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Review.-Marsh's Lectures. Part IV.
dressing to him another question, the time, which are wanted in the one with which himself (ib :) has supplied case, but not in the other. If it be ob
jected therefore, that the sacred oracles “ Must not the silence of the New
are ambiguous, because the explanations Testament, in the case of any supposed of them are various, we may confidently type, be an argument against the exist
answer, that the fault is in the interpreence of tbat type ?"
tation, and not in the text. It is no won
der that in the explanations of the Hebrew Systematical divines differ not
prophets we should discover inconsistency, little among themselves in defining a when an office, for which so many qualifi. type : let us compare for example, ihe cations are required, is undertaken hy statement of Doddridge with that of men, in whom those qualifications are Dr. Marsh:
wanting altogether." “ One person, or event, or institution The Margaret Professor enters on in the divine dispensations, of which an his twentieth Lecture with a reference account is given us in the word of God,
to those "general rules for the intermay be said to be TYPICAL of another and
pretation of the Bible, which have greater person, or event, afterwards to appear, when there is a remarkable resem
been fully explained in former Lecblance between the former and the latter ; applicable, as well to the prophetic
tures,"+ and which, he says, whether that resemblance be or be not known by the manifestation of the latter. books, as to other parts of the sacred This may be called the theological sense of
volume." This introductory position the word, &c."'*
being illustrated and vindicated, he
proceeds to the particular consideraA type then, agreeably to Dr. Dod- tion of the prophecies, which relate dridge's account of it, is not of the nature of a prophecy, but consists sim- amine these,
to the Messiah ; " since when we ex
" we examine erery ply in resemblance. Certainly how. question of real interest in the subject ever the Margaret Professor's use of of prophecy at large.”. the word is theological ; while the other is, with a single exception, correct
As the result of “an inquiry into and Scriptural. To the received notion the truth of our religion” and this
that connexion wbich subsists between of types no plausibility is given by the class of prophecies, Dr. M. gives his Epistle to the Hebrews, which, though opinion in the following terms, it contains many comparisons of the Christian with the Jewish dispensa “ There must be prophecies in the Old tion, holds forth no example whatever Testament, which strictly, literally, and of a designed resemblance.
directly predict the coming of our Saviour. In the remainder of the nineteenth There must be something more than pas; Lecture Dr. M. assigns two causes of sages, which may be accommodated" (as " the variety observable in the expo
it is called) to his life and character." sitions of Hebrew prophecy :" these Here, we presume, all theological are an inadequate knowledge of the scholars will agree with the Professor. original language and inattention to Ou a subject concerning which they “ the situation and circumstances of are less unanimous he offers it as his the writer, whose works it is proposed decided judgment, that. to explain.". There is scarcely any
“ A prophecy wbich relates to our age of the church in which such re
Saviour in a mere remote or mystical marks as the following (18) could be
sense, can hardly come within that dejustly styled unreasonable :
scription of prophecy, by which the “-though the difficulties attending preaching of Christ was made manifest." , the interpretation of the Hebrew prophets
Before we accompany our author to Are confessedly great, those difficulties are not insurmountable. And if the interpre- which he collects and explains those
his next Lecture (No. XXI.), in tation of prophecy is really subject to determinate rules, the conclusions, to
passages which he conceives, "prewhich such rules must erentually lead, dict the coming of Christ in their will be no less certain, when those diffi- plain, literal, and proper sense,” wo culties are overcome, than if they had shall concisely notice a sentence prenever existed. The 'sole difference con- senting itself in page 23. and part of sists in the labour, in the skill, and in a note in pp. 33, 34.
* Lectures, &c. Vol. II. (ed. 4.) 408.
Review.-Marsh's Lectures. Part IV.
001 Speaking of the ability that our own prophecy has nothing analogous to the reason gives us "10 argne from the double sense of allegory. From the past to the future," he adds, by way whole of his investigation he conof illustration,
cludes “ that there is no system “If, for instance, we compare the whatever, by which we can either · present situation of our church with it's establish the cristence of secondary situation at a former period, we must have senses, or by which, on the supposition our apprehensions, and perbaps our fore- of their exisience, we can discover their bodings."
real meaning. We must be contented," We think it unfortunate that Dr. M. he adds, “to resolve the question of loses sight, even for a monient, of the secondary senses into a question of character and dignity of the Acade
He allows “ that there are some mical Professor, to re-echo the illfounded complaint of ecclesiastical passages of the Old Testament, which alarınists. The situation of “ the really have a secondary sense : "' In this church," is perfectly safe, provided Matt. i. '17, 18. Whether it should
class' he places Jer. xxxi. 15, quoted in her dignitaries are enlightened, tolerant and candid, and offer no violence to
be ranked among them, depends how. the spirit of the times, by urging "then was fulfilled, which not ira
ever on the meaning of the formula claims which are alike discountenanced by the Scriptures and by the genius of probably, expresses accommoda:ion, raour civil constitution.
