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able solicitor from Maidstone bad actually Teston aforesaid, the Rev. Richard Wood, been to Wateringbury to take the deposi- curate of Nettlested, in the said county, tion of John King, lately a servant at Nettlefold, clerk of the said parish Teston Vicarage, and who had a ked and of Teston, David Thompson, steward at obtained permission to attend the family Barham Court aforesaid, James Gardiner 'worship at Earham Court, on the two Jeffery, of Yalding, in the said county, Sundays mentioned in the information. gentleman, and John King, late servant This report was soon proved to be founded to the said John Kennedy, and now seron fact. By duplicates of a summons, one vant to the Rev. Dr. Willis, of Wateringfor each offence being served upon the bury, in the said county, are material Honourable Charles Noel, upon David witnesses to be examined concerning the Thompson, steward to the estate, upon same.—These are therefore to require the Rev. John Kennedy, vicar of Teston, you, or any one of you, forthwith to semupon the Rev. Richaud Wood, curate of mon the said John Kennedy, Richard Nettlested, upon Nettlefold, parish Wood, - Nettlefold, David Thompson, cle.k of Teston, upon John King, servant James Gardiner Jeffery, and John King, to the Rev. John Kennedy, and upon severally to be and appear before us, or Gardiner Jeffery, of Yalding, gentleman, such other of bis Majesty's justices of the a copy of which is here added :
peace for the said county, as shall be as" Kent to wit. To the Constable of sembled at the Swan, in West Malling, in the Lower Half Hundred of Twyforil; the said county, on Monday the first day to Edward George Buds, and to all others of April next, at the hour of eleven in the His Majesty's Officers of the Peace for forepoon of the same day, then and there the said County, and to each and every of to testify their several knowledge concernthem.
ing the premises. And be you then there “Whereas information and complaint to certify what you shall have done in the have been made before us, his Majesty's premises. Herein fail you not.-Given justices of the peace for the said county, under our hands and seals, the fourth day by the Right Honourable Charles, Earl of March, 1816. John Larking, Henry of Romney, that the Honourable Charles Hawley, G. Moore, Thomas Cobb, H. W. Noel, of Barham Court, in the parish of Brooke. Teston, in the said county, the occupier «« When this cause came before the of the mansion house and premises called bench of magistrates at their monthly Barham Court , aforesaid, situate in the meeting, held at the Sivan Inn, Town said parish of Teston, and county of Kent Malling, the six witnesses attended, of aforesaid, did on Sunday the seventh day whom, only Mr. Thompson, the steward of January last past, knowingly permit and of the estate, and the Rev. Jobo Kennedy, suffer a certain congregation or assembly vicar of Teston, were called. for religious worship of Protestants (at “Mr. Thompson having proved the ocwbich there were present more than cupancy of the bouse by Mr. Noel, and twenty persons, (to wit) thirty or there- delivered a letter from bim to the chair. abouts, besides the immediate family and man of the sitting—which being read, was, servants of the said Charles Noel), to meet as far as can be recollected, expressive of in tbe said mansion house and premises, regret that any mistaken riews of his own occupied by him the said Charles Noel as privileges had led to the violatiou of any aforesaid, in the parish and county afore- law enacted for the regulation of buman said, the said mansion house and premises conduct, and leaving to the decision of the not having been duly certified and regis- bench to what degree of penalty, by bis tered under any former act or acts of par- mistake, he had made himself liable: this, liament relating to registering places of as far as can be recollected, was the subreligious worship, nor having been certi- stance of the letter. fied to the bishop of the diocese, nor to the “ When Mr. Kennedy, being sworn, archdeacon of the archdeaconry, nor to the was asked by the chairman whether more justices of the peace at the general or than twenty persons, in addition to ser. quarter sessions of the peace for the county, vants and domestics were present_and by riding, division, or place in wbich such Lord Romney, whether any persons besides meeting was held, according to the direc- the parishioners of Testun were presenttions of the statutes in such case made To both which questions, he answered in and provided, whereby he, the said Charles the affirmative. Noel bath forfeited for the said offence a “ As the witness from frequent copversum not exceeding twenty pounds, norsations with the Honourable Mr. Noel, less than twenty shillings, at the discre- was well acquainted with his principles, tion of the justices who shall convict the views, and sentiments, he requested persaid Charles Noel of the said offence, if he mission of the bench to offer a few remarks shall be by them thereof convicted and to their observation ; which being granted, that the Rev. Jobo Kengedy, vicar of he began by observing, that the name of
Intelligence.-Curious and Important Recent Religious Prosecution.
