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Mr. Dodson on Impressing Seamen.

:593 mon law, and recognized by many sician, and now for many years a acts of parliament.”—P. 12.

judge in the United States. In this .. On this passage Mr. Dodson re- Reply, the war is carried with no small marks, the question touching the success, into the enemy's country. legality of pressing mariners for the Mr. Burke's Invective having been public service, is a point of the great- uttered in a debate on Parliumentary est importance; and wise and good reform, Mr. Cooper shews, in various men still entertain different sentiments instances, “how little the interests of on the subject." I cannot help re- the poor are taken care of, and how gretting that so excellent a inan as necessary it is that the voice of the Mr. Dodson, whoin I describe from poor man should be heard with atten. personal knowledge, should have been tion and respect ' in the Ilouse of content to treat so mildly this moral Commons." He then adds, enormity. One who has been taught still more flagrant instance of cruelty to consider himself as a free citizen of and injustice towards the poor, is the a free country, whatever be his out- practice of impressing. The labour of ward condition, is yet dragged from ihe poor man constitutes the whole his home as a criminal, without the of his wealth, and his domestic conpretence of any crime, because he nexions almost the whole of his haponce pursued an industrious life as a piness. But on a sudden, under the mariner, and instead of having ac- dubious authority of a press warrant, quired property is still dependant on he is cut off from his peaceful habitahis personal labour for his own, and tion and domestic society, and forcibly probably, a family's support; for a dragged on board the Hoating prison regulating officer will scarcely venture of a tender: he is compelled to labour 10° detain a man of property, should in the dreadful service of murdering such an one be accidentally, kidnapped his fellow-creatures at the command by a pressgang. Such then is the man of his superiors, and paid such scanty convicted only of poverty whose case wages, not as he can earn or deserves, a benevolent Christian, writing more but as the niggardly system of governlike a lawyer than a gospeller, can ment finance thinks fit to allow. His treat as a question of mere legal uncer- family meanwhile, who look up to tainty, on each side of which wisdom him for comfort and subsistence, ignoand virtue inight be equally divided. rant of his misfortune, are anxiously Mr. Dodson had the honour to be a expecting his wonted return; perhaps Heretic, and, in the contemplation their homely, repast for the night of law, was liable to punishment. depended on his earnings for the day; What would he have said to a com- but his usual hour of return to his mentator on penal statutes, who had family is gone by, each passing foot coolly written that “the question touch- step, each noise of distant similarity, ing the prosecution of those who impugn is eagerly listened to in vain. Hope the established creeds, is a point of the still draws out the lengthened evening, greatest importance, and wise and till a sleepless night of lamentation good men sull entertain different senti- and despair succeeds the creary elan. ments on the subject."

choly hours of successive disappointEveryone has read Franklin's ment and fruitless expectation." Notes on Judge Foster's Argument,

After reading this description, and most I believe have adınired the which must have been ofteu realized, deserved satire they convey on the what a sound of unmeaning rant or

idolaters of forms and precedents.” rather of cruel mockery is the followBut the unjust principle which sup- ing burst of oratory by Lord Chathai ports the practice of impressing, and its on the equal liberty enjoyed in frequent melancholy consequences, can England: “ Every Englishman's scarcely be represented with more house is his castle.' Not that it is truth and propriety than in the follow- surrounded by walls and battlements, - ing passage from a “ Reply to Mr. it may be only a straw buil shed. Burke's Injective against Mr. Cooper" All the winds of heaven inay whistle and Mr. Watt, in the House of through it, every element of nature Commons, April 30, 1792," by Mr. may enter it, but the king cannot, Cooper, forinerly of Manchester, the king dare not." distinguished as an acute metaphy

IGNOTUS.

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SIR.

August 26, 1816. mony to his continued desire of morál N the Miscellaneous Works of and intellectual improvement, and his the following passage occurs at page which both should be conscientiously 79, Vol. I. Remarks on Deism. “The applied. learned and pious Dr. Bekker, one of It may, perhaps, be regretted, with the pastors of Amsterdam, renounced reference to his personal gratification, the popular opinion of the power of that Mr. Vidler, in earlier life, had · the devil, and published a book against not been introduced' to those literary it. He seemed to doubt also of the advantages which he could have so eternity of hell torments. He was well improved. Yet I confess, that, reputed a Deist, and the consistory, for the sake of the cause, of which he the classes and the synods, proceeded was an able advocate, I feel no such against him, suspended him at first regret. He would probably have been from the communion, and deposed a profoundly learned divine, and in that him at last from the office of a character, deservedly esteemed, yet he minister."

