Imatges de pÓgina


Memoir of Mr. William Mathews.

Church Discipline. 2. Mr. M.'s Post- subordinate to the Father, doriving his script on Tithes. 3. A Detail of being from Him; receiving from Him Ensuing Occurrences. 4. An Article his divine power, authority, and other " to Exemplify the Narrow, Bigotted attributes, and acting in all things and Mischievous Spirit, which becoines wholly according to the will of the tolerated and fostered in the Society of Father." 15. Of the Holy Ghost or Friends by the continuance of the Spirit. Under this heart, the last in mistaken Testimony with regard to the volume, Mr. Mathews first exTithes.” 5. Extracts from the second hibits 28 passages, in which the Holy Pamphlet of Catholicus. 6 to 10. Spirit is represented as the author and Sundry Picces relative to the Case and worker of miracles, even of those done Treatment of Hannah Barnard. 11. by, or by means of our Lord himself, Plain Arguments from Reason and in the principal actions of his life on Scriptore, against the presumptuous earth. 2. Fifty two passages wherein Doctrine of Eternal Punishment. 12. the Holy Spirit is declared to be the Of the Divinity of Christ, as stated by inspirer of the prophets and apostles, Robert Barclay, the Apologist for the and the director and teacher of the Quakers, shewing that he did not apostles, in the work of their minisprofess to believe « the co-eternity and try. 3. Forty seven passages wherein co-equality of the Son with the Father, the Holy Spirit is declared to be the as an uncreated, self originated, and sanctifier of all hearts, and the cometernal God!" 13. Of God the Fa- forter and supporter of good men, in ther. This small tract exhibits, 1. the practice of their duty. 4. Eighteen

Those passages in the New Testament passages wherein are contained the wherein He is styled the one or only other highest expressions, concerning God. They are about seventeen. 2. the Holy Spirit in the New Testament. The chief passages about 320 wherein 5. Eleven passages wherein is declared. He is styled God absolutely, by way what honour is duç to the Holy Spirit, of eminence and supremacy. 3. Pas- and how his good motions are to sages wherein He is styled God, with he diligently obeyed, and not resisted. peculiarly high titles, &c. about 105. 6. Fifty passages wherein it is ex4. About ninety passages wherein it pressly declared that the Holy Spirit is declared that all prayers and praises is subordinate to the Father, derives ought primarily to be offered to Him, his being from him, is sent by him, and that every thing ought to be and acts in all things according to his ultimately directed to his honour and supreme will and pleasure. 7. Twelve glory: A few notes are annexed prin- passages wherein the Holy Spirit is cipally from Hopton Haynes and' Dr. represented as being sulordinate to the Samuel Clarke. 14. Of the Son of Son, being his spirit, and sent or given GOD. Under this head Mr. Ma- by him. 8. Forty-threc passages thews exhibits, 1. About twelve pas. wherein the Father, Son, and Holy sages in the New Testament wherein Spirit are mentioned in various ways the Son, in certain senses, is styled, together. Well might the author in or supposed to be styled God. ? the preface to this volume 'say that in About" eight passages wherein it is the latter part of it," the reader will declared that the world was made by find such a weight of sacred testimony, (or through) him. 3. About 136 pas- as must bear down all the notional sages wherein are contained the other irreverent cavils, of all opposers of the highest titles, perfections and powers, simple unity of God, the supreme ascribed or ascribable to the Son in the adorable Father of the universe." New Testament, either positively, or After the introduction to the second by probable, or by doubtful construc- volume, the first article is, a Brief tion. 4. Passages wherein are set Biographical Account of Mr. Thomas forth the honour and reverence which Emlyn, with some Extracts from his are to be paid to the Son. These Works. 2. His Humble Inquiry into (but uniformly not implying supreme the Scriptural Account of Jesus adoration) are about 70. 5. Three Christ, a scarce but valuable tract of hundred and ten passages in the New above forty pages. 3. The Sandy Testament quoted at length wherein Foundation Shaken, by William the Son is declared, positively, and Pean, with Remarks by the Editor. by the clearest implication, to be 4. The Last Thoughts of Dr. Whitby,

Memoir of Mr. William Mathews.



