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century and a half, to command the No writer seems ever to have felt more general admiration of Europe, * Grotius deeply, that he properly belonged to a continued, even in our British univer- later and more enlightened age ;-a sities, the acknowledged oracle of ju- sentiment which he has pathetically risprudence and of ethics, till long expressed in that clause of his testaafter the death of Montesquieu. Nor ment, where he“ bequeaths his name was Bacon himself unapprised of the to posterity, after some generations shall . slow growth of his posthuinous fame. be past."

MISCELLANEOUS COMMUNICATIONS.

suns

On Poetical Scepticism. turity without trembling, to dwell on
No. V.

the idea of God with nothing but de(See pp. 157, 217, 278, 383.) light, to identify the feeling of immor“ I must tread on shadowy ground, tality with that of joy; it does that for and sink

the species which the orthodox system Deep: and aloft ascending breathe in of Christianity does only for the indiworlds

vidual who receives it; it robs death of To which the heaven of heavens is but a its sting and deprives the grave of its veil."

victory. WORDSWORTH. The happiness which the most con“ I cannot go

fident believer in the doctrines of Calvin Where universal love shines not around,

anticipates in heaven is both selfish and Sustaining all these worlds and all their imperfect: it is built on the ruins of

the best and tenderest affections, for it From seeming evil still educing good, implies an eternal separation from And better thence again and better still many who are objects of regard now, In infinite progression."

from some perhaps who have been

THOMSON. more passionately loved even for their SIR,

errors, pr who are knit to the heart by THE THOSE who contend for the affi- ties so strong and sacred that no human

nities of religion and poetry, can frailty can sever them. In order to scarcely refuse to give the preference to enjoy it, the most disinterested of all that system which teaches that all the emotions must be torn from the heart, children of men are destined to be fi- attachments cemented by the courtesies nally and immortally happy. This and the distresses of life must be rent doctrine has more of the grand, the in twain, early loves must lose their beautiful and the joyous : it opens to charm, and the holiest instincts of naimagination more glorious vistas ; it ture must wither and die within us! encircles us with more beatific visions; Not only must the profligate child, on it supplies more firm and abiding ob- whom the heart delighted, as it were, jects on which the soul can repose, to waste its tenderness—the Absalom than any other hope of future joy which loved in the midst of rebellion and vice “ it has entered into the heart of man above his brethren-be dear to us no to conceive;" it bursts upon us in all more; but we must forget the friend “ the glory and the freshness of a who, though associating with us in dream;" it enables us to extend our deeds of charity, professed not to have anticipations far into the abyss of fue experienced any supernatural change; “ La célébrité en France des écrits du lity on the sufferings of him, who,

we must learn to think with tranquilChancelier Bacon n'a guere pour date que though the benefactor of earth, was celle de l'Encyclopédie.” (Histoire des

not the favourite of heaven; we must Mathématiques par Montucla, Preface, p. be callous to the misery of an old and ix.) It is an extraordinary circumstance, tbát Bayle, who has so often wasted his dear companion, who, endowed with erudition and acuteness on the most in- all that could render life delightful, did significant characters, and to whom Le not agree with us in certain speculative Clerc has very justly ascribed the merit of points of faith! With those who une eractitude étonnante dans des choses cheered our passage through this vale de néant, should have devoted to Bacon of tears we must sympathize no longer. only twelve lines of bis Dictionary. The deathless agonies of those on whose

On Poeticul Scepticism. No. V.

509 bosoms we have leaned as a sacred proofs of what he will be hereafter : resting place, must have no power to but it is chiefly welcome to the heart, break our blissfal repose.* We must, as making its sweetest emotions deathin short, become different beings, not less, and leaving its own peculiar obmerely in being purified from the pol- jects of desire to rest on the splendid lutions of earth, but in losing our best prospects which it reveals. It is this and most virtuous affections, our most principle and this alone which renders serene and unfading joys. Our human friendship and love inmortal. hearts must die away within us. I According to the orthodox system of confess myself I have no interest in future punishment, the noblest and another life, if it is to bring with it such most divine faculties must, in many a change. It is not I who am to be instances, be left to perish.* The happy hereafter—this heart which is to "strong divinity of soul" has sometimes

seat, these sympathies that are to fiou- been mingled with human frailties, rishi, these powers that are to be un- and the intoxication of heart produced folded, these tastes by which I am to by poetical inspiration has caused the enjoy. And who is there who would poet 10 overleap the virtuous usages of change his individuality for that of life, and to follow without moderation another, even to be made hetter, wiser, the inpulse of his pleasurable sensaor happier? Who would resign his tions. The pure and deep spring of friends and relatives for those who celestial delight has been sullied in its would be greater or worthier of his passage through the world: and yet the esteem?. Who, that is worthy the generous would discern, even amidst name of man, would forget for ever irregularity and vice, the stirrings of a those who have loved and cherished principle allied to the noblest sublimihim, to be the companion of saints ties of virtue, vast capacities for exand martyrs, or the favourite of an- cellence, and bright indications of a gels?

