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is called " the day of the Lord's ven

Neuinglon Green, geance, of


October 8th, 1816. conhe controversy of Zion;" in lan. I insertion

of the following remarks, guage the most awfully sublime, when * The indignation of the Lord shall be occasioned by the notice of Philosophic upon all nations, and his fury upon Etymology in your last Number" (p. their armies; when the hosts of heaven 538_544). That notice is not more shall 'be dissolved, and the heavens severe but less candid and sufficient themselves rolled together as a scroll, than I expected. The writer of it has as a leaf falleth from the vine, and a remarked, indeed, that if the book falling fig from the fig-tree: When “should not have a fair and impartial the earth shall reel to and fro like a trial, the author will have principally drunkard, and be removed like a cote himself to blame. Mr. Gilchrist's pe tage; and the transgression thereof culiar manner has made it impossible shall be heavy upon it, and it shall fall that his work should be tried dispasand not rise again : When the moon sionately by many of those who are shall be confounded and the sun qualified to sit in judgment upon it." ashamed, and the Lord of Hosts shall It is generally understood, I believe, reign in Mount Zion, and in Jerusalem that judges ought to be peculiarly disand before his Ancients, gloriously;"– passionate : whether they could justify figurative expressions, no doubt, in a themselves, in conducting an unfair great measure, which, nevertheless, trial and pronouncing angrily an unjust must have a precise and determinate sentence by saying it was impossible to meaning, though we may possibly mis- be dispassionate, may admit of doubt. take in their application.

It were unreasonable indeed to exact In the mean time, it behoves both extreme virtue from the gravest judges subjects and the rulers of churches and or most learned doctors; and therefore kingdoms to “ discern the signs of the I “ principally blame myself for not times;" the former, to attend chiefly having a fair and impartial trial.” Had to personal and family reformation, io I written as libellously of law and “ pray for the peace of Jerusalem," lawyers, as of our learning and the and for a spirit of wisdom and justice learned, of schools and schoolmen, it in their governors; not to forestal the is probable that my condign punishDivine plans, never to disturb the state, ment would have been far more af. in order to purify the church; to wield fictive, and that ridicule and hisses no sword in defence of the truth, but would have pursued me to Newgate. “ the sword of the spirit;" and, while I wish not to offer any remarks on they “ abide in their several callings," the notice of my work considered as a and perform their duty, to leave the review : the real merits or demerits of rest to time and Providence:-and the the book are still before the judges : latter, to revise obsolete and to change your contributor has (prudently perobnoxious laws; not to obstruct reason- haps) left them to the sagacity of my able and gradual reformation; never readers

. The capital, I may say sole to encourage the horrid and Aagitious offence, preferred in the indictment, or principle of national enmities and an- set forth in the sentence pronounced tipathies, (for a heathen could say upou mę, is, "arrogant contempt of Idomo sum, nihil humani a me alienum all who have gone before me or who puto"); and ever to act under the im- stand beside me.” On this charge I pression of this important maxim, that wish, both in respect for the public that is likely to prove the most durable and in justice to myself, to solicit a goveromeni, which hath its foundation patient and candid hearing: in justice and equity, and in the good I acknowledge that there is much opinion of the people.

bitter contemptuousness in my wriAN OCCASIONAL READER. tings. I acknowledge such contempo P.S. The above was written before tuousness to be very wrong and very An Occasional Reader had read the in- reprehensible, and promise that I shall genious letter of Homily (p. 466-460). carefully weed it out of my publications There are only some slight shades of whenever (if ever) any of them shall difference between Homily and himself pass through my hands into a second as to controversial discourse and con- edition. Had I been fortunate epough troversial preaching.

