« AnteriorContinua »
are still in a state of trial, inay also prove troul of reason; the first motives to the salutary to other classes and orders of most abominable deeds--motives in thenrational creatures."-Vol. II. p. 211. selves sometiines laudable and often ippo. We do not deem it necessary to
cent: if we consider all this, we shall be follow Dr. Brown ihrough the re
led to acknon ledge that the greater part of
men sin more from, imprudence and error, maining parts of his work. We shall than from deliberate and desperate wich only add in respect to those that the edness, and that even crimes which appear worthy Principal is a very orthodox
to us invested with the most detestable and zealous believer in the comfortable colours, may to Him who looketh at the doctrine of original sin. His ideas on
heart, and knoweth all its springs and this subject are at least clear and con- modifications, appear more deserving of sistent, if not perfectly satisfactory. compa-sion, than of interminable umwiti. “ Whether, after the shock of sin was
gated punisbment. These reflections bare
sometimes occurred to me on the recital once given to man's nature, it could recover primitive innocence, is at least
of sone of the most atrocious crimes by matter of great doubt, and is a point which
wbich cur nature is degraded. Their I shall in the sequel endeavour to illus
motives can hardly be conceived by us trate according to the measure of my nal state of the bunan frane. T'he Lord
who have so little knon ledge of the interabilities. It is certain, if I may be allowed to employ so distant an analogy, that
sreth not as man seeth: for non looketh amoug the inferior animals, whole breeds at the outward appearance, but the Lord degenerate ; and that all the individuals looketh on the heart. Though, human of a succeeding race are affected by the judgments must be pronounced accordon; declension of the antecedent generation. to the evidence produced, yet that eriNay, we see in our own species, diseases dence cannot in many instances exhibit both of body and mind daily transmitted.
the exact moral complexion of the action
which is tried. Men inust therefore judge This may lead us in the mean time to conceive the fact, if not the manner of
of the saine action differently from Him
wbois Omuisciont and to whom certain the transinission of moral corruption !"Vol. II. p. 130.
deeds, characterized by the blackest fes
tures of external guilt, may appear less Upon the whole, we never recollect criminal, than eren some of those faults, to have read a book which so com. which in buman estimation, are bardly pletely disappointed our expectations. deserving censure."-Vol. II. p. 9. For the hovour of our age and country
S. S. we are sorry that it should have been found necessary to award such a prize Art. IV.-Twenty-one Short Forms of -to such a production. Yet occasion- Morning and Brening Prayers, for ally and for a paragraph or two there the C'se of families. Bv a Member occur some faint approaches to just of the British and Foreign Bible conception and to good writing. We
Society, and of the Society for shall conclude by extracting a passage Promoting Christian Knowledge. which affords a favourable specimen 12njo. pp. 144. Hunter. 1816. of the author's style and inanner. TIESE Forms are distinguished Had there been more of this kind, we should have read and commented on ity to the style of Scripture. They
by their simplicity and conform his work with much greater pleasure; breathe also a fine moral spirit, and in had there been nothing of it, we should not have deemed it necessary to
this respect are superior to almost all
the prayers that we have read. They notice it.
remind us of the con positions of the " When we consider the deep ignorance late Rev. Theophilus Lindsey, and in which so many of the human race are plunged, the cirur, whicle have been dred mind; artless, gentle, placid,
are evidently the production of a kintransmitted from generation to generation; the prejudices which adhere even to those
benevolent and aspiring towards pure,
hcareu. whose improvenient has not been entirely
The Forms are short, and might Blected; the defects of education both public and private; the false maxims
have been made shower, by the onise which withont dispute or inquiry arcsion, at least in all but the first, of established in the world; the power of
the Lord's Prayer. example, of habit and of temptation; the
This useful manual of devotion is mannkr in which the desires and passions introduced and coneluded with serious are imperceptibly excited and strength- and suitable exhortations and admo Chell, so that they bid dufiance to the cou- nitions.
Review.--Hyatt's Sermons at the Tabernacle.
611 Art. V.-Sermons on Select Sulojects : words and phrases and to consult po
By John Hyatt. 8vo. pp. 369. rity and elegance of language.
