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Review.Carpenter's Sermons on Christian Peace and Unity. 485 Christians; and, finally, that the priest “ His distinguishing characteristic was · hood of Christ and his intercession are simplicity.—He was born Dec. 8, 1727;

never connected together by the Sacred died Feb. 26, 1807, and was twenty-six Writers; so that it may now be easily years pastor of the congregation at Clapdetermined, whether Mr. C. or his ham." “Unitarian brethren" shew the greater

We have reason to believe that Mr. reverence for the volume of revelation ? Urwick became a student at North

Are they deficient in this reverence ampton, about the year 1747 or 1748. who study' to quote the Scriptures faith. Here, and subsequently at Glasgow, fully, and to exponnd them with an the late Rev. Newcome Cappe was one uniform regard to the subject and the of his academical companions and most context? The same process of inter- intimate friends. And Mr. U. was the pretation, would have conducted our “ venerable minister of the gospel" preacher to the real meaning of Matt. who, in 1802, attested, with all the xi. 27, No man knoweth the Son but eloquence of the heart, the excellencies the Father :' it would have shewn him of his former associate.* Praise more that our Lord there speaks not of the honourable to the meinory of it's obperson of either the Son or the Father, ject as well as to the judgment and but solely of the extent of the dispensation feelings of the giver was never bestowof the Gospel (66). It is a much easiered; and none could be more soothing undertaking to explain Scripture by it's and grarifying to surviving relatives. sound, and in conformity with a pre During his residence at Clapham, vious hypothesis, than by a strict com- Mr. Urwick “ was particularly serviceparison of one passage with another. able to young men (62), in advising

Most of Mr. C.'s notes and anecdotes, and directing them to proper situations; might have been omitted without any and amongst the rest to the celebrated loss of reputation to the author or of Joseph Lancaster," from whom, a few advantage to the reader. To be “nar- weeks ago, our author received the folrative with age,” is not the character of lowing particulars of his life :" the great Clarendon alone. The anec

“ He was born of pious parents in Londotes which the writer under our review don, and when he was about fifteen years has appended to the second edition of old, felt so deep though misguided a sense his discourses, are chiefly of the nature of religion that he resolved to retire from of table talk, and, however good-hu- the werld and devote himself to God in moired, possess little general interest some remote and secluded part of the earth, and exhibit lule discrimination With this view he went to Bristol. But dicenda, tacenda locutus. We extract the little substance he took with him being some few biographical memorienda of soon exhausted, he was obliged to enter on “ the late Rev. Thomas Urwick."gi.

board a tender. Here he conimepced a

preacher to the sailors; and though at first “ He was born of respectable parents in he was treated with ridicule, yet afterwards the neighbourhood of Shrewsbury, and, his plain and beartfelt addresses made a seharing attained [obtained] a competent rious impression on their minds. In the share of classical learning, spent part of mean time, his parents were much afflicted bis academical course under the tuition of at his loss (at losing him], and thougb Dr. Doddridge, at Northampton." they were acquainted with his situation

“ The remainder of it was (was passed). could afford him ng relief. At this time, at Glasgow, under Dr. Leechpan, whose it accidentally or rather providentially hapcelebrity as Divinity professor attracted pened that Mr. Urwick going into the shop many studcuts to enjoy the benefit of bis. of his father to purchase some trifling arlectures."

ticle, found his mother in tears, and in“ The first place at which he settled was quiring the cause, was so much affected Worcester. Here he resided for many with the account she gave him of her son, years, respected and beloved : till at length that he magle application to persons of insighing after retirement he went and settled fluence, and obtained an order for his reat Narborough, a village near Leicester.” lease. Lancaster was surprised to see an

“ But retirement was not suited to bis officer of rank come on board, and not only actire mind : and his ministerial talents take him ou shore, but supply him with were too well known to suffer him to re money and clothes for his journey from main long in obscurity. He reccived an invitation from the respectable congregation * In a letter to the highly valuable relict at Clapham to succeed their late pastor of Mr. Cappe. Memoirs of bis Life, preDr. Furneaux."

fixed to Discourses, &c. (1805, S. VOL. XI.