561 the Noble Lord at the head of the Paper he could assert from Mr. Noel's authority, held in his hand
and from the conversations with him, that “ Here Mr. Kepnedy was interrupted by 110 one could more venerate our laws, or the Noble Lord bimself, saying he could was more desirous to pay all due respect not permit Mr. Kennedy to proceed ; and to magistrates ; that his error had been this interruption appeared to arise from an unintentional and arose from misconcepentertained idea that some censure was in- tion, and respecting his public sentiments tended against his Lordship, for the part bis he need not intrude more upon their time, Lordship had taken in this prosecution ;- But as Mr. Noel was not present, being but sucb an idea, if entertained, was imme- called to attend the death-bed of a beloved diately removed by an immediate appeal sister in a distant county, be requested the from Mr. Kennedy to the Earl of Romney, indulgence of the bench, to speak a few whether in any one instance during the words upon his private character, to which, many years he had been known to his Lord- in his absence, he could speak more freely. ship, he had ever given any ground for a sus- He had known him from infancy to manpicion, that he was capable of any disrespect hood, and hesitated not to say, that a per. to his Lordship ; that what he meant to ob- son of more solid practical Christianity, serve was-that from the name of the No- of more amiable manners, of more bu. ble Lord at tbe head of the sunimons he mane benevolence, of greater generosity held in bis hand, it was impossible to ascribe of mind, or with a greater degree of the any but the best motives that actuated his milk of human kindness, he had never Lordship in this prosecution.—Here Lord known—and he was persuaded he might Romney observed, that Mr. Kennedy's re. affirm, he would not knowingly do the marks had taken a different turn to what he least injury to any buman being, but expected, and he had no objection to his would rejoice in any opportunity of doing proceeding; but that he thoughtht neces- good to all, and more especially in that sary here to state, that as complainant and good that ended not with the present life : informer he took the wbole matter upon bim- in a word, he was the gentleman and the self, and added he had learned with surprise Christian. and astonishment that Mr. Kennedy and ““ With such dispositions, such views, Mr. Wood, two clergymen of the church and such intentions, the degree of crimi.. of England, should countenance by their nality attached to an error in his judgment; presence the illegal proceedings at Barham and the degree of punishment it merited, Court. To this, Mr. Kennedy begged might cheerfully be submitted to the judgleave to impress upon the minds of bis ment and decision of the bench. Lordship and the bench, that for the rea- “ Mr. Kennedy now begged a further sons assigned in the letter read by the indulgence for a few moments, to make chairman, he was equally unconscious an observation be considered as due to with Mr. Noel, that the assembly at Bar- himself, ham court was illegal—and referred to “ He must confess that when the sumwhat had been the practice at the school, mons was delivered to him by a clerk to during the life of Lord Barham.
