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beggars); but instead of inspiring them Poem, composed by a learned and with the spirit of rebellion against our pinus Divine, nearly, I believe, a cenlawful Chief Magistrate, it would ren- tury ago.
These I shall transcribe r der them more peaceable subjects, with a little alteration. more worthy and useful members of
“ Rex est, qui metuit nibil, society, and unspeakably happier in Rex est, qui cupit nihil, themselves: it would confer a noble
Hoc regnum sibi quisque dat." dignity on them, to which the highest
SEX. peers of the realm, even its illustrious “ What ails the mortals! See their rage princes, have no claim, if they do not For empire, on life's little stage : adopt the same mode :—without this When he's a prince, and well may vie, every man is a slave, however exalted With loudest oame in monarchy, may be his external rank. This how. Who sways with sweet and soft control, ever does not come to men by heredi
The wide dominions of his soul; tary succession, like the crown of the
Who with a free despotic hand, United Kingdom, but is to be attained
Has all his passions at command;
Makes appetites and bumours wait, by the individual's own exertions. He
At reason's throne and wisdom's gate ; must acquire a signal and complete
Who nothing fears, save to molest victory over those whom he is destined
The spring of peace within his breast; to rule, before he can reign in safety Lives unconcern'd at what may be and in peace. Yea he njust become
Lock'd up in dark futurity; an alsolute monarch, whose will is not
Whose just desires are still confin'd to be controlled, or he himself will be To noble treasures of the mind, led captive, and doomed to the worst Nor hunts for wealth, nor covets more kind of bondage, by those who ought Than frugal state of eartbly store: to be his obedient subjects. When the Who thus witb sails and streamers Latter has been the case, it has made whirl'd, my heart bleed, to see him degraded
Rides master of the lesser world, from his throne, trampled as it were in
Has more of king, and royal robe, the dust, treated with every mark of
Than he that governs half the globe. indignity, and made to submit to the
And now what's strange, believe it you, most servile employments.
"Tis not more strange, my friend, than
true, shocking scenes of riot and outrage,
There's none but may, howe'er so low, wretchedness and misery, have then
This kingdom on bimself bestowsucceeded each other! According to
A kingdom that more pleasure sheds, the constitution of our country, the
Thau all the pomp of crowned heads." people take part in the government, by
A View of Death, a Poem, their representatives chosen by them
By J. REYNOLDS. selves: this is a right which they may justly claim. In the other kingdom, however, to which I refer, none of its
Norwich, July 20, 1816. subjects are qualified to be admitted to URING the lifetime of Dr. John any share in the government; and whenever this be donc, confusion and the streets of this city, with cries of disorder immediately ensue. That the “ there goes the old heretick!" and sovereign should be the sole ruler ac- very soon after his death appeared a cording to his discretion, and that any pamphlet, called The Arian and Sociindulgence granted to his subjects
nian's Monitor, in which he was represhould be sanctioned by his authority, sented as tossing on the waves of Hell, is as necessary for their preservation and suffering the most exquisite torand safety, as for his own dignity and tures, on account of his religious opihappiness.
nions. This work has been, and yet By this time, no doubt, my sagacious is industriously circulated. The last readers perceive in what sense every with an engraving, representing him in
edition which I saw was accompanied is within him, and that his humours and the situation above described. Such jancies, his appetites and passions are his being the methods which Calvinists subjects, whom he is to govern accord- have adopted, in order to prevent the ing to the laws prescribed by that great circulation of his opinions, and such and good Being, from whom all authority einanates.
Instead of I was led to these reflections, by the « What ails the mortals, that they so perusal of the following lines of a Contend for empire here below?"
Mr. E. Taylor on a Calumny on Dr. John Taylor.
