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Intelligence.--Irish Presbyterian Association.

623 III. From the doctrines which are usually

The Rev. Robert Kell and the Rev. the occasion of persecution haring, as Mr. James Scott were appointed to preach on Corrie conceives, little or no connection the next Anniversary.

J. H. B, either theoretically or in fact with the proper discharge of the duties of life or with Irish Presbyterian Association. the formation of the character. Granting,

SIR, said he, that their doctrines are the doc- During a late visit to Cork, I was intrines of Scripture, will any one contend vited to attend a meeting of Christians that they are held forth to our belirí as beld on the 16th of July, at Bangun. matters of the first importance, that they The object of the association was to form are revealed as clearly as the great principles & friendly and religious union between of Christian morality, or the awful decla- the Presbyterian congregations of Cork ration of the resurrection of the dead, and and Bandon. It was the first meeting a future eternal state of retribution ? ever bold in the South of Ireland, with

The principles which bear inomediately such professed sentiments and prospects. on the conduct of mankind are the moral I sincerely trust it will prove a foundation principles : and the sanction which gives on which pure, rational religion will erect all their peculiar etticacy to religious prin- lier standard for ages yet to come. The ciples, is the doctrine of a future sta'e. congregation was numerous and highly For, what nioral principle can be more reputable. The public service was opened forcibly impressed upon the heart, on the by the Rev. James Armstrong, of Dublin, Trinitarian, than on the t'nitariau sys- in the most impressive manner, by reading tem? To what height of Christian per- and prayer ; after which the Rev. William fection can the one aspire, which the Hincks, of Cork, (colleague with the veneother may not humbly hope is attainable rahle Mr. Hort) preached from the words by him? On reading a treatise of Christ- of Paul to the Corinthians, “To us there ian morality, who can decide from its con- is but one God the Father, of whom are texts, what articles formed its author's all things and we in bim; and one Lord creed? In sketehing a picture of Christ- Jesus Christ, by whom are all things and iao perfection, where is the church in ve by him." The sermon was highly inwbich we may not find a model? He teresting throughout, and delivered in the surely has not read nach of Christian spirit of Christian nieekness united with bistory and has not seen much of Christian firniness of principle. The chief design sects, who has not found among the vo- the preacher had in view, was to affirm taries of the most discordant creeds, much and prove the Unity of God as satisfacof all that most adorns the Christian cha- torily declared in the Old and New Testaracter : and who would not be filled with inents; that Jesus Christ was a distinct - a holy transport, could he hope that in his being from the Father, deriving all his final doom, his soul might be with some authority and powers from him ; that all whom he could name, whose creed is much the blessings of the gospel proceeded from wore ample or much more scanty than his the unpurchased grace of God the Father; own. If the 'Trinitarian errs, he erts with and that Jesus Christ was the messenger almost all the learning and almost all the by and through whom the Divine mercy was virtue which have ever graced the Christian made known to the children of mankind. world :-if the Unitarian errs, bis errors After establishing in a masterly manner have been sanctified by the learning of a the above important poiots, he insisted not Lardner, by the saintly virtues of a Lindsey, only on the believing, but on the proprio by the talents of a Newton, a Locke, a ety and utility of publicly declaring our Priestley.

religious sentiments: herein nis arguments Mr. Bowen's discourse breathed through- are reasonable, strong and conclusive. out a pleasing spirit of piety and kindness. He remarked, with great judgment, the He earnestly recommended the union of more simple any religious system, diligence in the igrestigation of Divine easier will be its truths established and truth with manly courage and unwearied believed ; while on the contrary, the more zeal in its defence.

irrational and mysterious, the greater Fourteen ministers were present, viz. must be the dificulties to prove the Divine Messrs. Guy, Kell, and Kentish, of Bir origin. Many other observations were mingham; Small, of Coseley ; Scott, of made, exceedingly interesting and imporCradley ; Branshy, of Dudley ; James tant; a spirit of Christian candour, modeYates, lately of Glasgow; Corrie, of ration and charity is diffused throughout Handsworth ; Fry, of Kidderminster; the discourse, towards those Christians Lloyd, of Kingswood; Davis, of Oldbury; who think differently, so that bigotry forin Bowen, of Walsall ; Steward, of Wolver- no part. hamptog ; and Benjamin Carpenter, Jun. After the close of the public service, of Wymondley Academy.

