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Review.Wilson's Dissenting Churches. the testimony of that learned father to the in lines which have at least the merit Unitarianisni of the Hebrew Christians of of exactly expressing our sentiments : bis own tipe remains unimpeached--the probability of a similarity of faith in the
Ibi beatus dissidentes adspicis primitive jewish believers is confirmed Volta sereno, quique dente te petit, and the conclusion, that the Unitarian Tembis rualignum et obstrepentium gregem.
Macte boc hoitore, perge sanctæ paginæ doctrine was that which Cbrist and his apostles tanght, is manifest and unde- Adferre lumen spiritu plenus sacro, niable. Since, therefore, the mighty Da- Supraîne sulgum credere (baud nefas tibin gon of these lords of the Philistines has Amice perge, salva dum sit upitas, thus fallen prostrate before the Ark of Et dum recepta casta servetur fides. Truth, these illustrious critics are at full liberty to impute whatever share they Art. 11.- The History and Antiquities please of this happy result to the rest of Dissenting Churches, &c. less and meddling confidence of Mr. B.'
(Continued from p. 549.) “ But wby need they attack the character of the renerable Mosheim, to whose
R. WILSON has great merit ia M
bringing to light obscure but learned and indefatigable labours every friend of truth and biblical literature ac
not uninteresting characters. One of
these is Thomas Bauvriry, who about knowledges vuoqueakable obligations, notwithstanding the error into wbich he has the close of the seventeenth century, falled in the present instance When
was pastor of an Indepetedent church, will theological writers learn to conduct meeling in Cullers' Hall, Cloak Lane. their inquiries with candour, and to dis. He was a busy and adventurous wrimiss their differences of opinion with good ter on prophecy; and, unfortunately temper and good manners !"— Pp. 128– for his reputation, assigued dates to his 132.
predictions. Smitten with admiraThe able, tearned and successful tion of the Protestant Hero, William champion of the Unitarian cause ibus 111. and of the Revolution of 1688, concludes this interesting work :
he foretold in that year, that within “ 'To Bishop Burgess, I now once more the milleniuin conimence. The app
ten years the papacy would perish and bid farewell. in these discussions, into pointed period arrived and the Pope which I hare been involuntarily dragged, I trust that I have not been deficient in that of the world as far as cver from
was yet in power and the kingdoins respect which is due to his Lordship's acknowledged talents and learning, to his Christian trods and purity and peace. private virtues, and to his elevated rank Disappointed and mocked, Beierley and station in society, and that upon all retired from the world to indulge bis occasions I have treated him with as nucb speculations in private. Our author civility and deference as was consistent has enumerated Thirty-two of his pub with a supreme regard to truth.. If I have lications, chiefly relating to his risionexposed the futility of his Loudship's argu- 'ary expectations. (II. 63–66.) ments, and the great impropriety of his "The plan of the History obliges Mr. dictatorial and overbearing manner, it is no Wilson to confine his biography, for more than I intended. Against his person the most part, to the pastors of I bear no ill-will : I neither wish to offend, churches ;' but he has occasionally nor hope to convert the Bishop of st, inserted notices of other distinguished David's. But I trust that I have succeeded individuals amongst the Dissenters. in encouraging my Unitarian brethren not The following note relates to tuo and to their candour and the judgment of eminently learried and virtuous mient the public I commit these papers."-P.127. “ Jour EAMES, F.R.S. As this learned We congratulate the Unitarians on
person perer undertook the pastoral office, their possessing such an advocate, and puder our notice, a brief aceount of him
and, therefore, will not come regularly if our voice could avail we would in- in this place, cannot prove unacceptable. treat Mr. Belsham to continue those Mr. Eames was a native of London, and contributions in the cause of sacro received his classical learning at Merebant learning and intellectual freedom which Taylors' School. He afterwards pursued are expected by his numerous friends a course of academical studies with a view and adinirers, from the resources of his to the Christian ministry: yet he nerer mind and the eminence of his station in the church of Christ. Referring to • Adrianns Van Wena ad Ditbas that station, we venture to address him Hackmannum, Fil.