451 the kind of warfare they have chosen, the Evangelist as to whom he meant as I was not at all surprised to see the the Supreme God, he repeats it again, following quotation from a work, ver. 2," the same was in the beginning which was reviewed in the Monthly with God,' for God who was with the Repository for June, entitled, Wilson's Supreme God, cannot be the Supreme History and Antiquities of Dissenting God with whom he was. Further, Churches : “We have somewhere met this being, called the Son of God,' or with an observation of Dr. Taylor, of the · Word,' is that being or agent by Norwich, which is much to our pre- whom God made every thing (Ephes. sent purpose. The Doctor, who was a iii. 9, Heb. i. 2) so universally, that all zealous Socinian, and a learned tutor the rest of the creation, without exat Warrington, expressed his surprise ception, was made by hiin, i.e. by that how it happened that most of his pu- power and wisdom which he had repils turned Deists. The fact it seems ceived froin God: so that he himself he admitted, but he never thought of alone was immediately produced by accounting for it from the sceptical the power of God, and all the rest, tendency of Socinian principles.” without exception, were made by his
I thank your Reviewer for this quo- instrumentaliiy. And as it pleased tation. I should most probably else God to employ him as the creator of have never seen the passage, or even the world, so also it is his further pleaheard of the work; and I trust you will sure that he should be our final julge." allow me to occupy a small part of the These were Dr. Taylor's sentiments ; Repository, in exposing the falsehood how far they are consistent with Mr. of some of the assertions which it con- Wilson's assertion that he was a zealous tains. 1st. Dr. Taylor was a zealous Socinian, your readers will easily deterSociniun. Now it is certain that Mr. mine for themselves. Wilson 'is either completely unac- 2d. But Dr. Taylor, notwithstanding quainted with Dr. Taylor's writings, he was a learned tutor and a zealous Soor that he is entirely ignorant of the cinian, " expressed his surprise how it meaning of the term Socinian. If the happened that most of his pupils turned former, how dares he to make any as. Deists." This assertion proves Mr. sertion about Dr. Taylor's creed; if the Wilson to have been as ignorant of the latter, let him study some dictionary events of Dr. Taylor's life, as of his before he sets himself up as the histo- theological opinions. Dr. Taylor went rian of Dissenting Churches. That to Warrington in November, 1757, Dr. Taylor was an Arian is very well and he died in March, 1761. So far, known to all who have read his works. therefore, from his having “ expressed The following passage (which I copy his surprise how it happened that most from his own handwriting) is sufficient of his pupils turned Deists,” he did not evidence to this fact. “The Scriptures live to see any of them even cornpletc tell us that there is such a being as the their course of education; so that, as only begotten Son of God; the first your Reviewer conjectures, this“someborn of every creature, by whom he where" of Mr. Wilson's turns out to be made all things : whereby I understand “no where.". The whole story is a that this being is the first or most ex- gross falsehood, coined by a spirit of cellent production of the divine power. bigotry and malice, and circulated with This being is called the Word,' John the hope of defaming and vilifying the i. 1, the Word of God,' Rev. xix. 3, pious dead. I don't mean to charge probably because God by him spake Mr. Wilson with being its author ; it and declared his will to his creatures, is probably very current among his especially to us. This being, called breihren, and he might think it (as . the Word,' existed in the beginning indeed he intimates) so much to his for at the creation of the world, Gen. purpose, as to insert it in his “
History i. 1,) in a state of great glory, and was of Dissenting Churches." He is prothen with the Supreme God and Fa- bably only a retailer of scandal and ther, John xvii. 5.; and he was God, falschood. But, Sir, what else can or a God: ii e. in a state of great glory be expected from a man who could and power. For the term God is ap- have the unblushing effrontery to write plied to any being to whom power is and to publish the following sentence: given, not only to angels, but also to that “ Dr. Lardner, among other Somen, And that we might not mistake cinian authors, “ has contributed to poison the streams of dirine truth, and that the machines, when worn out and promote an universal scepticism in broken, lost their activity, though he matters of belief."
could not divest himself of the idea To such persons as Mr. Wilson, I that their essences remained. This should use the words of Dr. Harwood, conclusion did away at once the prein his Funeral Sermon for Dr. Taylor: tensions of the inanagers; but the ad“ Let those whose Christian principles mission that these essences remained could teach them to abuse him, and indestructible, though their action was deny him salvation, heap upon his me- suspended, proved the fruitful source mory all the execrations ihat enthu- of numerous errors. This notion being siasin can very religiously and piously directly opposed to the purport of the utter. Let them spurn his ashes and promise, that the machines having insult over his grave with the same ri. been destroyed would be reconstructed, diculous, wildness, the same frantio led to conclusions no less opposed to it. postures, and the sanie low revenge, as it was supposed that they would be it is well known some of them did recalled to action and retain their over Dr. James Foster's after his in- activity, amid the continued fury of terment. Such treatment now can no the most intense flames, serving but as more affect his happiness, than it ever the instruments of their violence. It affected his arguments. He now en- was even believed that the language in joys a calm undisturbed repose, under the instructions, which plainly exthe protection and guardianship of him, pressed the temporary destruction of the who has the keys of death, and the immisible machines, purported their continued world: and in the morning of the re- action, in vomiting incessant fames surrection, when those who sleep in the upon their respective operators; and dust of the earth shall awake, will rise also that all of them except the very from the ruins of the grave, the first in first that had been made, were for ove immortal glory, splendour and blessed- single offence of that operator, of which ness." I am, Sir,
all the other operators were wholly Your's, respectfully, unconscious, constructed for this very EDWARD TAYLOR. purpose. So far did many of thein
carry this persuasion, that they thought Mechanism ; an Allegory.