3 R

486

Olitary.-- Niss Sarah Morgridge. Plymouth to London. By this tiinc he was is the Christ :* and to this principle the convinced, as he told me, that no life can preacher has been less aitentive than be pleasing to God which is not useful to his topic and the connexion of his text man. Accordingly, he set up a school ; demanded. Unhappily, too, the free hut though the nun ber of his scholars soon hecame considerable, his pay was so small quent absence of precision from his and so often withheld, that necessity ledl fulfilment of his evident wish to be just

statements and reasonings, prevents the bim by degrees to fiud out that plan of and kind iu his representations of the education which has been so useful and which goes by bis name."

seutiments of those of his brethren who In the tenth note (97) Mr.C. makes Sometimes he even appears to forget

have the fortune to differ froin bimself. this declaration :

that there are the same laws of contro" if I were epe'r to change my sen versy for both Arians and Unitarians ! time its, I should sooner yield to the mild Reluctantly therefore we must propersiasiou of a Lindsey or a Toulmin than

nounce that these Sermops are ill calto tie bold aud deci-ile, not to say dog- culated to promote Christian prace and mati -al, assertions of authors of a more unity; which objects, it is our persuacon ident tone and a mure sangnine tem

sion, are more likely to be advanced by pers Dent."

mir. Carpenter's life and character than An Trenicum, in order to produce it's by bis present lubours in theological des id effect, should be writion with literature, soli I judgmen: an with a conciliatory tem er. "lu the former of these qua

It is remarkable that Hobbes, “ de luncations we are hunbly of opinion Cive" (Amsterd. 1669), thus expresses that Mr. Carpenter is defective: the himselt. “ Dico alium articulum fidei grand Scriptural bond of union among privter hunc, JESUM ESSE CHRISTUM, hoall Christianis is, or ought to be, their mini Cbristiano, ut necessarium ad salutem common belief that Jesus their Master requiri nullum.” P. 386.

OBITUARY.

Od Friday the 5th of July last, at Lan tv administer such consolation and advice primney, in the county of Mommwuth, to the objects of ber affectionate solicitude, calmly fell asleep in Jesas, ere loug to as could only have been expected from the awake to eternal life and happiness, in the ripened judgment of maturer years. . 21st year of her age, SARAII, the eldest Consoled by the recollection of her vir. daughter of Joux H. MOGGRINGE, Esq. tues, animated by her bright example, and

At a period like the present, when reli- mindful of her last request, the surviving gion, which ought to constitute " our objects of her tenderest affection “ sorrow being's end and aim," possesses so weak a not as those without trope;" firmly behold on the thoughts, the affections, and liering " that as Jesus, died and rose again, the pursuits of the human race, it may ereu su those also who sleep in Jesus, will perhaps in some degree contribute to the God bring with him in that glorious day, spread and intiuence of germine Christianity when this corruptible shall put on incoridentified in the mind of the writer with ruption, this mortal be clothed with imthe undivided unity and the un-purchased mortality, and death be swallowed up in love of the t'mirersal Parent), briefly to victory!" state a few particulars respecting the lorely “When loveliness array'd in op'ning bloom, and excellent young person, whose removal Fram'd to delight the sense, the heart to from this state of trial and discipline is not cheer, announced to the public.

Sinks early blasted to the silent tomb, In the possession and prosper of a rich Who can suppress the sigh, restraiu the variety of carthly blessings, she was enabled tear! by those just and elevated conceptions which But faith sheds comfort o'er the troubled an excellent understanding, applied to the mind, study of sacred truth, had induced her to And gratitude recounts what once was form of the character and perfections of gir'n; the Supreme Being, and by the glorious To him who lent it be the boon resign'd, prospot of a happy immortality, metkly to Wbat soul tvo spotless, kind and good resign herself into the hands of her henveniy for Hear'n!" Fatber; and withi a degree of self-ennihila

E.H.P. tion and Christian sortitude truly admirable, Penmain, Aug. 14, 1816.

Oxilvary.-- Jr. Nathaniel Drawbridge.- Ma Juhn Neightonr.

