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Olituary.-Reo. William Vidler.

65% Mosheim's Church History, how soon and consecrating, human infirmity, and how much was the religion of Jesus he justly deemed them encumbrances corrupted from its primitive simplicity, to the progress of truth. And yet, And the partial account of the English strange to tell, for attaching themselves Baptists leads me to indulge a better to the above Scriptural views of the opinion of various sects who have character of the Supreme Being, Dr, been deemed Heretics !" Much in- Ryland in his Life of Fuller, declares deed must the religion of Jesus have a certain class of General Baptists, been corrupted from its primitive (to whom I and my deceased friend simplicity, since other tests of Christ- have the honour to belong), “to have ian fellowship are imposed than that gone from GENERAL REDEMPTION 10 of acknowledging Christ to be the no redemption !!" Such are the grose Messiah or the Son of God; and surely and abominable misrepresentations in she writer who makes the declaration which party writers indulge at the contained in the concluding, sentence expense of truth and to the utter of the above-paragraph, might have destruction of Christian charity. I indulged more tenderness towards the It should be added that our veneraseputedly kerctical advocates of univer- ble brother, whilst he maintained the sal restoration. It is a curious phe- prime leading doctrines of revelation, nomenon in the annals of theology, did not relinquish the ordinance of that those who as to their faith take Christian Baptism by immersion, but most pains to be right should be administered it to its only proper obgenerally declared most wrong; and jects, those who make a profession of that those who as to practice abound their faith. Having preached for him most in the exercise of Christian more than once on those occasions, I charity should be pronounced desti- have witnessed his administration of tute of true piety. But certain it is it in this place with pleasure. He that without free inquiry and a patient, conducted it with a solemnity which candid investigation of opposite systems became its importance, making candid of faith-we the inhabitants of this allowance for those otherwise mindhighly favoured island, might have ed, and pointing out its happy tenbeen at this day." plucking misletoe dency in promoting the purity of the with the Druid or mixing a little flour professors of Christianity. and water into the substance of the As the treatment received by this incomprehensible God!"

good man from his particular Baptist My deceased friend, however, was brethren, on account of difference of not deterred by the unchristian treat- sentiment, h:s been mentioned, it ment of his brethren from holding is but justice to add that he was simifast what he deemed Scriptural truth. Jarly treated by a minister of that class He even pushed his inquiries still who style themselves Free Grace further so as to renourre other popular General Baptists! This Reverend errors and to maintain the glorious brother from whom better things were doctrines of the Divine Unity, and the to be expected, endeavoured to prevent unpurchased love of the Supreme Being Mr. Vidler from becoming a member in the redemption of the world. of the respectable GENERAL BODY of “ Blessed be the God and Father of Dissenting ministers of the Three Deour Lord Jesus Christ, who hath nominations meeting at Red-cross blessed us with all spiritual blessings Street. It is with no small pleasure in heavenly things in Christ: In that I now recollect the successful whom we have redemption through exertions made by me in his behalf on his blood, the forgiveness of sing, that occasion. An end was soon put according to the riches of his grace." to this unwarrantable and odious On doctrines contained in this as well ebullition of bigotry. as similar passages of the New Testa- Thus like his

great Master, through ment, he dwelt with satisfaction and good report and through evil report, did delight. Contrary views are to be my friend pursue the even tenor of found only in creeds and confessions of faith, which with him were in no In the Second Edition of my Letter estimation. Embodying human error to Dr. Hawker, will be found a discus

sion of the doctrine of GENERAL REDEMP* Ephes. i. 8, 7.

TION.

we

his way, till resting from his labours yet is their hope full of immortality: he was laid in the peaceful tomb. and having been a little chastised, they The particulars of his life, and of his shall be greatly rewarded, for God last long severe illness, which he bore proved them and found then worthy, with exemplary resignation, have been of himself.* laid before his congregation by, a friend every way capable of rendering September 10, at Cheltenham, having justice to his benevolence and piety. nearly completed his 81st year, RiI have thought proper to touch only CHARD REYNOLDS, of Bristol, a highly on the leading traits of his character respected member of the Society of as a minister of Jesus Christ. His Friends. For a long series of years in love of free inquiry, his endeavout the possession of an ample fortune, he to divest himsell of prejudice, and his made it subservient to the purposes of intrepid avowal of his religious creed, benevolence. His numerous charities, are creditable to his memory. These public and private, rank him among are essential requisites of ministerial the most eminent philanthropists of fidelity. Though we agreed in many the present age. After a gradual de important articles of faith, yet as to cliue, he closed a life of great usefulness others were agreed to differ, in the faith and hope of a Christian. Priendly and cheerful, he often conversed with freedom on religious Mrs. ELIZABETH HAMILTON.-It topies, but never to the breach of would be with feelings of sincere sor, Christian charity. He could bear row, for a private and a public loss, with those who did not accompany that the lovers of elegant literature him in all his convictions. And we heard of the death of one of the most both heartily acquiesced in the sub- amiable, useful and popular of the felime and awful asseveration of male writers of the present age; one Jesus Christm"Whosoever shall be who has done honour to her, sex and ashamed of me and of my words, of to her country. him shall the Son of man be ashamed, Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton was born when he shall come in his own glory, at Belfast, in Ireland; and the affection and in his Father's, and of the holy for her country, which she constantly angels.”