it the height of presumption to expect [Concluded from p. 390.] the least beneficial effects, by any esSection II.
ertions, or attention to the instructions N the mean time the Genius so or- of the Genius, of which they were caillusion continued to accumulate on instructions, according to their ideas, one side of the horizon, the heams of were the very rererse of being useful: light began to break in from the oppo- nor did they ihink they could be better site hemisphere. Some of the operators ernployed, than in making strong pronow began to rouse out of their le- testations that they were vile instrothargy, and to resume the use of their ments, fit for nothing but mischief, faculties. An honest spirited fellow, and that it was impossible for them to who was not altogether averse to his du any real good whatever with them; employment, and had luckily discovered and therefore that they hoped he would a copy of the original instructions, be pleased entirely to change their began to protest stoutly against the structure, and moreover, so to overrule gainful trade of the managers; and by and direct all their own operations, degree's discovered that the super- that they would in future shower down abundant blessings which they pre- nothing but perpetual benefits upon tended to dispense, on certain terms, themselves, whatever inight be the fate had no existence but in their crafty of the great majority of their compaimaginations. The mist, however, nions. This kind of language they continued to be so great, that he could considered as expressive of proper dis by no means distinguish between the positions in the presence of the Genius, Genius and the eminent Operator with and such as he would be very likely to whom he had been so strangely con- reward in that extraordinary, not to say founded ; nor could he distinctly see to most extravagant manner which they read the book of instructions. But requested. It might have been well from what he could trace, he concluded had they considered how they would
Mechanism; an Allegory.
453 bave liked to have workmen of their the root of the evile was not very soon own, coming before them with similar detected, yet many of its principal complaints, and expecting to be re-branches were by degrees lopped off. warded ever after with the like libe. It was indeed long before the great rality, without any further exertions on body of the operators found proper optheir part. They were intent only on portunities of thinking and acting for obtaining deliverance from this ima- themselves; and those who were emginary calamity; and concluded that ployed as their guides, were too apt to the great business of that operator, throw obstacles in the way of their whom they confounded with the Ge exertions and discoveries. Sone of nius himself, was to effect this deliver- them even endeavoured to obstruct the ance; by making the essence of his free circulation of the instructions, and machine, while it was in the act of being broken to pieces, to discharge its * The writer cannot help conceiving that fury so powerfullyupon his own person, the doctrine of the immortality of the soul that the misery which it inflicted upon lies at the foundation of theological error. him, would compensate for that of as It appears to deay the reality of man's pri. many of the sufferers as he thought fit; mitive doom, “dust thou art, and unto while the rest, for no other purpose dust shalt thou return;" since it maintains than his own pleasure or glory, would the uninterrupted existence of the perbe left the ceaseless victims of their ceptive, conscious principle, without which mischief working machines. In con man is indeed dust, but with which alone sequenco of this strange compensation, fabricacs a new doom for him of a very
he may be said to be pure intelligence. It the essences of the machines of the different nature, viz. that he is destined to chosen few were supposed to sustain the live and suffer the most exquisite torments total change desired, and ever after to amid flames to all eternity. It provides a work in such a manner, as would no
new deliverance from this new calamity, less inevitably' shower down immense by representing the mind of the man Jesus, blessings upon them ; so that from this not merely as a ray of divine intelligence, time forward, they would have little to according to the more modest conceptions do, but to hyónn praises to the Genius, of the heathens, but as the infinite Intchand to pipe perpetual songs of joy and ligence itself; and then maintaining that rejoicing, while their unfortunate com- this infinite nature underwent, in its sufferpanions were incessantly uttering the ings on the cross, all the miseries, which most dreadful groans and shrieks, from the immortal souls of the elect were dethe agonizing sufferings to which they stined to undergo in hell, as a substitute would be devoted. In all this there for those miseries. Thus this doctrine is was little to encourage the operators in continually amusing the majority of its vothe sober pursuit of their employment, taries, with differept natures, different deor to cultivate in their minds a proper those about which the Scriptures are con
stinies, and different deliveranccs from sense of their obligations to their great versant. Without this persuasion, it is Benefactor. His gracious promise of highly probable, that the idea of a Godthe future re-fabrication of their ma- man, of endless torments, and of the infinite chines, was little understood or attended Deity suffering in lieu of some of the rays to; and the dreadful circumstances, of his immortal nature, with the change of both real and imaginary, attending the nature, arising from the infusion of the breaking to pieces of the distinguished Holy Ghost, a third person in the God-head Operator's machine, though an event would never have entered into the huznan common to the whole system of nie. mind. Admit that the whole man " rechanism, was much more the subject turns to his dust,” and “tbe glorious of attention and triumph, on account gospel of the blessed Gud," reversing this of the supposed sulstituiiun, than those sad doom, and proclaiming the blessings of of iis glorions re-construction, though the second estate of man, when he shall
become a quickening" or rivifying this was the only pattern which had been presented of those improved ma- erit;",ofer which " deatâ hath no dia chines, which were hereafter to be minion,” shines forth in its genuine lustre.