sereral friends met together belonging to

the

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each congregation, and after dinner & cause he had not the Prayer-book in his string of resolutions were entered into with hand! J. Lane, another of Mr. Peyton's ser'a view to promote the religious interests of vants, corroborated the testimony of the last

each society, by the establishinent of half witness, but be would not swear that there yearly meetings to be alternately held at

were twenty persons present.--Mr. Besill, Cork and Bandon. Mr. Hincks was re- Counsel for Mr. Newstead, submitted to quested by the company preseui to print the Court, that the prosecutors had pot bis scrinon, to which he kindly consented; made out their case. Tbe Toleration Act and Mr. Armstrong was invited to preach requires that the place where any congrethe next sermou at Cork, to which he re- gation or assembly shall meet, at wbich plied, that if circumstances suited bis cop- there sball be present more thm twenty venience, he would cheerfully comply with persons, besides the family ami servants the wishes of his friends.

of the person in whose house such meeting I cannot help congratulating the friends shall be held, shall be certified and regisof rational religion on the coinmencement tered. In order, therefore, he contended, of so auspicious an event, when the power to render a religious meeting unlawful, of ancient prejudices and blind supersti- according to the provision of this act, tion too much prevail.

E. C. there must be present twenty persons of a. Birminghain, Aug. 26, 1816.

particular description of a certain class,

twenty, exclusive of the family and serMISCELLANEOUS.

vants of the owner or occupier of the place Prosecution of a Methodist Preacher. of meeting; but for aught the Court knew

At the General Quarter Sessions, hulden from the testimony of the witnesses, obe at Wisbeach, on tbe 17th of July instant, of whom could nol swear that there were a singular, and, happily, from the liberal twenty persons present,) the congregation temper of the times, a novel appeal came might be chietly composed of the fainily of before the magistrates for their determi- the owner of the field. He further connation; in which Robert Newstead, a tended, that a field is not a place which preacher, in the Methodist connexion, required registration : the term "place" was appellant, and the Rev. Algernon , of meeting is used throughout the act: Peyton, Rector of Doddiogton, and Tho- , and, in the 11tb section, that term is mas Orton, Esq. two of his Majesty's Jus- explained, and defined to be, a place with tices for the Isle of Ely, were respondents. . doors, bolts, bars, and locks. As thereIt appeared from the conviction, and the fore it did not appear in evidence that evidence adduced in support of it, that the there were twenty persons present of the offence with which Mr. Newstead stoud particular ,class required by the Act, and charged was, the collecting together a con- as a building, and not a field, was contemgregation or assembly of persons and preach- plated by the legislature, he contended ing to them, otherwise than according to that the conviction was unlawful, and the liturgy and practice of the Church of must be quashed.--Tbe magistrates, box.

England, in a Geld which had not been ever, confirmed it; and bence Mr. New-
. licensed. This was Mr. Newstead's crime; stead became liable to the penalty of tbirty
it was for this, that the Rererend Rector pounds, or to three months' imprison-
of Doddington, caused his fellow-labourer A case was demanded on the part
in the work of reformation to be appre- of Mr. Vewstead, for the opinion of the
hended; and that he and his brother Court of King's Bench ; but the prostein

Magistrates convicted him in the utmost tors having proposed to abandon the pro-
: penalty which the Toleration Act imposes ! secution, and engaged not to enforce the
Against the legality of this conviction penalties, the fricuds of Mr. Sexstead
Mr. Newstead appealed. After several withdrew their application, having ob-
objections bad been taken to the form of tained all they could desire. The question
the copriction, by Mr. Newstead's Coup- of right, howersr, between the Rector
sel, and which were over-ruled by the and the preacher remaios undecided. The
Court, Richard Vince, servant to Mr. writer of this article is assured, that Mr.
Peyton, prored that he heard Mr. Nex- Newstead, conscious of the purity of his
stead preach in a field at Doddiogton, on intentions, and feeling the firmeșt convic-
Sunday the 7th of April last; that he tion that no human authority had a right
preached contrary to the Liturgy of the to interfere in matters purely religious,
Church of England ; and that there were that peoal laws cannot be thrust betweeu
more than twenty persons present. On his man and his Maker, without a violation
cross-examination, he admitted that he did of the inalienable rights of conscience and
not know what it was he preached, whe- of private judgment, was prepared to sub-
ther it were a prayer or a sermon; it was mit with cheerfulness to the consequences
something, but he knew not what; and of bis actions; and that he envied not the
that he knew he preached contrary to the Reverend Rector the possession of those
Liturgy of the Church of England unly be feelings and motives, which could iaduce

ment.