expressed, proved that she had a true so conclude the minister of Jesus Irish heart. She was well known to Christ, be he Churchman or Dissenter, the public as the author of “ The CotTrinitarian or Unitarian, who, imple tagers of Glenburnie,” “ The Modern ring the blessing of heaven, indulges Philosophers," “ Letters on Female free inquiry, endeavours to divest his Education," and various other works. mind of prejudice, and honestly pro- She has obtained, in different departclaims his convictions, on every proper ments of literature, just celebrity, and occasion, sanctioned and emblazoned has established a reputation that will by a correspondent temper and prace strengthen and consolidate from the tice, will receive the final eulogy of duration of time--that destroyer of all the Saviour" Well done good and that is false and superficial. Jaithful servant, enter thou into the joy The most popular of her lesser of thy Lord."

works is “ the Cottagers of Glen

burnie," a lively and humorous picture “Lo! with a mighty Host ne comes,

of the slovenly habits, the indolent I see the parted clouds give way, I see the hanner of the cross display;

winna-be-fashed temper, the baneful Death's conqueror in pomp appears

content which prevails among some

of the lower class of people in ScotIn his right hand, a palm he bears, And in his looks—REDEMPTION wears !"

land. It is a proof of the great merit

of this book, that it has, in spite “ The souls of the righteous are in of the Scottish dialect with which the hand of God, and there shall no it abounds, been universally read in iorment touch them. In the sight of England and Ireland, as well as in the unwise they seemn to die, and their Scotland. It is a faithful represen. departure is taken for misery, and tation of human nature in general, their going from us to be utter destruc- as well as of local manners and cus

but they are in peace, for though they be punished in the sight of men,

* Wisdom iii, 1, 5.

rion;

Obituary.- Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton.

555 toms; the maximns of economy and in- at a moment's notice, efface, we smile, dustry, the principles of truth, justice, and are grateful. family affection and religion, which it In " the Modern Philosophers," inculcates by striking examples, and by where the spirit of system and party inexquisite strokes of pathos, mixed with terfered with the design of the work, it humour, are independent of all local was difficult to preserve throughout the peculiarity of manner or language, and tone of good-humoured raillery and operate upon the feelings of every class candour: this could scarcely have been of readers, in all countries. In Ireland accomplished by any talents or pruin particular, the history of “the Cot- dence, had not the habitual teniper tagers of Glenburnie" has been read and real disposition of the writer been with peculiar avidity; and it has pro- candid and benevolent. Though this bably done as much good to the Irish work is a professed satire upon a system, as to the Scotch. While the Irish yet it avoids all satire of individuals; have seized and enjoyed the opportunity and it shews none of that cynical conit afforded of a good-humoured laugh tempt of the human race which somie at their Scotch neighbours, they have satirists seem to feel, or affect, in order secretly seen, through shades of dif- to give poignancy to their wit. ference, a resemblance to themselves; Our author has none of that misanand are conscious that, changing the thropy which derides the infirmities of names, the tale might be told of them. human nature, and which laughs while In this tale, both the difference and it cauterizes. There appears always the resemblance between Scottish and some adequate object for any pain that Hibernian faults or foibles are adian. she inflicts: it is done with a steady tageous to its popularity in Ireland. view to future good, and with a humane The difference is sufficient to give an and tender, as well as with a skilful and air of novelty that awakens curiosity; courageous band. while the resemblance fixes attention, The object of “ the Modern Philoand creates a new species of interest. sophers" was to expose those whose Besides this, the self-love of the Hic theory and practice differ; to point out bernian reader being happily relieved the difficulty of applying high-down from all apprehension that the lesson principles to the ordinary, but neceswas intended for him, his good sense sary, concerns of human life; and to takes and profils by the advice that is shew the danger of trusting every man offered to another. The humour in to become his own moralist and legisthis book is peculiarly suited to the lator. When this norel first appeared, Irish, because it is, in every sense of it was, perhaps, more read, and more the word, good humour. The satire, if admired, than any of Mrs. Hamilton's satire it can be called, is benevolent; works: the name and character of its object is to mend, and not wound, Brigettina Botheram passed into every the heart. Even the Scotch themselves, company, and became a standing jest however national they are supposed to proverbial point in conversation. be, can bear “ the Cottagers of Glen- The ridicule answered its purpose ; it burnie.” Nations, like individuals, reduced to measure and reason those can with decent patience endure to be who, in the novelty and zeal of system, told of their faults, if those faults, in- had overleaped the bounds of cominon stead of being represented as forming sense. their established unchangeable charac