iher than the completion of a prophecy. It is with pleasure we make a gimo rature nothing perhaps is inore arduous
In the whole range of theological litetation of a very different kind; happy than to ascertain the exact siguification when our humble judgment on points of this inode of speech and of some kinof theology 1 is confirmed by the sa: dred expressions. Indeed, Dr. Marsh gacity and research of this learned Lecturer :
is far from having exhausted the topic of
the double sense of prophecy; although even a late Prelate of our own he has said enough to make us suspect church, * has very incautiously subscribed that this notion is untenable. to the Jewish doctrine, that eril spirits
“ The celebrated anthor of the Dihare the power of working miracles : a doctrine which tends to destroy the argu
vine Legation," explained secondary ment from miracles, since the performance
senses in Hebrew prophecy on the of a miracle, if it does not in itself imply supposition of their logical propriety divine authority, cannot possibly do so by and moral fitness :' he conceived that any accidental circunstances, whether or they were essential to the genius of the benevolence or of any other attribute, Jewish dispensation, in its reference to which may accompany the miracle.” the Gospel. Dr. Marsh has admirably [Note pp. 33, 34.]
exposed the difficulties accompanying The twenty-first Lecture princi
this hypothesis, and with reason propally consists of examples of literal
nounces them “insurmonritable." prophecies relating to the Messiah ; in
From the fourth part of his Lectures the selection of which the Professor we have derived less pleasure and infollows Bishop Chandler. Though
struction than we expected. Besides we do not uniformly agree with Dr. M. the unsatisfactory manner in which he and his able precursor, in respect of treats of types and the double sense of the translation and application of these prophecy, we have to complain of some. passages, yet we are in general in capital omissions in this pamphlet; and strucied as well as gratified by their particularly of two. A course of Lecobservations.
iures on ihe interpretation of prophecy In the remaining Lectore (No. ought in reason to contain remarks on XXII.) an inquiry is made into the the prophetic style and figures, together foundation of secondary senses ascribed with an arrangement of the predictions to Hebrew prophecy. The difficulties of the Old and of the New Testament attending this notion, are justly and in distinct classes. We are willing
to believe that the Professor means to strongly represented. And the Lecturer is particularly succcesful in shew. deliver his sentiments on these matters ing that the alleged double sense of to the University and to the public
when he resumes his academical do.. • Mon. Repos. VI. 237.
ties; though, to say the truth, he has Horsley. See the last note. given no intimation of this design.
Review-Report of the West Riding Tract Society. With a few exceptions, his present worthy of being more generally known. sct of Lectures are unworthy of his The Report gives an Account of the fame. His vigorous and inquisitive Proposal of a Tract Society at the mind, seems to be fettered, in it's ex- Annual Meeting of Protestant Disaminations, by spells which, in certain senting Ministers held at Leeds, in situations, it is almost impossible to re- June, 1815, of the subsequent Establishsist. Authe distance of somewhat more ment of the Society, and of its proceedthan half a century, theological scholars ings up to the date of the Report, and authors in this country, did not June 6, 1816. cherish a panic fear of deviating in the This West Riding Tract Society smallest degree from current systeins of consists of nine Auxiliary or Local divinity. Not so their successors in the Tract Societies, and appears to have chairs of our universities and in the associated in the first year of its existpulpits of the established church. A ence 37 Donors and 355 Annual Subfavourable opportunity of revising the scribers, producing in the aggregate the articles and liturgy, was suffered to be sum of £62. gs. 9d. The number Jost: and that church is doomed to of Tracts purchased by the Society be torn by internal controversies, to be amounts to 2,143; of which in about " a house divided against itself.” Her six months (the period that the Society ministers are fiercely disputing with has been fully formed) 1,243 have each other for the name of orthodory. been distributed through the Local
Such is the crisis at which Dr. Societies. The proportion of Donors Marsh has been elevated to the epis- and Suuscribers in the respective Local copal bench. He has merited his pre- Societies is as follows: ferment, and will adorn it, by his
Sub. learning, his talents and, we trust,
Donors scribers his moderation. Intimately conversant York,
7 - 40 with the whole circle of theological Leeds,
58 studies, he excels however in his know- Wakefield,
137 ledge of the principles and the history Halifax,
17 53 of Biblical Criticism : in this depart. Bradford, ment of literature he has deservedly Lidyaiė,
11 13 obtained the gratitude and applause of Newchurch (Rossendale) 16 the public, and has virtually brought Elland, bimself under an obligation to finish Chesterfield,
7 his Annotations on the Introduction, &c. I of Michaelis. Henceforth, we may pre
37 355 sume, he will have leisure for this employment. The Bishoprick of Landaff It appears that in each of these Conpresents no very extensive field of ser- gregational or Local Societies, a Com. vice: and to compleat his original plan miitec, Treasurer and Secretary are in of placing the celebrated work of the office; that to them is committed the Gottingen Professor within the reach local business, the choice of Tracts of the English scholar, will add new and collection of the Donations and lustre to the naine of Dr. Marsh ! Subscriptions. That once a quarter
(and on the same Lord's day evening Art. II.-The First Report of a Re- in all the Associated Congregations)
ligious Tract Society in the West viz. On the second Sunday in June, Riding of the County of York. To September, December and March, the which are added, "The Rules“A local business of the Auxiliary Son Catalogue of the Tracts A List of cieties is transacted, and in the followDonors and Subscribers And the ing week, a list of the Tracts wanted, Proceedings of the First General and the amount of the money colAnnnal Meeting, June 6th, 1816. lccted, are transmitted to the General Pp. 16. Halifax.