containing his Correction of several death had no terrors! I have no
Passages in his Commentary on the doubt but she had an all-sufficient
New Testament. 5. An Historical share in that divine dependance which
Account of two Notable Corruptions breathes forth the language 0
of Scripture, (1 John v: 7. and i Tim. Death, where is thy sting? 0 Grave
iii. 16.) by Sir Isaac Newton, pp. 70, where is thy victory? On the morn-
with remarks on both by the Editor. ing of her last day, her little grandson
The latter of these valuable works was about seven months old being brought
first published entire from the MS. im to her, she embraced and kissed him,
the author's hand writing, in the pos- then dozed on her sofa till near five,
session of Dr. Ekens, Dean of Car- when she was carried to her bed again,
lisle, in Dr. Horsley's splendid edition where she lay composed and almost
of Sir Isaac's Mathematical and Phi- motionless till near seven, when we
losophical Works, and has never since ascertained that imperceptibly to us
been printed except in this volume. she had passed out of mortality, and
The sixth article consists of “ Extracts I have no doubt into the realms of
and Reflections on the Scripture Doc-immortality and eternal lise.
trine of Future Panishments." The “ Such was the sweet deliverance of
extracts are from STONEHOUSE. Then my invaluable companion from all
follows a Letter from Mr. Samuel her pains and exercises, which during
Bourn, of Norwich, to the Rev. Sa- the last ten years had been frequent
muel Chandler, D.D. in favour of and hard to bear. A companion she
the doctrine of annihilation, not as was to me of unceasing affection and
true, but as more consistent with the sympathy, through every adversity of
moral character of God, than the six and thirty years! I feel affected
doctrine of endless torment. The with her absence in proportion to the
two next. Essays are mostly from strength of my attachment. But I
Stonehouse. The first treats of that death repine not. All is well with her.
which the Scripture calls our LORD's All has been done in mercy, and in
last enemy; the second is intended the exercise of infinite wisdom. And
to shew that the lake which is the se- my desire is, that the short portion of
cond, and most properly called, death, time that can now remain to me;
· will, as our Lord's last enemy, be inay be spent in reverence and the
ultimately disannulled. The

con- fear of God!"
cluding article is extracted from a Mr. Mathews some time after this,
pamphlet then recently, published once more engaged himself in the

on the Scripture Doctrine of Uni- duties of a Christian minister, by versal Redemption, by John Simpson, entering into a kind of social engage· M. A. a minister of the Gospel, and ment to prepare a religious discourse one of the most amiable of men. The in MS. iwice in a month, and to work itself,” says the Editor, “evin- deliver the same in his turn, with ces an intimate acquaintance with the other brethren at the - Bath Penitensubject, which he has created with tiary. “In this employ,” says he, in that learning, accuracy, clearness of a letter to a friend, written in 1808, arrangement and seriousness, which, “ I have some satisfaction: but it - while they do him the highest credit will add nothing to my credit among as a scholar, must render him equally the professors of immediate inspiration estimable as a Christian."

• for every good word and work."
In January, 1805, Mr. Mathews's The following extract of another
wife died. Soon after this event, in a letter, written in April, 1809, when
letter to a friend he says, “My poor " in poor health,” exhibits briefly and
long-afflicted, ever-affectionate wife clearly his serious objection to the
has been taken from me. She de- leading doctrines of reputed ortho-
parted this, in well-grounded hope of a doxy, and the genuine humility of his
better life on the 13th instant, and on mind.
the 19th I attended her remains to “ I have lived now," says he, " up-
the silent gravc: that house of final wards of sixty-two years, and though

obscurity appointed for all living! by temperance and regularity of labour
. But such was the preparation of her I have been favoured to inaintain a
mind, such the refinement of her comfortable share of bodily and mental
- immortal spirit, that iu her view abilities, I cannot expect to last much

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Memoir of Dir, William Matheus. longer. The sands of life must soon planatory Appeal,” to the present day be run. This consideration, with the (now thirty years), I am not conscious removal of almost all the friends of of having changed one religious opi. my early life (uear Joseph Woods ex- nion. Certainly no person could recepted), powerfully admonish me to. port with truth, that I had applied for prepare for the final allotment! re-admission into the Society of Friends. Whenever, in Divine wisdom, which Membership in any particular society is ever connccted with Divine good- is of small account to me. I someness, it shall arrive, I expect to find it times attend the meetings of Friends, an awful period : and but for the hopes because I love their simplicity and siof Divine mercy, how unspeakably lence: but I would not join any soawful would it be !

