Imatges de pÓgina



less conspicuous. Let our preachers as much devoted to study as a faithful have their thoughts absorbed in their transaction of the trust committed to subject, when they write and when me would permit. No subject has oc. they speak, and I am disposed to think cupied more of my consideration than they will make very few allusions our relations with all the beings around either to the person who is teaching, us, our duties to them, and our future or to the process by which he acquired prospects. After hearing, all which the ideas he is communicating. L. probably can be suggested concerning

them, I have formed the best judgment Letier of Mr. Jefferson's (on Religion,) I could as to the course they pre

in Answer to one from a Quaker. scribe, and in the due observance of

[From Niles's American Register.] that course, I have no reflections Copy of a Letter addressed ly to which give me uneasiness. An elo

Thomus Jefferson, dated 29th 8th Mo. quent preacher of your religious so 1813.

ciety, Richard Moti, in a discourse of ESTEEMED FRIEND THOMAS much unction and pathos, is said to JEFFERSON,

have exclaimed aloud to his congreHAVE for years felt at times af- gation, that “ he did not believe there

was a Quaker, Presbyterian, Metho. for thy salvation: to wit, the attain- dist, or Baptist in heaven." Having ment, while on this stage of time (in paused to give his congregation time to the natural body) of a suitable portion stare and to wonder, he added, that, of dirine life, for otherwise we know “ in heaven God knows no distinction, little more than the life of nature, and but considered all men as his children therein are in danger of becoming in- and brethren of the same family." I ferior to the beasts which perish, in believe with the Quaker preacher, that consequence of declining the offers of he who observes these moral precepts, divine' life made to every rational in which all religions concur, will being. But I have long had better never be questioned at the gates of hopes of thee, and have thought (parti- heaven as to the dogmas in which all cularly in our little quiet meeting differ: that on entering there, all these yesterday) that thou hast been faithful are left behind us, and the Aristideses (at leasi) over a few things, and wish and Catos, the Penns and Tillotsons, thou mayest become ruler over more, Presbyterians and Papists, will find and enter into the joy of our Lord, and themselves united in all the principles into his rest ; and it occurred in order which are in concert with the Supreme thereto, that we should become Christ- Mind. Of all the systems of morality, ians, for he that hath not the spirit of ancient or modern, which have come Christ, is none of his, and this know- under my observation, none appears to ledge and belief is, I think, strongly me so pure as that of Jesus. "He who insisted on by divers of the Apostles follows this steadily, need not, I think, who had personally, seen, and were be uneasy, although he cannot comeve-witnesses to his Majesty, particu. prehend the subtleties and mysteries larly in the Mount, and others who erected on his doctrines by those who, had not that in view, which however, calling themselves his special followers was insufficient to perfect them, and and favourites, would make him come was to be taken away that they might into the world to lay snares for all un. be more effectually turned to that spirit derstandings but theirs. Their metawhich leadeth into all truth, whose physical heads usurping the judgmentpower alone is able to reduce the spirits seat of God, denounce as his enemies of nature to suitable

silence and sub- all who cannot perceive the geometrical mission. Thy Friend,

logic of Euclid, in the demonstrations of St. Athanasirs, that three are one,

or one three. In all essential points, Reply ly Thomas Jefferson. you and I are of the same religion, and SIR,

ham too old to go into the unessentials. I HAVE duly received your favout Repeating, therefore, my thankfulneis

. of August 29, and am sevsible of the for the concern you have been so good kind intentions from which it flows, as to express, 1 salote you with friend. and truly thankful for them, the more ship ayd brotherly love. as they could only be the result of a fa

T. JEFFERSON. vourable estimate of my public course Monticello, Sept. 18, 1913.

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Original Sin.

649 SIR, Bath, 9th Nov. 1816. of life. If we therefore pray in his VOUR Correspondent Sigma (p. name whilst we know ourselves to be