to sludy deeply the doctrines of a certain




Projected Edition of Dr. Priestley's Theological Works. 589 masterly dissector of human nature and My Reviewer has intimated that I human society before comniencing au- think it an act of condescension on my thorship, my compositions would have part to instruct my kind-insinuating been untinctured with that rude, au- that I vainly look down with disclain dacious disdain, which is one of their from some fancied eminence on all discriminative features. I ought not But I will not yield to him or indeed to have vailed or cloaked my any other in respect for common men contemptnous feelings a la mode, but I avd common sense. I have found at ought to have suppressed and subdued least a considerable portion of the difthem as workings of that untaught vi- ferent classes of society philosophers in cious nature, in renouncing and mor- their own way; and I always respect tifying which consists the moralist's thinking beings whether they think victory over himself. The contempt rightly or wrongly, with me or against which I have so plentifully displayed me. I would rather converse a whole did not originate in but was sanctioned day with the plainest plonghman conby an error of judgment, which error cerning the important science of huswas only rendered more obstinate by bandry, than a single hour with soine such rebukes as those grounded on learned doctors concerning grainmar, Philosophic Etymology: Cominon place etymology, rhetoric or logic. It is more criticisin and stale satire are, to persons blessed to give than to receive : I think it of original thinking, offensive for in- a privilege to communicate instruction. sipidness rather than sourness, and, 'I have (as already acknowledgedy instead of diminishing, increase the expressed much contempt for some acidity of contemptuous feeling. I who have gone before nie and some have however derived much profitable who stand beside me: but when it is reflection and feeling from my present considered that Johnson's Dictionary reprover; and I can sincerely assure and Murray's Grammar, &c. are adopted him (though he despaired of me) that as standari's of the English language, arrogance, contempt (especially if forced will not those who have attended to or affected), and angry vanity, &c. are the philosophy of language admit that become so odious in my sight, that I there was much temptation in my way? hope never to be guilty of them any And if I have attempted to undervalue

Contemptuousness is one of some popular works as much as they are the spurious offspring of pride; vet usually overvalued, it should be rememeren pride oughi to make elevated bered, that if a rod or rule has been minds despise it: any person can look bent io one side, it must be as much or speak scornfully, but every person bent to the other to bring it straight. cannot think clearly or reason power

JAMES GILCHRIST. fully. Having frankly confessed my guilt, SIR,

October 11th, 1816. it cannot be unreasonable to remonstrate against the injustice of some of the HAVING presumed in a former

Number (P. 386] to call the atcharges brought against me. I ain tention of your readers to the appre. accused of “ contenipt of all who have hended failure of the Proposal for a gone before me.” Oihers have charged New Edition of Dr. Priestley's Theo. me with extravagant admiration of logical Works, and to suggest a few some who have gone before me. Surely imperfect hints with a view of promy antagonists ought not to blow cold moting the design, I am happy to oband hot upon me thus with the same serve in your present Number (p. 521) mouth of crimination. Will my wor- that the observations then made have thy admonisher assert that I have shown called forth an abler pen to advocate contempt towards Shakspeare, Bacon, the same cause. Sensible of my own Hobbes, Wilkins, Tucker, Locke and incompetence to render any important Horne Tooke? It may be said that service to such a design, I did, howthese did not stand in my way, and ever, indulge the expectation that an therefore I had no temptation to wish appeal (however imperfect) in its beto thrust them aside or knock them half

, would not be altogether in vain : down: but I beg to say that they were that expectation has not been disapall great masters in the science of words pointed, nor am I willing to abandon and ideas, and are the best teachers in the hope that the projected plan may onr language of Philosophic Etymology yet be placed." beyond the probability or Rational Grammar.

of failure.” YOL. XI.

4 G


The appeal to “ the sons of respect- will eventually prevail, and scatter all able and wealthy laymen" so suitably the clouds of darkness. The labours made, and so forcibly urged, will not of Priestley have contributed in no small fail, it may humbly be presumed, to degree to enlighten mankind: it remeet with immediate and deserved at- mains only that those who know their tention on their part: and I am sure value, and are disposed to encourage your worthy Correspondent will forgive the proposed undertaking, should withme for extending that appeal to “ lay- out delay signify their intention, and men of easy fortunes who have families thus contribute to perpetuate those to provide for, and whose benevolent Works, which will be a lasting monuhearts deeply conimiserale the sad con- ment to the name of their author. dition of the poor around them;" and

J. CORDELL. even to those who, “ amid the daily toils for their subsistence, find time 10 SIR, Hackney, Sept. 18, 1816. ruminate on the grand truths of reli


REGRET in common with other gion, and whose minds are often more admirers of the Theological Works enlightened on these subjects than of Dr. Priestley, that so little enmany of those who are favoured with couragement has been given to the a higher place in the scale of so- proposed re-publication of them by ciety."