(or Central) Secretary and Treasurer. HIS comprehensive title is a table Thus in one week, once a quarter,
of contents to this interesting the whole commnication betwist the panıphlet; which though we are not depót and the consumers is transacted. aware of its having been published or The Subscriptions are limited to one having obtained more than a local cir- penny a week; Donations to any culation, appears to us to contain mat- amount are received; one collector for ter of such importance as to render it every ten subscribers is appointed, and
603 pays over the collection to the Loca! be thus revised and improved from year Treasurers, and the Local Treasurers to 10 year. the General Treasurers. This is the The Catalogue contains several imprincipal machinery of the Society; portant Works scarcely to be conand it appears sufficiently simple and sidered as Tructs, unless the example efficient. The Rules are of two of Mr. Locke and the late Bishop classes ; the first containing the funda. Watson sanction this use of the term. mental laws of the Society; the second It presents, however, a selection and containing regulations proposed to the union of such useful and well-known adoption of the Local Auxiliary Asso- publications, as are calculated to in ciations. These Rules do not admit of crease piety to God, and practical abridgment, though perhaps they might godliness; and to give just views of te simplified. We shall conlude this the character, government, and re. article with giving a copy of them. vealed will of the God and Father of We cannot however conclude without our Lord Jesus Christ. recommending the plan to the serious We subjoin the Rules : and dispassionate consideration of our “ Rule 1. That the following Congrereaders; and especially of such as have gations of Protestant Dissenters in Yorkthe direction of our Tract Societies, shire, be united into a Society for the and are desirous of spreading their distribution of Religious Tracts : viz. ramifications, and of extending their The Congregations assembling in St. Sabenefits into the several neighbouring viour-gate, York; Mill-Hill, Leeds ; congregations with which a Tract So Westgate, Wakefield; Chapel-lane, Bradciety may be surrounded.
ford; Northgate, Halifax ; Lidyate; and The Report before us modestly says,
South-End, Elland; and such other Pro“ This Society has only been es
testant Dissenting Congregations, as may tablished about half a year: what has
be disposed to join this Union. been done must be considered rather as nated, ' A Society of Protestant Dissen
“ Rule 2. That this Society be denomian experiment towards the formation ters in the West-Riding of Yorkshire, for of a T'ract Society than as the proceed- Promoting, by the Distribution of Tracts, ings of a matured Institution." The the knowledge of the Christian Religion, experiment is successfully begun, and and the Practice of Piety and Righteouswe trust will be productive of exten; ness. sive and beneficial results. The field “ Rule 3. That the Annual Meeting of of operation is wide and full of popula- this Society be held on the day, and at the tion. The number of Tracts distributed place, of the Annual Meeting of the Assoand sub-distributed by the Local So- ciation of Ministers usually denominated cieties, will in a few years be con- Presbyterian, in the West-Riding of Yorksiderable, and must produce a decided shire, immediately after the close of the effect. We have already observed that morning's service ; when a Report of the
the present number of Subscribers is proceedings during the past year shall be · 855. Supposing this number to be read, and a Secretary, a Treasurer, and
two Auditors of Accounts appointed for the stationary (though the prospect of in
year ensuing. crease appears in the Report) and the
“ Rule 4. That the Rer. Henry Turner Donations to be limited to the first be Secretary; Mr. Thomas Hollings, Treayear of the Establishment, yet from
surer; and Mr. C. H. Dawson, and Mr. this number of members an annual George Stansfeld, Auditors, for the year suin of nearly, £80 will arise; and if ensuing. in not more than half a year upwards « Rule 5. That the Subscription to of twelve hundred Tracts have been this Society be limited to a penny a wech, put in circulation, the aggregate result or 4s. 4d. a year; but that Donations will in course of time must be numerically be thankfully received. and norally very considerable.