514) bas made many good ohsere the servants of sin, we pray for our vations upon what is usually termed the condeinnation. We should, therefore, doctrine of Original Sin.' I wonder, be prepared with holy hearts, to desire however, that he has not noticed the always 10 walk in the ways of right18th chap. of Ezekiel, in which that in- eousness and truth, according to the pious doctrine is so clearly and empha- clear declarations of the blessed Gospel, tically condemned. There the prophet, when we presume to pray in his name: speaking in the name of the Lord, asks otherwise we act more unadviseably the people of Israel why they used this than those who never pray at all, unless proverb, saying, the fathers have eaten they humbly pray for pardon, accept. sour grapes, and the childrens teeth are ance, and to be wholly devoted to all set on edge: and there they are also as- piety and goodness. sured that they should no longer have Having still some room, I announce any reason to make use of this proverb. to you the opening of a very large For, behold all souls are mine; as the Methodist chapel at Bath. On che soul of the father, so also the soul of front of this building is inscribed, Deo the son' is mine: consequently the Sacrum, in capitals. I wish to be in. souls of all his descendants, as well as formed what they inean by Deo. Do the soul of their first progeniior, are they mean the One Father of all, or the offspring of God. It is added, The do they mean Jesus Christ, contrary soul that sinneth, it shall die. There to his own declaration? Or do they fore no man nor men shall be con- mean Trinity, according to the idolademned for the crimes of any of his trous doctrine of the Church of Rome, ancestors, but every man for his own and of some other churches? transgressions only. The just, or

W. H. righteous man, shall surely live, saith 'the Lord God. On the other hand, if Mr. Cornish's Communication of a curious this just man beget a wicked and inn- Ecciesiastical Document, with his Reply peniten son, he shall surely die, his and Remarks, and of Two Letters of blood shall be upon hiin. li' he, how- the late Dr. Toulmin's. ever, have a son, who seeth all his fa

Colyton, Seplemler 27th, 1816. ther's sins which he hath done, and Sir, doeth not such like, he shall not die for the iniquity of his father

, bun shaie THOUGHI personally unknown to

you, I am in habits of particular surely live. The soul that sinneth, it, friendship with many of your corrcthat is, it alone, shall die. Then 'fol- spondents and constant readers, several lows hope for the truly penitent and of wliom have been very desirous that despair for every one who forsaketh a letter addressed to me by four minisrighteousness and becomes iniquitous. ters, with my reply, might be inserted] In short, this chapter is a complete in the Monthly Repository, confutation of all the assertions which The excellent Dr. Toulmin, who ever have been, or ever shall be intro- began his ministry at Colyton, was for duced, in support of the doctrine of fifty years my tried and faithful friend, Original Sin.

and between him and the society here In the next place, I wish your readers a mutual regard and attachment conto consider what is the real meaning of tinued to the close of his valuable life. praying or doing any thing in the name in all my personal and ministerial conof Christ. There is a letter in the cerns he felt a warm interest. The Theological Repository, which had the attention paid to his memory, by others, full approbation of Dr. Priestley: that and particularly my good Brother Howe, letter clearly shewed, that doing any in the Monthly Repository for January thing in the name of Christ, means last, rendered any particular notice from acting as his disciples: we should me unnecessary. The letter and my therefore seriously consider, whe: we reply were put into his hands, to propray in his name, what we call down cure his opinion as to the publication upon ourselves, if we be engaged in of them. His various engagements, alany iniquitous practices. As his dis- tended with bodily indisposition, and ciples, we inust depart from every his lamented death, prevented the corkoown transgression, and cultivate respondence, as I have no doubt, from every virtuous sentiment and holiness being forwarded in due time to you.

Though often urged, I had given up the and supremacy of the One God, and idea of bringing it forward now; but a the honour and dignity of the One judicious and amiable friend (Dr. Car- Lord Jesus Christ. penter) lately urged the publication as On my last visit to London, in 1800, a curious anecdote in private ecclc. that able supporter of the Dissenting siastical history.

cause, my friend and correspondent Some of my friends were for giving Mr. Palmer, of Hackney, informed me the names of the ministers; others of an attempt made by some connected with myself thought it better not to with the Hoxton Academy, which had "publish them. They themselves might given him such disgust, that he intended hereafter see the impropriety of their and I believe had withdrawn his subconduct; and the feelings of many scription. A letter had been written of their particular acquaintance, who to a member of the congregation a highly disapproved this part of their Kingstou upou Thames, concerning conduct, urge the suppression. If the low state of the interest there, and without them you think fit to insert proposing that they should dismiss their proposal and my answer, both are their thien minister, giving him a year's at your service.

salary or so, and take one of their conIt will give satisfaction to many re;

nection in his room. The indignation spected friends at a distance, should of the whole society was excited, an the letters appear, to be informed that attachmeut to their inivister increased, not one of my little flock has deserted and some years afterwa ds, when by me. A place has been built and opened his removal and that of one of the most these two years: though small, it is active members (with whom I am well only occasionally well filled; those re acquainted) regular preaching was disgularly attending are few, and such as continued, none joined the independent before went

to some neighbouring place, which possibly most of them places. Strangers who contributed on might have done, had it not been for the representation given that the place the ungenerous proposal made by some would be thronged by those who could of that party, which somewhat renot find the way to heaven without this sembles that sent to aid, have been deceived.