the very able and respectable Editor, It is most probable the number of who has announced his readiness to volumes printed in a year will not ex- devote his best care to the work, if ceed three; upon which calculation indemnified against the cost of pube the expense of taking in the Works lishing: at the same time I am not (after the first subscription) will not ex- disposed to consider the want of ceed seven-pence ballpenny per week, nuinbers to the list of subscribers as a a sum which few individuals or families proof of indifference to the writings of desirous of possessing them, might not Dr. Priestley, or as shewing that a spare by a little attention to economy, re-publication is not wanted : many which would be abundantly compen. 'persons are in my situation, they have sated by the acquisition of so great a already several of the books and wish treasure. Instances are not rare among to have others (now out of print) but the more popular sects, in which per- cannot afford to purchase the whole, sons of very limited circumstances and consequently do not subscribe to contrive to take in Commentaries, a complete edition; I wish therefore, Histories, Magazines, &c. by such through the medium of the Reposi. means, and thus set an example well tory, to submit to the Editor the proe worthy of imitation in the present in- priety of either receiving subscriptions stance.

for ihe work separately, or binding I gladly take occasion in this place subscribers of two guineas each, to to express my warm concurrence with take such only of the books as they your worthy Correspondent in his eu- may want, and shall make choice of logy on Dr. Priesiley's excellencies, at the time of subscribing. If this and “ the effect that would arise from plan be adopted, I have hope it will be a perusal of his Works.". The remarks found that one subscriber will take in the quotation at the bottom of page one half, and another ihe other half

, 523, will not surprise any persons who and that by this means the required have observed the air of superiority so sum for defraying the charges of pub frequently assumed by orthodor writers lishing will be obtained. Should over their heretical opponents, and the this suggestion be acted upon, I think disingenuous mode of crying down the it would be useful to publish a list of reputation of Unitarians as men and as the Works, with their respective prices Christians, to prevent their works from affixed.

T. H. being read—whether from a pious

SIR, alarm at the danger that might accrue to their cause I shall not presume to de- A country congregation are en

Sept 21, 1816.

FEW individuals belonging to termine.

Involved as the Christian world has deavouring to raise among themselves been in error for ages, it is a subject for and their friends, the subscription congratulation that a spirit of inquiry price of a copy of Mr. Rutt's intended has gone forth, and the work of refos edition of Dr. Priestley's Works. mation is gradually advancing. Truth Their plan is, to circulate the Work

Baptism requisite to Marriage.

591 among themselves, in the first in- from each other for ever? Or, if firm stance, and afterwards make a present both in love and religious principles, of it to their minister. If a scheme of rather than separate, or submit to a this sort were generally adapted by ceremony which one of them conUnitarian congregations, they would sidered as improper, they had chosen have the perusal of the Work at a very to live together; is any one, the most trifling individual expense, do a real squeamishly delicate, prepared to say service to their ministers, who cannot, that they ought to be shunned by in general, afford to purchase large society for persevering in an improper Works, and, also, effectually assist Mr. connexion, or that their issue could Rutt in the prosecution of his lauda- by any probable law of equity be subble undertaking.

X. jected to the evils of illegitimacy? If

this is the case, if these evils would SIR, Palgrave, Oct. 7, 1816. ensue on a refusal to be buptized, it be

THE Morning Herald Newspaper comes a matter of necessity that the the following article : “ Married at curtailed, and furnishes an additional Deene, near Wansford, Lincolnshire, reason for Unitarians exerting themyesterday se'n night, Mr. Williain Gid- selves to get relieved from our present dings, aged 36, to Miss Hannah marriage service, to those which have Spendilo, aged 16. When the pair already been suggested by some of first appeared at the altar, the clergy- your Correspondents in the early part man asked the young woman whether of the present year. Unless I greatly she was a Christian. Her answer mistake, an opinicn is certainly gainconvinced him that she had not been ing ground among the Unitarians that baptized, and therefore he refused to baptism was a ceremony intended only perform the marriage ceremony: the for converts, and that it does not recouple thus left the church, but re- late to the children: of Christian turned shortly afterwards with god. parents. I am not now discussing fathers and godmothers, when the in- the propriety of this opinion, but tended bride was christened and mar- though I hare not a very large acried.”