ciety under heaven which_holds or “I cannot after long and most serious favours the doctrine of a Trinity of meditation venture to place salvation Gods! or that does not explicitly deto the account of “the meritorious clare its belief in the plain Scripture blood of the atonement," about which doctrine of One God, and of Jesus I hear so much continually from dif- Christ his Son, as the created and sent ferent professors. No! Convicted 1 of the Father, deriving all power from stand, as well as many of thein, of him. great unworthiness, and that nothing “ With respect to that excellent short of the Divine mercy can cancel Christian, Hannah Barnard, I continue the demerits of a life of infirmities and to think she was shamefully treated, transgressions! But I cannot (and I “With best respects, though perhumbly trust ( ought not so to do) sonally unknown, I remain thy sincere seek a covering, however sacred in its friend, WILLIAM Mathews." character, which the wise and humble As the autumn approached, his inof all antient generations knew nothing firmities gradually increased; but he of. The broad and sacred foundation was able to attend the funcral of his of the mercy of God, humbly implored, aged and venerable friend, Mr. Elijah was the foundation of prophets and Waring, at Witney, in the latter part apostles; and though Jesus Christ be of November From this time his came the chief corner stone of the health still more rapidly declined, and spiritual building, in his universal very much disabled him from dischurch, yet was the foundation never charging the duties of an executor to changed, nor can it change, for ever Mr. Waring's will. He was however and ever! The testimony of all the not confined to his chamber but a few gospels proclaim in substance this ; the days, and died at his house in Gros

zestimony of the blessed Jesus abun- venor Buildings, Bath, on the 12th of - dantly confirms the doctrine. Of all April, leaving only one daughter, and the enthusiasm which has prevailed his grandson above-mentioned. He among Christian professors, surely the was universally esteemed by all who orthodox artificial system of salvation had the happiness of being 'well is the most unaccountable. But of acquainted with his worth, and most these things we have too long reflected by those who knew him best. His with reverence, to have any disagree- funeral was attended by many memment."

bers of the Bath and West of England It seems, however, that a rumour Agricultural Society, as well as by many had been circulated among the Qua, members of the Society of Friends, kers, that he had at length seen and and others of his acquaintance, out of confessed his errors, and sought to be sincere respect to his memory. I reunited to their Church. Under this cannot perhaps close this memoir impression, a respectable member of better than by annexing to it some the Society wrote to inquire whether elegant lines which Mr. Mathews such was the fact. His reply is as wrote without intending them for the follows:

public eye; but as they afford so just “ Bath, Aug. 19, 1816. and pleasing a picture of a pious mind « Esteemed Friend,

calmly viewing the near approach of I received thy letter of the 16th, that change, which is destined to waft and am obliged by thy frank inquiries. the whole human race to the shores of I shall answer them very briefly. cernity, I would not withhold them l'roin the sime I published iny“ Es froin your readers. They were "06

Letter from the late Bishop of Llandaff.


casioned by the sudden fading of an Notwithstanding this ære perennius avenue of lime trees, (behind the monumentum, I will contribute my author's residence,) in the autumn of mite towards the erecting one of more 1815."

perishable materials; because it will

convey an intimation to some amongst “ Ye rụsset shades, which late were seen ourselves, and afford a proof to surArray'd in summer's cheerful green,

rounding states, that amid all their Alas, how chang'd your bue ! Your verdant vesture now no more

corruptions, true patriotism and raCan charm the solitary hour,

tional religion are still held in the So brown and cheerless you !

highest estimation by the liberal and

enlightened inhabitants of Great BriAnd yet methinks your ev'ry tree

tain. I ain, Sir, Stands emblematical of me,

Your faithful Servant, Fast with'ring to decay; This awful diff'rence still appears

To Mr. Mortimor. LLANDAFF. You'll renovate in future years, Soon comes my latest day!

Letler, &c. on the Doctrine of Jesus,

ly on Eminent American Stalesman. Such is the lot of feeble man,

We have received a packet of Of time, prescribed a little span

valuable cominunications from a veneMore wise and good to grow, But to direct his course aright,

rable Correspondent in America, of His Maker gives of gracious light,

which the following is a part. No. I. An intellectual flow !

is an introductory Letter by our Corre

spondent, who adopts the signature And, lo! th' upheeded sacred page

which he affixed to Letters on the Life Proclaims aloud, from age to age,

of Servetus, in our Fifth Volume. A great and glorious theme;

Nos. II. and III. are a Letter and Good men, with new celestial breath, Shall triumph o'er the bed of death,

Syllabus, by an eminent American And rise to bliss supreme !