“The Modern Philosophers," "the ter, are considered as arising, as in fact Cottagers of Glenburnie," and “ the they usually do arise, from those pass- Letters of the Hindoo Rajah," the first ing circumstances which characterize book, we believe, that our author pubrather a certain period of civilization lished, have all been highly and steadily than any particular people. If our approved by the public. These works, national faults are pointed out as in- alike in principle and in benevolence of delible stains, inherent in the texture design, yet with each a different grace of the character, from which it cannot of style and invention, have established by art or time be bleached or purified, Mrs. Hamilton's character as an ori. we are justly provoked and offended; ginal, agreeable and successful writer but, if a friend warns us of some little of fiction. But her claims to literary accidental spots, which we had, per. reputation, as a useful, philosophic, haps, overlooked, and which we can, moral and religious author, are of a

-a

higher sort, and rest upon works of a she teach them to astonish the utt more solid and durable nature; upon learned by their acquaintance with the her works on education, especially her various vocabularies of metaphysical « Letters on Female Education.” In system-makers. these she not only shews that she Such jugglers' tricks she despised; has studied the history of the human but she has not, on the other hand, mind, and that she has made herself been deceived or overawed by those acquainted with what has been written who would reprezent 'the study of the on this subject by the best moral and human mind as a study that leads to metaphysical writers, but she adds new no practical purpose, and that is unfit value to their knowledge by rendering and unsafe for her sex. Had Mrs. Hait practically useful. She has thrown milton set ladies on metaphysic ground open to all classes of readers those me. merely to shew their paces, she

would taphysical discoveries or observations, have made herself and them ridiculous which had been confined chiefly to and troublesome; but she has shewn the learned. To a sort of knowledge, how they may, by slow and certain which had been considered more as a steps, advance to a useful object. The matter of curiosity than of use, she has dark, intricate and dangerous labyrinth, given real value and actual currency: she has conrerted into a clear, straight, she has shewn how the knowledge of practicable road; a road not only pracmetaphysics can be made serviceable to ticable, but pleasant, and not only pleathe art of education; she has shewn, sant but, what is of far more consefor instance, how the doctrine of the quence to women, safe. association of ideas may be applied, in Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton is well early education, to the formation of the known to be not only a moral, but a habits of temper, and of the principles pious, writer; and in all her writings, of taste and morals; she has considered as in all her conversation, religion aphow all that metaphysicians know of pears in the most engaging point of sensation, abstraction, &c. can be ap view. Her religion was sincere, cheer. plied w the cultivation of the judgment ful and tolerant; joining, in the hap and the imaginations of children. No piest manner, faith, hope and charity. matter how little is actually ascertained All who had the happiness to know on these subjects: she has done much this amiable woman will, with one in wakening the attention of parents, accord, bear testimony to the truth of ind of mothers especially, to future in that feeling of affection which her bequiry; she has done much by directing nevolence, kindness and cheerfulness their inquiries rightly; much by exciting of temper inspired. She thought so them to reflect upon their own minds, little of herself, so much of others, and to observe what passes in the that it was impossible she could, supeminds of their children. She has rior as she was, excite envy. She put opened a new field of investigation to every body at ease in her company, in vomen, a field fiued to their domestic good humour and good spirits witte habits, to their duties as mothers, and to themselves. So far from being a retheir business as preceptors of youth; straint on the young and lively, she zo whom it belongs to give the minds encouraged, by her sympathy, their of children those first impressions and openness and gaiety. She never flatideas, which remain the longest, and tered, but she always formed the most which influence them often the most favourable opinion, that truth and good powerfully, through the whole course sense would permit, of every individual of life. In recommending to her own who came near her; therefore all, sex the study of metaphysics, as far as instead of fearing and shunning her it relates to education, Mrs. Hamilton penetration, loved and courted her has been judiciously careful to aroid society. all that can lead to that species of Her loss will be long regretted by “ vain debate," of which there is no her private friends; her memory will end. She, knowing the limits of the long live in public estimation. human understanding, does not attempt Much as Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton to go beyond them into that which can has served and honoured the cause of be at best but a dispute about terms. female literature by her writings, she She does not aim at making women has done still higher and more essential expert in the "wordy war;"' nor does benefit to that cause by her life, by selo

Intelligence.Manchester College, York.