quaintance, I could mention several Before I read this curious article, families in which this opinion preI was not aware that a clergyman vails. The children in these families could refuse to marry persons who are not christened or baptized - the had not been baptized, or, as it is parents considering that if they see the vulgarly and erroneously called, christ- propriety of baptism when they ened : and I should be glad to learn arrive at years of discretion, they can from some of your Correspondents by submit to the ceremony and join the what law, civil or canonical, this community of Baptists. But supposé refusal is justified: for I cannot dis- these children should be of the same cover in the prayer book, where the opinions as their parents, are they to marriage service is recorded, any di- be prohibited from enjoying the blesse rections on this head; neither does ings of domestic harmony, unless they Blackstone mention the not being bap- submit to a cereinony which with tized as a disability against entering their views is nothing short of downinto the holy state.' In regard to the right mummery? provision in the buriul service, while The prohibition, if it really exists, we may regret that any relic of super- must be founded on either a human stition should be suffered to remain, or divine law. If it rest upon a huof which nature this prohibition cer- man law, it is a flagrant persecution, tainly partakes; still it is, compara- infinitely worse than that of making sively speaking, of little consequence, the participating in the Lord's Supper for it concerns the deceased not at all a test for the occupation of an office; whether consecrated or unconsecrated for if a man refuses to take the Sacraground receives the mouldering body. ment, as it is commonly and absurdly But in respect of the marriage cere- stated, though he cannot accept of mony the case is very different: for certain civil offices, he feels no incona what was the above pair to hare done, venience from not accepting them, had the lady from principle refused to except as far as he is deprived of being, be baptized? Were the two lovers as he might wish to be publicly driven to the cruel necessity of Aying honoured and useful. He still enjoy's

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private life quietly and respectably.

July 19, 1816. But by making baptism a test of the

Sir, 'we farthier , for the party muse e hersuche IN the Curiosities of Literature, 179),

is an article on the Destruction of mit, or for ever be denied the enjoy- Books, in which it is remarked that ment of the “

only bliss of paradise " the greater part of the books of which has survived the fall," or be Origen and the other Heretics, were continually exposed to the taunts and continually burnt by the Orthodox scorn of society, for permitting affec- party.” On this passage some former tion to triunph over the injustice of possessor of my cupy has written the the law. If it rests upon the divine following note. law, surely it should for the benefit of “ The illustrious heretic of our the ignorant be pointed out; or how times has met with a similar treatare the parties wishing to be married ment at Biriningham, in 1791, and to confess the existing impediments was personally ill-used at Warwick to their marriage, which very early in Assizes in 1792." the service they are charged to do? In a passage of Dr. Priestley's Fast Moreover, does it rest with the clergy- Sermon, for 1794, quoted in his Me. inan whether he makes these inquiries moirs (12mo. p. 131,) there is a refeor not? Because if so, it is making rence to some unkind treatment “at the law the creature of caprice. the Assizes at Warwick," I suppose ask this, knowing that unbaptized when he sued the county for his loss persons have been married without of property at Birmingham. questions being asked. Now was the I have a particular reason for Lincolnshire clergyman righteous over wishing to ascertain what was the much, or was the other clergyman personal ill-usage to which the manuto whom I allude negligent of his script note refers, and shall thank'any duty ?

of your readers for information. But what an apparently shameful

BREVIS. prostitution of an ordinance of Christ was exhihited in Lincolnshire on the

July 19, 1816. abore occasion-I mean on the bap- SIR, dison of the lady. Baptisın is, at least I Michael Hoster, by his nephew,

VERY lately met with the Life of according to the Church service, a Christian ordinance: and if so should the late Mr. Dodson, which was not be resorted to without due reflec- published in 1811, from a copy detion and consideration. Yet it is signed for Dr. Kippis's Biographia scarcely to be supposed that the lady Britannica. in this case cou d have duly consi- I know not that a general reader dered the subject. If she had never has any right to complain of such a thought about it, she was not a fit Life as containing scarcely a page intesubject to subinit to it, in an hour or resting to any but the learned profes. two; if she had considered it, and sion, to whom the justly reverenced approved it, why had she not pre- dicta of a great lawyer must be highly viously been baptized ? If she disap- valuable. Yet I doubt whether the proved it, her religious principle was Life of a dignitary of the long role ever sacrificed for the sake of her spouse. exhibited a reputation more excluBut if in the above case, notwithstand- sively legal than that of Judge Foster, ing, appearances, due consideration who appears never to have recreated had been exercised, and every thing himsell," like Sir Edmund Coke, in was as it ought to be, it is manifest, his Forest Laws, by a rainble among that the tendency of the anecdote is Dido's deer. 'to make the public believe that a But I am rainbling from my purperson unbaptized is Christian, and pose, which was to propose to animadthat therefore baptism is a most im- version a sentiment of the Biographer portant ordinance; though it may be which follows his notice of the performed nevertheless, without previous opinion maintained by Judge Foster thought, in order to remove an ob- in his famous Argument " that the struction to the performance of what right of impressing mariners for the the law positively enjoins on all as a public service is a prerogative inhetent Decessary civil compact. J. F. in the crown, grounded upon com

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