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Obituary.- Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton.

555 toms; the maximns of economy and in at a moment's notice, efface, we smile, dustry, the principles of truth, justice, and are grateful. family affection and religion, which it In " the Modern Philosophers," inculcates by striking examples, and by where the spirit of system and party inexquisite strokes of pathos, mixed with terfered with the design of the work, it humour, are independent of all local was difficult to preserve throughout the peculiarity of manner or language, and tone of good-humoured raillery and operate upon the feelings of every class candour: this could scarcely have been of readers, in all countries. In Ireland accomplished by any talents or pruin particular, the history of “the Cot- dence, had not the habitual teniper tagers of Glenburnie" has been read and real disposition of the writer been with peculiar avidity; and it has pro- candid and benevolent. Though this bably done as much good to the Irish work is a professed satire upon a system, as to the Scotch. While the Irish yet it avoids all satire of individuals; have seized and enjoyed the opportunity and it shews none of that cynical conit afforded of a good-humoured laugh tempt of the human race which somie at their Scotch neighbours, they have satirists seem to feel, or affect, in order secretly seen, through shades of dif- to give poignancy to their wit. ference, a resemblance to themselves; Our author has none of that misanand are conscious that, changing the thropy which derides the infirmities of names, the tale might be told of them. human nature, and which laughs while In this tale, both the difference and it cauterizes. There appears always the resemblance between Scottish and some adequate object for any pain that Hibernian faults or foibles are adian. she inflicts: it is done with a steady tageous to its popularity in Ireland. view to future good, and with a humane The difference is sufficient to give an and tender, as well as with a skilful and air of novelty that awakens curiosity; courageous band. while the resemblance fixes attention, The object of “ the Modern Philoand creates a new species of interest. sophers" was to expose those whose Besides this, the self-love of the Hic theory and practice differ; to point out bernian reader being happily relieved the difficulty of applying high-flown from all apprehension that the lesson principles to the ordinary, but neceswas intended for him, his good sense sary, concerns of human life; and to takes and profils by the advice that is shew the danger of trusting every man offered to another. The humour in to become his own moralist and legisthis book is peculiarly suited to the lator. When this norel first appeared, Irish, because it is, in every sense of it was, perhaps, more read, and more the word, good humour. The satire, if admired, than any of Mrs. Hamilton's satire it can be called, is benevolent; works: the name and character of its object is to mend, and not wound, Brigettina Botheram passed into every the heart. Even the Scotch themselves, company, and became a standing jest however national they are supposed to proverbial point in conversation. be, can bear “ the Cottagers of Glen- The ridicule answered its purpose ; it burnie.” Nations, like individuals, reduced to measure and reason those can with decent patience endure to be who, in the novelty and zeal of system, told of their faults, if those faults, in- had overleaped the bounds of cominon stead of being represented as forming sense. their established unchangeable charac "The Modern Philosophers," " the ter, are considered as arising, as in fact Cottagers of Glenburnie," and “ the they usually do arise, from those pass- Letters of the Hindoo Rajah," the first ing circumstances which characterize book, we believe, that our author pubrather a certain period of civilization lished, have all been highly and steadily than any particular people. If our approved by the public. These works, national faults are pointed out as in- alike in principle and in benevolence of delible stains, inherent in the texture design, yet with each a different grace of the character, from which it cannot of style and invention, have established by art or time be bleached or purified, Mrs. Hamilton's character as an ori. we are justly provoked and offended; ginal, agreeable and successful writer but, if a friend warns us of some little of fiction. But her claims to literary accidental spots, which we had, per. reputation, as a useful, philosophic, haps, overlooked, and which we can, moral and religious author, are of a

