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Review.--Estlin's Discourse in Defence of Uniturianism. 545 is, that the soil of the human mind rians have believed the miraculous coushould not be suffered to lie fallow or to ception, and others from some interesting produce only tarcs. That the secds of texts in the narrative, and an apprehended truth may be sown, is all we ask. The consistency in the circumstance, that the harvest we leave to Heaven."-P. 5. second ddam should have been produced The Doctor considers the Unity of without an earthly father as the tirst was,

have wished it to be true. Griesbach, God and the humanity of Christ as doctrines totally distinct, and (p. 68,) proved these chapters to be authentic:

however, it is thought by some, has not retracts an opinion which he formerly nor do Unitarians profess to follow him advanced “ that the proper humanity implicitly, although they have a high opiof Christ should be a necessary article nion of his learning, his assiduity and his of belief in a Christian society." On impartiality. See Dr. Priestley's History this controverted point, he says, of Early Opinions, Vol. IV'; and Grundy's ** In a conversation which I once bad

Lectures on this subject.”—Pp. 33, 34. with Dr. Priestley on the very point, I The reader will peruse with some took the liberty of telling him that bis interest, Dr. Estlin's explanation of definition of Unitarianism in excluding his view of the Sallalh : those who hold the pre-existence of Christ appeared to my mind an illogical

“ Unitarians can agree to differ. I am

not a materialist, and I disagree in opinion definition, and that Dr. Price, with whom

with Mr. Belsham and my nephew, Mr. I then coincided in opinion, was as much a Unitarian as himself. At that time I Grundy, on the subject of the Sabbath. did not foresee that prejudice would pro

The statement of my particular view of ceed so far as to affix an odium to the very the case will probably not be deemed a word. I thought that the definition itself digression, as I have been informed that was incorrect; that justice was not done

what Mr. Belsham has said on this subject hy it to those who hold the pretexistence in his Letters to Mr. Wilberforce, has inof Christ, but do not worship him, and that jured the cause of Unitarianism in Wales. their exclusion was dividing and weakening

I beg leave then, just to state, that it ap. a party, the union and strength of which

pears to me, that the institution of a Sab. could not be too sedulously promoted. I

bath has made a pari of every dispensation

of Revealed Religion; that there was a once for all enter my protest against the exclusive use of the word : and what I al

Patriarchal and a Jewish Sabbath; and ways mean by it is expressed in the fol- that there is a Christian Sabbath called lowing definition.

the Lord's Day; that Christ himself insti" A UNITARIAN IS A PERSON WHO BE

tnted a rite in commemoration of his death, LIEVES IN AND WORSHIPS ONE GOD ONLY.

and that his Apostles after his ascension, “I add another definition, for the denial

when they were authorised legislators in of which, or the substitution of any other

his kingdom, appointed a day to be set for it, I demand the authority of Scripture. apart to commemorate his resurrection as “A CHRISTIAN IS A PERSON WHO BE

well as to answer the general purposes of LIEVES THE DIVINE MISSION Of Jesus

a Sabbath ; and that they instituted it by

their conduct, which speaks a language CHRIST.

In the sense of these definitions, I stronger than words, at a time when any çlaim for myself, and I doubt not that each other mode of institution would have sub

of you will claim for himself, the ap- jected them to endless disputes with the
pellation of a Unitarian Christian,"'-

Jews."—Notes, pp. 62, 63.
Pp. 25, 26.

Referring to Bishop Burgess's arguThe following observations on the ments, Dr. Estlin says, in a beautiful miraculous conception appear to

passage with which this article must worthy of attention :

conclude “The authenticity of the two first

“ If such are the weapons of orthodoxy, chapters of St. Matthew and St. Luke, Unitarianism may stand unarmed before on which so much has been written, and her without fear of injury. I'express myon one side with so much acrimony, has self with confidence, because I know, that nothing to do with the subject of Unita- if in the intellectual world it is still twirianism. And even the pre-existence of light, it the twilight of morning. The Christ, a doctrine which many Unitarians fogs which linger iu the West will be scathold, is no more connected with the mira- tered by the rays of the rising Sun. Tbe culous conception than it is with the mira. Eastern horizon is clear, and bright will culous appearances which were seen, or be the day.”-Notes, p. 48. the miraculous voice which was heard at the baptism of our Lord. Many Vaita.