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625

State of Public Affairs. him to instigate and carry on this prosecu- with recommendations to persons to fartion. No one can differ more widely in ther his interests. On bis arrival, howhis religious sentiments than the writer ever, he went to the Society for the Cou from both Mr. Peyton and Mr. Newstead;, version of the Jews, and tendered himself but God forbid that he sbould use against as disposed to abandon the religion 'in them any weapons but those of reason which he was educated. He was in consand persuasion. He did, hope that the sequence adopted a member of that Socitemper of the times had shamed tbem out ety, and received some assistance. Some ut Persecution and latolerance; and he is days afterwards, be called on him, and reluctant even now to give up the hope told him lie had something to inform trim that these monsters sleep never to wake of, which be thought of importance to igain.-Stausford News.

poor cws: be then described the enceu

ragement which the Society. were disposed Society for Converting the Jews. to give to any who were willing to become Four Dutch Jew merchants and two Christians,-to this be added the enomeother persons of the same persuasion in ration of the cames of several persons who this country, named Solomoos and Abra- tad pretended to become Christians, but hams, attended at the Mansion House at who were Jews at heart, and who bad got the instance of another Dutchinan, who ample sums from the Society; he for stated that he belonged to the Society for one, le said, had taken tbe same course, the Conversion of the Jews: he stated bis and although be hated the Christian reliDane to be Mecbiz, that he had bat re- gion, should make the most of the Society. cently arrived from Holland, and bad be- Understanding that it was the intention come a Christian, On his arrival, he had of some of his (Mr. Solomons') friends to introductions to several Jews, and among do something for this nim, he had fout it otbers Mr. Solomons, in the neiglibonr- his duty to inform then of the principles hood of Soho Square. This gentleman he had arowed; he accordingly wrote him took bim into a private room and lectured a letter, in consequence of which, wben hiin on the impiety of his embracing the the complainant maile bis appearance, he Christian faith, of which he (Mr. Solo- was turned out of the house. The Lord mous) spoke in the snost blasphemous Mayor said he had bimself contributed language. Some days afterwards, witness to the Society alluded to, and very much was invited to dine at a house in Dukie's feared his money bad produced very little place, with some Dutch Jews : be went good; he had reason to beliere that many there, but instead of a good dinner, was designing persons had imposed upon the assaulted by the persons present, and he Society merely for fraudulent purposes. at length escaped in the greatest terror of Whether the story now told was correct or his life. This conduct he attributed to not, he could not say; but at all events the fact of his having ceased to be a Jew. We could only recommend the injured In opposition to this statement, Mr. Solo- party to prefer an indictment against the mons represented, that the complainant persons by whom he stated bimself to bad been in great distress in Holland, have been so ill treated. that sereral of the Jewish merchants Public Ledger, August 19, 1816. clothed bin, and sent him to England,

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MONTHLY RETROSPECT of PUBLIC AFFAIRS;

OR, The Christian's Survey of the Political World. THE last month was distinguished hy any who before him filled the magisterial remarkable occurrence in the Metropolis, chair. The Common Hall, alive to his ruethe re-election of the Lord Mayor to the rits, displayed by the show of hands á very odice which he has for the last year sop- commanding majority in bis favour; yet. ported with so much honour to himself, the Alderman who was next in rotation and advantage to the city. Perhaps there thought it right to demand a poll, and never was an instance in which all parties thus gave the opportunity to the friends concurred so completely with respect to of his Lordship to come forward, and the character of the person who was thus prove by a very great majority bow Ligh highly bonoured; for though firm in his he stood in the estimation of his fellowpolitical principles, and those principles citizens. By the constitntion of the city, were in opposition to what had had the the members of the Conimon Hall present ascendancy for many years, yet in erery two candidates to the Conrt of Aldermea instance all parties had reason to be satis- to elect one, and in this case though the fied with him; and for zeal, activity and later did not fuel exactly like the Commna integrity he basis aot been surpassed by Wall, and the ideas of rotation might have