487

Brightor, 8th Augut, 1816. and properly man and no other as it ree To the Editor of the Monthly Repository. spected his person ; yet he coosidered bima Sir,

every way qualifed and adequate to all the On the 31st of July, died at Scames purposes to which he was sent. lie conHill, in the parish of Lindfield, in the sidered him as the greatest of all the precounty of Sussex, at the good old age of plets and the most dignified ud most ex77 years, Mr. NATHANIEL DRAWBRIDGE, alted character of the human race, and • wurthy character, weil kuown and mucha that through him life and immortality was çespected in this neighbourhood, and whose brought to light, aud that his precepts and memory I judge deserves to be handed down conduct were not only wortly lost iocunsto postcrity through your raluable Repo- bent upon ali Christians to imitate. He sitory.

had deeply studied and contemplated the He was buried in the Cieneral Baptist character of the One Sopreme jelovah, burial-ground at Cuckfield, ou Tuesday and I believe has writtru much ou the subs last, August 6th, and a very appropriate ject, which I bope will some day eppear in sermon 'ou the occasion was preached by public. He entertained soine ideas upon Mr. Bennett, of Ditchling, from a text of the government of God that were probably the deceased's own chusing, Psalm xxxvii. peculiar to himself. He believed God to and part of verses,_" Trust in the Lord be the primary cause of all things, but and do good.” In these two points of could not suppose bim to be the designing Cbristiu exercise I believe but few of any cause of all events: but for fear ( should denomination exceeded him, particularly in misunderstand him, I will give you his the former ; for as for the lat' :r, ku nan ideas in his own words, as I have collected however well-disposed, can go beyond his them froin pour Repository for last June, ability.

(p. 322, iu a letter signed an “ Old InThough for three or four years past he quirer," which I knew to be his when I laboured under an infirm state of body, yet read it, and have since bid it contirmed by he was highly favoured in bis intellectual himself. His words are as follow : pokers, which he retained in tbeir full ex “ Now I do suppose that all events, all ercise to the last monent of his life. effects of power, are not subjects of intel

Permit me now to say a few things in lectual determination, or objects of appointFeference to his general views of Christian ment; but on the contrary, that there are truth. He was not ouly a firm friend to many natural results of force, wbich are the rights and liberties of man in a general hot parts of any scheme, or any matters of point of view, and shrunk from every idea device or ordination whatever."

“Xo of restraint upon private judginent; but doubt, Deity is the source of all order, all particularly upun matters of religion it was systematic work, all managerucnt." He å fixed principle with him, that every man then asks" But is God the designing had an equal right with himself to forın cause of all movemut and result ?". his own opinion in matters of theology ; I have quoted thus wuch as a specimen and never condemned any man's eternal of his ideas upon this critical subject. ! state on account of his creed, however it shall conclude by saying that he was a good nsight differ from bis own. Though he husband, a tender parent, a quiet neighcondemned their creeds he was tender over bour, a faithful friend, and a pious man. their persons, and ready to serve them upou I could say more, but think were he living every occasion, as far as in bis power. The he would not have wished me to say so last observation he wade on this head, a much, for he covet:d out bogvur from man, little before his death, was tlis : be said, but that only wbicla comctl from God, and " Oh God! dispose of me as thou seest was peculiarly circumspect in his words as fit:" a relative answered,." God is merciful well as actions. May every reader of your to us :" he answered, “ there can be no raluable publication im.tate his virtues, and doubt of that, but mankind make the Deity leave bebiud nim as good a testimony of like themselves, a mere human being, all his faith, disposition, and conduct, as this passion and pro juilice."

our old and worthy tricnd. He was a firm believer in the Unity of I remain, Sir, your obedient Serrant, God, and bad embraced this doctrine with

THOMAS VINE. every other in unison with it, I believe from an early period of his life. He had On Wednesday Morning, August 7, studied nature as well as revelation, and 1316, MR. JOHN NEIGUZOUR, eldest son was fully persuaded that both natural and of Mr. Thomas Neighbour, Wine Mer. revealed religion concurred to prove and chant, Smithfield. The following characcoufirm the doctrine of One God and Fa ter of him formed the conclusion of . ther of all. He was also a firun believer in Funeral Sermon préacked fr: biw at the mission of Jesus as the true Messiah Worship Street, from Feeles. xii. 1, by the and sent of God the Father; and he most Rev. J. Evans, who interred his remaios conscientisasly believed him to be truly in the adjoining cemetry.

488

Olituary.-Rev. Samuel Cary.