Review.-Wilson's Dissenting Churches. preached but one serman, when he was so short time, but afterwards relinquished the exceedingly agitated and confused, that he ministry, and continued in various secular was scarcely able to proceed. There was, employments, till disabled by old age.also, unhappily, a great defect in his organs Among bis pupils were, Mr. Collins, of of speech, and his proquuciation was ex. Bath, whu bequeathed him his library; ceedingly harsh, uncouth and disagreeable. Dr. Savage, Dr. Price, and the beperolent
These circumstances discouraged bim from Mr. Howard; all of whom left bim soine tenewing the attempt, so that quitting the tukea of respect. Howard, in particular, pulpit entirely, be devoted himself to the before bis last journey, gave him an unliinstruction of young men, whose education witud order to draw upon his banker for for the ministry among Protestant Dis- whatever money he might want; but such senters, was patronized and assisted by the was Mr. Deosham's integrity, that, although Independent fund. His departinent in- at that time possessed of no more than cluded the languages, mathematics, moral twelve or thirteen pounds a year, in the and natural philosophy. On the death of funds, love close rather to sell out, and JimiDr. Ridgley, who filled the divinity chair, uish the capital, tban accept a discretionary jo the same seminary, he was prevailed upon offer, wbich be could not do conscientiously to add to his course on those subjects lec- while he bad any thing of his own remaining. tures in divinity, and to teach the oriental The late Mr. Whitbread hearing of bis dislanguages, assisted in the other brauches interested conduct, begged his acceptance by a learned colleague, Mr. Joseph Den- of an annuity of twenty pauuds during life. sham. Mr. Eames was a man of extensive This be accepted, but to shew his gratitude, learning, and a universal scholar. Dr. Luft Mr. Whitbread righty pounds in bis Watts ouce said to a popil of his, (Mr. will, by way of acknowledgmeot. It may Angus) • Your tutor is the most learned be mentioned to the honour of the latter, man I ever knew.' He excelled particu-, that he relinquished the bequest to Mr. D.'s larly in classical literature, and in a pro- nearest relations. Mr. Densham died at found knowledge of mathematics and ma his apartments in Kingsland Road, July 18, tural philosophy. His scientific learning 1792, leaving bebind him a pattern of inprocured him the acquaintance and friend. tegrity that has been but rarely equalled. ship of Sir Isaac Newton, to whom he was He compiled Mr. Howard's first book on ou some occasions singularly useful. Sir prisons, and was urged to draw ap a life Isaac iutroduced bin to the Royal Society, of that benerolent man, but his inftranities of which be became a inember; and he was prevented.-Gent. Mag. dugust, 1792.' employed, in conjunction with another gen- Il. 73, 74. tleman, to prepare and publish an abridy
Carter Lune, Doctors' Commons, is mout of their trausactions. With his gaat behind none of the churches in the talents, Mr. Eames united a diffidence and value of its pastoral naines. The bashfulness of temper, that very much couçealed his merits. He was of a candid and three first are familiar and endeared to liberal disposition, and a friend to free in every well-informed Nonconformist, quiry, which exposed him, as it is said, to
viz. Ulaithrio Sylvester, Richard Bara much opposition and uneasiness froin sonie ter and Edmund Calamy. Dr. Samuel narrow-minded persons. He was instru. Wright enjoyed a respectability and mental in training up many persons of popularity which after the lapse of learning and worth ; and, among others, more than half a century is scarcely the uminent Archbishop Secker was some forgotten. Thomas Newman (there tine under his care. His death took place were two persons, fatber and son, of June 29, 1744. • What a change (said the name of Newman, John and Dr. Watts, who dedicated to bim bis Samuel, about the same time at Sala
Treatise on Geography and Astronony) ters' Hall,) is yet remembered with did Mr. Eames experience! but a few hours bet vecu liis lecturing to his pupils, and his Mr. Edward Pickard, preached, his
great respect. His assistant, the late learning the lectures of angels. —Monthly funeral sermon, to which, when it Mag. April, 1803. « Mr. Richard DESSUAN above-men
was published, there was subjoined a tioned, was a pupil of Mr. Eanies, whom paper, written and subscribed with lrt afterwards assisted in the acadeny. Such
Mr. Newman's own hand, in which was his proficiency in the mathematics, and there is the following good confession : in classical as well as theological learning, .." I make no doubt but some of my own that upoa Mr. Eames's death, Dr. Jennings, sentiments in Christianity might be errors, who succeeded to the office of principal in judgment. I full well know I was faltutar, made it a condition of his accepting lible, but I can as truly say, that I was a that situation, that Mr. Deostam should sjącere lover and searcher after truth; and be his co-adjutor. But this be declined. upon the most impartial search into my own Mr. Deosbam preached occasiqually for a breast, I never could discern aus degree of
