and active young man, and return home, but the Palmer chanced to be in company with a must be constant till he hath obtained number of the clan of Leith, the the palm, that is victory over all his feudal enemies of his own. The place ghostly enemies and life by death'; where they met being the hall of a and thence is his name Palmer; or powerful and neutral neighbour, Les- else from a staff or bough of palm, lie was, like Shakspeare's Tybalt, in which he always carries along with a similar situation, compelled to en- him.” History of Popery, 4to. 1735, dure his presence. Stillo he held the i. 113. opinion of the angry Capulet, even in the midst of the entertainment,

No. CCLXVII.

A Dutch Bille imprisoned in the Inqui. "Now by the stock and honour of

sition. his kin,

“ The brave old Marshal Scomberg, To strike him dead to hold it not a when he was last at Lisbon, told a sin."

friend of mine, with tears in his eyes, Accordingly, when they stood up to that having when he came ashore dance, when he found himself com- there, left à Dutch Bible, which had pelled to touch the hands and ap- been his grandfather's, upon the table proach the persons of his detested of his cabin, it had been carried from enemies, the deadly feud broke forth. the custom-house to the inquisition ; He unsheathed his dagger as he went and that thongh he had sent to the down the dance-struck on the right chief inquisitor, and had spoken to and left-laid some dead and many him himself for it, he had not been wounded on the floor-threw up the able to recover it." Independent Whig, window, leaped into the castle court, 1720. 7th Ed. ii. 47. and escaped in the general confusion.

BIBLICAL CRITICISM.

INTO THE HOLY

On the Priesthood of Christ. which was since the Law, muketh the

June 22, 1816. Son, who is consecrated for evermore. N this paper I shall pluce, at one So-x. 11-13. IN

view, before my readers, those (12.) -- viii. 1. “Now of the things texts of Scripture which speak of Jesus which we have spoken, this is the Christ as a priest : I shall then coin- sun : we have such an high priest, who pare thein together, and with some is set on the right hund of the throne of other passages; and, finally, I shall the Majesty in the heavens." state, in a few distinct remarks, the (13.)- -1.-" he were on curth, result of u investigation.

he should not le a priest." I. (1.) Heb. ii. 17.4" in all things (14.) - ix. 11.--" Christ - an high it behoved him to be made like unto priest of good things to come." his brethren, that he might be a merci- (15.) 12.-loy his own blood fiel and faithful high priest, in things -entered in once pertaining to God, to make reconci- PLACE, having obtained eternal reliation for the sins of the people." demption for us."

(2.) – il. 1.--" consider the apostle (16.) -1, 21, 22.-" having an high and high priest of our profession, Christ priest over the house of God, Let us Jesus,"

draw near with a true heart, in full (3.) – ir. 14. “Seeing then that assurance of faith." we have a great high priest, that is pass

II. The texts thus cited, may be ed into the heavens, Jesus, the Son of distributed into four classes : (1) those God, let us hold fast our profession.” which simply represent Jesus Christ as

(4.)--iv. 15.—“we have not an high a priest or high priest, (2) those which priest who cannot be touched with the describe his qualifications in that chafeeling of our infirinities : but was in racter, (3) those which speak of his all points tempted as we are, yet with- appointment to the office, and (4) out sin."

finally, those which direct our regard (5.) - v.5.-" Christ glorified not to the characteristic excellence of his himself to be made an high priest.' priesthood.

(6.)". 10. Called of God, an To the first class we refer Nos. 2, high pricst, aíter the order of Melchi- 14, 16; to the second, Nos. 1, 4, 10; sedec."

to the third, Vos. 5, 6, 11; and to (7.) -- vi. 20. “Whither the fore. the fourth, Nos. 3, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, runner is for us entered ; even Jesus 15. made an high priest for ever, after the The allusion, in all the passages, order of Melchisedec.” Thus, too, being to priests under foriner dispenvii. 15, 16, &c.

sations of religion, it will be requisite (8.) - vii. 3.-" made like unto the to add a few texts from the Old TestaSon of God, abideth a priest continu- ment: ally." So verses 15, 16, 17, 21. Gen. xiv, 18, 19.-" Melchisedec,

-24.-" this man, because king of Salem, brought forth bread he conuimmeth ever, hath an unchange- and wine : and he was the priest of the able pricsthood."

Most Iligh God. And he blessed him (10.) -26.-" such an high (Abram], &c." Psalm cx. 4. priest became us, who is holy, harn... Lev. xvi. 2.-" the Lord said unto less, undefiled, separate from sinners, Moses, Speak untó Aaron thy brother, and made higher than the heavens." that he come not at all times into the

(11.) -27, 28. "Who need- holy place within the vail ;". See, eth not daily, as those high priests likewise, ver. 15, &c. (under the Law], to offer up sacrifice Deut. 8.4" the Lord separated first for his own sins, and then for the the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the people's ; for this he did once when covenant of the Lord, to stand before he offered up himself. For the Law the Lord, to minister unto him, anda maketh men high priests who have to bless in his name." infirmity : but the word of the oath, These passages will explain, in par->

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