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“The beloved youth whose decease we ADDITION TO TUE ACCOUNTS OF REV. pow lament, and endeavour to improve, SAMUEL CARY, X. 656 and 729. ought to have a tribute of respect paid to [Extracts from a Discourse, delivereil 17th his memory. He died in the 22d year of Dec. 1815, on Occasion of the Death of bis age, of a consumption, which, prying the Rev. Samuel Cary. By the Rer. upon his vitals these three years, brought Mr.' Colman, one of the Ministers of him down to the grave. He bore his Boston.] tedious illness with exemplary patience I mean not on this occasion to attempt and resignation-knowing that his Hea a studied eulogium of the character of our VENLY FATHER did all things well! Nor departed friend Cary, but to speak of him, must it be omitted, that worn out by the as you would ever wish to remember bin, rarages of this cruel disease, he was at as be was and as I knew him: a simple length blessed with an easy dismissal from and faithful delineation of his character the pains and sufferings of mortality. will be a sufficient and most honourable Haring båd the superintendence of the eulogy.. closing part of his education, I am enabled I knew Mr. Cary well. He was my to say that he possessed a good under- friend. I promised myself much satisfacstanding, and an amiable temper, com tion and benefit from his friendship; the bined with a warm and generous heart. more intimately I became acquainted with His love of knowledge, so commendable a bim, the more were my esteem and respect trait in erery youthful character, never for himn increased. forsook him, but continued with him to Mr. Cary's talents were of a superior the last. He was gratised by every access character; his intellectual attainnients sion made to his little library; and never were considerable, and afforded an honourmore bappy than when conversing with á able testimony of bis application and infriend on topics conducive to mental im- dustry. His tract in defence of Christiprovement. As to RELIGION, he was re- anity* was in the opinion of conpetent gular and devout in his attendance on public judges, able and convincing; though we worship in this place, as well as anxious must always regret that any thing personal to understand the Holy Scriptures, which should be mingled in our discussions of a are the sole rule both of our faith and subject of such immense importance and practice. Nothing excited his disappro- dignity as the truth of our religion, yet bation more than a spirit of ostentation this production reflects high credit upon exhibited in the exercise of prayer : to this his good principles and learning. purpose were the remarks he made to me As a preacher he was descrvedly emi. on the very day previous to his death ; and nent. I have beard him often, and always I was particularly pleased with them, be- with pleasure and improrement. His cause the circumstance shewed the just style was perspicuous and nervous; his ideas be entertained of a scriptural and discourses instructive and practical ; not rational piety ;-indeed ny last interview biglily but sufficiently ornamented, dison this occasion was of a devotional nature, covering ever a pure and regned taste, and from which even in his extreme state and distinguished more by a rare solidity of weakness he appeared to derive pecu- of judgment and a noble simplicity, than liar satisfaction. Without entering into by a brilliancy of imagination. His manfurther particulars respecting his cha ver was unaffected, serious, inpressive, racter, it is sufficient to say, that by his and suitable to the dignity of the pulpit. death has been lost a dutiful son, an ami Of his religious opinions, I need not able brother, and a promising member of spcak particularly; you heard him yourRocicty.

selves, and he bad too much integrity and “ Return my soul—the works of life at- simplicity of heart, erer to be guilty of tend,

equivocation, of a dishonourable concealA little time to labour here is given ;

ment of bis sentiments, or of a reluctance Meanwhile a new attractive thou sbalt

to express them, when be deemed it profind

per. His views of Christianity, in my To draw thçe bence and fix thine heart in opinion, and in such cases we ought only HEAVEN!"

to speak for ourselves, were bighly ratio

nal. Of the Unity of the Deity and the “ Honourable age is not that which propriety of paying religious homage to standeth in length of time, por that is the Supreme Being only, he was seriously measured by number of years; but wisdom convinced. He might, I believe, be deis the grey hairs unto man, and an un

nominated a strict Unitarian, but those spotted life is old age'."

persons froin whom he differed found him, J, E.

thongh a strenuous, yet an honourable

* Review of “The Grounds of Christe Visdom of Solomon, chap. iv. 8, 9. ianity Examined." Boston, 1913.