Messrs. Burr and Hoar, he read the names “Here it was observed from the bench, of the selected witnesses with some degree that by Mr. Kennedy's reference to the of surprise, as being classed with his serpractice of the school, Mr. Kennedy was vant boy, to give evidence against Mr. injuring the canse he meant to serve Noel. an Lord Romney remarked, that the “ Here Mr. Kennedy was interrupted master of the school was not content with by Earl Romney, who remarked that Mr. reading to his scholars a chapter in the Kennedy was the first person he had ever New Testament, but that he actually heard object against a serrant and his preached.
superior being required to give evidence “Mr. Kennedy was about to proceed to a fact in a court of law; where, to in his observations, when Mr. Brooke, a prove the fact, a nobleman and his groom magistrate, whose name is affixed to the might be equally necessary, and he did not summons, objected to bis being heard any suppose Mr. Kennedy or Mr. Wood would further upon the subject.
appear as voluntary witnesses. “ As this required the determination of “Mr. Kennedy o:served, that where a the bench, Mr. Kennedy was requested by peer of the realm and his groom were the chairman to withdraw, and being equally necessary to prove a fact, certainly 8000 recalled was informed that the bench no objection could reasonably be made ; acquiesced in his proceeding, as it was not but where inore than an hundred othc; bis intention to justify any breach of the persons were equally competent to prove ·law, but merely to speak in mitigation of the fact, it had been thought singular by any penalty incurred.
many that out of five selected witnesses "Mr. Kennedy now observed he had Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Noel's parish priest, Jittle more to say in addition to what Mr. Mr. Wood, his curate, Mr. Nettlefold, kis Noel had addressed to the bench-that he parish clerk, and John King, his servant boy, were four out of the five summoned “ To this Mr. Kennedy replicd—that to appear before the bench to give evi- for every farour le bad received from dence against a person he considered as Mrs. Bourerie, he stood indebted to the his patron and his friend.
friendship of the late Lady Middleton.
THE conflict at Algiers is over, and it A strict eye will of course be kept upon the has terminated with a treaty of peace, execution of this article of the treaty; and bigbly honourable to this country. For it will be an honour to England to hare the time it Hstcd, and the small space in acted inore for the benefit of Europe tban which the combatants were engaged, it may for its own—for few if any of the English be considered as one of the great actions bad been kept in these disgraceful chains for which an eventful period will be cele- of bondage. brated in the annals of history. The Another article provided for the release Algerincs, confident in the strength of of all the Christians held in slavery, who their batteries, kept up the fight for above thus through our means have been restored six bours; but nothing could stand against to their country and their friends. Many the bravery and skill of the English sailor. a captive now made free will, whilst grati. Tbeir batteries were demolished, their ships tude remains, offer up prayers for the welburnt, and great part of the town became fare of that power which has conferred on a mass of ruins. This severe chastisement him the greatest kindness; and the prayers brought the sovereign to his senses, and of our fellow creatures are to the generous fearing a worse disaster, he complied with mind a source of the greatest satisfactions the terms proposed to him.
Besides this the Dey was compelled to reThe first article of the treaty abolishes fund a considerable sum sent to him by the infainous tratfic that had subsisted for European powers for the redemption of many centuries, of selling for slaves the slaves; and now for sonse time at least the unfortunate persons
that the chance of war Mediterrancan will be freed from the sa. had thrown into the hands of these barba- vages of the pirates. Its shores will bow. rians. Whatever contempt we may cast ever remain subject to the Mahometan upon the nanie of infidel in this country, it name, and Christianity will lament that is a thousand fold greater at Algiers : but the bad conduct of its professors drove them there the term of infidelity is appropriated from a country, which they disgraced by to a confession of the Christian faith. their contemptible disputes, and disregard Slarery in all its forms is wretched enough, of all that is most valuable in religion. but the Christian slave aniongst the Alge- France presents to us a new picture. rines was treated worse than and called by The sovereign seems at last to be sensible tbe name of a Cbristian dog. The system that he can no longer govern bis country is now changed: the States of Barbary are on the principles of faction: that the benefit no longer to indulge in this horrid custom : of the whole must be consulted, not that their prisoners of war are not to be subjected of the few who arrogate to themselves the to the horrors of slavery. This article is exclusive title of royalists. He has dissolred beneficial to the conquered as well as the bis parliament; a new one is to be called, conquerors; for instead of their abominable according to the charter, which he now piracy, the former may in time be brought declares to be the rule of his conduct. to exercise their talents in honest industry. Germany is on the point of entering in
State of Public Affairs.