'These preachers think it necessary TR. JOHN HYATT is one of to prove nothing; every thing is taken
the temple of modern “ Evangelical” for every thing,—though it is seldom worship, and he has here favoured deemed requisite to justify the applithe public with ample specimens of cation o? the words of Scripture to the that kind of preaching which, through- preacher's subject. It seems as if mia out all England, is drawing the nister and people considered their creed multitude - away from their parish as matter of absolute certainty, and churches, and forming them into “a regarded it as the end of preaching peculiar people, zealous"--for a more to deliver out the articles of their rigid species of Calvinism than was faith, and to express pity for, or 10 laught by the mortal enemy of Ser- denounce judgments against, such as
cannot understand or will not entThe "
Evangelical”. preachers will brace them. not, we apprehend, object to Mr. In point of composition, the serHyatt's being considered as the repre- mons of Mr. John Hyati's class of sentative, as from his station he is the preachers are artless, to a degree that chief, of their order. He is regarded, borders on childishness. A whole we are told, as one of the best preach- paragraph will often consist of a selfers of the sect; and he appears to be a evident proposition, repeated in several - man of thought and to possess a vigo- forms, sometimes put in a broad rous imagination.
simile, followed by a set of Scripture “ Evangelical" preaching is, we quotations, unconnected and unexe need not say, preaching without book. plained, mingled with interjections, The preacher believes himself, and is and the whole concluded by an anecbelieved by others, to be under the in- dote, a dying experience, a stanza Auence of the Holy Ghost ; a written from Dr. Walls, or possibly a couplet discourse would stint the spirit, and, from Dr. Young. instead of the words of the Holy Perhaps, nothing has contributed Ghost, the speaker, degenerated to a more to ihe illusion which “ Evangereader, would utier ihe words of lical" or Tabernacle preaching bringe man's wisdom.
over the mind than its abounding in Extempore speaking is winning Scriptural quotations, which seen in from its familiarity, and, in Mr. John, invesı il with sanctity and solemnity, Hyatt's specimens, is rendered more and to cover its meagreness arid folly. attractive by certain tender appella. In a great mass of citations, some must tions by which the auditory is ad- be appropriate; and we have observed, dressed. Poor sinners ! Precious souls ! occasionally, in this volume, a happy, my dear friends! and other similar use of the sublime and affecting lanexpressions of endearment go, we guage of Holy Writ. Great wrong, imazine, a great way in helping for however, is done to the Bible, in the ward the effect of this strain of preach- ordinary way of selecting texts for this ing.
class of sermons; passages are plainly Mr. John Hyatt and his brethren taken more for sound than sense, and, are pleased with themselves for lower- whether moral, devotional, doctrinal, ing their discourses to the rude appre-' prophetic or historical, are forced ļo hensions of the lowest vulgar; not speak Tabernacle theology. once thinking that it is possible, or But the principal and most availing feeling that it is desirable, to improve part of « Evangelical" preaching is its their taste and enlarge their under-, damnatory style, its denunciation and standings. Hence they deal out com- description of the torments of the mon-places with great self complacency, damned in hell : this is the heavy and the merest troisins with a pom- artillery of Calvinism, with which the pousness which indicates self-admira-, least skilful engineer. can beat down tion. Their words drop from them. the proud heart and storm the stubborn with a volubility which makes the conscience. d great part of the conanuluitade stare ; for they , preach versions recorded in the Evangelical against eritics and would think it Magazine have been effected by the criginal to stay to sift and select sons of thunder; thundering, however,
as Dr. South remarks, from hell and vourable specimen of the preaching of not from heaven. To thoroughly ig- the Tabernacle school :norant, vicious men, it is in the nature
“ Grace is one of the most comprehenof things that such preaching should sive and interesting terms, with whicle be interesting and affecting: we be
any of mankind are acquainted. If its lieve that it rarely produces striking real importance was (were] understood effects on the minds of men of informa- and experienced by every one preseat, each tion and good moral habits.
cogntenance would brigbten, each beart But it is proper we should exhibit rould leap with joy, and all would rear Mr. John Hyatt himself to our readers: dily unite in expressing the sentiment af we shall select a few passages from hin the truly excellent Doddridgewhich explain the style of Tabernacle «Grace! 'tis a charming sound, preaching and illustrate some of our Harmonious to the ear.' remarks. In nothing is the good sense of a when its meaning is understood and its
“There is infinitely more in this tern, preacher more tried than in the an- blessings are realized; to encourage the nouncement and developement of the heart of man, than there is in all tbe terus plan of his discourse; his division, if by which the consequences of sin are txhe adopt one formally, should be na- pressed, to discourage. Grace is an effectural, simple and distinct, and the se- tual remedy for all the spiritual maladies veral branches of his subject should be of the soul. Sin has not produced an evil connected together and all appear im- in the nature of man, which grace cannot portant. The terms in which ihe plan effectually counteract, and finally remore. of a sermon is laid down should be Hath sin blinded the understanding ?plain and precise. Ingenuity and grace can enlighten it. Hath sin pereloquence should here be avoided ; a verted the will ?-grace can reduce it to painted, ornamented threshold would subjection. Are the affections defiled ? be a silly device even for the entrance grace can sanctify them. Is man impore
risbed ?--grace can curich bini. to a palace. We have not to blame Mr. John guilty ?-grace can pardon and justify: ls
ignorant?-grace can instruct him. Isle Hyatt for ingenuity or eloquence in
hc an heir of hell?-grace can make him this particular; he is, on the contrary, an heir of heaven. Nothing else bas ever bluni and quaint. The first sermon, performed such wonders. The loudest note for instance, “On the Importance of that is beard in glory sounds in praise of Meditation," from Gen. xxiv. 63, And grace. It is an inexhaustible theme; its Isaac went out to meditate in the field at wonders will be the even-tide, is thus divided :
• Ever telling--yet untold.'"-Pp. 28, 29. “Let us first notice the nature and im
The conclusion of the same sermon portance of the erercise mentioned in the text; secondly,
mention some suitable sub is in the terrific style which we have jects for the believer's meditation ; and
adverted 10 :thirdly, urge it upon Christians to imitate “ Is there in this assembly an individual Isaac in this exercise."-P. 4.