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remem

346

Review.-Wilson's Dissenting Churches. Arr. IV.-The History and Antiquities Cheshunt, Herts, Feb. 20, 1763. D.

Hodge also drew up an account of Mr. of Dissenting Churches, S'c.

May's Life, prefixed to his sermons. 1755." [Continued from p. 414.]

Pp. 354, 355. THE THE successive ministers at Crosby In the memoirs of Mr. Benjamin

Square, a Presbyterian church, Robinson, minister of the Presbyterian now extinct, furnish us with a series of congregation, Little St. Helen's, which interesting biographical articles. The

no longer exists, we have an account following relates io a worthy man little of a controversy once esteemed of imknown :

portance by the Nonconformists : “ John Hodge, D. D. & learned and

" In 1709, he published, “A Review respectable minister of the Presbyterian of the case of Liturgies, and their impodenomination, of whose life it is not in sition; in answer to Mr. Bennet's Brief our power to lay before the reader many History of pre-composed set Forms of particulars. He received his academical Prayer, and his Discourse of joint Prayer." education at Taunton, under the learned To this Mr. Bennet wrote a reply, which Mr. Henry Grove, for whom he ever after was answered by Mr. Robinson, and prowards retained an affectionate

duced a second letter from Mr. Bennet. brance. The place where he spent the This was a controversy of some inportance, first years of his ministry was, we believe, and called forth no ipconsiderable talent. at Deal, in the county of Kent. From Some sentiments advanced by Mr. Bennet, thence he removed to Glocester, where he were cousidered not only contrary to the continued to labour with great reputation, general sense of Dissenters, but as a shock for a considerable period. Dr. Grosvenor

upon the reason of mankind.

It is no being disabled for public service, which wonder, therefore, that his book met with made it expedient for him to resigh the animadversion. Two pamphlets by way pastoral oftice in 1749, Dr. Hodge ac of answer to it, were written by Mr. Jobn cepted an invitation to succeed him at

Horsley, ancestor to the late bishop of Crosby-Square. At the time of his settle

that name. It was also severely repres ment in that place, the congregation was bended by some of his owB brethren, in a very low state. And notwithstanding particularly by Dr. Wainewright, Mr. his pulpit composures were very sensible Ollyffe, and Dr. John Edwards, in his and devotional, and bis manner of delivery “ Christian Preacher.”—Pp. 879, 380. just, though not striking, he was not so happy as to raise the church ; but as the

Few names in the Dissenting. Fasti old members died, or families removed, it

are more respectable than that of Mr. continued sinking. At length, the infir- Samuel Jones.

We are obliged 10 mities of advanced life, obliged him to

Mr. Wilson for a sketch of his life in Tesign the pastoral relation, about the a ncte affixed to the memoir of one of year 1761 or 1762. After this, he lived his pupils, Mr. Edward Godwin, the for sone time in retirement, preaching grandfather of Mr. William Godwin, only occasionally, till he was removed by the celebrated author, now living. death, August 18, 1767. As an acknow

" Mr. Samuel Jones, who was of Welsh jedgnsent of the benefits he received during the course of his academical studies, he extraction, received his education in Hol

land, úuder the learned Perizonius. He bequeathed to academy of Tauuton, his valuable library of books. Upon the whence, in 1712, he removed to Tewkes

kept bis academy first at Glocester, from dissolution of that seminary, they were re

bury, wbere, we believe, he was also pasmoved to Exeter. “ Dr. Hodge was a learned and respect- education, a very interesting account may

ter of a congregation. Of bis method of able man, of moderate sentiments, and an

be seen, in a letter written in 1711, by excellent preacher. He favoured the re

Mr. (afterwards Archbishop) Secker, then public of letters with a valuable set of discourses, in one volume, octavo, upon

one of Mr. Jones's pupils, to the celebrated

Dr. Isaac Watts. Mr. Secker speaks tbe Evidences of Christianity. They are written in a comprehensive, judicious, and highly of the adrantages he enjoyed at nervous manner, and have been highly this seminary, which he calls an extraspoken of by good judges. He also pub- obliged his pupils to rise at five o'clock

ordinary place of education." Mr. Jones lished sercral single sermons : upon New-year's day, at St. Thomas's,

every morning, and always to speak Latin, Southwark—another at the morning lee except when they mixed with the family. tare, Little St. Helen's, August 1, 1751