503 food earnest into the consideration of a terest is very much misunderstood with us. constitution, fitted for their present wants, In conversing with the people, who are The deliberation of their diets have always fond of using this term, it is easily discobeen noted for their slowness; and the va- vered that they mean only the interest of riety of interests to be consulted will pro- the land owners, not of the cultivators of bably make their present a work of great the land: but the latter are the true agridifficulty. The King of Wurtemburgh, culturists, and the land owner stands to one of Buonaparte's kings, still keeps at them exactly in the same situation, as variance with his subjects. Their dissent- wbat is called the monied does to the merions tend however to promote a spirit of cantile interest. The report, wbich is now inquiry among the neighbouring states; in circulation, proceeding from the board and it is evident that they will no longerof agriculture, must be read therefore with be governed in their former despotic man- great caution. It is under the direction
Their nobility must consent to con- pot of agriculturists, but of land owners; sider themselves men, and their distinc- and the latter are little calculated to untions, which have long beeo beld in con- 'derstand the complicated interests of such tempt, will no longer serve to separate a kingdom as ours. A land owner talks of them from the great body of their country- ruin when bis rents are lowered, not remen. Prussia has not yet obtained a con- collecting that during the late war those stitution, but the courage of their Landwehr rents had been raised out of all proportion will in due time procure it.
to the profits of the other classes of society; The legislature of the Netherlands is and if he has derived for many years a very employed on a very importaut object, great advantage over his countrymen, it namely, to reconcile together the interests does not become him to grumble when the of commerce,' manufactures and finance. change of the times reduces him nearer to As the greater part of this nation was at his pristine situation.
How many are one time cominercial in a very high degrec, there in this class of life, who, by prudently it may be supposed to be well acquainted applying the inordinate profits of the late with every circumstance relative to trade; years, have so increased their estates, that, and thence we may derire lessons by which if they were now let at the rate they went this country may be much benefited. at before the war, still from the accumulaHere we have an interest, lately much tion of land their yearly income will be intalked of, namely, the agricultural interest, creased doubly, trebly and more.
But we and its policy has been seen in that very shall be curious to see in what manner the injudicious measure, the Coro Bill. With great question is settled by the legislature a view to bolster up its own interest, the of the Netherlands. We may persist, if landholders forgot their real situation, the land owners please, for they are the namely, that their wealth and importance legislators of this country, in pursuing depend on the flourishing state of our com- their misunderstood interest. merce and manufactures, and that cheap- keep up the price of bread, but it must be ness of provisions is essential to their recollected that other nations are not bound success. A landholder from a false view by our decisions. The road to commerce of bis own interest looks to the dearness and manufactures is open to them, and of provisions as his summum bonum; they will not fail to avail themselves of it. thence he conceives that his rents will be Providence has supplied checks to impruincreased, and that he will enjoy increasing dent and inordinate desires. We have prosperity: but his view of the subject is been highly favoured. If we give up the fallacious : all the advantages of commerce advantages which industry will procure us, and inanufactures ultimately tend to the we sball only afford to the world another profit of the land owner; his lands are example, that riches make to themselves better tilled, and are thence capable of pro- wings and fly away. Commerce and maducing him a greater rent. If he is con- nufactures dwell only in those countries, tent to derive this advantage in the proper where they are duly protected and held in manner, then all parties tlourish; but if he honour. looks to his owo aggrandizement merely, The Americans are making claims on he injures himself and all parties. With the Court of Naples for property which out commerce and manufactures the land bad been seized under the late regime, and will fall to what it was a few centuries back, it is said that they will be content, by way to ten or twelve years purchase, the roads of compensation, with some island, which will be unfrequented, the canals dry: every will afford them a secure harbour for their thing will stagnate. A few landholders ships and a good depot for their commuodimay consume in sullen luxury the produce ties. This may occasion a new era in the of their estates on their own backs and cominerce of the Mediterranean. We hare bellies and those of needy dependents, but the island of Malta, which is highly bene. all spur to industry and improvement will ficial to us, and the Americans will look to be lost. 'Besides, the term agricultural in. similar advantages from a port of the sanno