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an impression on their minds, yet his now thoroughly understood, and the adLordship was returned by them as the new vantages of adhering to it being very Lord Mayor elect, and was to the satis- much diminished, its zealons advocates faction of every one, who is gratified at are becoming less active, and so many the honours bestowed on real merit, and have suffered from its presalence, that no sensibile of the benefits of his administraó' new adherents are to be expected in the tion, invested with a second chain.

rising generation. Tbe idea of rotation, or that every Al- The above remarks on the pretensions of derman should in his turn be Lord Mayor, rotation may be applied to many other siis of weigbt with those who do not rightly milar cases, where people are inclined to consider the nature of election, and who give up the use of their reason, and to be are guided by precedent rather than rea- guided by mere precedent; to be slaves to son. If rotation is allowed, then what paper documents instead of listening to the need is there of a Common Hall to fix dictates of conimon sense'; being scrvants upon two candidates for the office? The of the letter, not of the spirit. This is two next to the chair might be presented no common case, but it is hoped that few of to the Aldermeu, and the first returned the readers of this survey are led away by without any form of meeting. But this such notions. They will examine for themwould be taking away from the freemen selves, and act upon higher principles, retheir right of choice; and as the Alder- flecting that, even in the votes they may be men - are not elected by the whole body, called upon to give, there is a duty which but each separately by his own ward, it they owe to tbenıselves and their country, would be giving to each ward the right of not to be frittered away by paltry consiappointment in succession, to the highest derations. otice of the city. If, therefore, a ward The account of several parts of the counfrom certain causes should elect an im- try has been melancboly from tumults, that proper person in the opinion of the other hare arisen from the depressed state of the wards, yet the right of setting him aside manufactures, particularly those of iroo. is destroyed by this pretended right of They have been quieted by the interference rotntion.

of the civil power, which prevents indeed Again, when a person has distinguished the injuries that misguided meo may do to himself by everything valuable in the themselves and their employers, but still character of a magistrate, as in the case of their situation is a call upon the benero: the present Lord Mayor, and the re-elec- lence of others, which happily in this coun. tion of him might be bighly advantageous try will not be denied. To add to this to the city by the completion of the plans distress a rery extraordinary wet season has which he bad formed in his first mayor- been highly injurious to the harvest, and alty, yet according to the strange notion the ports will soon be opened to our reliefg of rotativo, the city is to be deprired of which, from the Corn Bill, so injudiciously, the benefit of his services, because forsooth passed two years ago, have been sbut, the next person conceived that it was bis Thus, to add to our distresses, the bread next turn to fill the office, and he must be has been made dearer, and with all the supe forced upon the city, though perhaps the plies to be expected from abroad, it is not consequence would be the paralysing of likely that it should be lowered during the all the efforts of his predecessor. In fact approaching winter. It is our duty to subit is necessary to mention only these few "mit with resignation to this dispensation of circumstances to shew the absurdity of the Proridence; and every one liigb or low, notion of rotation, which may be a tole- must endeavour to alleviate as much as rably good rule not to be broken into, possible the calamity. except on such occasions as presented Meetings have been held in several parts theniselves at the last election.

of the country, to take into consideration But the re-election of the Lord Mayor those distresses, and in most of them resois of consequence in other respects, as it lutions have been passed. containing very manifests the declining influence of those severe animadversions on the state of the persons who bad for many years exercised House of Commons, and the representation a very great sway in the metropolis. The of the country. The facts, authorized in person next in rotation was a very decided the House of Commons itself, and no where advocate for the line of politics maintained contradicted, of the imperfection in the by that party, and erery nerre was strained representation, the corruption attending to promote his election. Yet with every the election of representatives, and the degree of exertion on the one side, and on places and pensions held by the members, the other every thing being left to the are particularly dwelt upon; and as the spontaneous movements of the electors, abuses are now universally known and felt, the rotation candidate could not obtain it is to be hoped that the remedy of them nearly half as many votes as bis Lordship. will no longer be delayed. . Tbc House of Indeed the principles of that party being Commons is indeed by no means wbat it is

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represented in theory. Three circumstan- reformers then promote virtuous edueaces have principally led to the change in tion and right principles, and then a the nature of that body.