whose desperately wicked miod derires enSerinon IV. on “The Death of the couragement to sin from the aborndings of Righteous," from Numbers xxiii. 10, grace? Because God is able to make all Let me die the death of the righteous, and grace abound towards the chief of sinners,
are you resolved to try how far you can let my last end be like his, is thus di- proceed in a course of ungodliness ? Abovided :
minable wretch! bow knorest tbon but “From these words we shall observe, thy base determination is the effect of thy 1. Death is the common lot of mankind, having been giren up by the Almighty to both the righteous and the wicked must hardness of heart? How knowest thon but die. II. It is most desirable to die as the
God hath said concerning thee, 'Let him righteous die (dies], and that our end be
alone? Should this be the case, O! how like his. III. However desirable is [be] tremendous will be the end of thy mortal the death of the righteous, the wish for it thou do when the bcavens lower, and the
course! Miserable wretch! what wilt is vain, without a gracious change produced in the mind by the Holy Ghost.” tempest roars, whither in thine extremity P. 80.
wilt thou turn for shelter? Then, Do
voice of pity will address thinc ear, 770 The following extract from Sermon · place of refiige will encourage thy flight, II. on “ Abundant Grace," is a fa- but, without refuge and without kope,
Myati's Sermons at the Tabernacle.
613 Thou wilt be hurled to the dismal abodes of an enemy, is anxious to preserve them; everlasting despair."-P. 50.
she futters over her nest, thus exciting But this is feeble, compared with them to fly by her example; but the nestthe following address to an ungodly
lings are not sufficiently fledged for flight. winner,". [words which could not be her helpless brood, and leave them all ex
Wbat then will she do? will she forsake associated, with propriety, under any posed to the merciless foe? No, finding system but Calvinisin) in Sermon Ill., that they cannot by their own strength entitled, “The Christian's Desire of aroid the danger which threatens them, Heaven :"
-she takes them upon her wide-spread “ Ungodly winner, if you die in gour wings and bears them away to some place prescat state, when absent from the body of safety. Thus the Almighty secures his you will be present with the devil and in- people from the cruel designs of all their numerable fallen spirits in the world of potent and inveterate adrersaries. 0. ye endless misery. Thoughtless sinner, did persecuted and tempted saints, fear not! you see how near death is to you, and how
Wbile the eternal God can afford you supthis is the partition between death and port and protection, you shall not perish. hell, bow would you tremble bow ter
He will bear you as on eagles wings' to rible to die in your sins, and sink into the world af perfect and crerlasting felieverlasting darkness. You may now in- ctiy.”—Pp. 203, 204. deed enjoy health and rigour ; and anticipating many years in this world, nothing
In Sermon III., “The Christian's that we can say concerning death and Desire of Heaven," is some appearance eternal misery alarms you ; but your days of argument in favour of an intermeapon earth may be fewer than you expect diate state of conscious existence beyears ,yes, to-morrow, or before to- tween death and the resurrection; and morrow, death's cold hand may press hard this is almost the only passage we upon you, your countenance may be dis- hare observed in which there is any torted, your pulse irregular, and HORROR argument: the preacher has stated STARING FROM YOUR EYES, TERRIFY THOSE • ABOUT YOU ; sad state, unable to live, and scriptural proofs in favour of the popų.
pretty strongly and tolerably well the most reluctant to die. Your friends may lar scheme. He concludes with re: but alas ! they will not be able to afford pelling the interpretation put by the you the least relief; your unwilling soul Materialists on our Lord's address to at length may be forced out of her carthly the penitent malefactor; and finishes house,' then with a dismal groan she will with this burst of fanaticism and intoleave the world, TO GROAN IN HELL FOR lerance, which, we are happy to re. EVER."---Pp. 71, 72.