Review.Wilson's Dissenting Churches. prejudice sufficient to bias my researches, Mr. Edward Pickard, the assistant or to prevent my embracing truth as it and successor of Mr. Newman, has bath appeared to me. · If I am really mis- left an imperishahle monument of his taken in any point, I can most truly say,
generosity and piety in the Dissenters that those my errors bare been taken up amidst an inpartial desire to know the which owes its existence to his public
Orphan School, in the City Road, truth as it is in Jesus: they were always ready to be given up upon conviction of spirit, wisdom and activity. There is their being errors ; and that conviction I
a brief memoir and a well-drawn chathankfully accepted at any hand. What I racter of this gentleman in Mr. Belbelieved to be the truths of the gospel, i sham's Meinoirs of Mr. Lindsey, pp. nerer dissembled upon all just and prudent 63-66. Mr. Pickard, according to occasions of declaring them, and as I found the reluctant admission of our bise those I ministered to could bear them, how torian, was “in his views of some different soever they were from a public doctrines," an Arian, but happily he faith, synodical determinations, or (0 was a High Arian, and still more monstrous absurdity !) from religions ser- happily, " he was wöpt to express timents established by law. All such himself in terms of strong disapprousurped, self-exposing power, I live, I die bation of the writings of Dr. Priestley disclaiming."-_ . There is no truth about and other Socinians” (II. 159). In which I am more clear than this, that God balancing the acconnt, howerer, our will not condemn any man for mere error. I can no more think that any shall be pu- collected that Mr. Pickard preached
orthodox biographer should have reqished for involuntary mistakes, than I and published Dr. Benson's Funeral can think that God is unjust. Though I am convinced that many of our sentiments Sermon, in which he praises the vir will appear mere blonders in a future state, tue and good sense and Scriptural yet this does not in the least affect my labours of the deceased heretic as if he bopes of future acceptance with God. i had forgotten that he was a “ So bave no more fear of suffering for any sen
cinian." timents that I have embraced, though they John Tailor, was for some time an were deemed foodamental errors by men, assistant to Mr. Pickard : he was prethan I have a doubt that God is righteous viously minister at Stow Market, and merciful : nor dare I indulge awy sus. where “ he had been called a Tillots picion of that kind, any more than of son, and went by the name of the cruelty and tyranny in the all-perfect God.”. Suffolk Orator," and where he was -II. 151, 152.
the intimate acquaintance and cordial This noble passage excites the his- friend of Dr. Priestley, who, in his torian's displeasure, who denounces the younger days, was settled at Needpernicious sentiment of the innocence ham, three miles from Stow Market of mental error, in a passage of nearly (II. 160). two pages in length. We submji to The singular custom formerly prehim, however, that all his assertions vailed at Carter-lane, of repeating the and quotations of Scripture are una. Apostles' Creed, every Sunday, after vailing, unless he can prove that it is the reading of the Scriptures. Mr. in every man's power to believe what Tayler, the successor of Mr. Pickard, he chooses. But, whatever may be who is still living in a venerable age thought of Mr. Wilson's arguinent, and a truly Christian reputation, first it will be allowed by all his readers discontinued the practice (1. 163). that it was a work of supererogation to In early life, Mr. Tayler was the chap correct the sentiments of sijeh a man lain of Mrs. Elizabeth Abney, whose as Mr. Newman.
family name is associated so hononrMr. Newman is still known as an ably with that of Watts. author, by his Sermons (2 vols. 8vo.) In an account of the Suedentorgians on Happiness, and on the Progress of (!!. 170) it is stated that the propnVice, and his Essay on the Case of sition for abolishing the Slave Trade the Penitent Thief.*
originated in that denomination. Any reader possessing this pamphlet of any General Baptist Church in Lon
Mr. Wilson attributes the existence #ould much oblige the Editor by the loan of it. The Editor takes this opportunity
don at the present day to the estate of making the same request with regard to
which Capt. Pierce Johns bequeathed Dr. Bullock's Two Discourses on Alone.
in 1698 for the use of that branch of mert mentioned in Bishop Law's Letter, the Baptists. Six churches were oriextracted is the last Anticit, p. 668.. ginally supported on this foundation;
Review.— JFilson's Dissenting Churches.