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Obituary.--Mrs. Elizabeth Ilamilton, higher sort, and rest upon works of a she teach them to astonish the ute enore solid and durable nature; upon learned by their acquaintance with the her works on education, especially her various vocabularies of metaphysical “ Letters on Female Education.” In system-makers. these she not only shews that she Such jugglers' tricks she despised; has studied the history of the human but she has not, on the other hand, mind, and that she has made herself been deceived or overawed by those acquainted with what has been written who would represent 'the study of the on this subject by the best moral and human mind as a study that leads to metaphysical writers, but she adds new no practical purpose, and that is unfit value to their knowledge by rendering and unsafe for her sex. Had Mrs. Hait practically useful. She has thrown milton set ladies on metaphysic ground open to all classes of readers those me. merely to shew their

paces,

she would taphysical discoveries or observations, have made herself and them ridiculous which had been confined chiefly to and troublesome; but she has shewn the learned. To a sort of knowledge, how they may, by slow and certain which had heen considered more as a stops, advance to a useful object. The inatter of curiosity than of use, she has dark, intricate and daugerous labyrinth, given real value and actual currency: she has converted into a clear, straighe, she has shewn how the knowvledge of practicable road; a road not only pracmetaphysics can be made serviceable to ticable, but pleasant, and not only pleathe art of education; she has shewn, sant but, what is of far more consefor instance, how the doctrine of the quence to women, safe. association of ideas may be applied, in Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton is well early education, to the formation of the known to be not only a moral, but a habits of temper, and of the principles pious, writer; and in all her writings, of taste and morals; she has considered as in all her conversation, religion aphow all that metaphysicians know of pears in the most engaging point of sensation, abstraction, &c. can be ap. view. Her religion was sincere, cheer. plied to the cultivation of the judgment ful and tolerant; joining, in the hapand the imaginations of children. No piest manner, faith, hope and charity. matter how little is actually ascertained All who had the happiness to know on these subjects: she has done much this amiable woman will, with one in wakening the attentiou of parents, accord, bear testimony to the truth of ind of mothers especially, to future in that feeling of affection which her bequiry; she has done much by directing nevolence, kindness and cheerfulness their inquiries rightly; much by exciting of temper inspired. She thought so them to reflect upon their own minds, little of herself, so much of others, and to observe what passes in the that it was impossible she could, supe minds of their children. She has rior as she was, excite envy. She put opened a new field of investigation to every body at ease in her company, in vomen, a field fiued to their domestic good humour and good spirits with habits, to their duties as mothers, and to themselves. So far from being a retheir business as preceptors of youth; straint on the young and lively, she 20 whom it belongs to give the minds encouraged, by her sympathy, their of children those first impressions and openness and gaiety. She never fatideas, which remain the longest, and tered, but she always formed the most which influence them often the most favourable opinion, that truth and good powerfully, through the whole course sense would permit, of every individual of life. In recommending to her own who came near her; therefore all, sex the study of metaphysics, as far as instead of fearing and shunning her it relates to education, Mrs. Hamilton penetration, loved and courted her has been judiciously careful to avoid society. all that can lead to that species of Hér loss will be long regretted by “ vain debate," of which there is no her private friends; her memory will end. She, knowing the limits of the long live in public estination. human understanding, does not attempt

Much as Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton to go beyond them into that which can has served and honoured the cause of be at best but a dispute about terms. female literature by her writings, she She does not aim at making women has done still higher and more essential expert in the “wordy war;":nor does benefit to that cause by her life, by sela

Intelligence.-Manchester College, York.

557 ting the example, through the whole of and which in her united gracefully with that uniform propriety of conduct, and that superiority of talent and knowledge of all those virtues which onght to that commanded the admiration of the characterize her sex, which form the public.-Monthly Magazine. charin and happiness of domestic life,

INTELLIGENCE.

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DOMESTIC.

The Deputy Treasurers for the past RELIGIOUS.

year were re-elected, with the addition of Manchester College, York.

Mr. Robert Philips, Jun. of Manchester, THE REV. WILLIAM SHEPHERD, and Mr. Cyrus Armitage, of Duckinfield. of Gateacre, has offered a prize of five Mr. Thomas Henry Robinson and the guineas for the best classical scholar in Rev.John Gooch Robberds, of Manchester, this Institution, in the ensuing session. were re-appointed Secretaries. The merits of the candidates to be decided The thanks of the Meeting were voted on at the examination at the close of the to the President, Vice-Presidents, and session.

other Officers of the College, for their Manchester, August 21, 1816.

services during the past year.