celestial origin. « The light that led Not such are the everlasting hopes astray was light from heaven.” The which the doctrine of Universal Re. kindliest virtues and the most sublime storation awakens within those who energies have been too often linked receive it. This belief not only assures with imperfections which have shaded us of personal happiness, but it makes or rendered them useless. But how that happiness consist, in a great de- inspiring is the belief that these powers gree, in its diffusion on all around us : , and these excellencies shall yet be imit enables us to associate all whom we mortal, assoiled from the corruptions of esteem in our joys: it opens to us the carth when its temptations are removed grandest prospects of human improve- from them, and tuned to heighten the ment, discloses the statelier vistas of joys of Paradise! How cheering is the increasing knowledge, happiness and thought that the heroes and sages of virtue, and gives us the noblest ideas of ancient story, who, amidst error and the dignity of our nature which is pre- darkness, displayed a majesty of soul paring for such glorious destinies: it which has awed distant generations, realizes youth's most gorgeous and vi- are destined to obtain yet greener lausionary dreams: it enables us to look back on the mighty deeds of past times Soon after the commencement of the with a new interest, for it displays them Eclectic Review, some writer opposing as so many deathless monunients of the theatrical entertainments, with something innate dignity of man, and as glorious more than usual zeal, alluded to the spirit

of Shakspeare as mourning in the ever* The orthodox heaven would be an lasting torments of hell the evils caused by exact realization of Mr. Godwin's theory of his writings. It was formerly said with Political Justice. As recommended by that reference to the disposition of the two reingevious speculator, all peculiar regards formers, “ that it would be better to go to. must cease, gratitude must be done away, heil with Melancthon than to heaven with natural affection must be extinguished, and Calvin;" and some perhaps would be inwe must love and esteein only according to clined to make the same choice between the abstract merit or godliness of the indi- Sbakspeare and the Reviewer. It is but vidual. The Calvinist may perhaps be sur- just to add, that the Eclectic Review has prised to find that the system against which since that time greatly improved both in on its promulgation, he lavished every ex- talent and feeling, and would now probably pression of scorn and disgust, is to be treat the fate of the greatest poet who ever realized by himself in beaven !

lised only with a mysterious silence. VOL. XI.

30

rels, and to rise up again in the lightness, which others pass by unheeded, of a bolier virtue!' How glorious is the and derive from them all fresh proofs prospect of mighty minds, on earth be- of the noble destiny for which we were nighted, bursting into the full enjoy- created. They will rejoice in the joy ment of truth-of unknown energies of all men, trace the progressive ad. unfolding their native grandeur- of vancement of truth and virtue with genius here 'debased or unknown, honest pride, and catch, as if it were tasting of ever fresh inspiration from the music of angels, the low breathed “ Siloa's brook that flows fast by the voice of humble gratitude, or the first oracle of God!"

lispings of infant

prayerAround those who are enabled to

" to which God's own ear realize the doctrine of Universal Re

Listens delighted.” storation the arrows of misfortune fall harmless. The malignant passions Here I might conclude these Essays. can find no resting place in their bo- I trust I have, in some degree, shewn soms. They look on the most wretched that the poetry of religion is not conand depraved of the human race as fined to the orthodox creed, nor the brethren, as ultimately destined to be best feelings of the heart exclusively come worthy of their esteem and af- possessed by the followers of Calvin. fection, as erring children of their own But let me not offend my Unitarian Father, who will finally bring all the friends, if I entreat them to cultivate wanderers home. The ills of life and and cherish those emotions to which, the burden of all material things are I apprehend, their opinions should lightened to them by the fond belief conduct them. Let them not think that all are parts of one generous sys- that man is ennobled by his reason tem of fatherly compassion. To them alone, or that abstract truth is the only the face of nature seems enlivened by object he ought to pursue. Let them new smiles, for all the beauties which remember that he has imagination to surround them appear indications of be called into exercise, veneration to be that universal goodness which will har- bestowed, and tender affections to gramonize all the jarring notes of this dis- tify; Let them not return persecution cordant world. Every summer breeze with scorn. Let them never despise whispers to them of unutterable love. prejudices which are honest, or speak The “ splendour in the grass, the glory with contempt of doctrines which have in the Hower,” which delighted them consoled the hearts of thousands, bein childhood, seem almost to sparkle cause they regard them as erroneous. again before them. Their virtue is Let not the pride of reason or the fasunimpelled by fear and unmingled with tidiousness of criticism pollute the pride, for its origin and its essence is sources of their joys. Let them rejoy. Death seems to them as a placid member that the toleration is imperfect slumber, as a genial repose which will which is not extended to intolerance take away all evil thoughts and desires, itself; and that even in the bigotry of and will leave them refreshed from those who think their opinions dantheir labours, and purified and fitted gerous, there is a feeling of zeal for for heaven. When they weep over