mark, is not countenanced by any siini
lar passage in the volume : Enough of this outrageous rant! fit only for Bedlam or the Court of In
in this way is Scripture tortured quisition. We gladly turn to the fol- and distorted, with a view to make himan lowing amplification of a pleasing souls sleep. One wonders that the wrath image of Scripture, occurring in Ser of God sleeps--- that it is not roused to remon VIII., entitled, “The Redeemer's sent such daring insolence in presumpSympathy,” from Isa. Ixiii. 9:
tuous naan."-P. 59. ***Ye hare scen (said God to the chil
Apostrophe is a favourite figure with dren of Israel) how I bare you on eagles the preacher of the Tabernacle-there wings, and brought you unto, imyself. is something ludicrous in the follow
The Lord's portion is his people, Jacob ing use of it, S. III. p. 73: is tbe lot of bis inheritance. He found kinı in a desart land, and in the waste how
“ Precious Bible! I love thce, because ling wilderness ; he led bim about, he from thee I have received_direction in instructed him, he kept him as the apple many difficulties, &c. &c. TABERNACLE, of his eye. As an eagle stirreth up her love thee, because within thee I have nest, fluttereth oser her young, spreadette often enjoyed the presence of my muchabroad her wings, taketh them, beareth loved Saviour; bere bave i beheld hie them on her wings, so the Lord alone did goings, &c.” lead, him, and there was no strange God with bim.' What a fine description of
The Sermons are fourteen in num'the tender care of. Jehovah towards his ber, but it is observable that there is people! The maternal eagle perceiving not one on a practical subject. This that her young ones are in danger from may be mentioned as anoiher feature
of modern “Evangelical" preaching; on Wednesday, June 5, 1816, before which is indeed explained to be preach- the Friends and Supporters of the ing up the DOCTRINES of grace.“ Ho- Unitarian Fund. By W. Broad. liness" is insisted on in several of these bent, Minister of the Unitarian Discourses, as we suppose it is in most Chapel at Warrington. 12mo. discourses bearing the Tabernacle stamp, pp. 36. Hunter and Eaton. the mint mark of orthodoxy; but we T seems strange that amongst such fear the common people would not understand by this term," doing justly as the truth of Divine revelation, there and loving mercy.” It imports some should be any division of opinion with thing done for them, rather than any regard to the duty of avowing it thing which they are to do. We shall openly and promoting it to the furnot, however, here borrow the lan- thest possible extent. Such division guage of the alarmists on the subject of of opinion however exists, though it. the anti-moral teachers, partly because is lessening daily; and Mr. Broadwe believe that it is commonly unjust, bent's Sermon will, we trust, increase and therefore mischievous, but princi- the number, already great, of those pally because Mr. John Hyatt has not that think that to hinder the truth provoked censure by a single remark when it may be furthered, is a species or expression, that we have met, in of unrighleousness. disparagement of good works and mo- Mr. Broadbent argues the subject ral worih.
coolly and charitably, and we see not These Sermons considered as the how the argument can be opposed by official homilies of the Talernacle or such as adnjit the truth of Christianity. “ Evangelical" pariy, present us with If divine truth be revealed, it must be the idea of a sect not far advanced in esteemed of supreme importance to knowledge and refinement; they can the happiness of mankind, and neibe relished only by persons of little in- ther piety nor benevolence can allow quiry and of niediocrity of talent. us to be indifferent to its success. The
same principles that in former times Art. VI.-.An Open and Fearless made martyrs, will at all times form
Avowal of the Unilarian Doc!rine Re- zealous proselytes. commended and Enforced. A Sermon preached at the Unitarian • Rom. i. 18. See Wakefield's TransChapel in Artillery Lane, London, lation and Note.
Inscription on a Tombstone in Cheshunt Whilst Friendship's joys expansive and Church-Yard.
And bliss domestie crown'd each passing THIS STONE
year, IS ERECTED IN MEMORY OF
Swift tew the bolt that sped bim to the THE REV, JEREMIAH JOYCE,
tomb : Who was Born Feb. 24, 1763, But check the bursting tear that mourns And Died June 21, 1816.
The task perform'd to humble mortalsgir'n, Ye who in solemo contemplation tread A sudden deatb's the easiest way to These precincts, sacred to the silent dead, Hear'n. Pause, and with rer’rence mark the spot, where rest
From the Portuguese of Bocage. HIS cold remains, who erst, with daunt. less breast,
When midst the busy world I found me Firm in his country's and in Freedom's Eagerly I look'd around me cause,
For a silent couch and a peaceful bome; Brav'd the dread peril of perverted laws. But alas ! I look'd in vain--where'er Though bold, yet gentle, bis well cultured I turned, but tumult and toil wero mind
thereGlowed with a generous love of human So I smiled contempt and I sought the kind,