might never have become the instruct. Will some Correspondent of the ive and impressive preacher, such as I Monthly Repository, have the good- have often listened to him. Nor would ness to point out where a more par- he then have left to his contemporaries, ticular account of Dr. Bekker, of his and, as I trust, to other generations, book, and of the proceedings instituted that valuable bequest, an encouraging against him, may be met with ? This example of what may be attained by will much oblige an Inquirer, greal good will to man's highest in

A. F.

terests, actuating a vigorous mind to an P.S. Perhaps some of the readers unceasing occupation of common adof the Monthly Repository who have vantages. I remain, Sir,

Your's, visited the Netherlands and Germany

J. T. RUTT. since the peace, may be able to give

" DEAR SIR, an account of Unitarianism in those “ I very gratefully thank you for the offer countries. The Menonite Baptists, a of the use of any books which you bare in large and increasing sect, are strictly yourown library, or the Westminster Library Unitarians, with the addition of (what to which, you say, you have access. You to British Unitarians would appear) an could not perform a more pleasant or useful austere system of church discipline service for me. If you have a catalogue of An account of the present state of the your own, or of the Westminster Collection,

or both, that you would indulge me with, it Menonite Baptists could not fail to interest the readers of your Miscellany. Meanwhile I will mention some :

would greatly assist me in my choice,

Hartley on Man. SIR, Clapton, August 28, 1816.

Bayle's Dictionary, English. HAVE found unexpectedly the fol- « Modern Universal History. lowing letter, written by a friend

“ Priestley's History of Vision. whom I have just seen committed to

-Electricity his grave, waiting, I doubt not, the

-Lectures on Oratory and resurrection of the just, after having Criticism. eminently served his generation, in the “ Belshani's Philosophy of the Human vigour of his life, and endured with Mind. Christian fortitude the sufferings which

“ Robinson's Ecclesiastical Researebes. were allotted to its decline. I read

“ Lardner's History of Heretics. the letter, as you will suppose, with

“ Chandler's History of the loquisition. those sensations, which can be well A good Latin Grammar.

“ Latin Dictionary. understood by all who had oppor

Bible. tunities of appreciating the character

“ And any other Latin books fit for a young of the late Mr. Vidler.

student in that language. I am persuaded that I shall bring no bably smile, but I really do not think discredit

on my friend's memory, by myself too old to learn any thing that requesting you to preserve his letter. - depends on meutal applicatica. You koow Though scarcely more than a written I cannot afford to buy books : I have more message and little designed by him for leisure than I ever had in my life, and wish to the public eye, I cannot allow myself use it so, as to give a good account of it, both to conceal this truly honourable testi- to God and the congregation that I serve.

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OF GENERAL READING.

Gleanings.

595 “ Any part of the above list which could instantly changed countenance; and be procured would much oblige nie; only let assuming a severe look, after a mome have enough.

ment or two of pause, “ No," replied "I will return the books I now have he,“ that religious institution is not to next Sunday, by my youngest son. be mixed with our profane ceremonies. “I am, Dear Sir,

Even at the time of my coronation, I “ With unfeigned respect and gratitude,

was very unwilling to take the sacra“ Your friend and servant,

ment. But, when they told me that « WILLIAM VIDLER. "W'est-Ham, August 19, 1811.

it was indispensible and that I must “P.S. My son will take back any books receive it; before I approached the #bich you may have gotten ready to go.

communion table, I took off the Mr. J.T. Rult, Goswell Street,"

bauble from my head. The sacrament,

my lord, is not to be profaned by our GLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND gothic institutions.” The severity of the REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COUrse king's manner while he pronounced

these words impressed all present, and

suspended for a short time the con. No. CCLXXVII.

versation. The Same, 1.384386. Greatness in Death. Though sinking under the accumu

No. CCLXXIX. lated pressure of advancing age, as Early Quakers Unitarians. The well as of disease and infirmity, Maria

Athenian Mercury. Theresa (Empress of Germany) re- Whether the early Quakers were tained the possession of all her faculties Unitarians is a purely historical ques. nearly to the last moments of her life. tion :- Unitarianism is neither the Religion and resignation smoothed its better nor the worse for the determi. close.—Only a short time before she nation of it: nor needs the opinion of breathed her last, having apparently the founders of Quakerism to infus fallen into a sort of insensibility and ence the present Quakers. The old her eyes being closed, one of the ladies Quakers had simplicity and sense and near her person, in reply to an inquiry a love of liberty, but none of these, made respecting the state of the Em any more than their religious principress, answered that her Majesty seemed pels, are hereditary. to be asleep. No, replied she, I could Abundant facts may be produced sleep if I would indulge repose ; l'ut I um to shew that the Quakers of a century sensible of the near approach of death, and ago were accounted and described as I will not allow myself to be surprized ly Unitarians. Some of these have been him in my sleep. Twish to meet my dis- produced in our volumes; we shall solution awake.