-“We pass our time rery agreeably (says and a third occasioned by the death of the Rev. John Mason, author of the # “ See Gibbons's Memoirs of Watts, trcatise on Self-knowledge, preached at

as one

P. 346."

Review.-Wilson's Dissenting Churches.

547 Mr. Secker) betwixt study and conversa boast that he had saved thirty thousand tion with our tutor, who is always ready pounds. to discourse freely of any thing that is In Monmouth's unfortunate rebel. useful, and allows us either then, or at lion, two grandsons of Mr. Kiffin, lecture, all imaginable liberty of making Benjamin and William Hewling, took objections against his opinions, and prose- part, and being taken prisoners were cuting them as far as we can. In this

put to death, under circumstances of and every thing else, he shews bimself so much a gentleman, and manifests so great their sister going to court to present a

great barbarity. We are told that an affection and tenderness for his pupils, as cannot but command respect and love." petition to the king on their behalf, -When Dr. Doddridge set on foot bis was admonished by Churchill, afteracademy, his friend Dr. Clark communi- wards Duke of Marlborough, not to cated to him Mr Jones's Lectures on indulge hope, for, said he, pointing to Jewish Antiquities. A copy of these, very the chimney-piece, “that marble is as Beatly written, in two volumes octavo, is capable of feeling compassion as the preserved in Dr. Williams's library. Of king's heart.” Mr. Jones's ability as a tutor, we cannot James, who was as foolish as he was but form a very high opinion from the heartless, afterwards applied to Kisiin merit and eminence of many of his pupils, with a request that he would promote among whom were the following :-Dr. his designs in the city, and received Samuel Chandler and Dr. Andrew Gif- the same sort of rebuke which was ford, of London ; Mr. Thomas Mole, of given him on an application for supHackney; Mr. Richard Pearsall, of Taunton; Mr. Henry Francis, of Southampton; port to the old Earl of Bedford, father Mr. Jeremiah Jones, the learned author of to Lord Russell. Having pleaded his “A new and full Method of settling the age and infirmities, Kiffin added, his Canonical Authority of the New Testa- eyes fixed steadfastly on the king, and ment;" Dr. Daniel Scott, well known to tears running down his cheeks," bethe world by his learned and raluable sides, Sire, the death of my grandsons writings ; Dr. Joseph Butler, afterwards gave a wound to my heart, which is Bishop of Durbam, the author of that still bleeding, and never will close but most learned and valuable performance, in the grave.' The king shrunk from “ The Analogy of Natural and Revealed this manly refusal and cutting reproach Religion ;" and Dr. Thomas Secker, who into silence. also conforming to the Church of En Kiffin survived the Revolution. He gland, rose to the See of Canterbury."

died in peace Dec. 29, 1701, in the Pp. 381, 382.