JOSEPH CORNISH. The enclosed letters from the guide P.S. Mr. William Morgan, in bis of my youth, when I was a student at Life of his Uncle, Dr. Price, thus Hoxton, under those able tutors, Dr. writes: “ ** I have often heard him say, Savage (the intimate acquaintance and that his attendants were now so few, successor in his congregation to the as to make it impossible for him to be renowned Dr. Watts), Dr. Kippis and animated before such an assembly; nay Dr. Rees, are at your service. They that he thoughi every attempt at exshew at what period, when be' was ertion or energy would be completely about 30, Dr. Toulmin began to alter ridiculous." Pp. 30, 31. his views, always the result of previous But he writes in another place, p. 28, diligent inquiry; and his not having " Although grieved and dispirited, he brought off' me from what is distin- never uttered a murmur of discontent. guished by the name of the high, very In time he became fanıiliarized to those high Arian scheme, never withdrew scenes which had at first so deeply de from me his most affectionate regards pressed his spirits; and though always or interrupted our ministerial con- affected by them, he so far recovered nection.

himself as to divide bis bours more Mr. Moffat, ever pious and progress. equally between the study of philosoirely liberal, carried on his useful mi- phical and religious subjects, and to nistry at Nailsworth, and honourably review the result of his labours in both concluded them at Malmesbury, several through a less gloomy and discouraging vears since. Mr. Ward, whose valuable medium." life Dr. Toulmiu recorded in the Pro- The close of Dr. Price's ministry at testant Dissenters' Magazine, adopted Poor Jewry Lane, was the periol to modern L'nitarian ideas, or at least which Mr. Morgan refers. I'was then inclined to them. Dr. Amory, and his a frequent hearer of that admirable friend (whom I had the honour also preacher, and used to wonder that disto call mine) the veuerable Mr. Tow- courses delivered with so much anima. good, ever adhered to Dr. Clarke's tion and such cominanding seriousness, ideas, as securing effectually the unity did not attract a numerous audience.

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With his Reply and Remarks, and of Two Letters of the late Dr. Toulmin's. 6519 Some who attended, I know, like my- love," and which his uncle Grove and self, were warm admirers; and though himself had long inculcated, would he might feel discouraged, and full of still continue to be held forth in his modesty as he was, be insensible of native town, and among the posterity the energy with which he spoke, his of his beloved hearers. inanner as well as his matter deeply affected all serious hearers.

Colyton, Devon, April 28, 1814. Had it been the Doctor's infirmity To the Rev. Mr. Cornish. to be unable to attempt exertion, his Rev. AND DEAR SIR, example in this respect should by no WERE we to regard our own feelmeans be imitated. Small congrega- ings only in making you this joint tions may be made less through want address, we should be disposed to preof exertion in their minister; the im- face it with a Jong apology for interprovement of every individual present fering in a point in which

you are so should be a point continually kept in deeply interested. Be assured, dear view, and how few soever the number Sir, it is far from our intention to of hearers inay be, the preaclier is wound them in the slightest degree. bound in duty to exert his best abi- A sense of duty to the great head of lities.

the Christian church, and a sincerc Mr. Morgan might have drawn up regard for the spiritual eternal welfare a. more interesting memoir, though of our fellow-creatures, are the princiwhat he has written is acceptable. pal motives which have prevailed upon Some account of Dr. Price's associates us ibus to address you. would have been pleasing: At Poor We are given to understand that Jewry Lane his fellow-labourer was the Dissenting interest at Colyton has the accomplished Mr: Radcliffe. That not been of late years in that flourishhe declined preaching for many years ing state