The Report made of the state of the The following supas have been received on Funds was encouraging and satisfactory. account of this Institution.

The Trustees have been enabled to disCollection at Chesterfield Cha

charge the debt that was owing to the pel, by the Rev. R. W. Wal.

Treasurer at the commencement of the lace.

11 10 7 year ; to appropriate 400l, to the farther Rev. Israel Worsley, Plymouth

liquidation of the debt on the York Builde (Annual).

1 oings, and to make a small addition to the Mr. T. Holt, Liverpool, An. 1 Permanent Fund. W. Ridge, Esq. Chichester, do.

The means of accomplishing these desiMr. W. Bayley, Chichester, do. 0 10 6 rable objects have been principally afa Hinton Castle, Esq. Clifton, do. 2 0 forded by the receipt of several considerable Mr. Richmond, Temple, Lon

benefactions, and of a legacy of 2001. don. do.

i 10 bequeathed to the College by the late

Swann Downer, Esq. of London. The 18 7 1 Trustees have likewise made arrangements

for the admission of twelve Divinity StuG.W. WOOD, Treasurer. dents on the foundation next session, and Manchester, September 6, 1816.

for an addition to the emoluments of the

Tutors, The thirtieth Annual Meeting of Trus The number of Students in the College tees of Manchester College, York, was during the last session was reported to held at Cross Street Chapel Rooms, in have been 21, riz. 11 Lay-students, and Manchester, on Friday August 30, 1816, 10 intended for the ministry; of the latter Abraham Crompton, of Lune Villa, near Mr. Mardon and Mr. Morris have finally Lancaster, Esq. in the chair.

left the College, and Mr. Mardon is setThe proceedings of the Committee da- tled with the Unitarian Congregation at ring the past year were read over, and Glasgow, as successor to the Rev. James confirmed, and the Treasurer's Accounts Yates. were laid before the Meeting, approved of, Thirteen Divinity Students and sevenand passed.

teen Lay-Students are expected in the Benjamin Gaskell, Esq. M. P. of Thorns College next session. House, Yorksbire, was re-elected Presi When the business of the meeting was dent, and James Touchet, Esq. of Man- closed, the chair was taken by Isaac Harchester, Joseph Strutt, Esq. of Derby, rop, Esq. of Altringham; and the thanks Peter Martineau, Esq. of Canonbury, and of the meeting were unanimously voted Daniel Gaskell, Esq. of Lupsett, were re to Abraham Crompton, Esq. for his ser elected Vice Presidents. Mr. George vices as Chairman. William Wood, of Manchester, was re-cho The Trustees and friends of the College sen Treasurer, and Mr. Edward Baxter, afterwards dined together at the Spread Mr. Jonathan Brookes, and Mr. William Eagle Inn; Nathaniel Philips, Esq. of the Duckworth, of Manchester, and the Rev. Dales, in the chair. The attendance was Joseph Ashton, of Duckinfield, were added not so numerous as on former occasions, to the Committee, to supply the places but the day was spent with much hilarity of the Gentlemen incligible from non and interest. attendance.

Manchester, September 4, 1916. VOL. XI.

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558 Intelligence.-Coventry Meeting.Unitarian Chapel, Thorne.

Meeting of Ministers at Coventry. Small, of Coseley; Yates, of Liverpoot ; On the 6tb instant, a Meeting of and James Yates, late of Glasgow, Minister's was holdeo at Coventry, and a The writer of this hasty, brief and defecreligious service was performed in the tive account cannot withhold the expression great Meeting, in that city. The Rev. of the great satisfaction and pleasure, James Scott conducted the devotional which he felt during the day; and he has parts; and the Rev. Jobn Yates delivered reason to believe that similar sentiments the Sermon, from 2 Cor. vi. 1. It is not were experienced by others of his respected intended to analize this learned and sin- bretbreu in the ministry, J. B. B. gularly excellent discourse, nor will it be Hinckley, Aug. 11, 1816. attempted to point out its numerous and various merits; but it may be permitted Additional Subscriptions to the Unitarias to say--that it discovered an extensive