86th

year of his age. Mr. Wilson has Under the head “Devonshire Square given a good portrait of him. - Particular Baptiet,” we have a very It should have been mentioned in a full biographical account of Mr. Wil memoir of Kiffin, that he had a controliam Kiffin, the first pastor in that place, versy with John Bunyan on the subject who was an entinent and wealthy mer- of adult baptism by immersion being chant. He had been apprentice to a term of Christian fellowship. Mr. John Lilburn, the brewer, who in the Wilson, however, takes no notice of civil war held a colonel's commission this, but simply states in a note, p. 430, in the parliament service. Casting his that Mr. Kiffin published only lot amongst the Nonconformists, Kiffin Sober Discourse of Right to Church endured a variety of persecutions, reli- Communion, in which he pleads for gious and political, under the hateful strict communion.” This was not reigns of the Second Charles and Kiffin's only publication, but it niay James, from some of which he extri- be observed that it was the first piece cated himself only by ineans of his published professedly on this subject. riches. It is related that on one oc- Robert Robinson, in his ingenious casion the prodigal and needy Charles tract entitled “ The Doctrine of Tolesent to Kitfin to borrow of him forty ration applied to Free Communion,” thousand pounds. The “ Anabaptist" (Works, 111. 143,) gives the following teacher apologised for not having it in account of another work in which his power to lend his Majesty so much, Kiffin had a share: “ In 1672, Mr. but told the inessenger that if it would Bunyan, then in prison, published his be of any service he would present him Confession of Faith, and in it pleaded with ten thousand. The offer was ac- warmly for mixed communion. In cepted, and Kiffin used afterwards to answer to this, Messieurs Kifin ünd

548

Review. Wilson's Dissenting Churches: Paul published a piece entitled — Some betray great credulity and an evident Serious Reflections on that part of Mr. inattention to the ordinary course of: Bunyan's Confession of Faith touching Divine Providence, under which all Church Communion with Unlaptized Be- things come alike to all. lievers. These gentlemen treated John There is an offensive vulgarism, in very cavalierly. Your conclusion, say p. 441, where, relating a journey which they, is devilish topfull of ignorance and Sayer Rudd made to France without prejudice : but this we forgive them, the consent of his congregation (Defor John was a tinker without dish vonshire Square), Mr. Wilson says or spoon, and at best but a country " he took which" (what] is commonly teacher, and the Rev. Mr. William called French leave." Kiffin was a London minister and In the account of John Macgowan, worth forty thousand pounds." The pastor in the place last-mentioned, who interest which we take in this contro is known by his audacious and maligversy, and our regard to the name of nant pamphlets against reputed “So Bunyan, induce us to lengthen this cinianism," Mr. Wilson is not sparing extract from Robinson. “The next of his censures on controversial outyear, Mr. Bunyan published an answer, rageousness and artifice: he says very entitled Differences in Judgment about judiciously, p. 453, “ We have better Water Baptism no Bar to Communion. evidence for the doctrines of the gospel To this piece of Mr. Bunyan's, Mes- than those afforded by ghosts and sieurs Danvers and Paul replied, and spectres." This refers to a piece of John answered them in 1671, in about Macgowan’s, entitled “ The Arian's two sheets in twelves, entitled Peace- and Socinian's Monitor," in which a able Principles and True. In all these story is told of a young minister who he continued uniform in his senti- saw his tutor (the learned and venerable ments, declaring he would abide by Dr. John Taylor) rolling in hell-flames, his faith and practice till the moss should and received of course due warning grow upon his eye-brows. I mention against damnable heresies.' . Is it This because the editors of his Works credible that Trinitarians should still in folio have inserted a Discourse en- circulate this abominable libel, and titled An Exhortution to Peuce and that any readers should be found (as Unity, in which it is declared that we are informed there are) of such de-. baptism is essential to church commu- praved understandings, as to receive: nion; but it is evident Bunyan never the impudent and wicked fiction for wrote this piece."

truth? Our author is a friend to religious Macgowan published another notable inquiry and discussion, but he is not piece, in letters to Dr. Priestley, enti-. always consistent. For example he tled Christ proved to be the Adorable God says truly and well, p. 428, “ It is a or a Notorious Impostor. On this in-, distinguishing feature of truth that it stance of polemic craft, the decorum to invites inquiry: to stifle it is the mark which we are constrained forbids us to. of a bad cause, and the certain resort make the proper comment. It is akin. of bigots.” In two pages afterwards, to the wisdom of certain disputants in, however, he relates of Kiffin's second conversation, who declare if some fason, that “ having an inclination to vourite notion be not scriptural they travel abroad, he was accompanied by will burn their Bibles. In the same a young minister as far as Leghorn, temper and with the same degree of and proceeding by himself to Venice, understanding, the Pagans, when their there entered too freely into conversation prayers were unanswered, in the rage upon religious suljects, und was poisoned of disappointment demolished their Ly a Popish priest." This narrow- gods. minded reflection we are willing to Of Macgowan, Mr. Wilson yet debelieve that Mr. Wilson has injudi- clares, p. 451, “ his humility was very ciously copied from some one of his remarkable !" old authorities.