which doubtless you yourself before his death was much to be re- wish. The attempt which has been gretted. He continued, however, a lately made to gain the attention of steady adherent to the cause which he the people to a concern for their spihad so ably served in the pulpit, yet ritual good, seems to have been atthe continuance of his services there tended with a Divine blessing. The might have proved of essential benefit. attendance is very considerable and The truly respectable Mr. White, of would in all probability be much the Old Jewry, was chosen afternoon grcater were there a suitable place of preacher at Hackney, when Dr. Price worship. A plan has been proposed became pastor; and the excellent and in part proceeded upon, for fitting Dr. Amory succeeded in the morning up a more commodious house. The service at Newington Green, conti- expence attending this object would nuing, his services at the Old Jewry be considerable, though no doubt the other part of the day, Mr. White might be effected. being co-pastor there with him. Dr. Having understood this to be the Amory and Dr. Price were kindred situation of things, it has occurred to souls.' The best qualities which can uis, that, as you are now advancing in adoru. Christian ministers, and the years, and may not be so well able to most amiable dispositions as ntembers make those exertions which are neof society, distinguished both. Never cessary to gather and keep together a hrad a small or any congregation two congregation at all numerous, you preachers more worthy of their' most night feel disposed to give up the serious and attentive regard. Dr. meeting-house which you occupy into Amory, during his long residence at the hands of approved trustees, inTaunton, was much esteemed by and order to accommodate those who are: frequently preached to the respectable evidently willing to attend the miniso Baptist Society there. He expressed try of the young men who have to me the great pleasure he felt when preached to them the word of life. Mi. Toulmin was fixed in it. Mr. If this proposal were acceded to on Ward his successor was advancing in your part, much experice would be years, as were the principal supporters saved in building, &c. and we shoulda of the place where Dr. Amory had conceive it would be much more to officiated. He rejoiced, therefore, in your satisfaction to see the place the thought that those sentiments of where you have so long laboured and ! religion-which represented God “as in which doubtless you feed an inte i your friends

rest, filled with hearers anxious to myself and as my own personal act learn the way to heaven, though that to give up the place where my hearers way night be pointed out with ano-, assemble), so unfeeling and insulting a ther finger than your own, than to proposal. preach to a few individuals in your Could four such lost to every feeling own meeting-house, while you knew becoming men and Christians have that another in the same town was done it, to a minister of an approved thronged.

character for more than forty years, To impart the greatest good to the and to whom the Almighty graciously greatest number of their fellow-crea- continues decent abilities for public tures, is the high motive which has service; a large majority of their peoaperated with those who are interested ple and I believe many open-hearted in the support of the infant cause at Jaymen of your connection would have Colyton.

joined in saying, “ Fie upon them, Private feelings as well as private fie upon them." interests must give way to the public I found the society at Colyton very good. We hope this sentiment will small; for some years it increased ; by Be adopted and acted on by all con- deaths and removals it is again less. cerned, and trust you are so much in- ened. Should you and terested in the general welfare of man, think the cause of religion will be especially in the salvation of his soul, served by erecting a new place here, that whatever will contribute most any real good done will rejoice the eflectually to this end, and depends on heart of your sincere well-wisher, you, you will not withhold.

JOSEPH CORNISH. You will readily believe we can P.S. I was much impressed in have no other interest to serve than early life with a remark of good Mr. that of the cause of God and truth, Lavington's, in his Charge to Mr. Ste and to support and promote that we phens, at Axminster, 1772. “ Should stand pledged. We beg leave there ihe number of your hearers Jessen, do fore to make this friendly proposal for not be discouraged so as to grow remiss your consideration, trusting you will in your endeavours; remember Jesus see how much public yood may arise Christ preached an excellent sermon from acceding to it, as well as how to one woman.' probably you may expect therein the Divine approbation.

Extracts by Joseph Cornish. Your reply may be addressed if you Mr. Lavington being deservedly please to either of the undersigned. a favourite author with his party, I

Wishing you health and prosperity directed my correspondents to a pasunder the Divine blessing, We are, sage, Vol. 1. p. 320, of his Discourses Rev. and Dear Sir,

addressed to a Minister. Your's respectfully, “Suppose you have been unusually

earnest for many sabbaths following,

in exhoruing sinners, and beseeching. To Mr. 8. B. C. D.

them by the mercies of God to be Colyton, May 1814. reconciled, you find yourself so as. TO prevent my being troubled sisted in your preparations, and so again with such a letter as came by animated in the delivery of these dispost, signed by yourself and Messrs. courses, that you are strongly perB. C. Ď. is my only reason for send. suaded of being remarkably successing any reply. Mr: -may possi- ful; and every time you let down the bly blush hereafter at recollecting that net, you seem assured of inclosing a his name appeared. Of Mr. — mulutude of fishes: now, if after alt entertain less hope. At Mr. — if it you catch nothing; if you cannot perbe Mr. the elder and not his son) ceive that one soul has been conand yourself I am astonished. Those verted by all your prayers and preachof niy little flock to whom the lettering, and, in short, that for aught has been shewn, feel most indignant. that appears, you have laboured in I am persuaded that four ministers vain, and spent your strength for could not be found in the kingdom nought; do you noi think it possible amongst those disposed to exchange that pride may suggest what sig.. pulpiis with me, who could have vifies my toiling, if God give not made so unjuist (for you desire me of his blessing? No man could exert


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