489

Obituary. Nev. Samuel Cary. opponent. Correctness of religious belief talents, the loss of his society and friendis no evidence of moral goodness; and ship, the cessation of his labour in bebalf when we consider the innumerable invisi- of virtue and piety, the rupture of these ble and indescribable influences to which ties by which he was conected with this the human understanding is subject, and religious society, the interruption of sa the indnite variety of absurd and false mach domestic comfort, the dispersion of opinions, which have been embraced and so many animating hopes,-it cannot be defended by the most distinguished men, that these events should not fill our hearts it furnishes an equivocal proof of a man's with sorrow. Our religion does not forbid wisdom or learning. Had Sir. Cary heen our sorrow; the stubbornness of a brutal a Calvinist or a Papist, I think, with bis philosophy makes no part of Christian perfect rectitude of moral principle and resignation; but we are not permitted to exemplary life, I should not have esteemed nourish and prolong our grief, which, er respected him less. Our friend had a when excessive, indicates a distrust of the liberal and honcurable mind; and, with wisdom and rectitude of Divine Providence. a just regard for the inalienable and sacred Divine Providence !--there is somrthing rights of conscience and private judgment, in these words to reconcile us to any event, he was always ready to maintain the liber- lowever dissonant to our wishes, bonerer ties, defend the characters, and assist the disastrous to our hopes. The world with inquiries of others.

all its concerns, we ourselves and all that The correctness of his faith was attested is dear to us, are ever at the disposal and by the purity and goodness of his life. He control of God. The governmeat of (iod was a man of singular integrity, frank- is truly paternal; the exercise of his auness, and generosity, with an entire free- thority is never arbitrary, capricious, or down from avarice, or any low and sordid wanton, but the discipline of a most wise passion ; evincing a nobleness of spirit, a and faithtul friend, suited to train the high sense of honour, and a peculiar deli- subjects of it to rirtne and felicity. His cacy and refinement of moral seutiment. knowledge embraces alike the past, the He possessed a serious and devout mind: present, and the future, all things actual he had no affectation in bis religion, and all things possible; his power is adeand anxiously endeavoured to guard. quate to any etteet; his wisdoun is upesagainst the appearance of ostentation in ring; his goodness and mercy are perfect his piety.

and unchangeable. Is this the Being who He was a good son: while his father presides over the destinits of mankind ? lived he served him with kinduess and and may we not coufide in him with perfidelity; he dwelt upon his nemory feet security ?-can we receive from God with singular reneration ; his death in- any thing but good, and that, the highHicted a wound which time had not est good attainable by our nature and healed: and he cherished his mother in condition ? her solitars old age with filial duty, love, These would have been the sentiments and gratitude. In his family he was of our departed friend, if God lad deremarkably bospitable. His children, manded of him such a sacrifice, as he l as though the time was short during which required of us. He displayed in this he was permitted to enjoy them, had a respect a truly Christian example. If any strong bold on his affections ; and his sentiments were predominant in his mind, wife, who indeed deserved everything they were sentiments of entire acqniescence from him, was the object of his faithful, in the will of heaven. When God took affectionate, and courteous attention. from him his first child ander circum

Such, as far as I knew him, was the stances of peculiar trial, he subunitted to character of our lamented friend. I have the erent with calm resignation. I'rom endeavoured to delineate it with fidelity. the commencement of his last sickuess, I pretend not that he was without his he seems to have been fully inipressed faults,--for what human being is ?--per- with a conviction of its fatal issue ; yet ho fection belongs not to man in his present bore it with Christian fortitude. I am state; and if he night sometimes be persuaded that I shall gratify you by an thought impetuous in his feelings and extract from a letter, which I received language, we trust remember that this from a friend* in Philadelpbia after his same temper was the spring of that gene last visit to that hospitable city.

rous etathusiasm, with which he cherisbed When I spoke to him," this friend i erery bonourable purpose.

writes, “of leaving Boston next spring, so The death of so excellent a man, in the as to avoid the unpleasant weather at that morning of life, while his path yet glit. season of the year, he said with perfect tered with all the lustre of promise, and our hearts exalted in the prospect of an * Mr. Janies Taylor, one of the minisincreasing brightness, is an event to be ters of the First Unitarian Society, Philadeeply doplored. The privation of his delphia.

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