673 there are now only five, one (Dun- see not the absurdity : we see on the ning's Alley) having become extinct : contrary a wise and constitutional these we believe, are the churches jealousy of the court. Had the disa under the pastoral care of Messrs. pensing power been admitted, what Evans, Gilchrist, Moon, Dan Taylor security would the Dissenters or any and Shenston. The question of the in- other class of the cominunity have had. Auence of endowments upon Dissent, for liberty, property or even life? The ing congregations is difficultosdecision; decision adopted by the Dissenters at most readers will think, we believe, the instance of Dr. Williams, is virtuie that our anthor has in this case pro- ally justified by Mr. Fox, who shews nounced an opinion (II. 175) for (Hist. of James II. passim) that the which he was not qualified.
liberty granted to Nonconformists was A large space is properly allotted by merely a pretext for granting liberty to Mr. Wilson to the biography of Dr. Papists, and that that was ultimately Daniel Williams, the great benefactor designed to introduce and establish to the Dissenters, especially of the arbitrary power. As Dissenters, we Presbyterian denomination. In one in- should have blushıcd for our forefathers, stance the biographer censures, where if they had truckled to a mean and he ought, in our judgment, i have treacherous tyrant, and, for the sake of commended him. We extract the pas- a momentary peace, a merely sectariani sage as far as it is historical :
advantage, had hartered away the all
tient liberties of Englishmen. “During the troubles of Ireland, at the latter end of the reign of King James the Presbyterian, Estinct," enjoyed the
“ New Broad Street, Petly France, escaping some threatening dangers by the services of several respectable ministyrannical and violent proceedings of a
ters, of whom Dr. Daniel Williams popish administration, He returned to
was the third in succession, and Mr. : England in 1687, and made London the John Palmer the last. place of his retreat. Here he was of great “JOAN PALMER.This gentleman ras' use upon a very critical and important oc born in Londoo, in the year 1729. His casion. Some of the court agents at that father carried on the business of an undertime, endeavoured to bring the Dissenters taker, in Southwark. Both his parents in the city, to address the king upon bis were serious persons, of the Calvinistical dispeosing with the penal laws. To a con- persuasion, and njembers of the Independent ference at one of their meetings, upon that church in Collier's Rents, Southwark, occasion, in the presence of some of the roder the pastoral care of the Rer. Johti agents, Mr. Williams declared, • That it Rogers. They devoted their son to the was with him past doubt, that the severities moistry, and after giving him a school of the former reign upon the Protestant education, placed him under the care of the Dissenters, were rather, as they stood, is learned Dr. David Jenuings, under whoni the way of arbitrary power, than for their he pursued his theological studies. Epon religious dissent: so it were better for the death of Mr. Jancs Readi, ja 1759,' them to be reduced to their former hard- Mr. Palmer was chosen assistant to Dr.' ships, than declare for measores destructive Allen, at New Broad-street; and npors his of the liberties of their country'; and that removal to Worcester, in 1769, succeeded for himself, before he would concur in an to the pastoral charge. address wbich should be thought an appro “ Mr. Palmer's first publication, we be bation of the dispensing power, he should liere, was · A Sermon occasioned by the chuse to lay down his liberty at bis Majesty's Death of King George II. preacher a New" feet.' He is said to bave pursued the ar- Broad-street, Nov. 2, 176, ou 1 Chron. gument with such clearness and strength, xxiv. 27, 28.' In 1766, be rerised, corthat the company present rejected the mo- rected, and prepared for the press, a posttion, and the emissaries went away disap- humous work of the Rer. Joho Alexander, pointed. There was a meeting at the same of Birmingham, with whom he had been time of a considerable number of the city upon terms of peculiar intimacy. It was clergy, waiting the issue of their delibera- entitled, ' A Paraphrase upon the fifteenth tions; who were greatly animated and en-. Chapter of the first Epistle to the Corinthecouraged by this brisk resolution of the ians; with Critical Notes and Observations, Disseating nipisters.”—II. 199, 200. and a preliminary Dissertation. A ComMr. Wilson says it was absurd, infi- sixth, serenth, and part of the eighth
nuentary, with Critical Remarks upon the milely absurd in the Presbyterians to Chapters to the Romans : To which is quarrel with their liberty, on account of added, a Sermon on Eccles. ix. 10, comthe qnarter from whence it came. We posed by the Aútbor the day preceding luis