nature. In what manner this matter is been produced on the licensing of public considered by the Court of Naples and the houses. The matter will probably engage other European powers time will sbew. the attention of parliament at its next ses
Spain bas pronulgated its successes in' sion, for when a grievance is universally the new world, but we may be allowed to felt and very generally understood and doubt whether they will be permanent. It complained of, a change in the system is will take time before the natives are assisted not far distant. This is a great advantage by arms and ammunition, and a sufficient of our country, that by the free circulation number of French military can make head of opinions, every matter is brought under against the discipline of European troops; general inspection. but the experiment will shortly be tried, A temporary alarm has been excited onand no one except a Spaniard can contem- the subject of the silver coinage, but it plate the independence of the Spanish colo- soon subsided. Its defects bave been long nies in any other light than as a gain to known, and in due time a new coinage will the world at large. An English ship has sweep before it the miserable pieces which been carried it is said into Spain, which are now in circulation. It is to be hoped had a cargo from Buenos Ayres. This that the nation will learn from the expemay occasion a correspondence between rience of the past, and never suffer their the two courts, and settle the question re- coin to fall again into so miserable a state. lative to the true situation of the inhabitants The tinte must come when a bad coinage on the Southern banks of La Plata.
must give place to a good one ; but in the A considerable sensation has been ex- change many will be the sufferers. How perienced by the publication and general much better would it not be to prevent circulation of a report of the House of the recurrence of such an evil, by never Commons relative to the police of this permitting a piece of coin to pass, which country, and many extraordinary facts have has not upon its face the legal stamp.
We are requested by the Treasurer of the Unitarian Fund to say that in the published list of Subscribers, the name of Mrs. Severn, of Broughton, Notts, has been by mistake omitted; and that the notification of any other errors in the list, will be esteemed a favour.
In our next Number we shall be able to give a Memoir of the late Mr. William Matthews, of Bath.
We bave received a variety of interesting communications from America, of wbich we sball make an early use.
A Correspondent, familiar with Spanish literature, has furnished us with a curious account of an Auto de Fé, compiled from official documents.
“ Recent Case of Bigotry in Private Life."--The reader probably recollects a letter under this title in the Monthly Repository for June, p. 320. The persons who suppose that they are referred to by our Correspondent, J. W. have shewn a very laudable anxiety to clear themselves of the suspicion of bigotry; but we are sorry to say that their defence leaves the principal part of the charge in its full force. The only part of their correspondence with us wbich is to the point is the following paragraph, which we print as we received it : “ but it is due to the publie weal that we shoud (should) answer the imputation of crime :-One branch of our family has for these fourteen years past attended a chapel : a present inmate in our service has long been and now is a regular attendant at a chapel." The facts are now before the public: we anticipate the result.” We are enjoined, indeed, to publish the whole of the letter from which this extract is made, and in spite of the manner in which the injunction is laid upon us, we should hare inserted it if, with the exception of the part already copied, it were not wbolly irrelevant and scarcely intelligible; not to mention that it contains insinuations of a dark and serious nature. A plain fact is plainly stated by J. W. and that fact is not disproved but confirmed by the correspondence. We hare said tlius much to shew that we have not been inattentive to the subject, though we might have fairly stood excused for passing by a correspondent who concludes a letter with the threat “ that if there is any reply or further notice of this transaction," the persons referred to “ will seek redress in another form.
A Correspondent wishes us to insert the following notice : “If the person who in the July Repository subscribed himself J. H. will please to inquire at the shop of Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, in Paternoster Row, he will find a sinall parcel directed fus Mr.df. H. containing some small sets of sermons, such as he is desirous of seeing."