“ The wages of sin" indeed“ is death ;" placed in the hands of the operators for and it is therefore the object of the resurtheir use.
tection from death, and the judgment which The day, however, was advancing, will follow, to effect our deliverance from and copies of the instructions written both these evils, to destroy him that hath in plain characters were now freely. the power of death, that is the Devil, or and extensively circulated; and thongh sin our deadly adressary.' VOL. XI.
many of thein enjoined under the out giving a very unfavourable bent es heaviest pains and penalties, that they the operations of their machines upon should be understood precisely in the some neighbouring operators, who sense which they thought fit to pre- could not enter into their fancies. scribe. They were all, excepting a The time would fail were I to aisnall number who had imbibed ihe tempt to particularize the various dis true spirit of the instructions, decidedly coveries and improvements which have against any persons, excepting them- been made and are still in progress. selves, presumning to open their mouth. The attention of a few only has yet in public assemblies, so that their de- been directed to obtain a more distinct cisions for the most part assumed the view of the Genius, and of the operator character of kows; and the body of whose merits have been so signally the operators, who, alas ! in general, sewardel. Six this attempt, notwithwere too little disposed to it, were standing the opposition and annoyance much prevented from reasoning, or which they have met with from the kolding suret couprse tegelker, upon lovers of mystery and enchantment, the subjects which related to their they have succeeded, first in distin cou non employment. This conduct, guishing them from each otker, and of the few who undertook to expound then in recognising each of them in she instructions, was the more extra- his true character. They have also ordinary, as by so doing, they were learnt that each operator will reap themselves in the constant habit of benefits, precisely in proportion to the violating an express injunction of the grateful and proper use which he common Master.
makes of the excellent piece of mechaNotwithstanding these obstacles, pism which has been kindly placed in light gradually broke in ofien through his hands. And by availing themithe wediuin of some of those guides selves of the advantageous circumwho felt its salutary inftuence. A stances in which they stand for apprelarge body of the operators under one hending the itnre structure of the of them (for they generally moved in machines, and the genuine purport of boilies like a flock too implicitly fol- the instructions, with the necessity of lowing a shepherd), embraced the applying closely to their business, persuasion, that more depended upon actuated by a principle of gratitude to tive will of the operators, than some the Genius, of generous regard to the had represented. Hence though they interests of each other, and of all their supposed the nature of their calamities, fellow operatofs, whatever may be their and tre means of their deliverance to progress or want of progress either in be much as has been ahove described, knowledge, skill or industry, there is and were ever remarkable for insisting every reason to conclude, that they may much on the great and sudden change rise to distinguished eminence in their in the machines, which they imagined employment. Then when this great was conspicuouis in certain violent Genius both of power and beneficence, movements in reality occasioned by shall perform his promise of re-fabrithe agitated state of the operators ; yet cating the whole system of mechanism,
they certainly laid more stress on their upon that highly improved plan of 'attention to their business than many which a pattern has been given, they others. And though while following will find' little difficulty in applying their employment they were con- the respective instruments to the most tinually fancying that either the good lastingly beneficial uses. or an evil genius was operating upon their machines, and were often relating SIR,
August 6, 1816. to each other curious particulars about their experiences, yet as all these
A last number, Ip. 342, 393.) who were in reality threir own doings, they signs himself T. R. S. proposes two gradually learnt many just, with some questions, which he wishes me to very injudicious distinctions, between answer through the medium of your the right and wrong movements of the Repository ; - the one respecting my machine. Upon the whole they made projected History of Unitarianism, the considerable progress both in point of other concerning the translation of the skill and industry, though not with. Racovian Catechism, which was lang
ago alınounced as in preparation. * Matt. xxiii, dll.
With your leave, Sir, I will in a few