House of Coninous, the free objects of The first is the innovation introduced in their choice, will be found capable of the reign of Henry the Eighth, of goveruing framing good laws for the public welfare. • by sessions of parliament, instead of par- France is exhibitiog to the world a speJiaments called for the business of the cimen of represeutatire government. AH nation, and dissolved as soon as that bu- the accounts, if they may be depended siness was performed. Before that time, upon, manifest how little sensible that two parliamenis have been beld in a year; nation is of the value of such a gorernafter the innovation was made, a lengthened ment, how incapable they are of acting op term was thought more convenient, and by to the principles of enlightened patriotthat very improper bill now called the sep- ism. If in our country there are men tennial act, parliaments are familiarly looked so desperately wicked as to use the name upon as for seven years daration, and the of government in the election of a member price of seats in the House is adjusted upon of parliament, still they have not tbe that principle.

audacity to commit their crimes in the The second circumstance is the allowance face of day. It is done privately and of placemen and pensioners to sit in the secretly. Their menaces or their bribes House : the consequence of which is, that are conveyed with a certain degree of in certain questions the roles of members decorum, a tacit confession, that they are may be determined by their situation, not traitors to their country, in abusivg their hy the propriety of the measure. This is an otices, and betraying even the government evil, intended to be guarded against by our they pretend to support. But in France ancestors; and now, when a member takes it is said, that the name of the king is a place under government, a new election publicly made use of, and persons are de must be made for his town, borough, coun- signated as being agreeable or disagreeable ty, but the placeman by sciog re-elected, to him, who onght not in any way whatever returns to his seat, and thus it is in the to interfere in the choice of the people. power of the proprietor of a vorough to The result of the elections is said to be frustrate the intentions of the bill, by favourable to the ministers ; that is the which placemen were excluded.

Ultra-royalists will not have the asceudThe third circumstance is, that many ancy in their new that they bad in the boroughs have through course of time last parliament. This will be a bappy greatly decayed, but the right of elrction thing for France, as tiat wretched counremaining in them, they become the pro- try may bave a chance for something like perty of a few individuals. Thus London goverument, if it has got rid of the ignois represented by four members, but cer- rant and prejudiced men, who would have tain individuals in the country have twice restored all the iniquity of bigotry, by that number placed in the House by their which the Bourbou administration, parinfluence, and expected to rote according ticularly under the reign of Louis XIV. to the inclination of their principal. had been distinguished. One circum

Wbilst these abuses prevail it is in- stance is favourable to their country: proper to say that the Commons in En- these Ultra-royalists, who were the first gland are represented in parliament, or to destroy the liberty of the press, pow. that tbe original institution is pre- feel the eifects of their own base measures, serred; and it is not to be wondered at, and begin to find out the benefits of its that in the legal and constitutional meet- freedom. The police too, whose arbitrary ings of the country such abuses are in- sway they admired, whilst they thenreighed against. But though every friend selses governed its secret springs, bas of his country would gladly see these been a great curb to them ; and, in fact abuses destroyed, yet we must not be so tbey are compelled now to acknowledge, sanguine in our expectations as to expect that something niust be done for the pubthat the reform of parliament would bclic as well as themselves. The debates the panacea for all our evils. Indeed had therefore of the new legislative body will the people been fairly repres-nted in the be interesting. House of Commons, no such measure as The King of Holland has opened his the late very injurious bill tile Corn Bill parliament at Brussels by a speech from could bave passed, a measure as injurious the throne, in which he laments the into the land owners interest, which it was crease in the price of provisions from the intended to protect, as it bas been burtful unfarourable weather that has prevailed to the manufacturing and commercial in on the Continent ; speaks of measures to : terests, which it has nearly ruined. But be introduced favouring industry, com- ; still if the government of a country de- merce and works of public utility, of some pends more on the people, the more statement of expenditure and income, of requisite it is, that that people should be changes of territory with Prussia, of the well instructed and virtuous. Let the formation of a militia and a completo

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