their welfare to venerate and esteem. friends whose eyes they have closed for While engaged in the defence of truth awhile, no sad misgivings will disturb let them remember that it is of more the serenity of their sorrow, or cloud consequence to feel right than to argue over the sweet remembrances which well; that the best orthodoxy is that they delight to cherish. To them the of the heart; and that while sentiments memory of buried love will have all its and creeds and systems perish, the best unearthly charms, for the sanctity of and purest feelings of the soul remain their grief will be unbroken. They unchanged the same in all sects, will be elevated above the world, and countries and generations—and that yet taste with more exquisite relish all they will continue while God himself its genuine blessings. Their delight endures.

S.N. D. will be to look on the better and more engaging parts of human nature; they Sir,

July 1, 1816. will follow the domestic affections to VOUR Correspondent, An Occatheir loveliest seclusion, trace out the sional Reader, (p. 323,) refers, I nice and delicate indications of good- apprehend, to the 3d Book of “ The

YOUR

save,

Liberality of the Clergy.

511 Last Day" and the expostulation of the except the testimonies of the unknown damned soul, which thus begins Robert Harris and the equally unknown " Who burst the barriers of my peaceful have been entrusted.

worthy friend to whom they are said to grave ?

J.O.U. Aí! cruel Death! that would no longer

Sir, But grudg'd me e'en that parrow, dark

Bath, Aug. 13, 1816. abode,

I

BEG leave to transmit to you a And cast me out into the wrath of God."

lightened clergyman of the EstablishTowards the close of his address, the ment to a Dissenting minister, whose miserable victim of divine vengeance is Unitarianism lately compelled him to thus made to recollect the paternal cha- resign his congregation, with whom racter of God:

'he was connected almost twenty-six

years. “ And canst thou then look down from

“ Dear Sir. Those who wish to perfect bliss,

worship any more Gods than one, And see me plunging in the dark abyss, Calling thee Father, in a sea of fire,

ought to go to the East Indies, and Or pouring blasphemies at thy desire ?" prostrate themselves before the idol of

that country." Mr. John Wesley, many years be- The whole letter is written in the fore his death, and during the life of same strain, virtually acknowledging Young, re-published, in a Collection no God but the One God and Father of English Poems, (3 vols. 8vo.) " The of our Lord Jesus Christ, and conLast Day.” He was aware of the in- demning all encroachments upon the consistency into which the orthodox dictates of reason, and all impositions poct had fallen, and annexed to the upon the rights of conscience, as dialines I have just quoted the following metrically opposite to the glorious docnote, in substance, if my memory has trines of the gospel. As there are well failed me as to the exact words : “ Im- known to be a great number of clergypossible! Could a damned soul speak men of the same sentiments, why do thus, would he not in a moment be in they not unite in petitioning the leAbraham's bosom?"

gislature, and, to use the language of Your Correspondent (p. 326) appears sailors when they are aroused to exert not to be aware of the question which their utmost exertions, with a long has been raised whether the Treatise to pull, a strong pull, and a pull all which he refers was written by Jeremy together, claim the privileges uk the Taylor. I suppose he intends the children of God, and desire to be perContemplations of the State of Man mitted to obey his voice, in the lanin this Life and in that which is to guage of their own hearts, and accordcome,” the eighth edition of which, ing to their most strenuous endeavours 8vo. 1718, is now before me. It is to understand and propagate the reveconfessedly posthumous. Prefixed are lation he has given them. Our legistwo Addresses to the Reader. The lators are not at present Calvinists or first signed B. Hale, D.D.is highly com- Laudeans. Many of them are lovers mendatory, without a word as to au- of truth, and none of them can stand thenticity: the second Address, signed up and say that this or that Shibboleth Robert Harris, describes Bishop Taylor should be required of men, when conas “ having left these Holy Contempla- trary to the light of their own minds, tions in the hands of a worthy friend of and what they believe to be the word his, with a full purpose to have printed of God. Whatever erroneous sentithem if he had lived."