Chapel, at Thorne. acquaintance with the writings of the Al Altringham, by the Rev. W. Jedons : ancients, and the several systems of pbi- Mr. Rigby,

5 0 losophy which bave prevailed in the world; Mrs. Worthington and which, however they may have been Mr. Hugo Wortbington, extolled by some, were yet clearly proved Mr. J. Worthington,

3 by the preacher to be as inferior to Mr. Js. Harrop, Christianity as the light of the twinkling Mr. W. Whitelegg,

0 star is to the refulgent light of the mid- Mr. C. Hankinson, day sun: Mr. Yates disapproved of our Rev. W. Jerons,

1 1) British youth learning their morality from Mr. Burgess,

010 the pages of Homer, (the beauties of Anonymous, whose poetry, bowerer, he freely allowed) Joseph Dobson, (London,)

0 while the Christian religion furnished a

By Mr. Aspland: far superior and purer system of moral Mr. David Walker, Hoxton, 1 conduct. And it was fively remarked, Mrs. Severn, Broughton, Notts, 1 tbat sooner than the heroes of Homer could become disciples of the mild, the Unitarian Chapel, New Church, Rosforgiving, the beperelept religion of Jesus,

sendale. should Satan and Beelzebub and Moloch (See M. Repos. X. 315. 392. 458. 461. have retained their stations in heaven ! 527. 596. 660, 721. XI. 124. The preacher pathetically described the Donations in aid of liquidating the debt, vast difference between the effects pro- (3501.) upon this Chapel, will be thankduced by the orations of the Pagan phi- fully received by the Rev. R. Aspland, losopbers and the discourses of the minis- Hackney Road; Rev. R. Astley, Halifax; ters of Christ; and wbile the former could Rev. W. Johns, Manchester; Mr. W. boast the mighty consequences that fol. Walker, Rochdale; and Dr. Thomson, lowed their eloqnence, the latter had Halifax. often cause to lament the little influence It is intended to proceed to liquidate the which their labours had upon the conduct debt as soon as may be, and as far as the of their auditors! The reason of this liberality of the public may enable the difference is a subject of serious inquiry above-mentioned gentlemen to do so; to to both ministers and people. Some ja- whom all wbo bare entrusted themselves dicious and kind advice was given to the in behalf of the Rossendale brethren are ministers on the subjects of their preach- requested to report the Subscriptions in ing; which, coming warm from the beart, their hands without delay. and flowing from a quarter, in every point An accurate account of the Subscription of view, so highly respectable, and de- and of its appropriation will be given in livered with so much energy and feeling, the Monthly Repository. could not fail of making a deep impression Amount Reported, XI. 124. - 249 on the hearts of those to whom it was A Legacy from the late Mr. addressed. Nor was the congregation Mason, of Bolton.

5 overlooked; but exhorted diligently to Vuitarian Fuad. improve the superior light and means of virtue and knowledge with wbich they

274 5 0 were favoured : the hearers were respectable in point of number, and appeared unusually attentire. The following minis

MISCELLANKUS. tors were present on this interesting Curious and Important Recent Religious occasion - Messrs. Bransby, of Dudley ;

Prosecution.. Bull and Bristowe, of Hinckley ; Davies, Religious liberty is so well established of Coventry, (who gave out the hymns); in Great Britain, that we rarely hear of Field, of Warwick; Kell and Kentish, of persecutions or prosecutims on the ground Birmingham; Kenrick, of York College ; of faith or worship. When Lord GrosveLlogd, of Kingswood; Scott, of Cradley; nor was lately charged with an indirect

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Intelligence.-Curious and Important Recent Religious Prosecution.