“ Rule 6. That Tracts be allotted to It appears a part of the plan that a
the full amount of the Subscriptions, and Report shall be read to the Subscribers
to as large an amount of the Donations as at the “ Annual Meeting of the As the state of the Funds will admit. sociation of the Ministers usually de- Tracts be at Bradford, under the care of
“ Rule 7.. That the Depository of nominated Presbyterian,
in the West the Secretarý. That' it be open during Riding of Yorkshire.” This will give the whole of the week following t'iu rise to pleasing and important discus. second Sunday in the months of June, sion. The Catalogue and Rules will September, Decruber and March : and
Review.--Brown's Prize Essay. that all applications from Subscribers for “ 2. That the first Quarterly Meeting Tracts be made at those times; and that in each Congregation, be held on the the. Secretary is not bound to give an Sunday evening next following the Annual immediate attention to applications made Meeting, when a Committee shall be at any other time.
chosen, consisting of not less than five « Rule 8. That it be recommended to members, for attending to the concerns of the Congregatious above mentioned and to the Society within the respective Congreothers which may be favourable to this gations. Society, tbat, for the purpose of carrying “ 3. That the Committee appoint a its objects more completely into effect, the Secretary to keep the Minutes of the promembers of this Society in each Congre- ceedings of the Committee and of the gation form an union amongst themselves, Quarterly Meetings of the Members, and and observe such local regulations as may to correspond with the Society's Secretary. appear suitable to their respective cirenm “ 4. 'That the Secretary in each comstances : and that where nothing of the mittee shall draw up an account of the kind is, practicable, the individuals sub- proceedings of the year in each Congregascribing to the Society, be requested to: tion, and shall transmit the same to the communicate with the Depository through Society's Secretary, not less than fourteen the medium of the nearest Congregation days before the Annual Miceting ; inserto in which this plan is adopted.
ing therein any facts or suggestions “ Rule 9. That a Catalogue of the appearing to deserve the attention of the Tracts placed in the Depository and the Society; and that the Society's Secretary prices at which they are sold to Subscri- shall embody these into a general Report bers, be forthwith printed, and that a to be read to the Annual Meeting. copy be sent to each Subscriber, in order " 5. That the Minister be, ex-officio, that he may select such Tracts as he pre- a member of the Committee. fers, to the amount of his Subscription ; “6. That in each Congregation, for and that this Catalogue be rerised and every ten members the Committee shall receive additions at each Annual Meeting. appoint a Collector, who shall collect their
“ Rulo 10. In case the Local Societies Subscriptions either weekly, montbly, or neglect to claim Tracts to the amount of otherwise ; but if otherwise than weekly, their contributions within three months that the Subscriptions be paid in advice. after the Annual Meeting (notice of the “7. That conformably to this Regulaamount of such claims baving previously tion it shall be the duty of the Collectors been given by the Society's Secretary to to bring to the Quarterly Meeting in cach the Local Secretary, at least fourteen days Congregation a Statement of the Tracts before the expiration of that period,) the required by their Subscribers, along with claim shall lapse to the Society."* the Amount of Subscriptions ; and that
the Secretary shall unite these into one " The following Regulations are recom Statement, which he shall immediately
MENDED for Adoption, as far as may be transinit along with the money to the deemed e.rpedient, in the Congrega- Depository at Bradford. tions forming the Union,
8. That the Quarterly Meetings in "1. That the members of this Society cach Congregation bave power to modify , in each of the Congregations hold a Quar- these Regulations in any way that may be terly Meeting for the dispatch of busi- deemed expedient, provided there be noness. t
thing contradictory to the fundamental
Rules of the Society." * « Local Societies or Subscribers may transfer their claims, in favour of the Art. III.-An Essay on the Existence Vestry Library or Sunday Schools, on of a Supreme Creator, possessed of signifying the same through the Local
Infinite Power, Wisdom and Good Secretary to the Society's Secretary." + “ it is recommended that at every
ness, Sc. &c. Quarterly Mecting some one of the So
[Concluded from p. 538.] · ciety's Tracts be read : and likewise any Tracts which it may be the wish of any
ment of the difficulties regarding member to propose to the Society. And the Wisdom and Goodness of the the Society's Secretary shall send a copy of Deity, Dr. Brown treats briefly of the each new Tract to the Secretary in each Spirituality and Unity of God. With Congregatioa that he may circulate it regard to the Divine Unity his concepamongst the members."
" Note. It is recommended to form general to lend Tracts, rather than to Congregational or Vestry LIBRARIES in give them; as a Tract lent is more likely the respective Congregations ; apd also in to be read than one giren."