A fact related of the Meeting-house We meet in the History with fre-in Miles's Lane reminds us of the late quent stories of the judgments of God proceedings against the Protestants in nipon persecutors, and in p. 436 there France: it has been said of popery, but is an apology for thein. We must re may more truly be said of persecution, mark, once for all, that such narrations that it is always the same.

549

Poetry.- A Tribute to the Memory of the Rev. William Vidler. « Though the exact date of the build I am not yet converted, but if I can get a ing is not now to be obtained, there is good sale for my Cologne Il'ater I soon good evidence that it must have been shall be." P. 64. erected very soon after the restoration of The “late Printer” sums up his Charles the Second. Being a large and pleadings against the Society, in a few commodious place, it was fixed upon as a

words : prey to the parish minister, when bis church was consumed in the fire of Lon “ What has the London Society done? don, A. D. 1666; nor could the rightful -expended 70,0001. and bare made. owners regain possession till the new their proselytes worse characters than they church was built. This was the fate of Pere before !"-P. 64. many other meeting-houses, at that time, and places in a strong light the unprin- ART. VI.-On Persecution. A Dis. cipled power of the ecclesiastical govern course delivered in the Protestant ment, during the reign of Charles the Dissenting Chapel, Lewin's Mead, Second.”—P. 462.

Bristol, June 10, 1816, in recom

mendation of a Subscription for the ART. V.- The London Society for Relief of the Protestant Sufferers for

Promoting Christianity amongst the Conscience-Sake in the South of Jews Eramined, and the Pretensions France. By John Prior Estlin, of the Converted Jew Investigated, LL. D. 8vo. pp. 38. Longman and &c. &c. By B. R. Goakman, late Co. 1816.

THE 64. Simpkin and Marshail. 1816. and reprobates Persecution, as

VE know not what degree of pre-supposing “ that a perfect knowter to the Institution” for converting by all men, and consequently, that an the Jews, but if the tenth part of uniformity of belief is practicable ; what he relates be true, the con- that those who practise it have attained ductors of the society owe an apology this knowledge and are infallible ; to the publie for the costly delusion that errors of the understanding which they have been the means of merely are criminal; that those who supporting According to this state- have arrived at speculative perfection mnent, almost the only Jew of fair themselves have a right to compel character who has been connected others to come into the truth ; and with the society was one who never that pains and penalties are the means professed conversion and who, wanting to accomplish this purpose.' the qualification of hypocrisy, was ill An opinion is stated in p. 20, which used by the managers.

is well worthy of discussion; and we One short story will explain the insert the statement of it to invite the design of this pamphlet :

notice of our Correspondents, viz. “A man of the name of Marinus came

“ Wherever the doctrines of the eternity from Germany into this country, for the of hell-torments, of inspiration or intaipurpose of obtaining a sale for some

libility, and of exclusive salvation or Cologne Water, of which he professed salvation depending on opinions, are to be the Inventor. Finding himself run received together in a heart prepared short of cash, he applied to the London for their reception, a persetuting spirit Society for assistance. I asked him if he appears to me to le a natural and legite had embraced Christianity; his reply was, male consequence."

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POETRY.

TO THE EDITOR,

From his conversation they not only SIR, Reading, Sept. 15, 1816. derived the highest intellectual gratifi

insertion in the Repository, to holiest feelings which Christian truth the iremory of Mr. Vidler, is but a is calculated to inspire. They remem. very feeble attempt to express the emo- ber him with an enthusiasın of retions of respect with which his memory verence, which it would be impossible is cherished by those who had the for much higher powers than mine to pleasure of his acquaintance here. express. It is gratifying to reflect that VOL. XI.

4 B

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