559

persecution of some of his labourers who this friend of Mr. Noel's as a person hoswere Dissenters, his friends came forward tile to the establishment, or to have susto explain away the charge. How Lord pected him of forming designs injurious Romney's friends will proceed remains to to the interests of the church. be seen : his Lordship has acted the part “But however pure and unmixed were of an Informer against, prosecuted and Mr. Noel's motives, it has been proved convicted, (not a Dissenter, but) a brother that he erred in his judgment, in the intiChurchnan, for unlawful religious wor mation given to bis tradesmen and the ship! The Penal Statutes regarding reli workmen upon bis estate, that they were gion have been repealed with respect to allowed the privilege of attending at his Dissenters, and are in force only against family worship; as the law prohibits aby the members of the Establishment! congregation or assembly of Protestants

But the reader will be better pleased for religious worship, exceeding the numwith a history than a commentary, and ber of twenty, in addition to servants and therefore we extract the following account domestics in any unlicensed place; of of this curious case from a pamphlet just which limitation Mr. Noel was not aware, published at Maidstone, entitled “A Nar- and has expressed his regret that he should rative of the Prosecution of the Honourable uniutentionally, or from the purest moCharles Noel-Intended as a Friendly tives have violated any law. Caution, hy a Friend to Religion, Order “What contributed to lead Mr. Noel and Law.” The writer of the pamphlet into this error, was the constant, uninter-, appears to be a friend of Mr. Noel's, and rupted, unopposed practice of the late to be intimately acquainted with all the Lord Barham, who, for a considerable circumstances of the case.

number of years, bad himself attended “ The Honourable Charles Noel having sonie religious services on a Sunday eventravelled some time on the Coutinent for ing, at a school his Lordship bad erected the recovery of his health; op bis returu in the village for the instruction of the to England, he came to reside at the poor of those parishes where he had any family mansion, Barham Court, in the interest, at wbich the parents of the chilparish of Teston, where it was the first dren, and any other of the inhabitants, wish of his heart to render his influence, might attend, and where his Lordship was from bis rank and situation, subservient very generally accompanied by any friends, to the best and inost essential interests visitors at Barbam Court. of all who were dependant upon him,---- “ As no objections had ever beep heard tradesmen and labourers ; and being duly against this practice, and Mr. Noel's state sensible that family religion is a most im- of health not rendering it prudent to be portant part of practical Christianity, and out in the evening air, at that season of that family worship is a duty that may be the year, lie was not aware that the transpractised by persous of every rank in life, ferring this long continued practice at the and that without the observance of this school, countenanced by the presence of privilege, as well as duty, every other duty Lord Barham and his frieuds in general, will be regarded with luke-warınness :-it to bis own bousc for a few evenings, was vas a reasonable hope and expectation in contradiction to any existing law. that example would have its 'use, and “In Mr. Noel's first intentions, the prore productive of religious improvement privilege of attending the evening service in the parish.

at Barham Court was limited tu his own It may bere be necessary to remark, dependants, and that it extended beyond that it is Mr. Noel's constant practice, and this, arose from circumstances not under his general rule of conduct, to assemble his control. But soon after this had ochis domestics and servants the mornings curred at Barham Court, a rumour was in and evenings of every day for the exercise circulation, that a nobleman of high rank of this duty. When alone, he is his own had commenced a prosecution against Mr. chaplain ; when favoured with the company Noel, a report pretty generally discredited : of any friend on whom with propriety it strong reasons were urged by many against can devolve, it is resigned to such friend. its being worthy of aay credit, and it

“Such a commitment of this duty oc- seemed to be dying away; when a second curred on Sunday the 31st of December, report positively stated that the same no1815, and on Sunday the 7th of January, bleman had called upon a most respectable 1816—the two Sundays named in the solicitor, desiring to put into his hands the complaint and information made against conducting the intended prosecution, him, when the family worship at Barham which, by this solicitor was politely deCourt derolved on Mr. Noel's friend : and clined :—this second report seemed to rest from the attendance of this friend, twice on some evidence, but the solicitor applied on every Sunday, at the parish church, to having declined the conducting the during the whole of his visit at Teston, prosecution, it was supposed it would not it would justly have been thought a breach be persevered in—wben a third report of Christian charity, to have considered came into circulation that a very respecte

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