557 ting the example, through the whole of and which in her united gracefully with chat uniform propriety of conduct, and that superiority of talent and knowledge of all those virtues which onght to that commanded the admiration of the characterize her sex, which form the public.-Monthly Magazine. charin and happiness of domestic life,

INTELLIGENCE.

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DOMESTIC.

The Deputy Treasurers for the past RELIGIOUS.

year were re-elected, with the addition of Manchester College, York. Mr. Robert Philips, Jun. of Manchester, THE REV. WILLIAM SHEPHERD, and Mr. Cyrus Armitage, of Duckinfield. of Gateacre, has offered a prize of five Mr. Thomas Henry Robinson and the guineas for the best classical scholar in Rev.John Gooch Robberds, of Manchester, this Institution, in the ensuing session. were re-appointed Secretaries. The merits of the candidates to be decided The thanks of the Meeting were voted on at the examination at the close of the to the President, Vice-Presidents, and session.

other Officers of the College, for their Manchester, August 21, 1816.

services during the past year.

The Report made of the state of the The following sumas have been received on Funds was encouraging and satisfactory. account of this Institution.

The Trustees have been enabled to dig Collection at Chesterfield Cha

charge the debt that was owing to the pel, by the Rev. R. W. Wal

Treasurer at the commencement of the lace.

11 10 7 year; to appropriate 4001, to the farther Rev. Israel Worsley, Plymouth

liquidation of the debt on the York Build(Annual).

1 o ings, and to make a small addition to the Mr. T. Holt, Liverpool, An. 1 1 o Permanent Fund: W. Ridge, Esq. Chichester, do. 1 0 The means of accomplishing these desiMr. W. Bayley, Chichester, do. 0 10 6 rable objects have been principally afHinton Castle, Esq. Clifton, do.

0 forded by the receipt of several considerable Mr. Richmond, Temple, Lon

benefactions, and of a legacy of 2001, don. do.

1 bequeathed to the College by the late

Swann Downer, Esq. of London. The 7 1 Trustees have likewise made arrangements

for the admission of twelve Divinity StuG. W. WOOD, Treasurer. dents on the foundation next session, and Manchester, September 6, 1816.

for an addition to the emoluments of the

Tutors. The thirtieth Annual Meeting of Trus- The number of Students in the College tees of Manchester College, York, was during the last session was reported to held at Cross Street Chapel Rooms, in have been 21, viz. 11 Lay-students, and Manchester, on Friday August 30, 1816, 10 intended for the ministry; of the latter Abraham Crompton, of Lune Villa, near Mr. Mardon and Mr. Morris have finally Lancaster, Esq. in the chair,

left the College, and Mr. Mardon is setThe proceedings of the Committee dr. tled with the Unitarian Congregation at ring the past year were read over, and Glasgow, as successor to the Rev. James confirmed, and the Treasurer's Accounts Yates. were laid before the Meeting, approved of, Thirteen Divinity Students and sevenand passed.

teen Lay-Students are expected in the Benjamin Gaskell, Esq. M. P. of Thorns College next session. House, Yorksbire, was re-elected Presi- When the business of the meeting was dent, and James Touchet, Esq. of Man- closed, the chair was taken by Isaac Harchester, Joseph Strutt, Esq. of Derby, rop, Esq. of Altringham; and the thanks Peter Martineau, Esq. of Canonbury, and of the meeting were unanimously voted Daniel Gaskell, Esq. of Lupsett, were re- to Abraham Crompton, Esq. for his serelected Vice Presidents. Mr. George vices as Chairman. William Wood, of Manchester, was re-cho- -The Trustees and friends of the College sen Treasurer, and Mr. Edward Baxter, afterwards dined together at the Spread Mr. Jonathan Brookes, and Mr. William Eagle Inn; Nathaniel Philips, Esq. of the Duckworth, of Manchester, and tbe Rev. Dales, in the chair. The attendance was Joseph Ashton, of Duckinfield, were added not so numerous as on former occasions, to the Committee, to supply the places but the day was spent with much hilarity of the Gentlemen incligible from non- and interest. attendance.

Manchester, September 4, 1816. VOL. XI.

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