bring forward another proof. Wraxall's Hist. Memoirs, I. 364, 5. In that most singular periodical

work, the Athenian Mercury, published No. CCLXXVIII.

by J. Dunton, 1691, in folio, each The Kirig's View of the Sucrument. Number containing a folio half sheet,

Towards the end of the month of there is, Vol. III. No. 23, the followJanuary, 1805, at a time when he ing question [The object of the work (the present King Geo. III.) was is to resolve all the most nice and curious much occupied in preparations for the questions proposed ly the ingenious] : Installation of the Knights of the Gar- Suppose a Jew, a Mahometan, a ter, destined to take place on the ap: Church of England man, an Anabapproaching twenty-third of April; and tist, a Quaker and a Muggletonian, wbile conversing on the subject with all living together in one house some persons of high rank, at Windsor; •peaceably and according to their one of them, a nobleman deservedly own principles :-may they not all distinguished by his favour, said, “Sir, expect happiness after this life?" are not the new knights now meant The Athenian Clul, who undertook to to be installed, obliged to take the answer all questions, were they high sacrament before the ceremony?" as heaven or deep as hell, manifest Nothing could assuredly have been their temper, by the first clause of further from his idea or intention, than their oracular response, viz. “It's to have asked the question in a man- pity the Querist did not put in an per capable 'or implying any levity or theist too to have made it up a irreverence. Nevertheless, his Majesty perfect number." They then proceed

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to say that the question is already must own according to their present answered by the Church of England writings, there are not many articles which anathematizes all who say in of coinmon Christianity, if any, the affirmative. The Scriptures, too, which our English Anabaptists dis

they allege positively damn Jews, own, besides that of infant baptism, * and Mahometans and also Muggle whwein some great men of the Church of

tonians, who they add are known by God have crred together with them." nothing but “ hating the Bible, some The Athenians may probably refer to blasphemy and a great deal of non- Bp. Jere. Taylor, whose Liberty of sense.” They then pronounce sen- Prophesying wears an.“ Anabaptist" tence on the Quakers, in form follow- face. Other parts of their work will ing: “For the Quakers : We are scarcely allow us to suppose that in sure that many, or most of 'em have great men of the Church of God," held very dangerous and detestable they include John Milion, who was opinions. They generally speak con- tainted with the heresy of the “ Anatemptibly of the Bible, and will by no baptists.". means allow it to be God's word: they The Athenian Mercury is very have turned it into an odd sort of a amusing, as an exhibition of the jejune allegory, even the highest and inquiries, the doubts, the wit and the most sacred truths therein contained, mirth of our great grandfathers, who and have spoken not very honorably of in spite of their broad brimmed hats, our Saviour, and almost generally deny their doublets and hose, were much the Trinity, and many, if not all, the sort of folks that we embrace ihe other Socinian dream of the The greatest difference between them soul's sleeping till the resurrection. and us consists in the bolder and more Besides, they use neither of the dignified spirit of civil and religious Sacraments, and if our most authentic liberty thai, through their exertions, accounts do not impose upon us, were we have acquired. Wę may smile at at their first appearance in England, their questions, but they led to ques. commonly acted by a worse spirit than tions of more moment. A Corre. what they pretend to. These 'tis hard spondent in the Mercury_gravely asks, to hope well of, nor can we see how What was the sex of Balaam's ass ? with any manner of propriety they and is solemnly answered hy proofs can be called Christians. But if there from the history that it was a she-ass

. be any of 'em who have left their Another inquires, how infants, and first principles, and are degenerated aged and deformed persons shall arise into Christianity, (we ask pardon for at the day of judgment ? and the unhethe harshness of the expression) and sitating answer is that all shall arise grown more religious, as well as more of the age of thirty or thirty three, our mannerly, there may be more hopes Saviour's age at his resurrection ! of em.” This judgment on the Quakers was

No. CCLXXX. evidently not prompted by passion

Alcoran. merely, for if Socinian had been ap- It has long been a question agitated plied to them as a term of reproach among the Mahometans, and with because they were disliked on other great beat, whether the Alcoran was accounts, it would also have been created or increated? Those who said branded on the forehead of the “Ana- it was created, seemed to others to baptists," whom no Church of Eng- diminish and lessen its authority : but land oracle ever spared ; but there is they defended themselves many ways; some sort of candour in the determi- among which one is, that 'tis the ex. nation concerning these once fearful press saying of God, We have put the herelies: e.