Statesman, whose name we are not

at liberty to mention, but who will Then let me ne'er at death repine, But, bless'd with pow.r and grace

probably be recognized by such of our divine,

readers as are acquainted with the (As fleeting hours decrease)

characters of the leading men in the

American revolution. Other commųImprove each solemo day and night, In humble hope of vision bright,

nications from our valuable. TransAnd pure eternal peace !

atlantic Correspondent will follow. Peace underiy'd from works of time,

No. 1.
Or mental means, howe'er sublime,
Unsanctified by hear'n;

Oldenburneveld, s. of New York, The boon is mercy most entire,


July 1, 1816. To crown our deep devout desire,

LEASED with the liberal plan In heav'nly goodness giv'n!

which you have adopted in your Let then, glad hosts of men and angels Repository, 1 deem it a duty to con

tribute to its success, as far as my bring Their hallow'd incense, sweet, and retireinent will permit. The only Hallelujah sing."

thing I regret, is, that I find it not T. F. more generally encouraged. Every

lover of truth is interested in its suć

cess; and a fair defence of any reproLetter from Dr. Watson, the late Bishop bated opinion ought to meet of Llandaff, to the Secretary of the equally ready admittance, as an un, Society for Erecting a Monument in adorned exposition of what is reputed St. Paul's, to the Memory of Mr.

a revelation from hcaven. The truth Locke.

of the gospel doctrine is built on a

rock, and cannot want the feeble or SIR,

crafty support of frail men; and infiR. LOCKE has by: his works delity will biush, when, struck by its erected to himself a

native purity and lustre, it discovers ment, which will remain whilst and that its darts were aimed at human wherever there shall remain a venera- inventions only. Perhaps you will tion for revealed religion or an at- not disagree with me, that infidels, tachment to the civil liberty of man- moderns as well as ancients, have in kind.

their most virulent and artful atracks 4 E


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Calgarth Park, Kendul,




Letter, &c. on the Doctrine of Jesus. upon the religion of Jesus, done less considered it, the more it expanded injury to it, than its reputed friends beyond the measure of either my time by bigotry and false zeal. It is from or information. In the moment of this conviction that I have long setting out on a late journey, I received wished to see the uncontrovertible from Dr. Priestley his little treatise of facts of the gospel history placed in “Socrates and Jesus Compared." This one lucid point of view, and in a being a section of the general view I similar manner the gospel doctrine had taken of the field, it became a fully explained, without the smallest subject of reflection, while on the mixture of any controverted tenet, or road, and unoccupied otherwise. The even the incidental admission of or al- result was, to arrange in my mind a lusion to any oue, embraced by any syllabus or outline of such an estimate Christian sect; and, this solid basis of the comparative merits of Christharing once been adopted by friend ianity, as I wished to see executed by and foe, the discussion might gradually soine one of more leisure and informaproceed to collateral topics.

tion for the task than myself. This I In this mood I was gratified with now send you, as the only discharge the perusal of a letter and sketch, which of my promise I can probably ever bear the stamp of candour and that execute; and in confiding it to you, of profound research. He would I know it will not be exposed to the deserve well of his country, and the malignant perversions of those, who gospel doctrine, could be find leisure make of every work on the subject of to execute the plan, whose outlines religion a text for misrepresentations he so inasterly delineated. But, ac and calumnies. I am moreover averse cept it as it is. There are I hope many to the conimunication of my religious in your happy isle equal to this task. tenets to the public, because it would In this question is a Churchman as countenance the presumption of those much interested as a Dissenter; and who have endeavoured to draw them he, who shall have accomplished it, before that tribunal, and to seduce will have done more in defence of public opinion to erect itself into that the religion of Jesus, than a host of inquisition orer the rights of conwell-meaning though misguided apo- science, which the laws have so justly logists.

prescribed. It behoves every man, SINCERUS. who values liberty of conscience for

himself, to resist invasions of it in the No. II.

case of others'; it behoves him too, in Dear Sir,

his own case, to gire no example of In some of the delightful conversa- concession, betraying the common tions with you in the evenings of right of independent opinion, by 1798 and 1799, the Christian religion answering questions of faith, which was sometimes our topic; and then I the laws have left between God and promised you that, one day or other, himself. I would give you my views of it. To Mr.

CRITO. They are the result of a life of inquiry and reflection, and very different froin

No. III. that anti-christian system imputed to Syllabus of an Estimate of the Doctrine me by those who know nothing of of Jesus, compared with those of iny opinions. To the corruptions of others. Christianity I am indeed opposed, but In a comparative view of the ethics not to the genuine precepts of Jesus of the enlightened nations of antiquity, himself. I am a Christian, in the of the Jews and of Jesus, no notice only sense in which he wished any should be taken of the corruptions of one to be; sincerely attached to his reason among the ancients, to wit. doctrines, in preference to all others, the idolatry and superstition of their ascribing to himself all human excel- vulgar, nor of the cormptions of lence, and believing he never claimed Christianity by the overlearned among any other. At the intervals since its professors. these conversations, when I could Let a just view be taken of the justifiably abstract myself from other moral principles inculcated by the affairs, ihis subject has been under most esieeined of the sects of ancient my contemplation but the more I philosophy, or of their individualss

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