Review.-Wilson's Dissenting Churches. Death. London. 1766. Quarto.' In for the abolition of subscription to the 1769, Mr. Palmier published an Oration at Thirty-nine Articles. Though he was bred the interment of the Rev.Timothy Lauglier, up and educated in Calvinistical principles, of Hackney; which was annexed to Dr. yet he gradually relinquished thein, and, at Kippis's funeral discourse upon the same length, imbibed the Socinian scheme. He occasion. His next publication, we be- died at his house in Islington, June the liere, was a small octaio volume, entitled, 26th, 1790, aged 61 years. Mr. Palmer • Prayers for the Use of Families, and Per- was for many years one of the trustees sons in Private.' This little work passed for Dr. Williams's charities."-11. 227to a second edition, in 1785, and has been 229. much esteemed by those who are called rational Dissenters. in 1779, he pub
There was another Dissenting milished, "Free Thoughts on the Inconsis- nister of the same name, John Palıner, tency of confurning to any Religious of Macclesfield, and afterwards of Bir Test, as a Conditions of Toleration, with mingham, who was also an author and the true Principles of Prote:dant Dissent.' an Unitarian. He corresponded in the It was in this year that he was called to Theological Repository with Dr. Priest Janent the loss of an intiniale friend in the ley, who has given an account of him Rer. (aleb Fleming, D. D. whose death in that work, VI. 217, 22+. he attempted to improre, in a sernou at In the history of Pinners' Ilall, IsNew Broad-street, August the 1st, in that dependent, Extinct," ourauthor encounyear. This discourse was afterwards print. ters the unwelcome names of Dr. James ed, together with an oration at the Doctor's Foster and Dr. Calit Fleming. He says' interwent, iu Bunhill-Fields, by Dr. Toners of the former (II 28/1) that she is The text of Mr: Palmer's sermon is; 2. Cor. jected those doctrines which are purely i. 12. In the same year he published, in octaro, • Observations in Defence of the
matters of revelation," and without Liberty of Man, as a Moral Agent ; in meaning it, unsays this slander again Answer to Dr. Priestley's Illustratious of and again ; and of the latter, (II. 286, Philosophical Necessity. This is a judi. 287) that most of the doctrines of re cious and able piece upon the subject ; velation“ afforded him subject of ridiand in the following year, lie published a de- cule,” that he “discorered enmity to fence of it in. An Appendix to the Obser- those doctrines which are the peculiar rations ;' occasioned by Dr. Priestley's let. glory of the gospel," and that “ he set ters to the author, iu defence of the doctrine down for fools and enthusiasts all who of Kecessity. Mr. Palmer's last publication, were vet Socinians." Dr. Foster's rewhich was printed in 1788, was, ' A Sim- putation and Christian character are so mary View of the Grounds of Christian well established that it has long seemed Baptisma; with a more particular Reference unnecessary to protect him either to the Baptism of Infants : containing Ree against the spiritual Bacchanals who marks argumeotative and critical, iu Expla- dance over the graves of hereties (M. nation and Defence of the Rite.' the last piece, Mr. Palmer bad desisted of creeds different from their own, ** Sume years before the publication of Repos. II. 63, 64, or the Sicuri who
strive to wound the good name of meri from any ministerial work. The lease of bis meeting-house expiring about 1780, when conscience or cowardice restrains the congregation, which was in a very re
them from more honest persecution; duced state, did not judge proper to renew. but Dr. Caleb Fleming is less knows it, and the society dissolved. . After this, and therefore less respected and less seMr. Palmer wbully left off preaching, and cure from the attacks of bigotry. It is Tetired to Islington, where he lived pri- sufficient however for his vindication vately to the time of his death. He married that his life was unblameable; that he a lady of considerable property, and during made considerable temporal sacrifices the latter years of his lite, kept up but for conscience sake; that he was inces little coppexion with the Dissenters,
He santly employed in promoting, accordwas a man of considerable talents, and, ing to his own persuasions, the interests Decounted a very seusible and rational. ofirulli and freedom; that by Di. James preacher. His pulpit compositions were
Foster, whose assistant he had been, he drawn up with much perspicuity, and delivered with great distinctness and pro
was recommended to his congregation priety. He allowed himself great latitude
as his successor; that between his flock in bis religious sentiments, and was a de- and himself there subsisted-great har. termined enemy to any religious test wbat- mony and friendship; that he enjoyed soever. In this particular, he differed from the esteem of the most respected of his several of his brethren, who, notwithstand- brethren, one of whom, Mr. John ing, lievoured the application to parliament Palmer, pronoineed the highest culo.