“For the Anabap- Alcoran; now that which is put is tist, it's certain both from Popish and created. Others took the opposite Proiestant writers, and even eye-wit- side of the question. They took the nesses themselves, that there never was safest side who adhering to the words a fiercer or more dangerous enemy to all of the Alcoran, said, that it was put, or order both sacred and humane, than sent down, and were silent about its

at his first appearance in creation. Germany: but we hope he's now Recland, of the Mahometan Religion, grown better, and that our soil has a in Four Treatises, &c. 8vo. 1712. little mended his crab-stock. For we

he was

p. 24.

( 597 )

REVIEW
“Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame."-POPE.

TH

Art. Í.-A Course of Lectures, contain themselves. Where this character ig

ing a Description and Systematic Ar- wanting, there is wanting that relation rangement of the several Branches of of type to antitype, which subsists between Divinity : accompanied with an Ac- the things of the Old Testament, aod the count both of the principal Authors, things of the New.” (Pp. 1, 2). and of the Progress, which has been The Margaret Professor's representmade, at different Periods, in Theolo- ation of the very essence of a type,” gical Learning. By Herbert Marsh, is perfectly agreeable to certain systems D.D. F. R. S. Margaret Professor of of theology: we are convinced however Divinity. Part IV. On the Inter. that it receives no countenance from pretation of Prophecy; Cambridge, the Scriptures. If our readers will look Printed, Sold there by Deightons, into their English Bibles, they will find &c. and irr London by Rivingtons. only a single passage which speaks of 1816. 8vo. pp. 86.

types; this is i Cor. x 11.; and eren THE subject here discussed by the this is nothing more than the marginal

Margaret Professor, is so impor- reading in the larger copies—the word tant, curious and difficult, and his re- examples being preferred in the text and putation, as a theological scholar, so adopted by Newcome. On examining deservedly high, that we opened this too, the places in which the correspondpamphlet with more than common ing Greek substantive occurs, we can eagerness: an examination of it's con- discover no support to the doctrine that tents, will shew in what degree our a type is a designed resemblance. expectations have been gratified.

Dr. M. indeed says (ib:), At the conclusion of the third part “the only mode of distinguishing of his Lectures, he treated of typical the cases, where this relation (of type to, interpretation, “ with which," says he, antitype] actually exists, from the cases " the interpretation of prophecy is so where it only supposed to exist, is to far connected, as types are prophetic of examine what things in the Old Testament their antitypes." In our review of have been represented by Christ and bis that publication, we hinted our doubts apostles as relating to things in the New. with respect to the correctness of his for then we have authority for such reladefinition of a type, and, at the same

tion: then we know, that one thing was time, expressed a hope that the matter designed to prefigure the other.” would be more largely and satisfacto- To this authority we implicitly subrily considered in some of” Dr. Marsh's scribe: hut we shall soon perceive that “ succeeding Lectures."* It is re- it does not warrant the conclusion at sumed, accordingly, in No. XIX. the which the Lecturer arrives. second paragraph of which begins with Before he considers (3) the prophetic the following sentences :

character of a type, he ought to shew “ To constitute a type, something more

indubitably that a type, such as he deis requisite, than a mere resemblance of scribes it, has an existence in the volume that, which is called it's antitype. For of Revelation. Here, we think, his one thing may resemble another, when the reasoning and his illustrations fail: things themselves are totally unconnected. " Whether a future event is indicated But it is the very essence of a type, to have by words, or indicated by other tokens, the a necessary connexion with it's antitype. connexion of that event with the words in It must have been designed, and designed

one case, or the tokeus in the other, will from the very beginning, to prefigure it's be equally a fulfilling of prophecy." antitype ; or it partakes not of that character which belongs to a real type ; a cbainstances designed; which is exactly

True if the connexion be in both racter, which implies, not an accidental parity of circunstances, but a pre-ordained the point to be proved, instead of being and inhereut connexion between the things assumed. On this proof the Professor

enters in the course of his third para, A Course of Lectures, &c. p. 117. graph. According to Dr. M., (Part III).

" We cannot have a more remarkable, + M. Repos. VIII. 677.

or a more important example, than that of VOL. XL.

4 H

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