ments many of them may entertain at I have understood, on the best au- present, let them all be allowed to dethority, that the Editor of “ Specimens clare themselves unequivocally, and of Early Dramatic Poets," a gentleman truth will be a gainer in the end. It critically versed in the fine writers of will shine with glory by a free discusJeremy Taylor's age, is of opinion that sion. Or if any subscription be yet the Contemplations, though containing thought necessary in those who una passages in his manner, were not writ- dertake the office of minister, let it ten by the Bishop. There appears no be this only,—" I believe in the Holy evidence for assigning them to him, Scriptures, and by the divine blessing

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will endeavour to explain them in their that he knew not the precise date of an original purity, according to the uni- event which he was yet empowered to form declarations of the unadulterated predict (Mark xiii. 32); that he might Bible.” But this latitude, it will be well assume the very title about which said, will produce almost as many so much controversy has arisen, and creeds as there are men. I think, on found his apology for assuming it on the contrary, that it will soon terminate the ground that other missionaries of in the universal reception of the good God had in Elohim arrogated a higher word of truth, and lead all men to em- one than he did in that of Ben Elohim, brace that holy church, in which there John x. 36; that of himself he could do is no spot, nor wrinkle, nor any such nothing, viii: 54; that if he bare witness thing. Voltaire, notwithstanding his of himself his witness were not true, great infidelity, believed that there is y.31 ; that the very words he spake, one God, one great and good God, the he spake rot of himself, xii. 49, xiv. 10; God of all beings, of all worlds, and of hearing him, in short, referring every all ages : and, had he not supposed, thing he said, and did, and was, as without making that inquiry which unequivocally, as invariably, as absobecame him, that the Trinity and some Jutely to that Being whom he called other unfounded doctrines were con- his Father, as any other pious man tained in the Bible; or, had he per- whom he had taught to address by the ceived that the Divine Unity, and that same endearing appellation could have true holiness, &c. contained in the done :--then superadding to this unNew Testament, were the real doctrines impeachable testimony the still (if which the Lord Jesus taught, he never possible) more vnambiguous attestacould have become an infidel, nor have tions of the Most Highest Himself at ridiculed what he did not rightly ex- the several periods of his baptism, amine, and therefore did not under- transfiguration and crucifixion, so ada stand. A NEW TESTAMENT mirably adapted in kind and in degree CHRISTIAN. to the “ beloved Son," in whom of all

human kind God deigned to express ŞIR,

August 1, 1816. himself emphatically “well pleased," I

HAVE heard it occasionally re- so palpably infra dig. to a Being of an

marked, that at one period of the infinitely superior order:-and last and history of the Christian church, it was least, recollecting the remarkable ivciin agitation, by some synod or council, dents of the temptation, when this to place the Virgin Mary as a person heavenly personage is accosted by of the Trinity, in the room of the another (whom later ages have almost Holy Ghost. In referring to the re- invested with the character of omnimarks of Theototus, M. Repos. Vol. VI. scient) as a “Son of God," who might page 399, I find some confirmation of haply not only be seduced from his al. it, as represented by the Novogorod legiance to his Father by such a conIdol, and in the censures of such a sideration as the kingdoms of this atom Trinity by the Arabian Impostor ; of the universe, yclept our world, but to but setting aside such authorities, I transfer it, and with it the homage of should be glad to be informed by your religious worship, to his seducer, as the more learned readers, if there be any donor of them :-who, ruminating I other and better authority for such an say over thus much, and more that assumption.

J. W. might be adduced of a kindred de

scription, regard the Christ in no other Sir,

August 2, 1816. light the Son of God than as figuratively IM

N this our sad season of logomachy, so constituted, or at most so miracu

may I take the liberty of requesting Jously born as no other human being from some of your more polemically ever was before him. Yet, on the other given Correspondents, the proper name hand, reading the proem of St. John's for a denomination of fellow interro- Gospel, surprising as they think they gators with Pilate—" What is the do the interpolation of the reporter at truth?". Who, (not more firmly as- the 16th verse of his third chapter, not sured of the existence of the Christ thun to mention a multitude of appositions, of the divinity of his mission), while, on turns and probable emendations, suffi. the one hand, sitting at the feet of ciently indicative as they hold of the Jesus and hearing from his own lips historian's construction of the more

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